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2003

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Full-Text Articles in Law

Valuation Averaging: A New Procedure For Resolving Valuation Disputes, Keith Sharfman Dec 2003

Valuation Averaging: A New Procedure For Resolving Valuation Disputes, Keith Sharfman

Rutgers Law School (Newark) Faculty Papers

In this Article, Professor Sharfman addresses the problem of "discretionary valuation": that courts resolve valuation disputes arbitrarily and unpredictably, thus harming litigants and society. As a solution, he proposes the enactment of "valuation averaging," a new procedure for resolving valuation disputes modeled on the algorithmic valuation processes often agreed to by sophisticated private firms in advance of any dispute. He argues that by replacing the discretion of judges and juries with a mechanical valuation process, valuation averaging would cause litigants to introduce more plausible and conciliatory valuations into evidence and thereby reduce the cost of valuation litigation and increase the ...


Trial Of The Accused Taliban And Al Qaeda Operatives Captured In Afghanistan And Detained On A U.S. Military Base In Cuba, Jaime Jackson Oct 2003

Trial Of The Accused Taliban And Al Qaeda Operatives Captured In Afghanistan And Detained On A U.S. Military Base In Cuba, Jaime Jackson

ExpressO

A timely piece proposing solutions for issues certain to be raised in the upcoming trials of the accused Taliban and Al Qaeda operatives captured in Afghanistan and detained on a U.S. military base in Cuba. In the article, I begin by examining the history and jurisdiction of Article I and Article III courts and then address the history and structure of the Al Qaeda and Taliban regimes. After considering the Constitution, federal statutes, politics, and geographical limitations, I conclude that Al Qaeda detainees should be tried in Article III courts under terrorism statutes and Taliban detainees, as military combatants ...


No Free Lunch: How Settlement Can Reduce The Legal System's Ability To Induce Efficient Behavior, Abraham Lee Wickelgren Aug 2003

No Free Lunch: How Settlement Can Reduce The Legal System's Ability To Induce Efficient Behavior, Abraham Lee Wickelgren

ExpressO

While there is widespread agreement that it is better for cases to settle than go to trial, the arguments in favor of settlement have typically overlooked how settlement affects one of the most important functions of the legal system: influencing the behavior that gives rise to lawsuits. This essay argues that, in some cases, settlement can impair the ability of the legal system to deter harmful behavior without chilling desirable behavior. Where it exists, this effect is a fundamental property of settlement in that there is no way to change other legal rules to eliminate it. Because settlements also have ...


Applying The Eligibility Rule In Securities Arbitration: Resolving Circuit Court Conflict Regarding The Proper Role Of Arbitrators And Courts - Howsam V. Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., James D. Hughes Jul 2003

Applying The Eligibility Rule In Securities Arbitration: Resolving Circuit Court Conflict Regarding The Proper Role Of Arbitrators And Courts - Howsam V. Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., James D. Hughes

Journal of Dispute Resolution

In Howsam v. Dean Witter Reynolds, Inc., the United States Supreme Court reviewed a Tenth Circuit holding that the eligibility rule presented a question of arbitrability, and was thus for the court to decide. Reversing, the Supreme Court held that the arbitrator, not a court, should apply the time limit rule. The Court's decision resolves the split among the circuit courts in addition to allowing arbitration clauses in securities firms' client agreements to serve their purpose of providing an efficient and less costly method of litigating disputes relating to investment accounts, ultimately increasing investor confidence in the securities industry.


International Developments Of The Middle Court Mediation (In German), Nadja Alexander May 2003

International Developments Of The Middle Court Mediation (In German), Nadja Alexander

Research Collection School Of Law

No abstract provided.


First Options, Consent To Arbitration, And The Demise Of Separability: Restoring Access To Justice For Contracts With Arbitration Provisions, Richard C. Reuben Apr 2003

First Options, Consent To Arbitration, And The Demise Of Separability: Restoring Access To Justice For Contracts With Arbitration Provisions, Richard C. Reuben

Faculty Publications

This article describes the context and current state of the law in this area under the Federal Arbitration Act (FAA), urges the Court to continue its path toward actual consent to arbitration, and suggests an approach for finally reconciling the tension between Prima Paint and First Options. Part II describes the nature and historical context of the arbitrability problem. Part III focuses specifically on the doctrine of separability, which is the most critical (and most complex) of these exceptions. Part IV discusses the impact on separability of recent U.S. Supreme Court case law, especially the 1995 decision in First ...


Race And The Georgia Courts: Implications Of The Georgia Public Trust And Confidence Survey For Batson V. Kentucky And Its Progeny, George W. Dougherty, Randy Beck, Mark D. Bradbury Apr 2003

Race And The Georgia Courts: Implications Of The Georgia Public Trust And Confidence Survey For Batson V. Kentucky And Its Progeny, George W. Dougherty, Randy Beck, Mark D. Bradbury

Scholarly Works

Put simply, there is a perception among many Georgians that the court system treats minorities worse than whites. This Essay considers implications of the Georgia findings for a line of United States Supreme Court decisions designed to prevent racial discrimination by trial lawyers in the selection of trial juries.


Competing For The People's Affection: Federalism's Forgotten Marketplace, Todd E. Pettys Feb 2003

Competing For The People's Affection: Federalism's Forgotten Marketplace, Todd E. Pettys

Todd E. Pettys

Returning to forgotten themes in the Federalist Papers, the article argues that the state and federal governments compete with one another for the “affection” of their citizens and for the regulatory power that often accompanies that affection. The article further contends that citizens and politicians are able fully to participate in this affection-driven marketplace only if three prerequisites are met: each sovereign must be assured of an opportunity to demonstrate its competence; each sovereign must enjoy a significant measure of autonomy from the other; and the two sovereigns’ dealings with one another must be sufficiently transparent to enable citizens to ...


Introduction To The Jury At A Crossroad: The American Experience (Symposium Editor), Nancy S. Marder Feb 2003

Introduction To The Jury At A Crossroad: The American Experience (Symposium Editor), Nancy S. Marder

All Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Introduction To The Jury At A Crossroad: The American Experience (Symposium Editor), Nancy S. Marder Jan 2003

Introduction To The Jury At A Crossroad: The American Experience (Symposium Editor), Nancy S. Marder

Nancy S. Marder

No abstract provided.


Justices At Home: Three Supreme Court Memoirs, Laura K. Ray Jan 2003

Justices At Home: Three Supreme Court Memoirs, Laura K. Ray

Laura K. Ray

No abstract provided.


Judging The Justices: A Supreme Court Performance Review, Laura K. Ray Jan 2003

Judging The Justices: A Supreme Court Performance Review, Laura K. Ray

Laura K. Ray

No abstract provided.


In Defense Of Title Ix: Why Current Policies Are Required To Ensure Equality Of Opportunity, Jocelyn Samuels, Kristen Galles Jan 2003

In Defense Of Title Ix: Why Current Policies Are Required To Ensure Equality Of Opportunity, Jocelyn Samuels, Kristen Galles

Marquette Sports Law Review

No abstract provided.


The International Criminal Court And The Future Of Legal Accountability, William W. Burke-White Jan 2003

The International Criminal Court And The Future Of Legal Accountability, William W. Burke-White

ILSA Journal of International & Comparative Law

With unexpected speed, the International Criminal Court has become a reality.


The Interaction Of The Ada, The Fmla, And Workers' Compensation: Why Can't We Be Friends?, S. Elizabeth Malloy Jan 2003

The Interaction Of The Ada, The Fmla, And Workers' Compensation: Why Can't We Be Friends?, S. Elizabeth Malloy

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

This Article addresses some of the issues that arise when an employee injured at work qualifies for leave under the ADA, the FMLA and workers' compensation statutes. Part II of the Article provides a brief overview of these
three statutory schemes, focusing on the provisions, which define employee and employer qualification and the rights and responsibilities surrounding leave due to a work-related injury. Part III examines how the courts have resolved some of the overlapping and conflicting provisions contained in these statutes. This section particularly focuses on how the courts address employer obligations under all three statutes when an employee ...


The Implications Of Transition Theory For Stare Decisis, Jill E. Fisch Jan 2003

The Implications Of Transition Theory For Stare Decisis, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Federal Judicial Selection As War: Part Iii --The Role Of Ideology, Michael J. Gerhardt Jan 2003

Federal Judicial Selection As War: Part Iii --The Role Of Ideology, Michael J. Gerhardt

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Norm Of Prior Judicial Experience And Its Consequences For Career Diversity On The U.S. Supreme Court, Lee Epstein, Jack Knight, Andrew D. Martin Jan 2003

The Norm Of Prior Judicial Experience And Its Consequences For Career Diversity On The U.S. Supreme Court, Lee Epstein, Jack Knight, Andrew D. Martin

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


A Reply--The Missing Portion, Pierre Schlag Jan 2003

A Reply--The Missing Portion, Pierre Schlag

Articles

No abstract provided.


Goldwasser, The Telecom Act, And Reflections On Antitrust Remedies, Philip J. Weiser Jan 2003

Goldwasser, The Telecom Act, And Reflections On Antitrust Remedies, Philip J. Weiser

Articles

No abstract provided.


What Do We Mean By "Judicial Independence"?, Stephen B. Burbank Jan 2003

What Do We Mean By "Judicial Independence"?, Stephen B. Burbank

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In this article, the author argues that the concept of "judicial independence" has served more as an object of rhetoric than it has of sustained study. He views the scholarly literatures that treat it as ships passing in the night, each subject to weaknesses that reflect the needs and fashions of the discipline, but all tending to ignore courts other than the Supreme Court of the United States. Seeking both greater rigor and greater flexibility than one usually finds in public policy debates about, and in the legal and political science literatures on, judicial independence, the author attributes much of ...


Judicial Selection As War, Michael J. Gerhardt Jan 2003

Judicial Selection As War, Michael J. Gerhardt

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Apprendi In The States: The Virtues Of Federalism As A Structural Limit On Errors, Stephanos Bibas Jan 2003

Apprendi In The States: The Virtues Of Federalism As A Structural Limit On Errors, Stephanos Bibas

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Voting And Electoral Politics In The Wisconsin Supreme Court, Jason J. Czarnezki Jan 2003

Voting And Electoral Politics In The Wisconsin Supreme Court, Jason J. Czarnezki

Pace Law Faculty Publications

This Article examines criminal cases decided by the Wisconsin Supreme Court over a fifteen-year period in an effort to discern whether judicial elections undercut judicial independence by affecting the ways justices vote. Wisconsin was chosen for this study because the state's mix of appointed and elected judges allows a researcher to control for different judicial selection systems. Specifically, this Article questions whether voting patterns may be affected by a justice's proximity to judicial elections, election margins, and whether a justice was appointed or elected in the initial term, since the governor may appoint a justice to fill a ...


Constitutional Existence Conditions And Judicial Review, Matthew D. Adler, Michael C. Dorf Jan 2003

Constitutional Existence Conditions And Judicial Review, Matthew D. Adler, Michael C. Dorf

Faculty Scholarship

Although critics of judicial review sometimes call for making the entire Constitution nonjusticiable, many familiar norms of constitutional law state what we call "existence conditions" that are necessarily enforced by judicial actors charged with the responsibility of applying, and thus as a preliminary step, identifying, propositions of sub-constitutional law such as statutes. Article I, Section 7, which sets forth the procedures by which a bill becomes a law, is an example: a putative law that did not go through the Article I, Section 7 process and does not satisfy an alternative test for legal validity (such as the treaty-making provision ...


Empirical Research Into The Chinese Judicial System, Donald C. Clarke Jan 2003

Empirical Research Into The Chinese Judicial System, Donald C. Clarke

GW Law Faculty Publications & Other Works

The last few years have seen a proliferation of programs by Western states and international agencies designed, in broad terms, to promote reforms in the Chinese judicial system. What is not clear, however, is whether there has been systematic thinking about the precise goals to be sought in these and other projects, whether these goals are appropriate, and indeed whether their achievement can even be ascertained in some measurable way. This paper is an attempt to think about what we know, what we might want to know, and what we can know about China's judicial system, broadly defined.

A ...


Caseload Burdens And Jurisdictional Limitations: Some Observations From The History Of The Federal Courts, Edward A. Purcell Jr. Jan 2003

Caseload Burdens And Jurisdictional Limitations: Some Observations From The History Of The Federal Courts, Edward A. Purcell Jr.

NYLS Law Review

No abstract provided.


In Praise Of The Rule Of Law, The Role Of Judges, And The Right To Shop, Nadine Strossen Jan 2003

In Praise Of The Rule Of Law, The Role Of Judges, And The Right To Shop, Nadine Strossen

NYLS Law Review

No abstract provided.


Trials And Tribulations: Science In The Law, Susan Haack Jan 2003

Trials And Tribulations: Science In The Law, Susan Haack

Articles

No abstract provided.


Critical Factors Of Adjudication: Language And The Adjudication Process In Executive And Judicial Branch Decisions, Chris Mcneil Dec 2002

Critical Factors Of Adjudication: Language And The Adjudication Process In Executive And Judicial Branch Decisions, Chris Mcneil

Christopher B. McNeil, J.D., Ph.D.

No abstract provided.