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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Impact Of Cover Crops And Phosphorus Fertilizer Management On Nutrient Cycling In No-Tillage Corn-Soybean Rotation, R. E. Carver, N. O. Nelson, D. S. Abel, K. Roozeboom, G. J. Kluitenberg, P. J. Tomlinson, J. R. Williams Jun 2017

Impact Of Cover Crops And Phosphorus Fertilizer Management On Nutrient Cycling In No-Tillage Corn-Soybean Rotation, R. E. Carver, N. O. Nelson, D. S. Abel, K. Roozeboom, G. J. Kluitenberg, P. J. Tomlinson, J. R. Williams

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The objective of this study was to quantify the effects of cover crops and different fertilizer management techniques on the amount of nutrients being removed and recycled in the soil system. This study was conducted at Ashland Bottoms, KS, from 2014-2016. A 2 × 3 factorial design with three replicates was utilized in this study. The fertilizer management treatments included a control of 0 lb/a P2O5, along with fall broadcast and spring injected applications of P2O5 based on a build and maintain recommendation system. Results show that total uptake of K2O and ...


Nitrogen And Phosphorus Application Effects On Pearl Millet Forage Yield And Nutritive Value, D. D. Serba, A. Obour Jun 2017

Nitrogen And Phosphorus Application Effects On Pearl Millet Forage Yield And Nutritive Value, D. D. Serba, A. Obour

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

There is limited information on the nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizer requirement of pearl millet forage in dryland systems. Determination of optimum N and P rates for pearl millet forage production in dryland environments of the Great Plains will have economic advantage for farmers and ranchers growing pearl millet for forage. A field experiment was conducted in 2016 at the Agricultural Research Center-Hays, KS, to investigate N and P fertilizer application effects on forage yield and nutritive value of pearl millet. Factorial combinations of five levels of N (0, 30, 60, 90, and 120 lb/a) and three levels ...


Effects Of Dietary Ca And P Concentrations On Growth Performance Of 13- To 25-Lb Pigs, F. Wu, M. D. Tokach, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband Jan 2017

Effects Of Dietary Ca And P Concentrations On Growth Performance Of 13- To 25-Lb Pigs, F. Wu, M. D. Tokach, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 360 nursery pigs (PIC 1050 × 280, initially 13.3 ± 2.39 lb) were used in a 45-d growth study to determine the effects of feeding 2 standardized total tract digestible (STTD) P and 3 Ca concentrations on growth performance. In a completely randomized design, pens of pigs (10 pigs per pen, 6 pens per treatment) were allotted randomly to 1 of 6 dietary treatments. Dietary treatments were arranged in a 2 × 3 factorial, with 2 levels of STTD P (at or above NRC requirement estimates) and 3 levels of Ca (0.65, 0.90, and 1.20 ...


Productivity Of A Triticale And Crimson Clover Winter Cover Crop For Dairies, K. Olagaray, C. Takiya, M. Scheffel, T. Brown, J. S. Stevenson, D. H. Min, B. Bradford Jan 2017

Productivity Of A Triticale And Crimson Clover Winter Cover Crop For Dairies, K. Olagaray, C. Takiya, M. Scheffel, T. Brown, J. S. Stevenson, D. H. Min, B. Bradford

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The potential for a winter cover crop to align with agronomic objectives and to support milk production was evaluated at the Kansas State University Dairy Teaching and Research Center, Manhattan, KS. August planting of a triticale and crimson clover blend following corn silage harvest resulted in production of more than 3.5 tons of dry matter prior to subsequent corn planting. After ensiling, the impact of triticale/crimson clover silage (TCS) on milk production was evaluated in 48 mid- to late-lactation Holstein cows. Cows were blocked by parity (1 and 2+) and milk production, then randomly assigned within block to ...


Standardized Total Tract Digestible Phosphorus Requirement Of 25- To 50-Lb Pigs, C. M. Vier, F. Wu, S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, M. A. Goncalves, U. A. Orlando, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey Jan 2017

Standardized Total Tract Digestible Phosphorus Requirement Of 25- To 50-Lb Pigs, C. M. Vier, F. Wu, S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, M. A. Goncalves, U. A. Orlando, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,080 barrows and gilts (PIC; 337 × Camborough, initial pen average BW of 25.2 ± 0.64 lb) were used in a 21-d trial to determine the standardized total tract digestible (STTD) P requirement of nursery pigs from 25 to 50 lb. Two groups of pigs were weaned at approximately 21 d and allotted to pens according to BW and gender. There were 6 replicate pens per treatment and 23 to 27 pigs per pen. Pens of pigs were randomly allotted to experimental diets based on average BW at d 21 and 24 post-weaning, in a randomized ...


Effects Of Dietary Calcium And Phosphorus Concentrations And Addition Of Phytase On Growth Performance Of Nursery Pigs, F. Wu, M. D. Tokach, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband Jan 2017

Effects Of Dietary Calcium And Phosphorus Concentrations And Addition Of Phytase On Growth Performance Of Nursery Pigs, F. Wu, M. D. Tokach, J. M. Derouchey, S. S. Dritz, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 720 nursery pigs (PIC 1050 × 280, initially 13.4 ± 0.47 lb) were used in a 42-d growth study to determine the effects of feeding 2 calcium (Ca) and 3 standardized total tract digestible (STTD) phosphorus (P) concentrations on growth performance and bone ash content. Pens of pigs (10 pigs/pen, 12 pens/treatment) were blocked by initial pen weight, and within blocks pens were allotted randomly to 1 of 6 dietary treatments. Dietary treatments were arranged in a 2 × 3 factorial, with 2 levels of Ca (0.58 vs. 1.03%) and 3 levels of STTD ...


Effects Of Standardized Total Tract Digestible Phosphorus On Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Bone Mineralization, And Economics Of 53- To 287-Lb Pigs, C. M. Vier, F. Wu, M. B. Menegat, H. S. Cemin, S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, M. A. Goncalves, U. A. Orlando, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey Jan 2017

Effects Of Standardized Total Tract Digestible Phosphorus On Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Bone Mineralization, And Economics Of 53- To 287-Lb Pigs, C. M. Vier, F. Wu, M. B. Menegat, H. S. Cemin, S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, M. A. Goncalves, U. A. Orlando, J. C. Woodworth, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,130 barrows and gilts (PIC; 359 × Camborough, initial pen average BW of 53.2 ± 1.61 lb) were used in a 111-d growth trial to determine the standardized total tract digestible (STTD) P requirement of growing-finishing pigs from 53 to 287 lb. Pens of pigs were randomly assigned to 1 of 6 dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design with BW as a blocking factor. There were 7 replicate pens per treatment and 26 to 27 pigs per pen (at least 13 barrows and gilts per pen). The experimental diets were corn-soybean meal-based and were ...


Assessment Of Sampling Technique From Feeders On Copper, Zinc, Calcium, And Phosphorus Analysis, A. M. Jones, J. C. Woodworth, C. Vahl, S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey Jan 2017

Assessment Of Sampling Technique From Feeders On Copper, Zinc, Calcium, And Phosphorus Analysis, A. M. Jones, J. C. Woodworth, C. Vahl, S. S. Dritz, M. D. Tokach, R. D. Goodband, J. M. Derouchey

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

While numerous research articles have been published on how to collect a representative sample, and analytical or laboratory-to-laboratory variation, we are unaware of any studies to examine exactly how many samples to collect from feeders, or whether they should be pooled or not to minimize analytical variation. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate different sampling procedures and the number of samples to collect, and achieve an accurate assessment of nutrient fortification in swine diets.

Diet samples were collected from a study evaluating the effects of increasing Cu on growth performance of finishing pigs. Treatments were arranged in a split-plot ...


Nitrogen, Phosphorus, And Potassium Fertilization For Newly Established Tall Fescue, D. W. Sweeney, J. L. Moyer, J. K. Farney Jan 2017

Nitrogen, Phosphorus, And Potassium Fertilization For Newly Established Tall Fescue, D. W. Sweeney, J. L. Moyer, J. K. Farney

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Tall fescue production was studied during a third year at two locations. In 2015, Site 1 was affected by an interaction between nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilization rates; while in 2016, Site 2 mainly received production differences by N fertilization rates. Potassium (K) fertilization caused little effect at both sites.

Third-year production of tall fescue was affected by an interaction between nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilization rates at Site 1 in 2015, but mainly by N fertilization rates at Site 2 in 2016, with little effect from potassium (K) fertilization at either site.


Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome Influenced By Macronutrient Fertility On Irrigated Soybeans In A Corn/Soybean Rotation, Eric Adee, Dorivar Ruiz Diaz, C. R. Little Jan 2017

Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome Influenced By Macronutrient Fertility On Irrigated Soybeans In A Corn/Soybean Rotation, Eric Adee, Dorivar Ruiz Diaz, C. R. Little

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The effects of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) fertilization on a corn/ soybean cropping sequence were evaluated from 1983 to 2016, with corn planted in odd years. There was a negative relationship between the P rate applied during the corn years and the severity of sudden death syndrome (SDS) in 2014 and 2016 soybean.


Sudden Death Syndrome And Soybean Planting Date, Eric Adee, C. R. Little, I. A. Ciampitti Jan 2017

Sudden Death Syndrome And Soybean Planting Date, Eric Adee, C. R. Little, I. A. Ciampitti

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The effect of planting date on severity of sudden death syndrome (SDS) and yield was evaluated for the second year in two studies at the Kansas River Valley experiment fields in 2016. One study was established to promote SDS and the other to minimize SDS. In both studies the severity of SDS was greatest with the earlier planting dates. The yield was greatest with the earlier planting date, except for the most susceptible variety. The severity of SDS was not as great as had been observed in previous years. There is a very positive benefit to planting in early May ...