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Domestic violence

2010

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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Law

Domestically Violent Attorneys: Resuscitating And Transforming A Dusty, Old Punitive Approach To Attorney Discipline Into A Viable Prescription For Rehabilitation, Ignascio G. Camarena Ii Sep 2010

Domestically Violent Attorneys: Resuscitating And Transforming A Dusty, Old Punitive Approach To Attorney Discipline Into A Viable Prescription For Rehabilitation, Ignascio G. Camarena Ii

Golden Gate University Law Review

This Comment will discuss (1) the prevalence of domestic violence in America, (2) the governmental responses to domestic violence, and (3) preserving the integrity of the legal profession. This Comment will then focus on how disciplinary courts have treated domestically violent attorneys. Part III examines the murky judicial approach to disciplining domestically violent attorneys, and Part IV criticizes that approach. Finally, Part V sets forth a proposal to cure the ill effects of the current approach, by injecting a greater degree of uniformity, ease, predictability and certainty into the disciplinary process.


A Hearsay Exception For Physical Abuse, Karleen F. Murphy Sep 2010

A Hearsay Exception For Physical Abuse, Karleen F. Murphy

Golden Gate University Law Review

This Comment will trace the history of the hearsay rule under both common law and California law. It examines the early use of the common law state of mind hearsay exception regarding statements of fear and physical abuse. It will also discuss the enactment of the California Evidence Code (hereinafter "Code") and the later codification of the state of mind hearsay exception. In addition, it will examine People v. Ruiz, a case which applied the Code's state of mind hearsay exception to prohibit statements regarding the victims' fear of the defendant and the physical abuse which the defendant inflicted ...


Making The Crucial Connection: A Proposed Threat Hearsay Exception, Donna Meredith Matthews Sep 2010

Making The Crucial Connection: A Proposed Threat Hearsay Exception, Donna Meredith Matthews

Golden Gate University Law Review

This article discusses how courts admit and exclude threat hearsay in the domestic homicide context and suggests an approach for admission of such evidence. After analyzing the current evidentiary status of the victim's statements regarding threats in homicide cases in which an apparently abusive spouse/partner is accused, I argue for adoption of a new hearsay exception that permits systematic admission of victims' statements concerning threats and violence by the accused. The victim can no longer speak for herself because she has been killed, often because the law is apparently helpless to intervene on her behalf, even when asked ...


In Harm's Way? Family Mediation And The Role Of The Attorney Advocate, Mary Pat Treuthart Sep 2010

In Harm's Way? Family Mediation And The Role Of The Attorney Advocate, Mary Pat Treuthart

Golden Gate University Law Review

The first part of this article presents some background information about mediation and the current mediation trend, emphasizes that the use of mediation is dangerous and inappropriate when one disputant has been abused by the other, and identifies potential problems for women which may be created by family mediation. The second part of this article focuses on the role and responsibilities of the attorney advocate when the client chooses, or is compelled, to mediate, with particular attention to the special concerns involved in representing battered women. In the scholarly literature, much time and energy has been devoted to issues addressed ...


A Final Obstacle: Barriers To Divorce For Immigrant Victims Of Domestic Violence In The United States, Mariela Olivares Aug 2010

A Final Obstacle: Barriers To Divorce For Immigrant Victims Of Domestic Violence In The United States, Mariela Olivares

Mariela Olivares

Low-income immigrant victims of domestic violence face significant—and understudied—social, legal and political obstacles in obtaining divorces from their abusive spouses. Moreover, funding restrictions on legal service providers often prohibit their representation of victims in divorce proceedings, which further reduces immigrant victims’ ability to obtain meaningful divorce relief. These issues are virtually unexamined in the scholarly literature; the problem of the abused, immigrant wife seeking a divorce has been given short shrift. This Article examines the problems confronting this community then proposes reforms to address its particular needs. Part I explores the unique condition of the immigrant living in ...


Teens, Technology, And Cyberstalking: The Domestic Violence Wave Of The Future?, Andrew J. King-Ries Aug 2010

Teens, Technology, And Cyberstalking: The Domestic Violence Wave Of The Future?, Andrew J. King-Ries

Andrew J King-Ries

While the legal system has made progress in combating domestic violence in the last 30 years, this progress is threatened by the intersection of two recent developments: teenagers normalizing unhealthy relationship patterns through pervasive use of technology and law enforcement’s inability to adequately respond to cyberstalking. The combination of these trends suggests America is producing a new generation of domestic violence batterers.

Recent studies document extensive use of technology—email, texts, social networking—by teenagers in their intimate relationships. Teenagers’ use of technology in their dating relationships often mimics relationship patterns present in violent adult relationships. Teenagers appear to ...


When Domestic Violence And Sex-Based Discrimination Collide: Civil Rights Approaches To Combating The Revictimization Of Domestic Violence Survivors, Erica R. Franklin May 2010

When Domestic Violence And Sex-Based Discrimination Collide: Civil Rights Approaches To Combating The Revictimization Of Domestic Violence Survivors, Erica R. Franklin

Erica R Franklin

Domestic violence victims encounter widespread discrimination in civil society, particularly in the arenas of police intervention, employment, and housing. This discrimination amounts to the revictimization of victims of domestic violence. Civil Rights protections, namely the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Fair Housing Act, have a major role to play in combating this discrimination. This Comment highlights the importance of civil rights approaches to domestic violence law and explores the potential for successful civil rights challenges in light of prevailing precedent and novel legal arguments. It argues that ...


Failure To Protect From Domestic Violence In Private Custody Contests, Leslie J. Harris Jan 2010

Failure To Protect From Domestic Violence In Private Custody Contests, Leslie J. Harris

Leslie J. Harris

All 50 states and the District of Columbia require courts to consider domestic violence committed by one parent against the other in resolving a custody or visitation dispute between the parents. A significant number of states also have statutes or case law that requires courts to consider the occurrence of violence in a child’s household or proposed household in resolving such disputes, regardless of who commits the violence or at whom it is directed. This kind of law may be used against a parent, often a victim, who fails to protect a child from being exposed to the violence ...


Specialization Has The Potential To Lead To Uneven Justice: Domestic Violence Cases In The Juvenile And Domestic Violence Courts, Allison Cleveland Jan 2010

Specialization Has The Potential To Lead To Uneven Justice: Domestic Violence Cases In The Juvenile And Domestic Violence Courts, Allison Cleveland

The Modern American

No abstract provided.


Rethinking Consent In A Big Love Way, Cheryl Hanna Jan 2010

Rethinking Consent In A Big Love Way, Cheryl Hanna

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

This Article is based on a presentation at the Michigan Journal of Gender and Law as part of their symposium "Rhetoric & Relevance: An Investigation into the Present & Future of Feminist Legal Theory." In it, I explore the problem of categorical exclusions to the consent doctrine in private intimate relationships through the lens of the HBO series Big Love, which is about modern polygamy. There remains the normative question both after Lawrence v. Texas and in feminist legal theory of under what circumstances individuals should be able to consent to activity that takes place within the context of a private, intimate relationship. The tensions between individual autonomy and state interests are beautifully explored in Big Love. Drawing on themes presented in the series, this Article asks if there is any principled way to make the distinction between those relationships in which there is some physical or psychological harm inflicted and those in which the state has proscribed a relationship because of some moral or social harm it allegedly causes. Four case studies are presented to prompt readers to try to answer the question of when consent should be a defense to otherwise proscribed activity. I conclude that the future of feminist legal theory depends on its ability to remain ambivalent about the tensions presented in the consent doctrine as applied to contexts such as polygamy, prostitution, sadomasochistic sex, obscenity, and domestic violence. Big Love seeks to persuade us to accept ambivalence and to be open to changing our minds because of the complicated nature of women's (and men's) lives; feminist legal theory ought to persuade us to do the same.


Documentation, Documentary, And The Law: What Should Be Made Of Victim Impact Videos?, Regina Austin Jan 2010

Documentation, Documentary, And The Law: What Should Be Made Of Victim Impact Videos?, Regina Austin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Since the Supreme Court sanctioned the introduction of victim impact evidence in the sentencing phase of capital cases in Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 (1991), there have been a number of reported decisions in which that evidence has taken the form of videos composed of home-produced still photographs and moving images of the victim. Most of these videos were first shown at funerals or memorial services and contain music appropriate for such occasions. This article considers the probative value of victim impact videos and responds to the call of Justice John Paul Stevens, made in a statement regarding ...


The Fourth Circuit's Rejection Of Legislation History: Placing Guns In The Hands Of Domestic Violence Perpetrators, Tanjima Islam Jan 2010

The Fourth Circuit's Rejection Of Legislation History: Placing Guns In The Hands Of Domestic Violence Perpetrators, Tanjima Islam

American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law

No abstract provided.


Domestic Violence And Gun Control: Determining The Proper Interpretation Of “Physical Force” In The Implementation Of The Lautenberg Amendment, Abigail Browning Jan 2010

Domestic Violence And Gun Control: Determining The Proper Interpretation Of “Physical Force” In The Implementation Of The Lautenberg Amendment, Abigail Browning

Washington University Journal of Law & Policy

Beginning in the late 1970s, legislative efforts to prevent domestic violence addressed the most violent crimes that often lead to death, particularly those crimes committed with firearms.8 A major effort to prevent such fatal results is the Lautenberg Amendment, which makes it unlawful for an individual "'convicted of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence' to ship, transport, possess, or receive firearms or ammunition in or affecting commerce." The Lautenberg Amendment, passed in 1996, amends the Gun Control Act of 1968 ("GCA"), which defines the term "misdemeanor crime of domestic violence" to include "the use or attempted use of physical ...


Shielding Ohio's Newborns: Defending A Broad Interpretation Of Child Within The Meaning Of O.R.C. Sec. 3113.31, John Hofstetter Jan 2010

Shielding Ohio's Newborns: Defending A Broad Interpretation Of Child Within The Meaning Of O.R.C. Sec. 3113.31, John Hofstetter

Cleveland State Law Review

This note argues that viable fetuses should be viewed as “children” within the meaning of O.R.C. § 3113.31, therefore qualifying them for the protections afforded by civil protection orders. It focuses on the urgent need for such an interpretation based on child safety concerns arising primarily after the birth of the child, rather than those existing while the child is still in utero.


Opportunities And Challenges For Gender-Based Legal Reform In China, Rangita De Silva De Alwis Jan 2010

Opportunities And Challenges For Gender-Based Legal Reform In China, Rangita De Silva De Alwis

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Welcoming Women: Recent Changes In U.S. Asylum Law, Jillian Blake Jan 2010

Welcoming Women: Recent Changes In U.S. Asylum Law, Jillian Blake

Michigan Law Review First Impressions

The Statue of Liberty, which has been called the "Mother of Exiles," stands as a reminder of one of the foundational ideals of U.S. immigration policy-providing refuge to the vulnerable. Women worldwide have new reason to believe in this promise, because victims of domestic violence may now have a better chance of being granted asylum in a U.S. immigration court.


Provoking Change: Comparative Insights On Feminist Homicide Law Reform, Carolyn B. Ramsey Jan 2010

Provoking Change: Comparative Insights On Feminist Homicide Law Reform, Carolyn B. Ramsey

Articles

The provocation defense, which mitigates murder to manslaughter for killings perpetrated in the heat of passion, is one of the most controversial doctrines in the criminal law because of its perceived gender bias; yet most American scholars and lawmakers have not recommended that it be abolished. This Article analyzes trendsetting feminist homicide law reforms, including the abolition of the provocation defense in three Australian jurisdictions, places these reforms in historical context, and assesses their applicability to the United States. It ultimately advocates reintroducing the concept of justified emotion, grounded in modern equality principles and social values, as a requirement for ...


The Future Of Problem-Solving Justice: An International Perspective, Greg Berman, Aubrey Fox Jan 2010

The Future Of Problem-Solving Justice: An International Perspective, Greg Berman, Aubrey Fox

University of Maryland Law Journal of Race, Religion, Gender and Class

No abstract provided.


Sex, Threats, And Absent Victims: The Lessons Of Regina V. Bedingfield For Modern Confrontation And Domestic Violence Cases, Aviva A. Orenstein Jan 2010

Sex, Threats, And Absent Victims: The Lessons Of Regina V. Bedingfield For Modern Confrontation And Domestic Violence Cases, Aviva A. Orenstein

Articles by Maurer Faculty

In 2004, Crawford v. Washington, authored by Justice Antonin Scalia, revolutionized the law of confrontation by requiring that, aside from two discrete exceptions, all testimonial statements (those made with the expectation that they will serve to prosecute the accused) be subject to cross-examination. This new interpretation of the Sixth Amendment confrontation clause has profoundly affected domestic violence cases, making it much harder to prosecute them successfully.

Although Justice Scalia’s approach to confrontation is new, it is strikingly similar to the analysis in Regina v. Bedingfield, a notorious English murder case, which excluded from the evidence an alleged statement by ...


Getting Real About Abuse And Alienation: A Critique Of Drozd And Olesen's Decision Tree, Joan S. Meier Jan 2010

Getting Real About Abuse And Alienation: A Critique Of Drozd And Olesen's Decision Tree, Joan S. Meier

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

Specialists in abuse and alienation have long taken opposing positions on the legitimacy of the concept of alienation in custody cases where abuse is alleged. One increasingly popular response that appears to carve a middle path is acknowledge that both alienation and abuse may co-exist, and to focus on "hybrid" cases, i.e., those in which there are cross-allegations of abuse and alienation. This article discusses and critiques, from the perspective of an expert on abuse, one of the earliest and most significant approaches to the hybrid case: Drozd and Olesen’s "Decision Tree." The author concludes that, while the ...


What's So Funny About Peace, Love, And Understanding? Restorative Justice As A New Paradigm For Domestic Violence Intervention, Laurie S. Kohn Jan 2010

What's So Funny About Peace, Love, And Understanding? Restorative Justice As A New Paradigm For Domestic Violence Intervention, Laurie S. Kohn

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

This Article explores the viability of an alternative dispute resolution system as an alternative to the civil justice system in the area of domestic violence. It considers the implementation of a system that draws on principles of restorative justice. Such an innovation would complement the current justice system interventions with an additional avenue of recourse that allows for more flexibility and creativity.

Although restorative justice principles have been used extensively in the juvenile justice system, they have been suggested amidst much controversy as a response to intimate partner violence, and have been implemented in only an extremely limited way. The ...


That Guy's A Batterer!: A Scarlet Letter Approach To Domestic Violence In The Information Age, Elaine M. Chiu Jan 2010

That Guy's A Batterer!: A Scarlet Letter Approach To Domestic Violence In The Information Age, Elaine M. Chiu

Faculty Publications

Despite the remarkable reliance on the Internet as a source of information, we have yet to fully take advantage of it in our movement against domestic violence. Information is used as a weapon in the battle against domestic violence in several limited ways. Yet there is still more we can do with information and, specifically, the Internet, in combating domestic violence. The Scarlet Letter proposal seeks to empower potential victims of domestic violence with information so that they themselves can make choices that will avoid years of suffering and abuse. The idea is to allow public access to the data ...


Beyond The Polemics: Realistic Options To Help Divorcing Families Manage Domestic Violence, Elayne E. Greenberg Jan 2010

Beyond The Polemics: Realistic Options To Help Divorcing Families Manage Domestic Violence, Elayne E. Greenberg

Faculty Publications

Children, adult survivors, and their batterers who remain engaged in violence, even after they live apart, are living legacies of the historical perniciousness of domestic violence, a legacy that must change. True, over the past thirty years the politicization of domestic violence has raised public awareness, spurred legislative reforms, and propelled court innovations. However, the children, survivors, and batterers who still live domestic violence after divorce know all too well that all of our political advancements, legal victories, court innovations, and social awareness have not stopped the violence they live within their day-to-day lives. For many of these families, an ...


Denying Choice Of Forum: An Interference By The Massachusetts Trial Court With Domestic Violence Victims' Rights, Margaret B. Drew, Marilu E. Gresens Dec 2009

Denying Choice Of Forum: An Interference By The Massachusetts Trial Court With Domestic Violence Victims' Rights, Margaret B. Drew, Marilu E. Gresens

Margaret B Drew

The article discusses the due process denials inherent in the Massachusetts scheme designed to defeat the victim's choice of forum for hearing on a civil protection order petition. The scheme would divert many protection orders to family court even though the statute in question permits filing and hearing of the petitions in district, superior and famiy courts. The diversion would be available whenever there is a related case filed in family court at the time that the petition for protection is filed. More alarmingly, the petition could be diverted to family court if a subsequent action was filed in ...


Addressing Domestic Violence Through The Law: A Guide To - The Protection Of Women From Domestic Violence Act, 2005, Saumya Uma Dec 2009

Addressing Domestic Violence Through The Law: A Guide To - The Protection Of Women From Domestic Violence Act, 2005, Saumya Uma

Dr. Saumya Uma

The book is essentially a guide to the use of Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act (PWDVA), 2005. Intended for the use of district lawyers, as well as other concerned members of the civil society, the book is in a question and answer format, containing an analysis of the provisions and impact of the law, as well as extracts of landmark judgments of the High Courts and the Supreme Court of India. It has been printed in both English and Hindi.


The Moral Politics Of Social Control: Political Culture And Ordinary Crime In Cuba, Deborah M. Weissman, Marsha R. Weissman Dec 2009

The Moral Politics Of Social Control: Political Culture And Ordinary Crime In Cuba, Deborah M. Weissman, Marsha R. Weissman

Deborah M. Weissman

The Cuban revolution has been described as “the longest running social experiment” in history, and one not well-received in the United States. The U.S. government responded to the revolution first with suspicion, and then hostility. Even while the current administration has acknowledged the failure of U.S. policy, few substantive changes have been announced and the narrative of Cuba in the United States continues to dwell almost exclusively on political repression and economic failure. The Cuban revolution, however, is a complex process, one that defies facile explanations. This article subscribes to the perspective offered by social scientists who urge ...