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Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Ecosystem Calcification And Production In Two Great Barrier Reef Coral Reefs : Methodological Challenges And Environmental Drivers, Ashly Mcmahon Jan 2018

Ecosystem Calcification And Production In Two Great Barrier Reef Coral Reefs : Methodological Challenges And Environmental Drivers, Ashly Mcmahon

Theses

This thesis investigates the drivers of coral reef ecosystem metabolism and the abilities of the different methodologies and analytical approaches to accurately represent reef dynamics. It encompassed tracing natural nutrient additions through bird guano into a coral cay. Developing a new, automated system for measuring carbonate chemistry for coral reef metabolism and the effects of mass coral bleaching on ecosystem functioning were quantified. Overall, it showed that natural nutrient additions and bleaching differentially affect coral reef metabolism and that subtle differences in analytical methods, sampling approaches, and data interpretation techniques can cause significant variation in metabolic estimates.


Understanding And Predicting Coccolithophorid Calcification In A Changing Ocean, Natasha Aisha Gafar Jan 2018

Understanding And Predicting Coccolithophorid Calcification In A Changing Ocean, Natasha Aisha Gafar

Theses

My project builds on previous work to derive a new biologically based model to describe the response of coccolithophorid growth, photosynthesis and calcification to changing carbonate chemistry (pCO2), which, also accounts for the effects of temperature and light. This model, was used to increase understanding of the interacting effects of light, temperature and CO2 on the two key coccolithophores Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica. I also examined how changing light and pCO2 influenced the large coccolithophore Scyphosphaera apsteinii through both experiments and the application of the above model.


Estimating The Range Shift And Harvesting Intensity Of Junipers In Bhutan (Eastern Himalaya), Rinchen Namgay Nov 2017

Estimating The Range Shift And Harvesting Intensity Of Junipers In Bhutan (Eastern Himalaya), Rinchen Namgay

Theses

The authors of more than 97% of the scientific publications on climate change agree that global temperature has increased in the last six decades and is caused by human beings via emission of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This phenomenon has altered natural ecosystem functions, causing many species to shift to a more suitable habitat. Throughout the world, because of recent climate warming, many forms of range shift associated with climate warming has occurred. While animals can move as warming happens, plants being stationary organisms cannot move, so the difference in the distribution of different plant life stages is an ...


Long-Term Changes In A Spatially Subsidized Insular Ecosystem In The Archipelago Of Bahía De Los Ángeles, Baja California, Mexico, Thais Fournier Aug 2017

Long-Term Changes In A Spatially Subsidized Insular Ecosystem In The Archipelago Of Bahía De Los Ángeles, Baja California, Mexico, Thais Fournier

Theses

Interactions between climate change and the processes that structure coastal communities are poorly understood.Long – term weather patterns that include extreme events (e.g., El Niño Southern Oscillation, or “ENSO”) allow us to test hypotheses of how changes in weather (e.g., precipitation) will influence communities over long time frames. One system that is particularly vulnerable to climate changes is the coastal ecotone, which occupies 8% of the earth’s surface. A large exchange of resources (spatial subsidies) link habitats across this ocean – land interface, often with dramatic consequences for the recipient systems. Spatial subsidies such as marine input influence ...


Interactions Between Sea Urchins And Their Predators In A Changing Ocean, Hannah Jo Sheppard Brennand Jan 2017

Interactions Between Sea Urchins And Their Predators In A Changing Ocean, Hannah Jo Sheppard Brennand

Theses

The notion of large scale patterns in biotic interaction strength has a long history in ecology, with the expectation that interactions will be stronger in the tropics than temperate regions. However, the empirical evidence has been mixed. In light of ongoing climate change and redistribution of species it is important to study interactions, such as those between predators and prey that shape community structure and ecosystem function. Prey defensive traits dictate susceptibility to predators, and behavioural, physical and chemical traits will influence the outcomes of predator-prey interactions in existing and novel systems. Here, a meta-analysis was used to test the ...


Examining The Growth And Performance Of The Effect Of Uv-B Radiation On United Arab Emirates Date Palm Tree (Phoenix Dactylifera), Saeedallah Abdulwali Niazwali May 2016

Examining The Growth And Performance Of The Effect Of Uv-B Radiation On United Arab Emirates Date Palm Tree (Phoenix Dactylifera), Saeedallah Abdulwali Niazwali

Theses

The stratospheric ozone depletion and elevated solar UV-B radiation have a negative effect on living life forms. UV radiation is one of the unsafe components that cause hindrance to both flora and fauna on the earth. This will have important implications for ecosystem processes and food production. The present study has been designed with primary objective of the effect of UV-B radiation on five numbers of most cultivated Emirates varieties (i.e., BARHI, FRDWT, NBTSF, FRDRD and KHD). After 4 and 8 hrs/day UVB treatment the Shoot, Root and total Plant length, Total plant fresh weight, Shoot and Root ...


The Thorny Problem In A Changing Ocean : Responses Of The Coral-Eating Crown Of Thorns Starfish (Cots) To Ocean Warming And Acidification, And The Implications For Coral Reefs, Pamela Ziphillia Aro Kamya Jan 2016

The Thorny Problem In A Changing Ocean : Responses Of The Coral-Eating Crown Of Thorns Starfish (Cots) To Ocean Warming And Acidification, And The Implications For Coral Reefs, Pamela Ziphillia Aro Kamya

Theses

Increases in anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide are causing unprecedented warming and acidification of the world’s oceans. These global changes in ocean conditions have profound impacts on marine organisms and ecosystems. One of the most critical ecosystems under threat from global climate change are coral reefs. Throughout the Indo-Pacific region declines in coral reef cover from climate change has been exacerbated population outbreaks of the coral-eating crown of thorns starfish (COTS), Acanthaster planci. While it is understood how corals will respond to ocean warming and acidification, there is no knowledge of how this predator of corals will fare in ...