Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in Law

The Greening Of Canadian Cyber Laws: What Environmental Law Can Teach And Cyber Law Can Learn, Sara Smyth Aug 2015

The Greening Of Canadian Cyber Laws: What Environmental Law Can Teach And Cyber Law Can Learn, Sara Smyth

Sara Smyth

This article examines whether Canadian environmental law and policy could serve as a model for cyber crime regulation. A wide variety of offences are now committed through digital technologies, including thievery, identity theft, fraud, the misdirection of communications, intellectual property theft, espionage, system disruption, the destruction of data, money laundering, hacktivism, and terrorism, among others. The focus of this Article is on the problem of data security breaches, which target businesses and consumers. Following the Introduction, Part I provides an overview of the parallels that can be drawn between threats in the natural environment and on the Internet. Both disciplines ...


Comparative Legal Traditions In A Nutshell, Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Michael Wallace Gordon Jun 2015

Comparative Legal Traditions In A Nutshell, Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Michael Wallace Gordon

Paolo G. Carozza

An introduction to comparative law written from the American lawyer’s viewpoint rather than that of the European civil law lawyer. This expert discussion concentrates on the three major legal traditions of the West: civil, common, and socialist. Subjects covered include legal structures in civil law nations; legal actors in civil law tradition; procedure; substantive law; sources of law; judicial process; and rules. Also contains chapters on the European Union and the European human rights system.


Comparative Legal Traditions In A Nutshell. 3rd Edition., Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Colin Picker Apr 2015

Comparative Legal Traditions In A Nutshell. 3rd Edition., Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Colin Picker

Paolo G. Carozza

An introduction to comparative law written from the American lawyer’s viewpoint rather than that of the European civil law lawyer. This expert discussion concentrates on the three major legal traditions of the West: civil, common, and socialist. Subjects covered include legal structures in civil law nations; legal actors in civil law tradition; procedure; substantive law; sources of law; judicial process; and rules. Also contains chapters on the European Union and the European human rights system.


Comparative Legal Traditions: Text, Materials, And Cases On Western Law. 3rd Edition., Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Colin Picker Apr 2015

Comparative Legal Traditions: Text, Materials, And Cases On Western Law. 3rd Edition., Paolo Carozza, Mary Glendon, Colin Picker

Paolo G. Carozza

This new edition includes some significant revisions since the last edition was published in 1994. The new edition includes: A greater emphasis on Public Law in the Continental and Common law traditions; More coverage of the impact of the regional European law (EC EU and ECHR) on the legal traditions;Some updated Problems (including one concerning Mixed Jurisdictions); and Numerous updates to the Common Law Tradition materials in light of the many significant reforms in England over the last ten years.


Comparative Environmental Constitutionalism, Erin Daly, James May Mar 2015

Comparative Environmental Constitutionalism, Erin Daly, James May

Erin Daly

As more and more countries around the globe are amending their constitutions to recognises environmental rights and duties relating to air, water, the use of natural resources, sustainability, climate change, and more, courts are increasingly engaging with these provisions and developing a common constitutional law of environmental rights. This article examines this growing jurisprudence and surveys the central axes around which debates about environmental constitutionalism revolve. First, we examine whether environmental rights are more suitably advanced at the international level or at the national level of constitutional law, as is increasingly the case; the former offers two alternatives—protecting the ...


Opening Remarks, Olivier Moreteau Dec 2014

Opening Remarks, Olivier Moreteau

Olivier Moréteau

No abstract provided.


Condemned By Substance And Process: A Comment On "Doubly Condemned": Adjustments To The Crime And Punishment Regime In The Late Slavery Period In The British Caribbean Colonies And "Under The Present Mode Of Trial, Improper Verdicts Are Very Often Given": Criminal Procedure In The Trials Of Slaves In Antebellum Louisiana, Raymond Diamond Aug 2014

Condemned By Substance And Process: A Comment On "Doubly Condemned": Adjustments To The Crime And Punishment Regime In The Late Slavery Period In The British Caribbean Colonies And "Under The Present Mode Of Trial, Improper Verdicts Are Very Often Given": Criminal Procedure In The Trials Of Slaves In Antebellum Louisiana, Raymond Diamond

Raymond T. Diamond

No abstract provided.


Reforming Surveillance Law: The Swiss Model., Susan Freiwald, Sylvain Méille Dec 2012

Reforming Surveillance Law: The Swiss Model., Susan Freiwald, Sylvain Méille

Susan Freiwald

As implemented over the past twenty-seven years, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (“ECPA”), which regulates electronic surveillance by law enforcement agents, has become incomplete, confusing, and ineffective. In contrast, a new Swiss law, CrimPC, regulates law enforcement surveillance in a more comprehensive, uniform, and effective manner. This Article compares the two approaches and argues that recent proposals to reform ECPA in a piecemeal fashion will not suffice. Instead, Swiss CrimPC presents a model for more fundamental reform of U.S. law.

This Article is the first to analyze the Swiss law with international eyes and demonstrate its advantages over the ...


The Precedent Value Of Conclusions Of Fact In Civil Cases In England And Louisiana, David Robertson Dec 2012

The Precedent Value Of Conclusions Of Fact In Civil Cases In England And Louisiana, David Robertson

Dr David Robertson

No abstract provided.


The Construction Of Suitability Obligation Of Financial Institutions When Selling Structured Products: From Comparative Law Perspective, Christopher Chao-Hung Chen May 2012

The Construction Of Suitability Obligation Of Financial Institutions When Selling Structured Products: From Comparative Law Perspective, Christopher Chao-Hung Chen

Christopher Chao-hung Chen

The purpose of this article is to examine the suitability rules regarding structured products under Taiwan law from a comparative law perspective. After the global financial crisis, Taiwan has imposed specific suitability obligations on financial institutions when they promote derivatives and structured products. However, the suitability rule is only placed in administrative regulations and its scope is also limited. In addition, Taiwan law does not distinguish different types of relationships between a financial institution and a client. Furthermore, the biggest challenge to the suitability rule is to define the meaning of ‘suitable’. This article argues that the starting point is ...


The Regulation Of Medical Malpractice In Japan, Robert Leflar Dec 2008

The Regulation Of Medical Malpractice In Japan, Robert Leflar

Robert B Leflar

How Japanese legal and social institutions handle medical errors is little known outside Japan. For almost all of the 20th century, a paternalistic paradigm prevailed. Characteristics of the legal environment affecting Japanese medicine included few attorneys handling medical cases, low litigation rates, long delays, predictable damage awards, and low-cost malpractice insurance. However, transparency principles have gained traction and public concern over medical errors has intensified. Recent legal developments include courts' adoption of a less deferential standard of informed consent; increases in the numbers of malpractice claims and of practicing attorneys; more efficient claims handling by specialist judges and speedier trials ...


A Comparative Examination Of The Purpose Of The Criminal Justice System, James Diehm Dec 2008

A Comparative Examination Of The Purpose Of The Criminal Justice System, James Diehm

James W. Diehm

A recent Gallup poll found that only 20% of Americans have a substantial amount of confidence in our criminal justice system, a 14% decline from only four years ago. Since the legitimacy of our criminal justice system depends upon the public’s confidence in that system, this is matter of great concern. As a result of my acquaintance with both our system and the inquisitorial system used in Europe and elsewhere, I am aware of the specific areas that lead the American public to distrust our process and the way in which those areas are dealt with in the inquisitorial ...


Public Law, Private Law, And Legal Science, Chaim Saiman Dec 2007

Public Law, Private Law, And Legal Science, Chaim Saiman

Chaim Saiman

This essay explores the historical and conceptual connections between private law and nineteenth century classical legal science from the perspective of German, American, and Jewish law. In each context, legal science flourished when scholars examined the confined doctrines traditional to private law, but fell apart when applied to public, administrative and regulatory law. Moving to the contemporary context, while traditional private law scholarship retains a prominent position in German law and academia, American law has increasingly shifted its focus from the language of substantive private law to a legal regime centered on public and procedural law. The essay concludes by ...


The Religion-State Relationship And The Right To Freedom Of Religion Or Belief: A Comparative Textual Analysis Of The Constitutions Of Predominantly Muslim Countries, Tad Stahnke, Robert Blitt Dec 2004

The Religion-State Relationship And The Right To Freedom Of Religion Or Belief: A Comparative Textual Analysis Of The Constitutions Of Predominantly Muslim Countries, Tad Stahnke, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

This study analyzes the constitutional provisions in 44 predominantly Muslim countries addressing the relationship between religion and the state, freedom of religion or belief, and other related human rights as measured against recognized international human rights standards. The geographic diversity of the Muslim world mirrors a central finding of the study, that predominantly Muslim countries encompass a variety of constitutional arrangements - ranging from Islamic republics with Islam as the official state religion, to secular states with strict separation of religion and state. Key findings of the survey include: More than half of the world's Muslim population (estimated at over ...


Too Many Questions, Too Few Answers: Reconciliation In Transitional Societies, Erin Daly, Jeremy Sarkin Dec 2003

Too Many Questions, Too Few Answers: Reconciliation In Transitional Societies, Erin Daly, Jeremy Sarkin

Erin Daly

Understanding reconciliation in times of political transition raises fundamental and ultimately unanswerable questions about the human condition. Talk of reconciliation invariably comes after there has been some gross violation of norms: widespread disappearances, killings, torture, and rape. Reconciliation necessarily conjures its antecedents and forces us to ask how men (and sometimes women) can visit such horrors upon one another. When we look at the face of evil, are we, as many people contend, seeing ourselves, or on the contrary are some people capable of evil in a way that others would never approach? Reconciliation is perhaps deeply compelling, however, because ...


Miranda, Confessions, And Justice: Lessons For Japan?, Richard Leo Dec 2001

Miranda, Confessions, And Justice: Lessons For Japan?, Richard Leo

Richard A. Leo

This chapter explores whether a Miranda-like warning and waiver regime could be successfully implemented in Japan. The chapter reviews the social science and legal scholarship on Miranda's impact on American interrogation practices and suspect behavior, concluding that most American suspects continue to waive their rights and law enforcement personnel continue to obtain a high number of confessions and convictions. Next, the chapter discusses the contemporary law and practice of interrogation in Japan. In Japan, interrogation appears to be routinely psychologically coercive and virtually all defendants make either partial admissions or full confessions to alleged offenses. Confessions are regarded as ...


The Liability Of International Arbitrators: A Comparative Analysis And Proposal For Qualified Immunity, Susan Franck Dec 1999

The Liability Of International Arbitrators: A Comparative Analysis And Proposal For Qualified Immunity, Susan Franck

Susan D. Franck

International arbitration has become the preferred way of resolving international commercial disputes. Although the parties have an opportunity to play a role in the selection of arbitrators, there may nevertheless be concerns about the integrity of the dispute resolution process. This article examines the nature of the relationship between the parties and the arbitrators. It then explores how a variety of countries address the issues of arbitrator liability or immunity from the common law, civil law and Islamic law perspectives. The article ultimately recommends the adoption of a qualified immunity standard, which balances the needs for arbitrators to function independently ...