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2005

Constitutional Law

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Articles 1 - 30 of 573

Full-Text Articles in Law

American Legal Education, Robert Bloom Oct 2013

American Legal Education, Robert Bloom

Robert Bloom

No abstract provided.


Fédéralisme Et Dialogue Sur L'Égalité: Une Comparaison Des Droits Des Etats-Unis Et De L'Union Européenne, Charles Baron, Sophie Robin-Olivier Aug 2013

Fédéralisme Et Dialogue Sur L'Égalité: Une Comparaison Des Droits Des Etats-Unis Et De L'Union Européenne, Charles Baron, Sophie Robin-Olivier

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


Stipulations In A Muslim Marriage Contract With Special Reference To Talq Al-Tafwid Provisions In Paksitan, Muhammad Munir Dr. Dec 2005

Stipulations In A Muslim Marriage Contract With Special Reference To Talq Al-Tafwid Provisions In Paksitan, Muhammad Munir Dr.

Dr. Muhammad Munir

This work elaborates the over-technical topic of stipulations in a Muslim marriage contract; explains the various types of stipulations benefiting women and men; explains how and to what extent classical Islamic law is incorporated into statutes of many Muslim states; describes case law of Indo-Pak subcontinent on stipulations based on the doctrine of stare decisis; surveys talaq al-tafwid in Pakistan to ascertain the extent of its practical application by the masses; and explore the role of nikah registrars, who are authorized by the government of Pakistan to solemnize nikah (marriage contract) throughout the country.


The Judicial System Of The East India Company: Precursor To The Present Pakistani Legal System, Muhammad Munir Dr. Dec 2005

The Judicial System Of The East India Company: Precursor To The Present Pakistani Legal System, Muhammad Munir Dr.

Dr. Muhammad Munir

The work discusses how the British East India Company came to the subcontinent for the purpose of trade in 1604 and how it slowly and gradually started interfering in the local justice system by acquiring revenue collection of 38 villages in 1717 near Calcutta. In 1765 the Company was granted revenue collection as well as customs of three provinces. The Company also acquired the administration of justice in the areas under its control and the role of Muslim qadis and judges was over. Company’s officials, who were traders rather than trained judges, were running the court system and the ...


Bloque De Constitucionalidad Y Proceso De Inconstitucionalidad De Las Leyes, Edgar Carpio Marcos Dec 2005

Bloque De Constitucionalidad Y Proceso De Inconstitucionalidad De Las Leyes, Edgar Carpio Marcos

Edgar Carpio Marcos

No abstract provided.


Winning Wirzburger And Defeating The Blaine Amendments: Arguing Present Efficacy Instead Of Past Intent, Brendan Michael Groves Dec 2005

Winning Wirzburger And Defeating The Blaine Amendments: Arguing Present Efficacy Instead Of Past Intent, Brendan Michael Groves

ExpressO

The case of Wirzburger v. Galvin, currently on a writ of certiorari to the Supreme Court, may set the tone for all religious discrimination cases in the future. Massachusetts’ constitutional amendments that proscribe any citizen initiatives from either dealing with religion in general or attempting to repeal the states Blaine Amendment are at issue in the case. Petitioner’s counsel, the Becket Fund, rightly views this case as paramount in the long-march to victory over the anti-Catholic Blaine Amendments still codified in 37 state constitutions. However, they have lost almost every stage of the case.

This article argues that Wirzburger ...


Help Wanted: The Constitutional Case Against Gerrymandering To Protect Congressional Incumbents, Walter M. Frank Dec 2005

Help Wanted: The Constitutional Case Against Gerrymandering To Protect Congressional Incumbents, Walter M. Frank

ExpressO

This article argues that the Supreme Court has been incorrect in treating incumbent protection gerrymanders as a traditional and acceptable redistricting principle. Part I of the article sets out 3 separate lines of attack on excessive incumbent protection gerrymanders. Part II makes the case for judicial regulation of such gerrymanders and proposes a standard that would create a presumption of unconstitutionality that could be rebutted. A process oriented remedy is proposed and potential obstacles to a suit are also addressed.


Heights Of Justice (Introduction And Front Matter), Lawrence A. Cunningham Dec 2005

Heights Of Justice (Introduction And Front Matter), Lawrence A. Cunningham

Boston College Law School Faculty Papers

In this pioneering book, Boston College Law School’s Academic Dean, Lawrence Cunningham, arranges selected contributions of his faculty’s scholarship into a meditation upon justice. The book weaves a combination of theory and practice to articulate moral and ethical values that facilitate rational application of law. It envisions legal arrangements imbued with commitments of the Jesuit tradition, including the dignity of persons, the common good and compassion for the poor. This reflective collection of inquiry evokes a signature motif of the BC Law faculty in dozens of different legal subjects. Materials downloadable from this abstract consist of: Table of ...


High Turnover And Low Reputation? Elements Of Sociology Of The Supreme People’S Court Grand Justices (Summary), Meng Hou Dec 2005

High Turnover And Low Reputation? Elements Of Sociology Of The Supreme People’S Court Grand Justices (Summary), Meng Hou

Hou Meng

No abstract provided.


Quantifying Reasonable Doubt: A Proposed Solution To An Equal Protection Problem, Harry D. Saunders Dec 2005

Quantifying Reasonable Doubt: A Proposed Solution To An Equal Protection Problem, Harry D. Saunders

ExpressO

In this article we present the case that the Reasonable Doubt standard is in urgent need of repair. Our research reveals that a previously-recognized phenomenon arising from vagueness of the standard is more consequential than thus far realized and creates a serious equal protection problem. We show that the only legally feasible solution to this problem is to quantify the definition of the standard. While others have examined quantified standards, we make a direct case for it and overcome previous objections to it by offering a way to make it practical and workable.

The solution we envision will require new ...


Patriot Act Debate, Randall Coyne Dec 2005

Patriot Act Debate, Randall Coyne

Randall Coyne

No abstract provided.


Horizontal Federalism In An Age Of Criminal Justice Interconnectedness, Wayne A. Logan Dec 2005

Horizontal Federalism In An Age Of Criminal Justice Interconnectedness, Wayne A. Logan

Scholarly Publications

Despite their status as independent sovereigns, states increasingly exhibit a willingness to interact when it comes to crime control matters. This Article examines the two foremost examples of this phenomenon: criminal recidivist enhancement laws and sex offender registration laws. Both types of laws have been around for decades and have evolved to accommodate ex-offenders, who, consistent with constitutional freedom of movement, can (and often do) change state residences. This effort at accommodation, however, puts states in the unusual position of having to interpret and apply the criminal laws and outcomes of their fellow sovereigns. As the Article makes clear, recidivist ...


Constitutionality Of Testing High School Male Athletes For Steroids Under Vernonia School District V. Acton And Board Of Education V. Earls, Thomas Proctor Dec 2005

Constitutionality Of Testing High School Male Athletes For Steroids Under Vernonia School District V. Acton And Board Of Education V. Earls, Thomas Proctor

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Up Against The Wall Of Separation: The Question Of American Religious Democracy, Bruce Ledewitz Dec 2005

Up Against The Wall Of Separation: The Question Of American Religious Democracy, Bruce Ledewitz

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Turning A Government Search Into A Permanent Power: Thornton V. United States And The "Progressive Distortion" Of Search Incident To Arrest, George M. Dery Iii, Michael J. Hernandez Dec 2005

Turning A Government Search Into A Permanent Power: Thornton V. United States And The "Progressive Distortion" Of Search Incident To Arrest, George M. Dery Iii, Michael J. Hernandez

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


The Fear Factor: How Fcc Fines Are Chilling Free Speech, Noelle Coates Dec 2005

The Fear Factor: How Fcc Fines Are Chilling Free Speech, Noelle Coates

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Homegrown Child Pornography And The Commerce Clause: Where To Draw The Line On Interstate Production Of Child Pornography, Lauren Bianchini Dec 2005

Homegrown Child Pornography And The Commerce Clause: Where To Draw The Line On Interstate Production Of Child Pornography, Lauren Bianchini

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Banging On The Backdoor Draft: The Constitutional Validity Of Stop-Loss In The Military, Evan M. Wooten Dec 2005

Banging On The Backdoor Draft: The Constitutional Validity Of Stop-Loss In The Military, Evan M. Wooten

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Market For Legal Education And Freedom Of Association: Why The "Solomon Amendment" Is Constitutional And Law Schools Are Not Expressive Associations, Andrew P. Morriss Dec 2005

The Market For Legal Education And Freedom Of Association: Why The "Solomon Amendment" Is Constitutional And Law Schools Are Not Expressive Associations, Andrew P. Morriss

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This term the Supreme Court will confront the constitutionality of the Solomon Amendment, which mandates equal access for military recruiters at universities that accept federal funding. The Third Circuit previously held the statute unconstitutional. This Article argues that the Court should reverse and uphold the statute because the lower court failed to consider the cartelized nature of legal education and so assumed that law schools are "expressive associations" entitled to assert First Amendment claims; the court also failed to give proper deference to Congress's exercise of its Article I power to raise and support armies and over-valued law faculties ...


The "New Judicial Federalism" Before Its Time: A Comprehensive Review Of Economic Substantive Due Process Under State Constitutional Law Since 1940 And The Reasons For Its Recent Decline, Anthony B. Sanders Dec 2005

The "New Judicial Federalism" Before Its Time: A Comprehensive Review Of Economic Substantive Due Process Under State Constitutional Law Since 1940 And The Reasons For Its Recent Decline, Anthony B. Sanders

American University Law Review

The coming of the New Deal may have spelled the end of the Lochner era in the federal courts, but in the state courts Lochner's doctrine of economic substantive due process lives on. Since the New Deal, courts in almost every state have rebuffed the United States Supreme Court and have interpreted their own state constitutions' due process clauses to provide substantive protections to economic liberties. This Article presents a comprehensive survey of state court use of economic substantive due process since the New Deal. It includes an enumeration of every instance since 1940 of a state court of ...


A Convenient Blanket Of Secrecy: The Oft-Cited But Nonexistent Housekeeping Privilege, William Bradley Russell Jr. Dec 2005

A Convenient Blanket Of Secrecy: The Oft-Cited But Nonexistent Housekeeping Privilege, William Bradley Russell Jr.

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


"So Long As Our System Shall Exist": Myth, History, And The New Federalism, Paul D. Moreno Dec 2005

"So Long As Our System Shall Exist": Myth, History, And The New Federalism, Paul D. Moreno

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This article provides the broad historical context necessary to understand contemporary developments in federalism doctrine. It shows that dual federalism has a long and varied history and that federalism is a content-neutral principle to which both sides in major political contests have appealed. It seeks to show that the predominant perspective on federalism today - that it is an inherently conservative principle - is the result of historical misperception. This article reinterprets the history of American federalism in light of recent historical scholarship concerning various periods: principally the country's founding; slavery, the Civil War, and Reconstruction; the late nineteenth-century social question ...


Cleaning Up The Eighth Amendment Mess, Tom Stacy Dec 2005

Cleaning Up The Eighth Amendment Mess, Tom Stacy

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This article criticizes the Court's interpretation of the Eighth Amendment's Cruel and Unusual Punishment Clause and offers its own understanding. The Court's jurisprudence is plagued by deep inconsistencies concerning the Amendment's text, the Court's own role, and a constitutional requirement of proportionate punishment. In search of ways to redress these fundamental shortcomings, the article explores three alternative interpretations of the Clause: (1) a textualist approach; (2) Justice Scalia's understanding that the Clause forbids only punishments unacceptable for all offenses; and (3) a majoritarian approach that would consistently define cruel and unusual punishment in terms ...


What Bush Wants To Hear, David Cole Nov 2005

What Bush Wants To Hear, David Cole

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


Recent Developments In The Law Of The "Taking Issue", John C. Keene Nov 2005

Recent Developments In The Law Of The "Taking Issue", John C. Keene

ExpressO

No abstract provided.


Restorative Justice, Slavery And The American Soul, A Policy-Oriented Approach To The Question Of Slavery Reparations By The United States, Michael F. Blevins Nov 2005

Restorative Justice, Slavery And The American Soul, A Policy-Oriented Approach To The Question Of Slavery Reparations By The United States, Michael F. Blevins

ExpressO

This LL.M. Intercultural Human Rights thesis (May, 2005), awarded the best student paper prize for 2005 by the Institute of Policy Sciences at Yale University (in October, 2005), after analysing past and curent issues regarding the culture wars controversy of "reparations", proposes a specific process for establishing Truth and Reconciliation regarding the legacy of slavery in the United States. The proposal recommends commissions in each Federal judicial district under the supervision of a U.S. Slavery Justice and Reconciliation Commission (USSJRC), calling for "America's 21st Century Contract with Africa and African-Americans".


Resurrection From Babel: The Cultural, Political, And Legal Status Of Christian Communities In Lebanon And Syria And Their Prospects For The Future, Alexandra R. Harrington Nov 2005

Resurrection From Babel: The Cultural, Political, And Legal Status Of Christian Communities In Lebanon And Syria And Their Prospects For The Future, Alexandra R. Harrington

ExpressO

In the well-known Biblical story, the faithful, attempting to create a place of unity for themselves, set about building the Tower of Babel, only to see the Tower implode due to linguistic differences and power assertions. Thousands of years later, the world is still plagued by sectarian strife and warfare. Indeed, the situation has only become more involved since Babel, as there are now inter-communal and intra-communal conflicts for supremacy and superiority – a notable difference in these conflicts is that the ultimate tool of getting to Heaven is no longer a tower, it is now a state. Within the framework ...


Gay Self-Identification And The Right To Political Legibility, Fadi G. Hanna Nov 2005

Gay Self-Identification And The Right To Political Legibility, Fadi G. Hanna

Student Scholarship Papers

Over twenty years after the Sixth Circuit held that a bisexual public employee could be dismissed for coming out, courts remain split on the question of constitutional protection for gay coming-out speech. In addressing that question, this Article begins with a more fundamental one: What is the legal harm of suppressing coming-out speech? This Article suggests that a distinct legal harm follows from whether one conceives of coming-out as “persuasive,” “creative,” or “descriptive” speech—establishing a framework that applies to all minorities whose status is not readily apparent. Arguing that courts and scholars have adopted persuasive and creative conceptions of ...


Judges As Guardians Of The Constitution, Randall Coyne Nov 2005

Judges As Guardians Of The Constitution, Randall Coyne

Randall Coyne

No abstract provided.


The Common Law And The Constitution: John Locke And The Missing Link In Law, Steve Sheppard Nov 2005

The Common Law And The Constitution: John Locke And The Missing Link In Law, Steve Sheppard

Steve Sheppard

Locke's concept of rights influenced the Framers of the Constitution, which has increased the stakes in later interpretation of what Locke’s model of rights entailed. “Lockean rights” now suggests a perfect right unlimitable by the state in the public interest. Such a right is theoretically interesting, but it is not what Locke had in mind, and it was not the model of rights Madison, Jefferson, Hamilton, and other inherited from Locke's Second Treatise.

This paper was an initial reconstruction of Locke's model of a right, locating it within the legal culture of his time and place ...