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Full-Text Articles in Law

Religious Freedom Through Market Freedom: The Sherman Act And The Marketplace For Religion, Barak D. Richman Mar 2019

Religious Freedom Through Market Freedom: The Sherman Act And The Marketplace For Religion, Barak D. Richman

William & Mary Law Review

In prior work, I examined certain restraints by private religious organizations and concluded that the First Amendment did not immunize these organizations from antitrust liability. In short, the First Amendment did not preempt enforcing the Sherman Act against certain religious monopolies or cartels.

This Article offers a stronger argument: First Amendment values demand antitrust enforcement. Because American religious freedoms, enshrined in the Constitution and reflected in American history, are quintessentially exercised when decentralized communities create their own religious expression, the First Amendment’s religion clauses are best exemplified by a proverbial marketplace for religions. Any effort to stifle a market ...


The Religious Freedom Restoration Act At 25: A Quantitative Analysis Of The Interpretive Case Law, Lucien J. Dhooge Oct 2018

The Religious Freedom Restoration Act At 25: A Quantitative Analysis Of The Interpretive Case Law, Lucien J. Dhooge

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Section 1: Moot Court: Masterpiece Cakeshop, Ltd., Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The College Of William & Mary School Of Law Sep 2017

Section 1: Moot Court: Masterpiece Cakeshop, Ltd., Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The College Of William & Mary School Of Law

Supreme Court Preview

No abstract provided.


Brief Of Thirteen Law Professors As Amici Curiae In Support Of The Petitioners, Nathan B. Oman, John D. Adams, Matthew A. Fitzgerald Jan 2016

Brief Of Thirteen Law Professors As Amici Curiae In Support Of The Petitioners, Nathan B. Oman, John D. Adams, Matthew A. Fitzgerald

Appellate Briefs

No abstract provided.


(Same) Sex, Lies, And Democracy: Tradition, Religion, And Substantive Due Process (With An Emphasis On Obergefell V. Hodges), Stephen M. Feldman Dec 2015

(Same) Sex, Lies, And Democracy: Tradition, Religion, And Substantive Due Process (With An Emphasis On Obergefell V. Hodges), Stephen M. Feldman

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Substantive due process issues implicitly concern voice. Whose voice will be heard? Although such issues often remain submerged, the Justices occasionally translate them into disputes over democratic participation and power. The Supreme Court’s most important substantive due process decision in years, Obergefell v. Hodges, entailed such a battle over democracy. The multiple dissenting opinions insisted that the decision demeaned the opponents of same-sex marriage, many of whom were inspired by traditional values and religious convictions. The majority explicitly disagreed, reasoning that the case resolved the rights of same-sex couples to marry and did not diminish the opponents’ voices. The ...


Brief Of Law Professors Bruce P. Frohnen, Robert P. George, Alan J. Meese, Michael P. Moreland, Nathan B. Oman, Michael Stokes Paulsen, Rodney K. Smith, Steven D. Smith, And O. Carter Snead As Amici Curiae In Support Of The Petitioners, Nathan B. Oman, John D. Adams, Matthew A. Fitzgerald Aug 2015

Brief Of Law Professors Bruce P. Frohnen, Robert P. George, Alan J. Meese, Michael P. Moreland, Nathan B. Oman, Michael Stokes Paulsen, Rodney K. Smith, Steven D. Smith, And O. Carter Snead As Amici Curiae In Support Of The Petitioners, Nathan B. Oman, John D. Adams, Matthew A. Fitzgerald

Appellate Briefs

No abstract provided.


Law, Religious Change, And Samesex Marriage Posted On, Nathan B. Oman Apr 2015

Law, Religious Change, And Samesex Marriage Posted On, Nathan B. Oman

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


The (Hoped For) Shallowness Of Progressive Skepticism Towards Religious Freedom, Nathan B. Oman Apr 2015

The (Hoped For) Shallowness Of Progressive Skepticism Towards Religious Freedom, Nathan B. Oman

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Markets, Religion, And The Limits Of Privacy, Nathan B. Oman Apr 2015

Markets, Religion, And The Limits Of Privacy, Nathan B. Oman

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of The Child Cases: How America's Religious Exemption Laws Harm Children, James G. Dwyer Apr 2015

Book Review Of The Child Cases: How America's Religious Exemption Laws Harm Children, James G. Dwyer

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Public Accommodation Statutes And Sexual Orientation: Should There Be A Religious Exemption For Secular Businesses?, Lucien J. Dhooge Feb 2015

Public Accommodation Statutes And Sexual Orientation: Should There Be A Religious Exemption For Secular Businesses?, Lucien J. Dhooge

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

This Article examines the issue of whether there should be a religious exemption for secular businesses from public accommodation statutes that protect prospective patrons from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. The Article examines this issue in the context of protecting free exercise of religion versus offering services to all members of the public equally and without distinction. The Article concludes that the perceived threat to religious liberty posed by such statutes is exaggerated, that the consequences of granting exemptions would be harmful, and that state-sanctioned discrimination is contrary to the fundamental principles of justice and equality underlying the ...


Dias V. Archdiocese Of Cincinnati: Deciphering The Ministerial Exception To Title Vii Post-Hosanna-Tabor, Caroline O. Dehaan Feb 2015

Dias V. Archdiocese Of Cincinnati: Deciphering The Ministerial Exception To Title Vii Post-Hosanna-Tabor, Caroline O. Dehaan

William & Mary Journal of Race, Gender, and Social Justice

No abstract provided.


Hobby Lobby And Corporate Social Responsibility: A View From The Right, Alan J. Meese Jul 2014

Hobby Lobby And Corporate Social Responsibility: A View From The Right, Alan J. Meese

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Nineteenth Century Corporate Law: A New Lens For Religious Freedom Scholars, Nathan B. Oman May 2014

Nineteenth Century Corporate Law: A New Lens For Religious Freedom Scholars, Nathan B. Oman

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Hobby Lobby, Corporate Law, And Rfra, Alan J. Meese May 2014

Hobby Lobby, Corporate Law, And Rfra, Alan J. Meese

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Hobby Lobby, Corporate Law, And The Theory Of The Firm: Why For-Profit Corporations Are Rfra Persons, Alan J. Meese, Nathan B. Oman May 2014

Hobby Lobby, Corporate Law, And The Theory Of The Firm: Why For-Profit Corporations Are Rfra Persons, Alan J. Meese, Nathan B. Oman

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


A Corporation Has No Soul — The Business Entity Law Response To Challenges To The Ppaca Contraceptive Mandate, Thomas E. Rutledge Feb 2014

A Corporation Has No Soul — The Business Entity Law Response To Challenges To The Ppaca Contraceptive Mandate, Thomas E. Rutledge

William & Mary Business Law Review

The most contentious matter in the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act is not one of health care, but rather one of the law of business organizations. Numerous for-profit business organizations have challenged the portion of the PPACA and its related regulations requiring that group health insurance plans provide, on a no-cost sharing basis, coverage for a variety of procedures and prescription medicines involving contraception and what some describe as “abortificants.” In these suits, the various business ventures and their owners assert that they should be exempt from the requirement of the mandate on the basis that ...


Gary Wall, Plaintiff-Appellant V. James Wade, Et Al., Defendants-Appellees: Reply Brief Of Appellant, Tillman J. Breckenridge, Robert M. Luck Iii, Patricia E. Roberts Jun 2013

Gary Wall, Plaintiff-Appellant V. James Wade, Et Al., Defendants-Appellees: Reply Brief Of Appellant, Tillman J. Breckenridge, Robert M. Luck Iii, Patricia E. Roberts

Appellate and Supreme Court Clinic

No abstract provided.


Gary Wall, Plaintiff-Appellant V. James Wade, Et Al., Defendants-Appellees: Brief Of Appellant, Tillman J. Breckenridge, Robert M. Luck Iii, Patricia E. Roberts May 2013

Gary Wall, Plaintiff-Appellant V. James Wade, Et Al., Defendants-Appellees: Brief Of Appellant, Tillman J. Breckenridge, Robert M. Luck Iii, Patricia E. Roberts

Appellate and Supreme Court Clinic

No abstract provided.


The First Amendment’S Global Dimension, Timothy Zick Feb 2013

The First Amendment’S Global Dimension, Timothy Zick

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


The Only Thing We Have To Fear Is Fear Itself: Islamophobia And The Recently Proposed Unconstitutional And Unnecessary Anti-Religion Laws, Lee Tankle Nov 2012

The Only Thing We Have To Fear Is Fear Itself: Islamophobia And The Recently Proposed Unconstitutional And Unnecessary Anti-Religion Laws, Lee Tankle

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


The Burka Ban: Divergent Approaches To Freedom Of Religion In France And In The U.S.A., Ioanna Tourkochoriti Mar 2012

The Burka Ban: Divergent Approaches To Freedom Of Religion In France And In The U.S.A., Ioanna Tourkochoriti

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

Six years after prohibiting the wearing of headscarves by students in public schools, the French state passed a law prohibiting the wearing of burkas in public places. Compared to France, in the United States there is more tolerance for wearing signs of religious affiliation. The difference in legal responses can be understood in reference to a different background understanding of the fundamental presuppositions of republicanism in the two legal and political orders, which also define their conception of secularism. The law enacted in France can be understood in a general frame of a paternalistic state, which is seen as permitted ...


Kiss The Book...You're President...: "So Help Me God" And Kissing The Book In The Presidential Oath Of Office, Frederick B. Jonassen Mar 2012

Kiss The Book...You're President...: "So Help Me God" And Kissing The Book In The Presidential Oath Of Office, Frederick B. Jonassen

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Rationalizing Religious Exemptions: A Legislative Process Theory Of Statutory Exemptions For Religion, Zoe Robinson Oct 2011

Rationalizing Religious Exemptions: A Legislative Process Theory Of Statutory Exemptions For Religion, Zoe Robinson

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This Article proposes a new theory of religious liberty in the United States: it hypothesizes that a person’s religious freedom is dependent on their political power. Following the Supreme Court’s 1990 decision of Employment Division v. Smith, the legislature has sole control over the enactment of accommodations and exemptions from laws of general application for religious adherents. This Article argues that post-Smith accounts of religious liberty and pluralism fail to systematically analyze the relationship between religious liberty and legislative exemptions. To this end, the Article proposes a unique public choice model that hypothesizes that legislative accommodations and exemptions ...


The Religious Liberty Of Judges, Daniel R. Suhr Oct 2011

The Religious Liberty Of Judges, Daniel R. Suhr

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This Article begins by reviewing the government employee line of cases, starting with United Public Workers v. Mitchell in 1947.29 The first section concludes that the modified Pickering balancing test set forth in United States v. National Treasury Employees Union (NTEU) is the appropriate level of scrutiny for judicial conduct rules. The body of this Article reviews ways in which the four canons of the ABA Model Code of Judicial Ethics and official interpretations of and rulings regarding them limit the religious activities of judges. I conclude that numerous applications of the Model Code are unconstitutional infringements on judges ...


The First Amendment In Trans-Border Perspective: Toward A More Cosmopolitan Orientation, Timothy Zick May 2011

The First Amendment In Trans-Border Perspective: Toward A More Cosmopolitan Orientation, Timothy Zick

Faculty Publications

This Article examines the First Amendment’s critical trans-border dimension—its application to speech, association, press, and religious activities that cross or occur beyond territorial borders. Judicial and scholarly analysis of this aspect of the First Amendment has been limited, at least as compared to consideration of more domestic or purely local concerns. This Article identifies two basic orientations with respect to the First Amendment—the provincial and the cosmopolitan. The provincial orientation, which is the traditional account, generally views the First Amendment rather narrowly—i.e., as a collection of local liberties or a set of limitations on domestic ...


The Fading Free Exercise Clause, Rene Reyes Mar 2011

The Fading Free Exercise Clause, Rene Reyes

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This Article uses the Supreme Court’s recent opinion in Christian Legal Society
v. Martinez as a point of departure for analyzing the current state of free exercise doctrine. I argue that one of the most notable features of the Christian Legal Society (CLS) case is its almost total lack of engagement with the Free Exercise Clause. For the core of CLS’s complaint was unambiguously about the declaration and exercise of religious beliefs: the group claimed that it was being excluded from campus life because it required its members to live according to shared religious principles and to subscribe ...


Government Identity Speech And Religion: Establishment Clause Limits After Summum, Mary Jean Dolan Oct 2010

Government Identity Speech And Religion: Establishment Clause Limits After Summum, Mary Jean Dolan

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

This Article offers in-depth analysis of the opinions in Pleasant Grove v. Summum. Summum is a significant case because it expands “government speech” to cover broad, thematic government identity messages in the form of donated monuments, including the much-litigated Fraternal Order of Eagles-donated Ten Commandments. The Article explores the fine distinctions between the new “government speech doctrine”— a defense in Free Speech Clause cases that allows government to express its own viewpoint and to reject alternative views—and “government speech” analyzed under the Establishment Clause, which prohibits government from expressing a viewpoint on religion, and from favoring some religions over ...


Introduction: Perspectives On Religious Fundamentalism And Families In The U.S., Vivian E. Hamilton May 2010

Introduction: Perspectives On Religious Fundamentalism And Families In The U.S., Vivian E. Hamilton

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.


Fundamentalism, The First Amendment, And The Rise Of The Religious Right, Randall Balmer May 2010

Fundamentalism, The First Amendment, And The Rise Of The Religious Right, Randall Balmer

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal

No abstract provided.