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Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

2017

Palmer amaranth

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Full-Text Articles in Life Sciences

Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri) Suppression With Half Rates Of Dicamba And Atrazine With Increasing Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor) Density And Nitrogen Rate, I. B. Cuvaca, R. Currie, A. J. Foster Jun 2017

Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri) Suppression With Half Rates Of Dicamba And Atrazine With Increasing Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor) Density And Nitrogen Rate, I. B. Cuvaca, R. Currie, A. J. Foster

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Palmer amaranth (PA) competition can result in severe yield loss in grain sorghum. Increasing sorghum density and nutrient supply could promote early/rapid canopy closure and therefore reduce the amount of light that could otherwise penetrate the canopy and promote PA growth in sorghum. A study was conducted at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Garden City, KS, to determine if PA could be suppressed with dicamba and atrazine applied as PRE at half rates combined with increasing sorghum density (60,000, 90,000, and 120,000 seeds/a), and nitrogen rate (0, 100, 200 lb/a). Preliminary results indicate that ...


Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri) Suppression With Half Rates Of Dicamba And Atrazine With Increasing Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor) Density And Nitrogen Rate, I. B. Cuvaca, R. Currie, A. J. Foster Jan 2017

Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri) Suppression With Half Rates Of Dicamba And Atrazine With Increasing Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor) Density And Nitrogen Rate, I. B. Cuvaca, R. Currie, A. J. Foster

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Palmer amaranth (PA) competition can result in severe yield loss in grain sorghum. Increasing sorghum density and nutrient supply could promote early/rapid canopy closure and therefore reduce the amount of light that could otherwise penetrate the canopy and promote PA growth in sorghum. A study was conducted at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Garden City, KS, to determine if PA could be suppressed with dicamba and atrazine applied as PRE at half rates combined with increasing sorghum density (60,000, 90,000, and 120,000 seeds/a), and nitrogen rate (0, 100, 200 lb/a). Preliminary results indicate that ...


Alternatives To Glyphosate For Palmer Amaranth Control In Wheat Stubble, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan Jan 2017

Alternatives To Glyphosate For Palmer Amaranth Control In Wheat Stubble, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth has become a serious weed problem in fields following wheat harvest. A field experiment was established in 2016 near Manhattan, KS, to evaluate herbicide alternatives to glyphosate for Palmer amaranth control in wheat stubble. The two most effective postharvest herbicides for control of Palmer amaranth were Gramoxone (paraquat) or Sharpen (saflufenacil). Clarity (dicamba) and 2,4-D treatments provided suppression of Palmer amaranth, but were inconsistent, and often some plants survived and produced viable seed. The tank-mix of Clarity plus 2,4-D was more effective than either herbicide alone, but not as good as Gramoxone or Sharpen.


Two Pass Weed Control Programs In Conventional Tillage Xtend Soybeans, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan Jan 2017

Two Pass Weed Control Programs In Conventional Tillage Xtend Soybeans, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The development of glyphosate-resistant weeds has greatly complicated weed control in soybeans. Roundup Ready 2 Xtend (dicamba tolerant) soybeans provide growers an alternative herbicide option for postemergence weed control in conventional tillage soybeans. Two pass programs consisting of preemergence residual herbicides followed by postemergence Roundup Power Max plus dicamba provided excellent weed control, superior to a single postemergence treatment with Roundup Power Max plus dicamba.


Sequential Weed Control Programs In No-Tillage Xtend Soybeans, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan Jan 2017

Sequential Weed Control Programs In No-Tillage Xtend Soybeans, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The development of glyphosate resistant weeds has greatly complicated weed control in soybeans. Roundup Ready 2 Xtend (dicamba tolerant) soybeans provide growers an alternative herbicide option for preplant and postemergence weed control in soybeans. Preplant programs that included dicamba provided excellent control of giant ragweed. Sequential programs consisting of Envive or Enlite plus glyphosate and dicamba preplant followed by postemergence treatments that included glyphosate and dicamba provided excellent control of henbit, giant ragweed, Palmer amaranth, and large crabgrass.


Sequential Weed Control Programs In Liberty Link Soybeans, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan Jan 2017

Sequential Weed Control Programs In Liberty Link Soybeans, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The development of glyphosate-resistant weeds has greatly complicated weed control in soybeans. Liberty Link soybeans provide growers an alternative herbicide option for postemergence weed control in soybeans. Liberty Link programs can provide effective weed control in a sequential weed-control program that includes effective preemergence residual herbicides at planting time followed by timely applications of Liberty.


Comparison Of Different Weed Control Technology Programs, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan Jan 2017

Comparison Of Different Weed Control Technology Programs, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The development of glyphosate-resistant weeds has greatly complicated weed control in soybeans. Roundup Ready 2 Xtend and Liberty Link soybeans provide an alternative postemergence herbicide options for weed control in soybeans. Liberty Link and Roundup Ready 2 Xtend programs provided better overall weed control and slightly higher yields than Roundup Ready 2 Yield programs in this experiment. Yields of Roundup Ready 2 Yield soybeans were likely influenced by more weed competition and possibly crop injury from spray tank contamination by dicamba. Dicamba injury from tank contamination to Roundup Ready 2 Yield soybeans decreased with each subsequent treatment and also with ...


Weed Control Programs For Xtend Soybeans In No-Tillage, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan Jan 2017

Weed Control Programs For Xtend Soybeans In No-Tillage, D. E. Peterson, C. Thompson, C. L. Minihan

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The development of glyphosate-resistant weeds has greatly complicated weed control in soybeans. Roundup Ready 2 Xtend (dicamba tolerant) soybeans provide growers an alternative herbicide option for preplant and postemergence weed control in no-tillage soybeans. Preplant programs that included dicamba provided excellent control of giant ragweed. All sequential programs provided excellent control of the weeds present in the experiment.