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Full-Text Articles in Law

The Little Rock Crisis And Foreign Affairs: Race, Resistance, And The Image Of American Democracy, Mary L. Dudziak Sep 1997

The Little Rock Crisis And Foreign Affairs: Race, Resistance, And The Image Of American Democracy, Mary L. Dudziak

Mary L. Dudziak

When President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to enforce a school desegregation order at Central High School in the fall of 1957, more than racial equality was at issue. The image of American democracy was at stake. The Little Rock crisis played out on a world stage, as news media around the world covered the crisis. During the weeks of impasse leading up to Eisenhower's dramatic intervention, foreign critics questioned how the United States could argue that its democratic system of government was a model for others to follow when racial segregation was tolerated ...


The Little Rock Crisis And Foreign Affairs: Race, Resistance, And The Image Of American Democracy, Mary L. Dudziak Sep 1997

The Little Rock Crisis And Foreign Affairs: Race, Resistance, And The Image Of American Democracy, Mary L. Dudziak

Mary L. Dudziak

When President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to enforce a school desegregation order at Central High School in the fall of 1957, more than racial equality was at issue. The image of American democracy was at stake. The Little Rock crisis played out on a world stage, as news media around the world covered the crisis. During the weeks of impasse leading up to Eisenhower's dramatic intervention, foreign critics questioned how the United States could argue that its democratic system of government was a model for others to follow when racial segregation was tolerated ...


The Origin Of The Appeal In America, Mary Sarah Bilder Jul 1997

The Origin Of The Appeal In America, Mary Sarah Bilder

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The appeal has been treated by academics as a mere legal procedure, possessing no particular significance. Indeed, for many years, legal scholars accepted the influential arguments of Professors Julius Goebel and Roscoe Pound that the appearance of the appeal in early American courts arose either from confusion about English common law legal procedures or was the result of colonial adaptation of English justice-of-the-peace practices. Professor Bilder challenges this conventional explanation of the origin of the appeal by locating the early American colonists within a transatlantic Western European legal culture. Professor Bilder's Article draws on recent work in cultural history ...


The Student View Of Yale Law School 1883-1912: The Shingle, Maureen J. Arrigo Mar 1997

The Student View Of Yale Law School 1883-1912: The Shingle, Maureen J. Arrigo

Student Legal History Papers

During one twenty-year period, the graduating students of Yale Law School published books in which their views of the school (and to a small extent the faculty's views as well) were captured. This series of books - The Yale Shingle - was published from 1893 to 1912.

My goal in writing this paper is profile student life at Yale as reports in the Shingle. Its life spanned an important time in the school's history - a time of significant change.


A Bibliography Of Virginia Legal History Before 1900, Second Edition, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 1997

A Bibliography Of Virginia Legal History Before 1900, Second Edition, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

Second Edition. The purpose of this bibliography is to facilitate the writing of legal history. Many of the entries refer to articles and books which were written before 1900 and were never intended to be historical treatments of their subjects but rather to be commentaries on the contemporary law. The other major type of entry is biographical sketches, usually obituaries, of judges and lawyers. Obituaries in newspapers have not been included. The periodical sources have been searched through the last 1977 issues. This bibliography is limited to secondary materials because the references to the primary sources are already readily available.


The Virginia Law Reporters Before 1880, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 1997

The Virginia Law Reporters Before 1880, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

Who or what was meant by Gratt., Hen. & M., Gilm., and the other references to the older Virginia legal authorities? A cursory investigation revealed that the eighteenth- and nineteenth-century law reporters, whose reports bear their own names, include in their number men of the highest political and legal visibility, such as Thomas Jefferson and George Wythe, as well as persons who are very little known. This series of biographical sketches of the Virginia law reporters whose publications are cited by their own names, is organized according to the older custom. This volume brings together through their common interest in law ...


The Law Reports Of J. Singleton Diggs Of Lynchburg, Virginia, William Hamilton Bryson Jan 1997

The Law Reports Of J. Singleton Diggs Of Lynchburg, Virginia, William Hamilton Bryson

Law Faculty Publications

John Singleton Diggs practiced law in Lynchburg, and he served in the Senate of Virginia representing the City of Lynchburg and Campbell County from 1881 to 1887. He was then judge of the Corporation Court of the City of Lynchburg from 1888 to 1895. After that, he returned to the practice of law in Lynchburg. The first edition of Decisions of Judge J. Singleton Diggs of Corporation Court of Lynchburg, Va., was published without any mention of place or date of publication or of publisher or printer. The original edition of these five cases was 49 pages. It is now ...


Political Economy, Interest Groups, Legal Institutions And The Repeal Of The Bubble Act In 1825, Ron Harris Jan 1997

Political Economy, Interest Groups, Legal Institutions And The Repeal Of The Bubble Act In 1825, Ron Harris

Ron Harris

For 105 years, beginning with the enactment of the Bubble Act in 1720, the free and spontaneous formation of joint-stock companies in England was prohibited. The only legal course of action opened to entrepreneurs seeking company formation was to first obtain specific state authorization, in the form of a charter or an act. During this period the English economy experienced unprecedented growth and substantial structural changes, which many still refer to as the industrial revolution. This legal framework of business organization seems to have formed a constraint upon the economy, inducing entrepreneurs to organize, willingly or reluctantly, in family firms ...


Taking Federalism Seriously: Lopez And The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban, David B. Kopel, Glenn Harlan Reynolds Jan 1997

Taking Federalism Seriously: Lopez And The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban, David B. Kopel, Glenn Harlan Reynolds

David B Kopel

In United States v. Lopez, the United States Supreme Court struck down the federal Gun Free School Zones law as not within congressional power to regulate interstate commerce. This article examines post-Lopez jurisprudence regarding the permissible scope of federal criminal law. Analyzing a wide variety of federal criminal laws challenged in post-Lopez cases (including arson, robbery, gun possession, drugs, violence against women, and abortion clinic disruption), the article shows how courts have followed or evaded Lopez. Studying the proposed federal ban on partial birth abortions, the article suggests that the ban is not a lawful exercise of Congress' interstate commerce ...


From Diplomacy To Law: The Juridicization Of International Trade Relations, Arie Reich Jan 1997

From Diplomacy To Law: The Juridicization Of International Trade Relations, Arie Reich

Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business

This article deals with the development of law; i.e., the evolution of a legal regime in a field which prior thereto was not subject to law. It is my view that such a process took place in recent decades in the area of trade relations between sovereign nations. The period since World War II, and particularly recent years, is marked by the clear development of a conventional legal regime which regulates trade re- lations among the majority of countries of the world, as expressed by the multiplication of legal norms and the strengthening of the binding nature of these ...


Transracial Adoption (Tra): Old Prejudices And Discrimination Float Under A New Halo, Ruth-Arlene W. Howe Jan 1997

Transracial Adoption (Tra): Old Prejudices And Discrimination Float Under A New Halo, Ruth-Arlene W. Howe

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The primary aim of this article is to place the late twentieth century Transracial Adoption (TRA) of African-American children accurately within the context of the child welfare system milieu out of which it emerged. It also endeavors to provide thoughtful scholars and child advocates a new lens with which to assess the past purpose, function, and efficacy of TRA. The author hopes that through these considerations more careful regulation and monitoring of future TRA placements will emerge, which will both protect the interests of the African-American adoptee and respect the African-American community.


The Embattled Social Utilities Of The Endangered Species Act - A Noah Presumption And Caution Against Putting Gasmasks On The Canaries In The Coalmine, Zygmunt J.B. Plater Jan 1997

The Embattled Social Utilities Of The Endangered Species Act - A Noah Presumption And Caution Against Putting Gasmasks On The Canaries In The Coalmine, Zygmunt J.B. Plater

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The Endangered Species Act (ESA) is once again poised at the brink of what could become an illuminating national debate. The Act’s congressional reauthorization process is likely to provide the first major indicator of what the 105th Congress will or won’t do to environmental law generally. From the turbulent past and present of the ESA, this essay offers some reminders for the impending battles over the Act.


Review Of The Selling Of Supreme Court Nominees, By J. A. Maltese, Richard D. Friedman Jan 1997

Review Of The Selling Of Supreme Court Nominees, By J. A. Maltese, Richard D. Friedman

Reviews

John Anthony Maltese has written a genial book on a subject of enormous importance and enduring interest-presidential selection and senatorial consideration of Supreme Court nominees. Readers new to this field will find The Selling of Supreme Court Nominees a helpful introduction to it. Those more familiar with it will not find much that is surprising.


The Unitary Executive During The First Half-Century, Steven G. Calabresi, Christopher S. Yoo Jan 1997

The Unitary Executive During The First Half-Century, Steven G. Calabresi, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Recent Supreme Court decisions and the impeachment of President Clinton has reinvigorated the debate over Congress’s authority to employ devices such as special counsels and independent agencies to restrict the President’s control over the administration of the law. The initial debate focused on whether the Constitution rejected the “executive by committee” employed by the Articles of the Confederation in favor of a “unitary executive,” in which all administrative authority is centralized in the President. More recently, the debate has begun to turn towards historical practices. Some scholars have suggested that independent agencies and special counsels have become such ...


The Misuse Of Tax Incentives To Align Management-Shareholder Interests, James R. Repetti Jan 1997

The Misuse Of Tax Incentives To Align Management-Shareholder Interests, James R. Repetti

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

The U.S. tax system contains many provisions which are intended to align management of large publicly traded companies more closely to stockholders. This article shows that many of the tax provisions that have been adopted are of questionable effectiveness because they fail to address the complexities of stockholder-management relations in attempting to motivate management to act in the best interests of stockholders. The article proposes that rather than Congress attempting to identify the best way that it can use the tax system to motivate management, Congress should eliminate tax provisions which subsidize management's inefficiencies in order to encourage ...


Tenancy By The Entirety: The Strange Career Of The Common-Law Marital Estate, John V. Orth Jan 1997

Tenancy By The Entirety: The Strange Career Of The Common-Law Marital Estate, John V. Orth

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Legal Rhetoric And Revolutionary Change, Richard Kay Dec 1996

Legal Rhetoric And Revolutionary Change, Richard Kay

Richard Kay

If we define revolutionary change as the alteration of fundamental political arrangements in ways inconsistent with accepted understandings of law, we would not expect to find the invocation of law in justification of that change. In fact, however, such justification is not uncommon. This paper examines three cases exposing differing attitudes to legal justification of revolution-- the English Revolution of 1688-89, the secession of the Southern states at the beginning of the American Civil War and the Bolshevik revolution of 1917. In each case the paper describes the revolutionaries' use of legal language. It then shows how the use or ...