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Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

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Circumstellar matter

Dartmouth College

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Dust And The Type Ii-Plateau Supernova 2004dj, W. P. S. P. S. Meikle, R. Kotak, D. Farrah, S. Mattila, S. D. Van Dyk, A. C. Andersen, R. Fesen Apr 2011

Dust And The Type Ii-Plateau Supernova 2004dj, W. P. S. P. S. Meikle, R. Kotak, D. Farrah, S. Mattila, S. D. Van Dyk, A. C. Andersen, R. Fesen

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

We present mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy of a Type II-plateau supernova, SN 2004dj, obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope, spanning 106-1393 days after explosion. MIR photometry plus optical/near-IR observations are also reported. An early-time MIR excess is attributed to emission from non-silicate dust formed within a cool dense shell (CDS). Most of the CDS dust condensed between 50 days and 165 days, reaching a mass of 0.3 × 10–5 M . Throughout the observations, much of the longer wavelength (>10 μm) part of the continuum is explained as an IR echo from interstellar dust. The MIR excess strengthened at later ...


The Nature Of The Ultraluminous Oxygen‐Rich Supernova Remnant In Ngc 4449, Dan Milisavljevic, Robert A. Fesen Apr 2008

The Nature Of The Ultraluminous Oxygen‐Rich Supernova Remnant In Ngc 4449, Dan Milisavljevic, Robert A. Fesen

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

Optical images and spectra, both ground based and taken by Hubble Space Telescope (HST), of the young, luminous O-rich supernova remnant in the irregular galaxy NGC 4449 are presented. HST images of the remnant and its local region were obtained with the ACS/WFC using filters F435W, F555W, F814W (B, V, and I, respectively), F502N ([O III]), F658N (Hα + [N II]), F660N ([N II]), and F550M (line-free continuum). These images show an unresolved remnant (FWHM < 0.05'') located within a rich cluster of OB stars which itself is enclosed by a nearly complete interstellar shell seen best in Hα + [N II] emission approximately 8'' × 6'' (150 pc × 110 pc ) in size. The remnant and its associated OB cluster are isolated from two large nearby H II regions. The ACS ...


The Wind‐Ism Interaction Of Α Tauri, Brian E. Wood, Graham M. Harper, Hans-Reinhard Muller, Jacob Heerikhuisen, Gary P. Zank Feb 2007

The Wind‐Ism Interaction Of Α Tauri, Brian E. Wood, Graham M. Harper, Hans-Reinhard Muller, Jacob Heerikhuisen, Gary P. Zank

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

Ultraviolet spectra of α Tau (K5 III) obtained by the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) show many emission lines affected by broad absorption from the strong wind of this red giant star. For the Mg II h and k lines there is also a narrow absorption feature in the midst of the wind absorption that has been interpreted as being from α Tau's wind-interstellar medium (ISM) interaction region (i.e., its "astrosphere"). We try to reproduce this absorption using hydrodynamic models of the α Tau astrosphere, which show that stellar wind material heated, compressed, and decelerated at the wind's ...


Late‐Time X‐Ray, Uv, And Optical Monitoring Of Supernova 1979c, Stefan Immler, Robert A. Fesen, Schuyler D. Van Dyk, Kurt W. Weiler, Robert Petre, Walter H.G Lewin, David Pooley, Wolfgang Pietsch, Bernd Aschenbach, Molly C. Hammell, Gwen C. Rudie Jun 2005

Late‐Time X‐Ray, Uv, And Optical Monitoring Of Supernova 1979c, Stefan Immler, Robert A. Fesen, Schuyler D. Van Dyk, Kurt W. Weiler, Robert Petre, Walter H.G Lewin, David Pooley, Wolfgang Pietsch, Bernd Aschenbach, Molly C. Hammell, Gwen C. Rudie

Open Dartmouth: Published works by Dartmouth faculty

We present results from observations of supernova (SN) 1979C with the Newton X-Ray Multi-Mirror (XMM-Newton) mission in X-rays and in UV, archival X-ray, and Hubble Space Telescope (HST) data, and follow-up ground-based optical imaging. The XMM-Newton MOS spectrum shows the best-fit two-temperature thermal plasma emission characteristics of both the forward (kThigh = 4.1 keV) and reverse shock (kTlow = 0.79 keV) with no intrinsic absorption. The long-term X-ray light curve, constructed from all X-ray data available, reveals that SN 1979C is still radiating at a flux level similar to that detected by ROSAT in 1995, showing no sign ...