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2010

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Articles 1 - 30 of 263

Full-Text Articles in Law

Regulating Compensation, A. Christine Hurt Dec 2010

Regulating Compensation, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Windfall Myth, A. Christine Hurt Dec 2010

The Windfall Myth, A. Christine Hurt

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)'S Merciful Reforms In The Conduct Of War: The Prohibited Acts, Muhammad Munir Dec 2010

The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him)'S Merciful Reforms In The Conduct Of War: The Prohibited Acts, Muhammad Munir

Dr. Muhammad Munir

This paper argues that Islam introduced far reaching reforms to warfare; that the conduct of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his successors does not to allow the burning and drowning of enemy to death. Destroying buildings, cutting down trees, committing perfidy, breaching the trust of the enemy, the killing of women, children, servants, old, infirm, sick, wounded, priests, peasants, prisoners of warand envoys is strictly against the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or his successors. The destruction of harvest, livestock and forests, looting, plundering and corruption from the war booty and indiscipline are prohibited as ...


Summary Of Gonski V. Dist. Ct., 126 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 51, Ryan Johnson Dec 2010

Summary Of Gonski V. Dist. Ct., 126 Nev. Adv. Op. No. 51, Ryan Johnson

Nevada Supreme Court Summaries

The Second Judicial District Court entered an order compelling arbitration in a construction defect dispute. Petitioners asked for a writ of mandamus vacating the order compelling arbitration.


Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos Dec 2010

Third Party Access And Refusal To Deal In European Energy Networks: How Sector Regulation And Competition Law Meet Each Other, Michael Diathesopoulos

Michael Diathesopoulos

In this paper, we will analyse the issue of concurrence between competition and sector rules and the relation between parallel concepts within the two different legal frameworks. We will firstly examine Third Party Access in relation to essential facilities doctrine and refusal of access and we will identify the common points and objectives of these concepts and the extent to which they provide a context to each other’s implementation. Second, we will focus on how Commission uses sector regulation and objectives as a context within the process of implementation of competition law in the energy sector and third, we ...


Obstaculos Juridicos Y Economicos A La Aplicacion De La Teoria Del Incumplimiento Eficiente: ¿Un Irritante Juridico O Una Figura De Aplicacion Imposible?, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Dec 2010

Obstaculos Juridicos Y Economicos A La Aplicacion De La Teoria Del Incumplimiento Eficiente: ¿Un Irritante Juridico O Una Figura De Aplicacion Imposible?, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Actualmente el dinamismo del mercado insta a los agentes económicos a vincularse por medio de contratos, vehículo por excelencia de la autonomía privada de las partes como reglamentación de intereses de los mismos. Pero, ¿qué sucede cuando uno de los contratantes incumple o decide apartarse de dicha vinculación? En el presente artículo, el autor analiza, desde la perspectiva del derecho contractual norteamericano, la denominada "teoría del incumplimiento eficiente" y los diversos factores involucrados, así como su eventual incorporación a nuestra realidad jurídica. Finalmente, nos propone pensar mejor en términos de la "teoría de la conclusión contractual eficiente" (comentario de Themis).


Winner's Curse (La Maldición Del Ganador): Un Análisis De La Toma De Decisiones En Subastas De Valor Común, Renzo Saavedra Velazco Dec 2010

Winner's Curse (La Maldición Del Ganador): Un Análisis De La Toma De Decisiones En Subastas De Valor Común, Renzo Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

En la presente nota se analiza la denominada maldición del ganador que importa que el ganador de una subasta puede ser quien sufra las más altas pérdidas, en lugar de los participaron que no lograron adjudicarse el bien o el derecho materia de la subasta. Este resultado se produce por una conjunción de fuerzas en contraposición: la lógica que le indica pujar con cuidado; y, el deseo de lograr la adjudicación que se exacerba en atención a la cantidad de proponentes. Ante ello, muchas veces el ganador termina por ofrecer una suma por encima de su propia valuación subjetiva y ...


Providing Legal Information And Advice To Older People: As Much A Question Of Accessibility As Affordability, Subhajit Basu, Joe Duffy Dec 2010

Providing Legal Information And Advice To Older People: As Much A Question Of Accessibility As Affordability, Subhajit Basu, Joe Duffy

Subhajit Basu

No continent has as high a proportion of older people as Europe. [3] In this paper, we report the findings of an empirical project examining the legal advice needs of older people. An important element of the project also sought information about the capacity of the internet for meeting the legal advice needs of older people. Overall our findings broadly indicate considerable failings in legal information provision for older people from more traditional advice sources. Whilst we have uncovered some examples of individualised good practice,our research in the main revealed an alarming sense of fear, mistrust, uncertainty and ambivalence ...


Alteration Of The Contractual Equilibrium Under The Unidroit Principles, Amin Dawwas Dec 2010

Alteration Of The Contractual Equilibrium Under The Unidroit Principles, Amin Dawwas

Pace International Law Review Online Companion

This paper addresses the principles of hardship and specific performance as being unreasonably burdensome or expensive both in terms of their definitions and legal consequences. This paper argues that, in a situation of hardship, the debtor can choose to invoke either the rules of section 6.2 (hardship) or the defense to specific performance under Article 7.2.2-b of the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts (“UNIDROIT Principles”). Yet, while in a situation where performance of the contract becomes “unreasonably burdensome or expensive,” the debtor might only invoke the exception to specific performance under Article 7.2.2(b ...


Toward A General Theory Of Tort Law: Strict Liability In Context, Richard A. Epstein Dec 2010

Toward A General Theory Of Tort Law: Strict Liability In Context, Richard A. Epstein

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

In this extensive article I revisit my earlier writings from the 1970s that deal with tort liability in both stranger and consensual arrangements. On the former, I examine Stephen Perry’s 1988 critique of my work, and more recent contributions by Joshua Getzler and Benjamin Zipursky, to defend the view that a rigorous conception of causation under a theory of strict liability is neither logically impossible nor practically unworkable. In so doing, I reexamine the earlier efforts by writers such as Joseph Beale and H.L.A. Hart & Tony Honoré on causation in order to show how some controversial moves ...


Questioning The Frequency And Wisdom Of Compulsory Licensing For Pharmaceutical Patents, Richard Epstein Dec 2010

Questioning The Frequency And Wisdom Of Compulsory Licensing For Pharmaceutical Patents, Richard Epstein

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

Many advocates for using compulsory licensing (“CL”) for pharmaceutical patents in developing countries like Thailand rest their case in part on the purported use of CL in the United States. In this paper we take issue with that proposition on several grounds. As a theoretical matter, we argue that the basic presumption in favor of voluntary licenses for IP should apply in the international arena, in addition to the domestic one. In the international context, voluntary licenses are of special importance because they strengthen the supply chain for distributing pharmaceuticals and ease the government enforcement of safety standards. Next, this ...


A Contractual Approach To Shareholder Oppression Law, Benjamin Means Dec 2010

A Contractual Approach To Shareholder Oppression Law, Benjamin Means

Faculty Publications

According to standard law and economics, minority shareholders in closely held corporations must bargain against opportunism by controlling shareholders before investing. Put simply, you made your bed, now you must lie in it. Yet most courts offer a remedy for shareholder oppression, often premised on the notion that controlling shareholders owe fiduciary duties to the minority or must honor the minority's reasonable expectations. Thus, law and economics, the dominant mode of corporate law scholarship, appears irreconcilably opposed to minority shareholder protection, a defining feature of the existing law of close corporations.

This Article contends that a more nuanced theory ...


What Is So Special About Intangible Property? The Case For Intelligent Carryovers, Richard Epstein Dec 2010

What Is So Special About Intangible Property? The Case For Intelligent Carryovers, Richard Epstein

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

One of the major controversies in modern intellectual property law is the extent to which property rights conceptions, developed in connection with land or other forms of tangible property, can be carried over to different forms of property, such as rights in the spectrum or in patents and copyrights. This article defends the thesis that, once the differences in the optimal duration of patents and copyrights are taken into account, the carryover of basic property conceptions from tangible to intangible property should be much encouraged. In some instances, the property rights concepts applicable to land often work even better for ...


One Bridge Too Far: Why The Employee Free Choice Act Rightly Fell Short, Richard A. Epstein Dec 2010

One Bridge Too Far: Why The Employee Free Choice Act Rightly Fell Short, Richard A. Epstein

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

The Employee Free Choice Act has had enjoyed strong academic support. but thus far has been stymied by fierce political resistance to its central positions that first institute a card-check for the selection of a union and then requires mandatory arbitration if the parties cannot agree to a new contract within 130 days of union recognition. This article critiques the arguments made in support of this fundamental revision of labor law offered by Craig Becker, Benjamin Sachs, and Catherine Fisk & Adam Pulver, all of which purport to show that flaws in the current system of collective bargaining need major prounion ...


Regulación De Riesgos: Una Doble Aproximación A Partir Del Análisis Económico Del Derecho, Daniel Monroy Nov 2010

Regulación De Riesgos: Una Doble Aproximación A Partir Del Análisis Económico Del Derecho, Daniel Monroy

Daniel A Monroy C

The risks problem has been analyzed from the traditional point of view of the Economic Analysis of Law, as well as from the perspectives of tort law and contract law. While in this last one, contracts are considered to function as a mechanism to risks transfer, in the first one it is accepted that the law works like a mechanism for the individuals to internalize the associated costs of damages that are not considered by contracts; by this same token, where the function of contracts in the risks issue ends, the function of tort law begins. However, whereas the contracts ...


Secret Bancaire Et Entraide Internationale En Matière Fiscale: Le Fait Du Prince, Fabien Liegeois Nov 2010

Secret Bancaire Et Entraide Internationale En Matière Fiscale: Le Fait Du Prince, Fabien Liegeois

Fabien LIEGEOIS

No abstract provided.


Negocios Inmobiliarios Agrarios De Fomento: Enfiteusis, Guillermo Blazquez Nov 2010

Negocios Inmobiliarios Agrarios De Fomento: Enfiteusis, Guillermo Blazquez

guillermo suarez blazquez

Negocios agrarios inmobiliarios de fomento: ENFITEUSIS pretende hacer un estudio - histórico jurídico sobre el origen y el desarrollo de esta institución. Su naturaleza, enraizada en el Derecho público administraivo y tributario del Bajo Imperio Romano, se traslada progresivamente al campo de los contratos sinalagmáticos privados y de los derechos reales sobre cosa ajena. La enfiteusis constituyó un instrumento poderoso de promoción y fomento económico anticíclico, idóneo para luchar frente a las situaciones de crisis económicas, creador de riqueza inmobiliaria, financiera y empresarial.


Informing The 1958 New York Convention, Mary Ayad Nov 2010

Informing The 1958 New York Convention, Mary Ayad

Dr Mary B Ayad PhD

Reforms or amendments to the 1958 Convention are not feasible, therefore this paper argues why a harmonised international commercial and international investment arbitration law code is necessary. Cases will be given from the Middle East to demonstrate the lacunae and contradictions in national law with countries ratifying the Convention.


¿Interpretamos La Voluntad Del Testador O Sólo Lo Literalmente Expresado En El Testamento?: Consideraciones Desde La Óptica De La Comparación Jurídica, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco Nov 2010

¿Interpretamos La Voluntad Del Testador O Sólo Lo Literalmente Expresado En El Testamento?: Consideraciones Desde La Óptica De La Comparación Jurídica, Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Renzo E. Saavedra Velazco

Recientemente en el Perú se ha suscitado una discusion, mas mediática que jurídica, sobre la interpretación testamentaria. Planteado en tales términos el debate sólo ha recogido de manera implícita los aspectos medulares de tan compleja materia. Es por esta razón que el objetivo del presente artículo es brindar un vistazo panorámico a la materia desde la perspectiva de la comparación jurídica.


Ivf Mix-Up Raises Vexing Legal Issues, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee Nov 2010

Ivf Mix-Up Raises Vexing Legal Issues, Jack Tsen-Ta Lee

Jack Tsen-Ta LEE

Assistant Professor of Law Jack Lee raises several issues in the recent incident involving the in-vitro fertilization (IVF) mix-up at Thomson Fertility Centre.


Uso Social Del Suelo Ejidal Y Comunal Para El Desarrollo Equilibrado De Las Áreas Urbanas Del Estado De Puebla, Bruno L. Costantini García Nov 2010

Uso Social Del Suelo Ejidal Y Comunal Para El Desarrollo Equilibrado De Las Áreas Urbanas Del Estado De Puebla, Bruno L. Costantini García

Bruno L. Costantini García

De origen, difundir los diversos esquemas permitidos por la Ley para posibilitar la realización de proyectos con fines inmobiliarios, a efecto de que los núcleos agrarios y sus integrantes se beneficien equitativamente de la urbanización de sus tierras, coadyuvando con ello al desarrollo urbano planificado y ordenado de los centros de población del Estado de Puebla; como consecuencia, impulsar el desarrollo habitacional equilibrado de éste. Eliminar el circulo.- “necesidad de tierra – asentamiento irregular – solución de conflicto”, mediante la planeación socioeconómico de los núcleos agrarios ejidales y comunales, a fin de diseñar un mecanismo eficaz que satisfaga las necesidades de los ...


State Intervention, Conflicts And Harmonised Commercial Arbitration Law Code, Mary Ayad Nov 2010

State Intervention, Conflicts And Harmonised Commercial Arbitration Law Code, Mary Ayad

Dr Mary B Ayad PhD

The thesis of this paper is that a harmonised International Commercial Arbitration Law Code (HICALC), governing MENA- FI and Oil Concession Contracts between Middle Eastern Governments and foreign investors would resolve serious conflicts. The additional question of State intervention in trade is implicated here when States prevent the enforcements of Arbitral Awards or encroach on Arbitral Tribunal jurisdiction. A HICALC can resolve the weaknesses inherent in these laws when dealing with MENA-FI and Oil Concessions. This paper will demonstrate how, by drafting a HICALC that integrates general principles of law from civil, common and sharia law, the central problem facing ...


Contracts, Claude D. Rowher Nov 2010

Contracts, Claude D. Rowher

Cal Law Trends and Developments

Recent decisions have brought about a number of changes in the area of contract interpretation. Although the general trends seem clear and commendable, the details are often obscure and bothersome.


Contracts, Robert G. Meiners Nov 2010

Contracts, Robert G. Meiners

Cal Law Trends and Developments

No abstract provided.


Does Disclosure Matter?, Florencia Marotta-Wurgler Nov 2010

Does Disclosure Matter?, Florencia Marotta-Wurgler

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

Disclosure has long been the preferred regulatory approach to curtail one-sided standard form contract terms. Examples include the Truth in Lending Act, the new “ALI Principles of the Law of Software Contracts,” and many other proposals which await Congressional approval. The appeal of disclosure is that it is relatively low cost, improves consumer decision-making and preserves consumer choice. For disclosure to be effective, however, it must increase readership and understanding of contracts to a meaningful rate, and, conditional on readership, contract content must be relevant to purchase decisions. This paper tests both these necessary conditions. We follow the clickstream of ...


Standardization Of Standard-Form Contracts: Competition And Contract Implications, Mark R. Patterson Nov 2010

Standardization Of Standard-Form Contracts: Competition And Contract Implications, Mark R. Patterson

William & Mary Law Review

Standard-form contracts are a common feature of commercial relationships because they offer the advantage of lower transaction costs. This advantage of standard contracts is increased when there is a second layer of standardization under which multiple firms agree on a standard contract. Trade associations and similar entities often effect standardization of this kind through collective agreement on a standard contract, sometimes under the aegis of state actors. Multifirm contract standardization can provide not only the usual transaction-cost advantages of standard-form contracts, but also increased competition among firms, because a standard contract makes comparison among firms’ offerings easier. But standardization among ...


Salvage Awards On The Somali Coast: Who Pays For Public And Private Rescue Efforts In Piracy Crises?, Geoffrey Christopher Rapp Nov 2010

Salvage Awards On The Somali Coast: Who Pays For Public And Private Rescue Efforts In Piracy Crises?, Geoffrey Christopher Rapp

American University Law Review

This paper, a contribution to the "Troubled Waters: Combating Modern Piracy with the Rule of Law" symposium, explores the question of who pays for rescue efforts associated with maritime piracy. The paper explores the availability of admiralty law's salvage awards to governmental and non-governmental actors who intervene to rescue vessels and crew from pirates. Such awards provide an unusual incentive to rescue, traditionally unavailable for land-based rescue, but may raise complicated questions of policy and international law. The paper concludes by comparing salvage awards to a recent trend in American states to adopt "Search and Rescue" expense statutes allowing ...


Product Use Information And The Limits Of Voluntary Disclosure, Oren Bar-Gill, Oliver Board Nov 2010

Product Use Information And The Limits Of Voluntary Disclosure, Oren Bar-Gill, Oliver Board

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

Concern about asymmetric information in markets for consumer goods and services has focused on product attribute information. We highlight the importance of another category of information—product use information. In important markets, sellers have better information about how a consumer will use their product or service than the consumer herself. Moreover, we show that the classic unraveling results do not extend to product use information, and thus sellers are less likely to voluntarily disclose this type of information. Our findings have important policy implications: While most disclosure mandates target product attribute information, our analysis suggests that mandating disclosure of product ...


The English Vs. The American Rule On Attorneys Fees: An Empirical Study Of Attorney Fee Clauses In Publicly-Held Companies’ Contracts, Theodore Eisenberg, Geoffrey P. Miller Nov 2010

The English Vs. The American Rule On Attorneys Fees: An Empirical Study Of Attorney Fee Clauses In Publicly-Held Companies’ Contracts, Theodore Eisenberg, Geoffrey P. Miller

New York University Law and Economics Working Papers

We study attorney fee clauses in a data set of 2,350 contracts contained as exhibits in Form 8-K filings by reporting corporations. Because 8-K filings are required only for material events, these contracts likely are negotiated by sophisticated parties and, therefore, provide evidence of efficient ex ante solutions to contracting problems. The American Rule for compensating attorneys requires each party to pay its own attorney, win or lose; the English Rule (applicable rule in most of the world) requires the losing party to pay the winner’s reasonable fees. Adoption of the English Rule or other loser-pays arrangements has ...


Resolving The Dilemma Of Nonjusticiable Causation In Failure-To-Warn Litigation, Neil B. Cohen, Aaron Twerski Nov 2010

Resolving The Dilemma Of Nonjusticiable Causation In Failure-To-Warn Litigation, Neil B. Cohen, Aaron Twerski

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.