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2000

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Articles 1 - 30 of 178

Full-Text Articles in Law

Les Aspects Contractuels De La Relation Du Médecin Et Du Patient En Droit Americain, Charles Baron Aug 2013

Les Aspects Contractuels De La Relation Du Médecin Et Du Patient En Droit Americain, Charles Baron

Charles H. Baron

No abstract provided.


The Federal-State Medicaid Match: An Ongoing Tug-Of-War Over Practice And Policy, Karen Matherlee Dec 2000

The Federal-State Medicaid Match: An Ongoing Tug-Of-War Over Practice And Policy, Karen Matherlee

National Health Policy Forum

Reviewing Medicaid match issues since the latter 1980s, this issue brief traces ways in which some states have used creative financing to get more Medicaid matching dollars than they otherwise would qualify for from the federal government. It explores the latest mechanism, states' use of so-called intergovernmental transfers of funds (to avoid established upper payment limits) to increase their matches, triggering efforts by the Senate Finance Committee and the federal Medicaid agency to ban such transfers.


The European Healthcard: The Time To Legislate Is Now, Rosemary E. Libera Dec 2000

The European Healthcard: The Time To Legislate Is Now, Rosemary E. Libera

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

The European Union for years has considered introducing a healthcard that citizens of all Member States could carry to help facilitate the provision of health care throughout the EU. Such a card would ensure that care providers in all Member States could access the medical information of those patients who do not reside in the country where care is being provided. In the wake of the EU's failure to introduce such a card, many Member States have developed their own incompatible healthcard technologies. The EU must implement a universal healthcard in the near future in order to prevent the ...


Reducing The Overburden: The Doris Coal Presumption And Administrative Efficiency Under The Black Lung Benefits Act, Eric R. Olson Dec 2000

Reducing The Overburden: The Doris Coal Presumption And Administrative Efficiency Under The Black Lung Benefits Act, Eric R. Olson

Michigan Law Review

Coal dust build-up prevents many coal miners' lungs from functioning properly. This condition, commonly referred to as black lung or pneumoconiosis, can make common activities nearly impossible. The Black Lung Benefits Act covers the cost of medical treatment for many affected miners, though procedural impediments often prevent miners from receiving care. The miner's current or former employer, when identifiable, must pay for medical care relating to the miner's black lung. Most disputes over miners' claims for medical care arise when the miner has a history of cigarette smoking and the need for medical care could arise from either ...


Caring For The Elderly: Oregon's Pioneers (Portland, Oregon), Nora Super, Lisa Sprague Nov 2000

Caring For The Elderly: Oregon's Pioneers (Portland, Oregon), Nora Super, Lisa Sprague

National Health Policy Forum

This site visit looked at the continuum of care for its elderly and disabled citizens in the first state ever to secure Section 1915(c) and (d) waivers under Medicaid to support home- and community-based services. More than three-quarters of Oregon's Medicaid clients now receive care in these settings. Site visitors were briefed on the history and development of long-term care in the state as well as the various care settings available. Panels discussed strategies and partnerships focused on alleviating workforce shortages and highlighted Oregon nurses' authority to delegate certain caregiving tasks to laypeople. Multnomah County staff described county-level ...


Emerging Issues In The Use Of Binding Arbitration To Resolve Disputes Between Individuals And Health Plans, Karl Polzer Nov 2000

Emerging Issues In The Use Of Binding Arbitration To Resolve Disputes Between Individuals And Health Plans, Karl Polzer

National Health Policy Forum

After briefly describing the federal legal framework fostering the growth of binding arbitration, this paper identifies controversies surrounding arbitration as well as arguments supporting and opposing its use. The paper describes the use of arbitration among certain types of collectively bargained employee health plans regulated under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA), by health maintenance organizations (HMOs) in California, and by a large employer operating a self-insured ERISA health plan. Evidence cited by the California Supreme Court that the largest HMO in California operated its mandatory arbitration program in an unfair way is presented, along with the ...


The Integrity Of Death: Resolving Dilemmas In Medicine, Larry I. Palmer Nov 2000

The Integrity Of Death: Resolving Dilemmas In Medicine, Larry I. Palmer

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Exclusion Of Hiv-Positive Immigrants Under The Nicaraguan Adjustment And Central American Relief Act And The Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act, Statutory Interpretation, Communicable Disease, Public Health, Legislative Intent, Shayna S. Cook Nov 2000

The Exclusion Of Hiv-Positive Immigrants Under The Nicaraguan Adjustment And Central American Relief Act And The Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act, Statutory Interpretation, Communicable Disease, Public Health, Legislative Intent, Shayna S. Cook

Michigan Law Review

The United States has turned away immigrants infected with the human immunodeficiency virus ("HIV") under the public health exclusion of the Immigration and Nationality Act ("INA") since the mid-1980's. Since Congress codified the HIV exclusion in 1993, any alien applying for an immigrant or nonimmigrant visa, adjustment of status to lawful permanent resident, or refugee status must first have a blood test for HIV. The HIV exclusion is not absolute, however. Each HIV-positive alien can apply for one of two waivers of the HIV exclusion that are available in the INA. When an alien applies for immigrant or permanent ...


Speaker, Girls In The Juvenile Justice System Nationally, Francine Sherman Oct 2000

Speaker, Girls In The Juvenile Justice System Nationally, Francine Sherman

Francine T. Sherman

No abstract provided.


Understanding Medicaid Home And Community Services: A Primer, Gary Smith, Janet O'Keeffe, Letty Carpenter, Pamela Doty, Brian Burnwell, Robert Mollica, Loretta Williams, George Washington University, Center For Health Policy Research Oct 2000

Understanding Medicaid Home And Community Services: A Primer, Gary Smith, Janet O'Keeffe, Letty Carpenter, Pamela Doty, Brian Burnwell, Robert Mollica, Loretta Williams, George Washington University, Center For Health Policy Research

Center for Health Policy Research

No abstract provided.


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall-Winter 2000 Oct 2000

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Fall-Winter 2000

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Doctoring Prescriptions: Federal Barriers To Combating Prescription Drug Fraud Against On-Line Pharmacies In Washington, Eric M. Peterson Oct 2000

Doctoring Prescriptions: Federal Barriers To Combating Prescription Drug Fraud Against On-Line Pharmacies In Washington, Eric M. Peterson

Washington Law Review

Prescription drug abuse represents a significant portion of drg abuse in the United States. Drug-seeking individuals alter, steal, or forge prescriptions to sustain their own dependence on prescription medications or to divert the drugs to sell to others at inflated rates. On-line pharmacies are a relatively new source for prescription medications and a potential target for prescription drug fraud. The federal government recently enacted the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (E-SIGN), which governs electronic signatures and preempts inconsistent provisions of state laws, such as the Washington Electronic Authentication Act (WEAA). WEAA is a legal framework that could ...


Prostitution And Teenage Girls, Francine Sherman Sep 2000

Prostitution And Teenage Girls, Francine Sherman

Francine T. Sherman

No abstract provided.


Schip In The Formative Years: An Update, Judith D. Moore Sep 2000

Schip In The Formative Years: An Update, Judith D. Moore

National Health Policy Forum

This issue brief examines the status of the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) three years after authorizing legislation was enacted. Topics addressed include enrollment and retention of children in new programs, funding allotments and expenditures, evaluation activities planned and underway, the interaction of Medicaid and SCHIP, and problems common across many states.


Medicare+Choice: Where To From Here?, Nora Super Sep 2000

Medicare+Choice: Where To From Here?, Nora Super

National Health Policy Forum

This issue brief examines Medicare+Choice (M+C) plan participation, benefit coverage, and enrollment and the factors that have contributed to plans' decisions to participate in or withdraw from certain markets. In addition, the issue brief explores what has been happening to M+C enrollees in terms of costs, benefits, and continuity of care. Lastly, the issue brief examines the reasons that alternative plan options — such as preferred provider organizations (PPOs) and provider-sponsored organizations (PSOs) — have not taken hold. Legislative proposals that might affect the future of M+C are also discussed.


The Asthma Epidemic: Prospects For Controlling An Escalating Public Health Crisis, Richard Hegner Sep 2000

The Asthma Epidemic: Prospects For Controlling An Escalating Public Health Crisis, Richard Hegner

National Health Policy Forum

This background paper examines the dimensions of the recent asthma epidemic and what could be done to contain it. Information about the prevalence and consequences of asthma across demographic groups is presented. Factors that impede the control of asthma are also identified. The paper also examines the possible causes of asthma and the asthma epidemic as well as new theories about the relationship of asthma to overall advances in health care and economic development. It also discusses the economic implications of asthma and possible cost avoidances linked to better asthma management. The paper concludes with discussions of asthma and public ...


Section 1: Ferguson V. City Of Charleston, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The College Of William & Mary School Of Law Sep 2000

Section 1: Ferguson V. City Of Charleston, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The College Of William & Mary School Of Law

Supreme Court Preview

No abstract provided.


Insuring Virginia's Children: Local Outreach And Enrollment (Northern Virginia), Lisa Sprague, Judith D. Moore Aug 2000

Insuring Virginia's Children: Local Outreach And Enrollment (Northern Virginia), Lisa Sprague, Judith D. Moore

National Health Policy Forum

This one-day visit to a nearby jurisdiction was designed to allow participation by federal staff who have been unable to commit the three days required by a typical Forum site visit. Site visitors were given an overview of health care in Virginia and an introduction to the Children's Medical Income Security Program (CMSIP) as well as its proposed replacement, the Family Access to Medical Insurance Security program (FAMIS). A panel representing community organizations and providers shared their experience, touching on provider concerns, coordination of outreach efforts across counties, and assistance for clients after they are enrolled. The group visited ...


Probation And The Delinquent Girl, Francine Sherman Jul 2000

Probation And The Delinquent Girl, Francine Sherman

Francine T. Sherman

No abstract provided.


Outpatient Commitment In Mental Health: Is Coercion The Price Of Community Services?, Coimbra Sirica Jul 2000

Outpatient Commitment In Mental Health: Is Coercion The Price Of Community Services?, Coimbra Sirica

National Health Policy Forum

This paper reviews the debate over civil commitment to outpatient settings of people with mental illness who are considered too ill and/or too dangerous to be left on their own in their communities. The choices of two states — Maryland and New York — in dealing with this issue are reviewed. Alternative ways of drawing people into treatment and keeping them there are also discussed.


Optional Purchasing Specifications For Child Development Services In Medicaid Managed Care, George Washington University Medical Center, Center For Health Services Research And Policy Jul 2000

Optional Purchasing Specifications For Child Development Services In Medicaid Managed Care, George Washington University Medical Center, Center For Health Services Research And Policy

Center for Health Policy Research

These sample purchasing specifications were prepared by the George Washington University Center for Health Services Research and Policy (CHSRP) with support from the Commonwealth Fund. Technical guidance on the content of child development services was provided by experts from the Fund and researchers at Northwestern University’s Institute for Health Services Research & Policy Studies (IHSRPS). This document is intended as a tool to assist interested state officials in purchasing child development services from managed care organizations (MCOs) on behalf of children under age three who are eligible for Medicaid.

These sample purchasing specifications are optional, and do not necessarily reflect ...


Beyond Stigma: What Barriers Actually Affect The Decisions Of Low-Income Families To Enroll In Medicaid?, Jennifer P. Stuber, Kathleen A. Maloy, Sara Rosenbaum, Karen C. Jones Jul 2000

Beyond Stigma: What Barriers Actually Affect The Decisions Of Low-Income Families To Enroll In Medicaid?, Jennifer P. Stuber, Kathleen A. Maloy, Sara Rosenbaum, Karen C. Jones

Health Policy and Management Issue Briefs

No abstract provided.


California & The Hiv/Aids Epidemic: The State Of The State Report 1999, California Department Of Health Services Jul 2000

California & The Hiv/Aids Epidemic: The State Of The State Report 1999, California Department Of Health Services

California Agencies

No abstract provided.


Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Summer 2000 Jul 2000

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter, Summer 2000

Mid-Atlantic Ethics Committee Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Best-Laid Plans, Carl E. Schneider Jul 2000

The Best-Laid Plans, Carl E. Schneider

Articles

It is natural to suppose law is like the centurion and can do as it will: "I say to this man, Go, and he goeth; and to another, Come, and he cometh; and to my servant, Do this, and he doeth it." But a thousand years ago, King Canute tried to disillusion his courtiers about his efficacy by commanding the waves to stop beating. And fifty years ago, Harry Truman predicted of Dwight Eisenhower, "He'll sit here, and he'll say, 'Do this! Do that!' And nothing will happen. Poor Ike-it won't be a bit like the Army ...


Hcfa's Outpatient Pps: Finally Ready To Roll?, Karen Matherlee Jun 2000

Hcfa's Outpatient Pps: Finally Ready To Roll?, Karen Matherlee

National Health Policy Forum

This issue brief centers on hospital outpatient department services, scheduled to be on a prospective payment system (PPS) July 1, 2000, 17 years after enactment of legislation mandating PPS for hospital inpatient services. It looks at the challenges to providers and patients, including coding and other process issues, redistribution of payments, and changes in beneficiary co-payments.


Using Schip To Subsidize Employment-Based Coverage: How Far Can This Strategy Go?, Karl Polzer Jun 2000

Using Schip To Subsidize Employment-Based Coverage: How Far Can This Strategy Go?, Karl Polzer

National Health Policy Forum

This background paper examines and analyzes early efforts by states to subsidize employment-based health insurance under the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), which offers states a more generous funding rate than under Medicaid. As the Health Care Financing Administration prepares to issue regulations governing SCHIP, the paper summarizes complaints by state officials that federal rules governing how job-based coverage might be subsidized under the program are overly complex and rigid. After interviewing officials at the federal level and in six states as well as a variety of researchers and policy experts, the author considered whether and to what ...


Regulating Research With Decisionally Impaired Individuals: Are We Making Progress?, Diane E. Hoffmann, Jack Schwartz, Evan G. Derenzo Jun 2000

Regulating Research With Decisionally Impaired Individuals: Are We Making Progress?, Diane E. Hoffmann, Jack Schwartz, Evan G. Derenzo

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Prevalence And Risk Factors For Potentially Avoidable Hospitalization Of Medicaid-Enrolled Assisted Living Residents, Marion Becker, Timothy Boaz, Ross Andel, Joshua Digennaro Jun 2000

Prevalence And Risk Factors For Potentially Avoidable Hospitalization Of Medicaid-Enrolled Assisted Living Residents, Marion Becker, Timothy Boaz, Ross Andel, Joshua Digennaro

Mental Health Law & Policy Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Telemedicine: Rx For The Future Of Health Care, Susan E. Volkert Jun 2000

Telemedicine: Rx For The Future Of Health Care, Susan E. Volkert

Michigan Technology Law Review

Quite simply, telemedicine symbolizes and catalyzes the clash between the reality of our legal and political approach to health care and the American dream of bringing health care to all patients. Telemedicine, like our health care delivery systems, is regulated by many layers of government. Unlike other issues, telemedicine cuts through and challenges the traditional controls of access and cost. As such, telemedicine is a microcosm of our health care delivery system and a lens through which one may analyze the obstacles to access in the current system. This article examines these issues, proposes that telemedicine's goal should be ...