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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Hazard And Operability Analysis Of An Ethylene Oxide Production Plant, Samantha Ciricillo Apr 2019

Hazard And Operability Analysis Of An Ethylene Oxide Production Plant, Samantha Ciricillo

Senior Theses

The purpose of this work was to evaluate potential hazards and failures as part of the design and economic analysis for a chemical plant that would produce 150,000 tons of ethylene oxide per year. The Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) method of analysis was used to accomplish this goal. This method of hazard analysis involves brainstorming potential errors in a system by examining each element of each process unit in full detail. This project was focused on the reactor unit because the reactor has several important parameters that could fail, resulting in safety issues within the system. Input for this ...


Bridgr: An Ios Application For Organizing And Discussing Long-Distance Carpooling, Harrison Engoren, Erik Zorn Apr 2019

Bridgr: An Ios Application For Organizing And Discussing Long-Distance Carpooling, Harrison Engoren, Erik Zorn

Senior Theses

Bridgr is an iOS application that facilitates long distance carpooling. This application allows drivers to post destinations on an interactable map so that they can be linked with students that need a ride to a location within close proximity of the posted destination. The riders and driver are linked in a common chat board where they can discuss ride details among themselves. The goal of Bridgr is to allow drivers to utilize extra space in their car in turn for fellowship and/or gas money.


Modeling And Loss Analysis Of Sic Power Semiconductor Devices For Switching Converter Applications, Soheila Eskandari Apr 2019

Modeling And Loss Analysis Of Sic Power Semiconductor Devices For Switching Converter Applications, Soheila Eskandari

Theses and Dissertations

Since its inception, power electronics has been to a large extent driven by the available power semiconductor devices. Switching power converter topologies, modes of operation, switching frequencies, passive filtering elements are chosen based on the switching and conduction characteristics of power semiconductor devices. In recent times new wide bandgap power semiconductor devices, such as SiC MOSFETs, are emerging with superior performance as compared to conventional silicon devices.

In switching power converter design, power losses of the power semiconductor de- vices play a crucial role in determining the physical characteristics of power converter systems in terms of size, weight, efficiency and ...


Modeling Complex Oxides: Thermochemical Behavior Of Nepheline-Forming Na-Al-Si-B-K-Li-Ca-Mg-Fe-O And Hollandite-Forming Ba-Cs-Ti-Cr-Al-Fe- Ga-O Systems, Stephen A. Utlak Apr 2019

Modeling Complex Oxides: Thermochemical Behavior Of Nepheline-Forming Na-Al-Si-B-K-Li-Ca-Mg-Fe-O And Hollandite-Forming Ba-Cs-Ti-Cr-Al-Fe- Ga-O Systems, Stephen A. Utlak

Theses and Dissertations

High concentrations of Na2O and Al2O3 in the liquid high-level radioactive waste (HLW) stored at the Hanford Site can cause nepheline (NaAlSiO4) to precipitate in a vitrified monolithic waste form upon cooling. Nepheline phase formation removes glass- former SiO2 and -modifier Al2O3 from the immobilization matrix in greater proportion to alkalis, which can reduce glass durability and consequently increase the leach rate of radionuclides into the surrounding environment.

Current uncertainty in defining the HLW glass composition region prone to precipitating nepheline necessitates targeting a conservative waste loading, which raises operational costs by extending the liquid radioactive waste disposal mission and ...


Landslide Detection Using Remote Sensing Methods A Review Of Current Techniques, Sumanth Varma Byrraju Apr 2019

Landslide Detection Using Remote Sensing Methods A Review Of Current Techniques, Sumanth Varma Byrraju

Theses and Dissertations

Landslides are among the most dangerous natural disasters, as they generally follow other major disasters thereby causing significant damage to already weakened systems. In the U.S. alone they cause an excess of 1 billion in damages and an average 25-50 deaths annually(USGC). Remote sensing techniques for landslide monitoring and prediction has gained popularity in recent years since it enables hazard mitigation. Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) interferometry is among the remote sensing techniques used. DInSAR is an advanced interferometric technique which uses radar sensors to estimate the phase of a given area from which the landslide activity can be ...


Cpu Cooling Pulse Device For Enhanced Heat Transfer, Hannah Farabee, Noémie L. Iñiguez, Hugo Nunez, Wendy Zwanka Apr 2019

Cpu Cooling Pulse Device For Enhanced Heat Transfer, Hannah Farabee, Noémie L. Iñiguez, Hugo Nunez, Wendy Zwanka

Senior Theses

Ice Dragon Cooling is a company which researches thermofluids and heat transfer technologies. The company’s present research focuses on HVAC and computer applications, with an emphasis on nanofluid development. To support Ice Dragon’s mission, the company wants a product that enhances heat transfer efficiency in liquid-cooled CPU systems. The product is to be a pulse device which increases the turbulence of a liquid across a computer CPU cooling block, thereby expediting heat transfer away from the CPU.

The needs for Ice Dragon Cooling were determined based on engineering knowledge and industry consultation. After further analysis, it was determined ...


Process Design: Maleic Anhydride Unit, Valerie Kay, Jacqueline Phillips, Olivia Smithson Apr 2019

Process Design: Maleic Anhydride Unit, Valerie Kay, Jacqueline Phillips, Olivia Smithson

Senior Theses

Gamecock Chemical Company has proposed the construction of a maleic anhydride plant at its Houston refinery. The plant is to produce 40,000 metric tons per year of maleic anhydride from a mixture of excess butanes. This design team has been asked to produce a conceptual design, simulation, and profitability analysis for the proposed plant. The simulation software Aspen Plus by AspenTech was the primary software used to design the plant, and the CAPCOST program in Microsoft suite’s Excel was utilized for the economic review of the process.

Maleic anhydride is produced by the thermal oxidation of n-butane at ...


The Use Of Multi-Targeting Natural Products For The Treatment Of Cancer, Wesley Taylor Apr 2019

The Use Of Multi-Targeting Natural Products For The Treatment Of Cancer, Wesley Taylor

Theses and Dissertations

The paradigm shift in cancer treatments from traditional chemotherapeutics to targeted therapies has rapidly improved prognoses for patients for whom cancer was once a death sentence. This is especially true in the case of targeted immune therapies which activate the body’s own natural defense system to fight cancer. Despite these advances, however, cancer remains the second leading cause of death in the United States. The promise of targeted therapeutics has faced significant hurdles in providing effective cancer treatments, namely the limited percentage of susceptible cancers for each treatment, high cost burden, high toxicities, and significant risk of treatment induced ...


Structural Health Monitoring And Non-Destructive Inspection Of Composite And Metallic Structures, Asaad Qasim Migot Apr 2019

Structural Health Monitoring And Non-Destructive Inspection Of Composite And Metallic Structures, Asaad Qasim Migot

Theses and Dissertations

Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) and Nondestructive Testing (NDT) techniques are being used as effective tools for investigating variety of civil, mechanical, and aerospace applications. In recent years, these techniques become such incredible tools for continuously monitoring of various structures. The aim of the dissertation work is to develop SHM and NDT methodologies for acoustic emission sources localization, damage detection and quantification in metallic and composite structures using a network of sensors, guided wave and developed imaging methods. This work is implemented through preparing metallic and composite specimens, setting up experiments, designing efficient networks of sensors, modeling guided wave interaction with ...


A Partially Automated Process For The Generation Of Believable Human Behaviors, Bridgette Parsons Apr 2019

A Partially Automated Process For The Generation Of Believable Human Behaviors, Bridgette Parsons

Theses and Dissertations

Modeling believable human behavior for use in simulations is a difficult task. It re- quires a great deal of time, and frequently requires coordination between members of different disciplines. In our research, we propose a method of partially automating the process, reducing the time it takes to create the model, and more easily allowing domain experts that are not programmers to adjust the models as necessary. Using Agent-Based modeling, we present MAGIC (Models Automatically Generated from Information Collected), an algorithm designed to automatically find points in the model’s decision process that require interaction with other agents or with the ...


Plasma Surface Functionalization Of Afp Manufactured Composites For Improved Adhesive Bond Performance, Ibrahim Sarikaya Apr 2019

Plasma Surface Functionalization Of Afp Manufactured Composites For Improved Adhesive Bond Performance, Ibrahim Sarikaya

Theses and Dissertations

High-performance composite structures not only require a reliable fabrication process when creating primary structures, but also a high fidelity and repeatable bonding process for the assembled components. During the assembly process, surface contaminants are a major concern as they have the potential to compromise the bond quality resulting in poor bond strength, low failure load, and undesirable failure modes of the adhesively bonded structures. This is further complicated by composite materials inherently possessing low surface energy and thus exhibiting low adhesive property. Therefore, detecting and removing contaminants on the pre-bond composite surface is an active research topic in pursuit of ...


Continuous Tow Path Generation For Constant And Variable Stiffness Composite Laminates On Single And Double Curved Surfaces, Caleb R. Pupo Apr 2019

Continuous Tow Path Generation For Constant And Variable Stiffness Composite Laminates On Single And Double Curved Surfaces, Caleb R. Pupo

Theses and Dissertations

A novel approach for the generation of steered tow paths on curved shell surfaces is presented. The approach is used to translate optimal theoretical analysis expressed from ply to ply as fiber angle distributions for steered laminates into discrete tow paths on planar, single and double curved surfaces. By adapting the multi mesh approach earlier developed by van Tooren and Elham [1–3] to the new tow path generation code. Two meshes are utilized, a coarse mesh which is generated during the optimization and contains the optimal fiber angle distributions, and a denser mesh obtained from tessellating the surface to ...


Surface Science And Engineering Of Nano-Structured Cathodes For Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Yeting Wen Apr 2019

Surface Science And Engineering Of Nano-Structured Cathodes For Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Yeting Wen

Theses and Dissertations

The bulk-to-surface Sr-segregation can seriously compromise the stability of oxygen electrocatalysis in Sr-doped perovskite oxides such as La1-xSrxCoO3-δ and La1-xSrxCo1- yFeyO3-δ and limit their practical applications as cathode materials in solid oxide fuel cells. Although such chemical instability has been actively studied in recent years, fundamental understanding of Sr-segregation process vs temperature and time, particularly under real-world conditions, as well as the suppression method, are still needed. This PhD dissertation aims to acquire fundamental knowledge of Sr-segregation process under practical conditions in solid oxide fuel cells and develop suppression method to ensure the long-term stability through surface modifications.

To gain ...


Role Of P-Glycoprotein In Alzheimer’S Disease For Enhanced Brain Elimination Of Amyloid-Β, Hope Holt Apr 2019

Role Of P-Glycoprotein In Alzheimer’S Disease For Enhanced Brain Elimination Of Amyloid-Β, Hope Holt

Theses and Dissertations

Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common form of neurodegenerative disorder, is characterized by deposition of amyloid-β (Aβ) plaques in the brain. Aβ monomer undergoes nucleation to form oligomers, then soluble aggregates, then fibrils which make up the plaques. Aβ oligomer species are believed to be the most neurotoxic aggregate species. Currently under investigation is a mechanism for Aβ removal from the brain, across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a membrane-bound efflux protein located on the apical, or blood, side of the BBB, which transports a wide variety of substrates. Further complicating this potential clearance mechanism is the ...


Path Loss Models For Two Small Airport Indoor Environments At 31 Ghz, Alexander L. Grant Apr 2019

Path Loss Models For Two Small Airport Indoor Environments At 31 Ghz, Alexander L. Grant

Theses and Dissertations

Path loss modeling plays a fundamental role in the design of fixed and mobile communication systems for a range of applications. Another term for path loss is channel attenuation, or reduction in signal power from transmitter to receiver. Work here was in support of a NASA project for advanced air traffic management (ATM) applications, specifically for improving the efficiency of airports. Measurements in the millimeter wave (mmWave) band were conducted at 31 GHz in indoor settings at a small municipal airport, the Jim Hamilton–L.B. Owens Airport, in Columbia, SC. Some measurements were also taken at 5 GHz for ...


Fabrication And Characterization Of Thin Films For Heterojunction Solar Cells And Radiation Detectors, Towhid A. Chowdhury Apr 2019

Fabrication And Characterization Of Thin Films For Heterojunction Solar Cells And Radiation Detectors, Towhid A. Chowdhury

Theses and Dissertations

The dissertation study has undertaken research in two areas: (1) development of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin film photo-absorber using low-cost fabrication technique for roll- to-roll commercial production for photovoltaic application, and (2) development of enriched lithium-doped amorphous selenium alloy film, a new solid-state detector material for neutron detection.

In this study CZTS thin film was developed by employing low-cost, high- throughput spray pyrolysis technique, followed by sulfurization under a 5% H2S flow at 550°C. Characterization of deposited films revealed better structural, compositional, and optical properties for sulfurized film compared to as-deposited film. The ‘sulfurized’ CZTS films deposited at 380°C ...


Biophysical Analyses Of Left Ventricular Remodeling Secondary To Myocardial Infarction And Left Ventricular Pressure Overload, William Manuel Torres Apr 2019

Biophysical Analyses Of Left Ventricular Remodeling Secondary To Myocardial Infarction And Left Ventricular Pressure Overload, William Manuel Torres

Theses and Dissertations

Left ventricular (LV) remodeling is nominally an adaptive process that restores biomechanical function following myocardial injury and/or sustained alterations in loading conditions. This remodeling can materialize as changes in myocardial geometry, composition, and mechanical properties. When these changes fail to restore LV biomechanical function, remodeling is termed maladaptive. It is generally accepted that maladaptive LV remodeling underlies the progression to heart failure in various forms of heart disease. The central hypothesis of this study is that we can leverage echocardiographic imaging techniques to non-invasively quantify changes in biomechanical function and mechanical properties in a serial manner throughout the progression ...


Development Of Scalable And Tunable Super- Hydrophilic And - Hydrophobic Coatings On The Cu Substrate For Phase Change Heat Transfer Applications, Raikan Saad Dawas Apr 2019

Development Of Scalable And Tunable Super- Hydrophilic And - Hydrophobic Coatings On The Cu Substrate For Phase Change Heat Transfer Applications, Raikan Saad Dawas

Theses and Dissertations

The aim of this study is to enhance and sustain the thin liquid film evaporation (TLFE) as well as dropwise condensation (DWC) on scalable copper substrates. The current dissertation consists of two sections. The objective of the first section is to enhance the dry cooling technology which is widely used in industrial applications such as in the air side of power plants, AC unit, or electronic cooling. However, the thermal dissipation performance is limited with low heat transfer coefficients (HTCs) due to the low thermal conductivity and density of the air. Inspired by the phase change heat transfer during the ...


Finite Element Electromagnetic (Em) Analyses Of Induction Heating Of Thermoplastic Composites, Ankit Patel Apr 2019

Finite Element Electromagnetic (Em) Analyses Of Induction Heating Of Thermoplastic Composites, Ankit Patel

Theses and Dissertations

Thermoplastic composites are in great demand for current and future manufacturing of aircraft and automotive industries. Induction heating and welding of thermoplastic composite laminates is of great significance. The non-contact method of heating and welding is being adopted in aircraft parts, engine parts, and turbine parts manufacturing among many other things. This thesis performs simulations and analyses of Electromagnetic (EM) induction heating of thermoplastic composites materials.

The induction heating and welding of thermoplastic composites in the presence of a susceptor alloy (called Monel) consisting of 67% nickel and 27% copper is studied using a Finite Element Analysis (FEA) software. A ...


Low Frequency Injection As A Method Of Low-Level Dc Microgrid Communication, Matthew Davidson Apr 2019

Low Frequency Injection As A Method Of Low-Level Dc Microgrid Communication, Matthew Davidson

Theses and Dissertations

In the last ten years, DC microgrid approaches have gained more popularity for the interconnection of distributed energy resources (DERs) and prosumers. The devices (generation, storage, and load) connected to the network may contain operational parameters that have the ability to be adjusted in real-time as to optimize the operation of the microgrid. In this thesis, a simple unidirectional global communication scheme is defined, implemented, and tested. The proposed approach relies on low frequency sinusoidal components that are injected into the DC microgrid power lines. Using the proposed communication approach, multiple parameters can be transmitted to the devices connected to ...


Heterogeneous Catalysis For The Upgrading Of Biomass Derived Chemicals Via Hydrodeoxygenation, Elizabeth Barrow Apr 2019

Heterogeneous Catalysis For The Upgrading Of Biomass Derived Chemicals Via Hydrodeoxygenation, Elizabeth Barrow

Theses and Dissertations

An important step in the upgrading of biomass derived chemicals is the removal of excess oxygen. The works reported here are focused on studying the heterogeneous catalysts that can be utilized for that upgrading through hydrodeoxygenation. This work begins with a discussion of the alkylation of short chain platform chemicals for chain growth and also demonstrates the proof of concept of combining alkylation and hydrodeoxygenation in a single step. Then, because of the promising nature of ReOx- Pd/CeO2 for selective hydrodeoxygenation, a detailed study of ReOx/CeO2 is presented. Finally, a new surface structure interpretation is presented for P ...


Constrained Consensus In Continuous-Time Multi-Agent Systems, Zheqing Zhou Apr 2019

Constrained Consensus In Continuous-Time Multi-Agent Systems, Zheqing Zhou

Theses and Dissertations

Since the consensus problem is getting popular in recent researches and the applications based on it are expanding in current years! the consensus problem under the condition that constraints exist on agents’ state in continuous-time in a multi-agent system has been studied here. This work combines the projection operator method in a general consensus algorithm to avoid the violation of state on its individual constraint set. When the projection operator works in the general consensus algorithm, the constraint region is divided into the projection-operator working region and the non-projection region. The boundary between these two regions is a circular line ...


Acoustoelastic Metamaterial With Simultaneous Noise Filtering And Energy Harvesting Capability From Ambient Vibrations, Fariha Mir Apr 2019

Acoustoelastic Metamaterial With Simultaneous Noise Filtering And Energy Harvesting Capability From Ambient Vibrations, Fariha Mir

Theses and Dissertations

Harvesting unused and untapped energy from ambient vibration noise and acoustic sound waves is an emerging field of research in the recent years. Utilization of the energy with a wide band of the frequency spectrum from the vibrational sources alone stands as one of the most promising ways to power small electronic devices, smartphones, local structural health monitoring (SHM) sensors and home and workshop appliances. Various sources of ambient vibration and acoustic noise can be found around us in our everyday life. These sources are abundant in almost all the engineering industries and manufacturing facilities for example in aerospace, mechanical ...


Understanding The Strain Localization And Progressive Damage Growth At The Free-Edge Of Composite Laminates Using Digital Image Correlation, Addis Tessema Apr 2019

Understanding The Strain Localization And Progressive Damage Growth At The Free-Edge Of Composite Laminates Using Digital Image Correlation, Addis Tessema

Theses and Dissertations

Understanding the mechanics of Fiber Reinforced Composites (FRC) that guide the design and optimization of laminate structures, have attracted numerous researchers. For the last five decades, various analytical and numerical models have been developed to understand the damage and failure mechanisms in FRC. For long, Classical laminate plate theory (CLPT) has majorly been used as a theoretical guide in the design of composite structures. The CLPT framework is developed based on the consideration of an infinitesimal wide plate that depicts a planar stress condition. Thus, as it considers only the planar stresses, the out of plane interlaminar stresses are absent ...


Experimental Study Of Free-Solution Separation Under Pulsed Electrophoresis In Microchip, Xin Liu Apr 2019

Experimental Study Of Free-Solution Separation Under Pulsed Electrophoresis In Microchip, Xin Liu

Theses and Dissertations

Microchip electrophoresis (MCE) is a promising analytical tool started more than two decades. With the characteristics of short analysis time, trace level sample, high- throughput and easily integration, lots of efforts have been done with the transportation of the applications from capillary to microfabricated devices. However, with the complex designs on microchip rather than a single straight capillary channel, the strategies and approaches have to be figured out under the challenges of sample introduction, the improvement of separation conditions and the detection, for instance.

In miniaturized microchip, the separation channel is reduced to several centimeters or less, fast and quality ...


Modeling Complex Oxides: Thermochemical Behavior Of Nepheline-Forming Na-Al-Si-B-K-Li-Ca-Mg-Fe-O And Hollandite-Forming Ba-Cs-Ti-Cr-Al-Fe- Ga-O Systems, Stephen A. Utlak Apr 2019

Modeling Complex Oxides: Thermochemical Behavior Of Nepheline-Forming Na-Al-Si-B-K-Li-Ca-Mg-Fe-O And Hollandite-Forming Ba-Cs-Ti-Cr-Al-Fe- Ga-O Systems, Stephen A. Utlak

Theses and Dissertations

High concentrations of Na2O and Al2O3 in the liquid high-level radioactive waste (HLW) stored at the Hanford Site can cause nepheline (NaAlSiO4) to precipitate in a vitrified monolithic waste form upon cooling. Nepheline phase formation removes glass- former SiO2 and -modifier Al2O3 from the immobilization matrix in greater proportion to alkalis, which can reduce glass durability and consequently increase the leach rate of radionuclides into the surrounding environment.

Current uncertainty in defining the HLW glass composition region prone to precipitating nepheline necessitates targeting a conservative waste loading, which raises operational costs by extending the liquid radioactive waste disposal mission and ...


Electrode Development And Electrocatalysts Design For Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, Xiong Peng Apr 2019

Electrode Development And Electrocatalysts Design For Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells, Xiong Peng

Theses and Dissertations

Because of environmental issues and national conflicts caused by overuse of fossil fuels, there is a need to seek renewable ways to utilize energy. In the transportation sector, hydrogen-based polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells, including proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) and anion exchange membrane fuel cells (AEMFCs), have been considered as a promising alternative to conventional combustion engines. However, the widespread commercialization of both PEMFCs and AEMFCs has been hindered by several factors, including cost and performance. In this thesis, a series of topics including electrode fabrication, electrocatalyst development for both PEMFCs and AEMFCs, as well as the water ...


Friction Stir Additive Manufacturing(Fsam) Of 2050 Al-Cu-Li Alloy, Ilana Lu Apr 2019

Friction Stir Additive Manufacturing(Fsam) Of 2050 Al-Cu-Li Alloy, Ilana Lu

Theses and Dissertations

As a solid state process, friction stir welding (FSW) is an advantageous joining method for higher strength aluminum alloys such as 2050 Al-Cu-Li which are not readily fusion welded. This study explores the potential of friction stir lap welding (FSLW) as an additive manufacturing process for this aluminum-lithium alloy. To accomplish this, lap weld joints were performed so that each additional layer would penetrate the preceding weld pass which creates a large, stacked build. Excess material is machined away leaving only weld. Cast AA2050 is explored in this study as a more cost-efficient feedstock for this process as compared to ...


Rage Expression And Inflammation In Alzheimer’S Disease: In Vitro Model Development And Investigation Of A Potential Peptoid Inhibitor, Lauren Michell Wolf Apr 2019

Rage Expression And Inflammation In Alzheimer’S Disease: In Vitro Model Development And Investigation Of A Potential Peptoid Inhibitor, Lauren Michell Wolf

Theses and Dissertations

Despite the increasing prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), efforts to establish a definitive treatment or cure have met with little success. Many previous therapeutic strategies for AD have focused on the aggregation and accumulation of amyloid-b (Ab) in the brain, concentrating on its small intermediate aggregates as the primary targets to ameliorate neurotoxicity and damage. This approach has yielded little progress, and more recent discussions have shifted to strategies geared toward a multifaceted pathology, with chronic neuroinflammation emerging as an important factor in the disease etiology and progression.

The receptor for advanced glycation end-products, or RAGE, is ...


Three-Dimensional Collagen Tubes For In Vitro Modeling, Rebecca Jones Apr 2019

Three-Dimensional Collagen Tubes For In Vitro Modeling, Rebecca Jones

Theses and Dissertations

Collagen type I represents a novel material for three-dimensional in vitro models. While two-dimensional models are typically inadequate for recreating the complex processes of the body, collagen provides a three-dimensional basis with a variety of applications, including remodeling of vascular cells under tension and vascular stenosis. Smooth muscle cells reorganize and reconstruct their environment differently under conditions of tensions, such as with sutures, or under conditions without applied external tension. Vascular stenosis, the abnormal narrowing of blood vessels, arises from defective developmental processes or atherosclerosis-related adult pathologies. Stenosis triggers a series of adaptive cellular responses that induces adverse remodeling, which ...