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University of Michigan Law School

1959

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Articles 1 - 30 of 147

Full-Text Articles in Law

Unfair Trade Practices- Robinson-Patman Act - "Per Se" Nature Of Section 2(E), Charles R. Sharp S.Ed. Dec 1959

Unfair Trade Practices- Robinson-Patman Act - "Per Se" Nature Of Section 2(E), Charles R. Sharp S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

The Federal Trade Commission, finding that a manufacturer and seller of dress patterns discriminated between competing purchasers in violation of section 2 (e) of the Clayton Act, as amended by the Robinson-Patman Act, by paying transportation costs and donating storage cabinets and monthly catalogues to its large variety store customers while charging its smaller fabric store customers for the same services and facilities, issued a cease and desist order against these practices. The commission held that neither the absence of competitive injury nor the presence of cost justification are available as defenses to section 2 (e). On petition for review ...


The Supreme Court - October 1958 Term, Bernard Schwartz Dec 1959

The Supreme Court - October 1958 Term, Bernard Schwartz

Michigan Law Review

The Supreme Court, reads a famous passage by Bryce, "feels the touch of public opinion. Opinion is stronger in America than anywhere else in the world, and judges are only men. To yield a little may be prudent, for the tree that cannot bend to the blast may be broken."

The history of the highest Court bears constant witness to the truth of Bryce's statement. Supreme Court action which has moved too far in one direction has always ultimately provoked an equivalent reaction in the opposite direction. Even an institution as august as the high tribunal cannot escape the ...


Labor Law - Federal Pre-Emption - Limitations On State Jurisdiction In Causes Arising Out Of Labor Disputes, Robert J. Margolin S.Ed. Dec 1959

Labor Law - Federal Pre-Emption - Limitations On State Jurisdiction In Causes Arising Out Of Labor Disputes, Robert J. Margolin S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Respondent employers refused to enter a union shop agreement with the petitioning unions, who then began to picket peacefully and to exert pressure on respondents' suppliers and customers to persuade them to cease dealing with respondents. Respondents initiated a representation proceeding before the NLRB, which declined jurisdiction on the ground respondents' business did not have a sufficient effect on commerce to meet the NLRB's self-imposed jurisdictional standards. Respondents then sought and obtained damages and an injunction in the California courts. On certiorari to the United States Supreme Court the injunction order was reversed, but the question of damages was ...


Probate And Administration On The American Frontier: A Study Of The Probate Records Of Wayne County- Northwest Territory 1796-1803; Indiana Territory 1803-1805; Michigan Territory 1805-1816, William Wirt Blume Dec 1959

Probate And Administration On The American Frontier: A Study Of The Probate Records Of Wayne County- Northwest Territory 1796-1803; Indiana Territory 1803-1805; Michigan Territory 1805-1816, William Wirt Blume

Michigan Law Review

As late as 1815 there was only one county in Michigan Territory- Wayne County- made up of parts of the territory to which the Indian titles had been extinguished. As other counties were organized beginning in 1817, Wayne County was reduced to its present size. A law adopted July 27, 1818, provided that a probate court should be held in each county. By a proclamation dated October 2, 1818, Acting Governor Woodbridge declared it was "no longer expedient to continue the present subdivisions of this territory into districts" for probate purposes; instead, each county should be "a separate District and ...


Eminent Domain - Procedure - Relation Of Judge And Jury In Michigan Condemnation Proceedings, John H. Jackson S.Ed. Dec 1959

Eminent Domain - Procedure - Relation Of Judge And Jury In Michigan Condemnation Proceedings, John H. Jackson S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

The relationship of judge to jury in Michigan condemnation proceedings presents in many ways a merger of some of the problems and questions contained in the relationship of judge to jury in civil trials, and of court to tribunal in administrative law. Theorists as well as the practicing lawyer in Michigan and some other states" may well find in the development of the Michigan condemnation proceeding an interesting example of the growth of a procedure for adjudication, in a context of cross-fire between legislative ideas and judicial interpretation of a constitutional provision.


Admiralty - Collision - Last Clear Chance, Erik Stapper Dec 1959

Admiralty - Collision - Last Clear Chance, Erik Stapper

Michigan Law Review

The City of Calcutta anchored in the navigation channel as an emergency precaution on a foggy night. The vessel was hit by a scow in tow of the tug Brooklyn, whose navigator had observed the anchored ship for ten minutes. The scow sank and its owner sought to hold the City of Calcutta liable for failure to get underway after the fog had lifted. Held, libel dismissed. Even if the Calcutta was remiss in not moving, no liability could attach because the Brooklyn had the last clear chance of avoiding the accident. Arundel Corp. v. The City of Calcutta, (E ...


Future Interests - Oil And Gas - Applicability On The Rule Against Perpetuities To Remote Future Interest Following Reserved Oil And Gas Interest, Robert B. Nelson S.Ed. Dec 1959

Future Interests - Oil And Gas - Applicability On The Rule Against Perpetuities To Remote Future Interest Following Reserved Oil And Gas Interest, Robert B. Nelson S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

A grantor conveyed real property to defendant reserving "all oil and gas and all minerals" in and under the land "for the period of twenty-five years... and as long thereafter as oil or gas or petroleum products" should be produced. Following this reservation, but in another clause of the deed, the grantor provided, "Subject to the reservations and conditions aforesaid, [grantor] hereby grants ... all of said real property ...to the [defendant], together with ...the reversion and reversions thereof." Some years later, the same grantor quitclaimed to the plaintiff "all oil and gas in and under" the same property. The plaintiff ...


Taxation - Federal Income Tax - Commission Received By Life Insurance Agent On Policies Purchased By Him Held To Be Taxable Income, Roger W. Findley S.Ed. Dec 1959

Taxation - Federal Income Tax - Commission Received By Life Insurance Agent On Policies Purchased By Him Held To Be Taxable Income, Roger W. Findley S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Taxpayer was agent for eleven life insurance companies. From two of them he purchased policies on the lives of his business partner, three key employees, and his children. He paid the regular premiums and subsequently received standard first-year and renewal commissions. When taxpayer did not include these in his gross income, the Commissioner assessed deficiencies and was sustained by the district court, On appeal, held, affirmed. A commission received by a life insurance agent on a policy purchased by him is taxable income. Ostheimer v. United States, (3d Cir. 1959) 264 F. (2d) 789, cert. den. 80 S.Ct. 61 ...


Administrative Law - Procedure - Consideration Of Initial Rate In Natural Gas Act Sale Certification, Robert Jillson Dec 1959

Administrative Law - Procedure - Consideration Of Initial Rate In Natural Gas Act Sale Certification, Robert Jillson

Michigan Law Review

In a Natural Gas Act sale certification proceeding the Federal Power Commission twice refused to issue an unconditional certificate, finding public convenience and necessity unproved because the unprecedented initial contract rate was not "shown to be in the public interest." Applicants declined to present evidence of the reasonableness of the initial contract rate. A commission proposal to certify at a lower rate, with increase to the contract price after twenty-four hours of delivery but under the public protection provisions of section 4 of the act, was refused. After being informed that the applicants would not dedicate the gas to the ...


Admiralty - Unseaworthiness - Recovery For Injuries Resulting From Condition Arising After Commencement Of The Voyage, John L. Peschel Dec 1959

Admiralty - Unseaworthiness - Recovery For Injuries Resulting From Condition Arising After Commencement Of The Voyage, John L. Peschel

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff, a member of the crew of a fishing vessel, sustained injuries while disembarking when he slipped on a slimy substance on the ship railing. In an action brought against the shipowner, the seaman sought recovery on three alternative grounds: first, under the Jones Act based upon negligence; second, under general maritime law based upon the obligation of the shipowner to furnish a seaworthy vessel; third, under general maritime law for maintenance and cure. Judgment was entered pursuant to a verdict limiting the seaman to recovery for maintenance and cure. On the seaman's appeal from the adverse verdict on ...


Constitutional Law - Due Process - Retroactive Application Of Uniform Principal And Income Act, Thomas E. Kauper S.Ed. Dec 1959

Constitutional Law - Due Process - Retroactive Application Of Uniform Principal And Income Act, Thomas E. Kauper S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

The trustee of a trust created prior to the 1957 enactment of the Uniform Principal and Income Act petitioned for instructions as to whether a stock dividend received by it subsequent to the passage of the act should be allocated to principal or income. The Uniform Act provides a rule for the treatment of stock dividends contrary to the judicial rule previously adopted in Wisconsin, and is expressly made applicable to trusts existing on its date of enactment. The county court, finding the act could not be constitutionally applied to trusts created prior to its enactment, ordered the allocation of ...


Torts - Libel And Slander - Absolute Privilege For Press Release Of Lower Federal Officer, James S. Leigh S.Ed. Dec 1959

Torts - Libel And Slander - Absolute Privilege For Press Release Of Lower Federal Officer, James S. Leigh S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Respondents, former employees of the Office of Rent Stabilization, brought a libel action against petitioner, the acting director of the office. The alleged libel was contained in a press release issued by petitioner in which he announced his intention to suspend respondents because of acts for which the office had been severely criticized by the Senate and press. The district court instructed the jury to find for plaintiffs if the release was defamatory. On appeal from judgment for plaintiff, the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia affirmed. On certiorari, the United States Supreme Court remanded for consideration of ...


Workmen's Compensation - Occupational Diseases - Radiation Injury Amendment, Vance A. Fisher S.Ed. Dec 1959

Workmen's Compensation - Occupational Diseases - Radiation Injury Amendment, Vance A. Fisher S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

The Kansas Workmen's Compensation Act has recently been amended to take more complete account of the complex nature of injuries which might arise through the increased use of radioactive materials and ionizing radiation. The effect of the amendment is twofold. First, it makes more inclusive the definition of radiation injury as an occupational disease by treating "exposure to ionizing radiation" as a cause of compensable injury. Second, it removes all time limitation periods with regard to the giving of notice and the filing of claims and extends the general limitation period from one year from the date of disablement ...


Ehrenzweig: Conflict Of Laws Part One Jurisdiction And Judgments, Charles D. Kelso Dec 1959

Ehrenzweig: Conflict Of Laws Part One Jurisdiction And Judgments, Charles D. Kelso

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Conflict of Laws Part One Jurisdiction and Judgments. By Albert A. Ehrenzweig


Recent Books, Michigan Law Review Dec 1959

Recent Books, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A List of Books Received by Michigan Law Review


Admiralty - Limitation Of Liability - Right Of Vendor Of Chattel To Limit Liability, Bruce L. Bower S.Ed. Nov 1959

Admiralty - Limitation Of Liability - Right Of Vendor Of Chattel To Limit Liability, Bruce L. Bower S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

The United States sold a steam tanker to S corporation and S delivered the vessel to T corporation for repairs. While it was moored at T's pier there was an explosion on board which caused extensive damage to the vessel and killed or injured fifty-two persons. T filed a libel against the United States alleging that at the time of the sale to S the United States also had sold, by a separate contract, a quantity of oil located in the vessel. The libelant further alleged that the United States, having represented the oil to be of one type ...


Edson R. Sunderland And The Teaching Of Procedure, Charles H. King Nov 1959

Edson R. Sunderland And The Teaching Of Procedure, Charles H. King

Michigan Law Review

Once having arrived at the University of Michigan Law School, Edson Sunderland never left, except on a temporary basis. He entered the school in 1898, having previously received his Bachelor's and Master's degrees from the University's College of Literature, Science and the Arts. Immediately upon his graduation in 1901 he was invited to become a member of the faculty, an invitation which he accepted effective the following fall.


Resolution Of The Michigan Law Faculty On The Death Of Edson Read Sunderland, Michigan Law Review Nov 1959

Resolution Of The Michigan Law Faculty On The Death Of Edson Read Sunderland, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

A tribute to the memory of Edson Read Sunderland.


Edson Sunderland And The Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure, Charles E. Clark Nov 1959

Edson Sunderland And The Federal Rules Of Civil Procedure, Charles E. Clark

Michigan Law Review

It was my privilege to be associated with Edson Sunderland for many years in a major endeavor for the improvement of law administration, namely, the framing of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. In this association I came to know what a rare spirit he was, how devoted to the public service he had undertaken, and yet withal how gay and charming a friend and co-worker he always showed himself. In the roster of American workers for better justice he stands preeminent for the length, the original character, and the unique persistence of his labors. But this wholehearted idealism in ...


Taxation - Ordinary And Necessary Expenses - Deduction Of Advertising Expenses Incurred To Defeat State Initiative Measures, Robert J. Paley S.Ed. Nov 1959

Taxation - Ordinary And Necessary Expenses - Deduction Of Advertising Expenses Incurred To Defeat State Initiative Measures, Robert J. Paley S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Petitioners were members of a partnership engaged in the wholesale distribution of beer in Washington. In 1948 the partnership made contributions to a publicity campaign instituted to defeat an initiative to be presented to the voting public, the passage of which would have placed retail beer and wine sales exclusively in state hands. In their 1948 tax returns petitioners deducted the amount contributed as ordinary and necessary business expense. After the Commissioner disallowed the deduction the petitioners paid the deficiency under protest and sued for a refund in the district court. That court denied the refund, ruling that the payments ...


Constitutional Law - Due Process- Residence Substituted For Domicile As Basis For Divorce Jurisdiction, Paul Gerding S.Ed. Nov 1959

Constitutional Law - Due Process- Residence Substituted For Domicile As Basis For Divorce Jurisdiction, Paul Gerding S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Plaintiff husband brought a divorce action under an Arkansas statute, which granted state courts divorce jurisdiction on the basis of residence of one of the parties within Arkansas for three months, to terminate a marriage performed in another jurisdiction. Defendant wife, domiciled in California, filed a cross complaint for separate maintenance and attacked the court's jurisdiction to grant the divorce. The lower court held the act unconstitutional in eliminating domicile of one of the parties as a jurisdictional requirement in a divorce action, and, finding that the plaintiff was not domiciled in Arkansas, dismissed the suit. On appeal, held ...


Edson R. Sunderland's Contribution To The Reform Of Civil Procedure In Illinois, George Ragland Jr. Nov 1959

Edson R. Sunderland's Contribution To The Reform Of Civil Procedure In Illinois, George Ragland Jr.

Michigan Law Review

Illinois is greatly indebted to Edson R. Sunderland for the effective and enduring contributions which he made to the Civil Practice Act of 1933. That reform was encouraged in no small degree by his speeches and writings. He served as its principal draftsman. His suggestions were of much assistance to the bench and bar of the state in modifying and implementing the original draft so that the measure could be successfully put into operation. Regulation of details of practice by rules of court, which was a primary feature of Professor Sunderland's draft and one which he helped defend against ...


Mortgages - Contribution - Right Of Surviving Tenant By The Entirety To Contribution For Joint Mortgage Debt, Stevan Uzelac S.Ed. Nov 1959

Mortgages - Contribution - Right Of Surviving Tenant By The Entirety To Contribution For Joint Mortgage Debt, Stevan Uzelac S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Decedent and his wife held title to certain land as tenants by the entirety. Shortly before decedent's death they jointly incurred an indebtedness of $8000 secured by a mortgage on such land. The proceeds of the loan were used to improve the mortgaged property. After decedent's death his widow, having succeeded to full ownership of the mortgaged land, claimed that she was entitled to contribution from decedent's estate for one-half of the joint mortgage debt upon the property. On the executors' petition for a final distribution decree the lower court denied the widow's right to contribution ...


International Conflict Of Laws - Title To Chattels "Act Of State" Doctrine, John C. Peters S.Ed. Nov 1959

International Conflict Of Laws - Title To Chattels "Act Of State" Doctrine, John C. Peters S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

In order to clarify the use of terms, a "confiscation" when used in this comment will mean an expropriation by a foreign state without compensation. This writer will not go into the question of what is considered fair compensation in international law. Nor will the present comment consider confiscations made in time of war or the question of extraterritorial expropriations.


Edson R. Sunderland's Role In Michigan Procedure, Jason L. Honigman Nov 1959

Edson R. Sunderland's Role In Michigan Procedure, Jason L. Honigman

Michigan Law Review

More than any other individual, Professor Edson R. Sunderland has had a tremendous impact upon the Michigan law of procedure. The procedural reforms which he urged and molded into the Michigan law of procedure have been in use for nearly half a century, and to this day are the framework for our procedural laws.


Conflict Of Laws - Custody Decrees - Jurisdiction To Modify And Effect In Sister States, Donald R. Jolliffe S.Ed. Nov 1959

Conflict Of Laws - Custody Decrees - Jurisdiction To Modify And Effect In Sister States, Donald R. Jolliffe S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Husband and wife were divorced in Wisconsin in 1956 by a judgment which awarded alimony, custody of the children, and support money to W. The custody decree provided that W be permitted to remove the children to California but that they be allowed to visit H each summer. While H was visiting California in October 1957, he was served in an action commenced by W seeking absolute custody. H returned to Wisconsin and on November 5 asked the Wisconsin court to modify its divorce judgment by awarding custody of the children to him. That court set a hearing and issued ...


Real Property - Mortgages - Liability Of Mortgagee Of Lessee's Term For Rent, Michael B. Lewiston S.Ed. Nov 1959

Real Property - Mortgages - Liability Of Mortgagee Of Lessee's Term For Rent, Michael B. Lewiston S.Ed.

Michigan Law Review

Respondent leased a building to South Texas Kitchens, Inc., for a term of five years. The lessee became indebted to petitioner and, being unable to meet this obligation, transferred its business assets and lease to petitioner as security. Petitioner was authorized to manage the business and to apply all proceeds to discharge the indebtedness, the transfer to terminate when the debt was fully paid. Petitioner went into possession of the premises and operated the business for about six months, paying the rent during that period. It then vacated the property and ceased making rental payments. Respondent sued petitioner and the ...


Edson R. Sunderland And Judicial Administration, Glenn R. Winters Nov 1959

Edson R. Sunderland And Judicial Administration, Glenn R. Winters

Michigan Law Review

The name of Edson R. Sunderland stands out as one of the great and forward-looking leaders of his generation and of all time in the improvement of the administration of justice.


Legal Writings Of Edson R. Sunderland, Michigan Law Review Nov 1959

Legal Writings Of Edson R. Sunderland, Michigan Law Review

Michigan Law Review

The following bibliography, with some additions and corrections supplied to the editors, is reprinted by permission of Professor Sunderland's family who presented the original to him in 1957 on the occasion of his eighty-fourth birthday.


Voluntary Impartial Review Of Labor: Some Reflections, Walter E. Oberer Nov 1959

Voluntary Impartial Review Of Labor: Some Reflections, Walter E. Oberer

Michigan Law Review

The purpose of this paper is to examine the emerging concept of voluntary impartial review of the decisions of organizational tribunals passing upon internal disputes. Attention will center on the application of this concept to labor unions - the only area in which it has yet been tried.