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Full-Text Articles in Engineering

Ieee Istas13- People As Sensors: The Social Implications Of Living In A Smart World, Alexander Hayes, Katina Michael, Nick Rheinberger Jun 2015

Ieee Istas13- People As Sensors: The Social Implications Of Living In A Smart World, Alexander Hayes, Katina Michael, Nick Rheinberger

Alexander Hayes Mr.

What is the technological trajectory of people wearing sensors? What are the benefits, risks and costs? What is the vibe going to be like at ISTAS13 with people like Marvin Minsky and Ray Kurzweil attending? What do you hope to gain from the meeting? Can we foresee a time that all glasses will be embedded with sensors? What are the implications? E.g. in the higher education sector? What about the gathering of evidence by law enforcement? What is point of eye?


From Agile Methods To Lean Practices: Trends In Software Development, Cécile Péraire Dec 2013

From Agile Methods To Lean Practices: Trends In Software Development, Cécile Péraire

Cécile Péraire

Since the ratification of the Agile Manifesto in 2001, agile methods such as Scrum and XP have become mainstream and proved their ability to shorten the software development lifecycle, raise quality and reduce costs. Hence the question: Is agile a "silver bullet" that can conquer the inherent complexity of software development? Based on current trends in the software industry, the answer to this question is "not quite". Given the vast spectrum of software development endeavors, one size does not fit all. Each organization or project team is unique and needs to identify a software development strategy that suits its own ...


A Step Forward In Software Engineering Education: Introducing The Semat Essence Framework, Cécile Péraire Dec 2013

A Step Forward In Software Engineering Education: Introducing The Semat Essence Framework, Cécile Péraire

Cécile Péraire

There has been a rapid evolution of software engineering development methods over the last 20 years. From Iterative and Incremental to Agile and Lean, we have witnessed waves of new methods, each adding significant value to the field. However this evolution is also depicted as the "method war" with new comers trying to eradicate their predecessors, often re-inventing the wheels, and sometimes loosing knowledge. With a lack of common ground and credible experimental evaluation and validation, this pauses a challenge to educators. How do we select methods to teach? What terminology do we adopt? How do we respond to the ...


Faculty Members, Accommodation, And Access In Higher Education, Sushil Oswal, Stephanie Kerschbaum, Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, Amy Vidali, Susan Ghiaciuc, Margaret Price, Jay Dolmage, Craig Meyer, Brenda Brueggemann, Ellen Samuels Nov 2013

Faculty Members, Accommodation, And Access In Higher Education, Sushil Oswal, Stephanie Kerschbaum, Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, Amy Vidali, Susan Ghiaciuc, Margaret Price, Jay Dolmage, Craig Meyer, Brenda Brueggemann, Ellen Samuels

Sushil K. Oswal

No abstract provided.


Students’ Perspective On Safety Education Using Second Life As A Tool For Effective Learning, Dominick E. Fazarro, Nir Keren Nov 2013

Students’ Perspective On Safety Education Using Second Life As A Tool For Effective Learning, Dominick E. Fazarro, Nir Keren

Nir Keren

Educators are searching for cutting-edge ideas to deliver effective instructional methods to students and employers on different aspects of training. The population of students in colleges and universities are different in terms of dependency on technology. Most students are visual learners and are dependent on the use of technology in their everyday lives to satisfy social needs. Educators are seeking methods to increase student learning and comprehension of classroom theory by integrating the students’ need of technology. Teaching industrial safety can often leave the instructor with a level of uncertainty as to whether the students have grasped concepts taught in ...


A Proposed Learner-Centered Mechatronics Engineering Instructional Program, Patrick N. Currier, Richard Goff, Janis Terpenny Nov 2013

A Proposed Learner-Centered Mechatronics Engineering Instructional Program, Patrick N. Currier, Richard Goff, Janis Terpenny

Patrick N. Currier

This paper examines the need and requirements for a mechatronics degree program. The results of a survey of the few existing programs in this field are provided. Then, using a case study example for Virginia Tech, a proposed mechatronics curriculum based on a learner-centered paradigm is described. The curriculum combines existing courses in mechanical, electrical, and computer engineering with new, hands-on courses to provide students with a chance to practice and explore the subject matter in ways consistent with the demands of both industry and accreditation. This program, if implemented, could provide a university with a unique offering to attract ...


Demographics Of Undergraduate Students In Game Degree Programs In The Us And Uk, Monica M. Mcgill, Amber Settle, Adrienne Decker Oct 2013

Demographics Of Undergraduate Students In Game Degree Programs In The Us And Uk, Monica M. Mcgill, Amber Settle, Adrienne Decker

Amber Settle

Over the last decade, there has been a growth in the video game industry and, at the same time, game degree programs at postsecondary institutions worldwide have grown in quantity and quality. Representation of gender and race in games and in the game industry workforce is an important issue. We explore this topic in our research, providing an overview of the demographics of undergraduate students in game degree programs in the United States and the United Kingdom. We include race, gender, ethnicity, political preferences, sexual orientation and more. Gender results indicate that males make up the significant majority in undergraduate ...


Diversity In The Game Industry: Is Outreach The Solution?, Amber Settle, Monica M. Mcgill, Adrienne Decker Oct 2013

Diversity In The Game Industry: Is Outreach The Solution?, Amber Settle, Monica M. Mcgill, Adrienne Decker

Amber Settle

Over the last decade, the International Game Developers Association (IGDA) has considered the lack of diversity in the game industry workforce a quality of life issue. Using the results of our recent study on demographics of undergraduate students in game degree programs, we compare our data against data reported in the 2005 IGDA Quality of Life survey. The most significant result of this study is that gender diversity in the current group of undergraduate students studying games is statistically the same as that reported within the industry seven years ago, with an approximate 8 to 1 ratio of males to ...


The Impacts Of Societal Context On Student Motivation And Engagement, Jonathan Stolk Sep 2013

The Impacts Of Societal Context On Student Motivation And Engagement, Jonathan Stolk

Jonathan Stolk

Promoting a sense of societal connectedness is critical in today’s engineering educational environment. The NAE’s Grand Challenges for Engineering point to broad human concerns — sustainability, health, vulnerability, and joy of living — and human connectivity as the future of engineering problem solving. Engineering studies, however, are often presented in a completely decontextualized manner, with an emphasis on technical content that is free of any human meaning. As a result, students may have difficulty identifying either personal or societal value in their learning tasks. Through their course design, instructors can help students situate themselves and their engineering learning experiences within ...


An Interactive Exploration Of Gender And Engineering: Unpacking The Experience, Debbie Chachra, Lynn Stein, Alisha Sarang-Sieminski, Caitrin Lynch, Yevgeniya Zastavker Sep 2013

An Interactive Exploration Of Gender And Engineering: Unpacking The Experience, Debbie Chachra, Lynn Stein, Alisha Sarang-Sieminski, Caitrin Lynch, Yevgeniya Zastavker

Alisha L. Sarang-Sieminski

The engineering student experience is understood to differ for male and female students; gendered interactions affect the development of academic and professional role confidence, as well as engineering identity. The purpose of this session is twofold. First, we aim to introduce participants to concepts of gender schemas, privilege, and identity using a range of interactive activities, including brainstorming and structured discussion. Second, we intend to share information about and obtain feedback on a Gender Discussion Exploration Kit, which the participants will be encouraged to review, use, and share at their home institutions.


Evaluating A Prospective Student Mentoring Program, Amber Settle Jun 2013

Evaluating A Prospective Student Mentoring Program, Amber Settle

Amber Settle

No abstract provided.


Engineering Technology Management Graduate Student Online Learning Preferences, Mark Doggett Jun 2013

Engineering Technology Management Graduate Student Online Learning Preferences, Mark Doggett

Mark Doggett

As online graduate programs continue to grow, so does the availability of learning media and delivery tools. Faculty and students are increasingly using web-based means of communication such as blogs, wikis, discussion boards, and collaborative tools in addition to assigning traditional readings, lecture notes, homework, writing exercises, and examinations. There have always been multiple choices available to instructors for the delivery of content and the assessment of learning, but now there are more varieties of instructional technologies from which to choose. Given the choice, are there certain online approaches that engineering technology management graduate students prefer? Qualitative and quantitative data ...


Nanoscience For All: Strategies For Teaching Nanoscience To Undergraduate Freshmen Science And Non-Science Majors, Thomas Tretter, M. Jones, Michael Falvo May 2013

Nanoscience For All: Strategies For Teaching Nanoscience To Undergraduate Freshmen Science And Non-Science Majors, Thomas Tretter, M. Jones, Michael Falvo

Thomas Tretter

As the field of nanoscience continues to grow, there is an ongoing need for effective courses that communicate key nanoscience concepts to college students, including students who may not intend to pursue a science-related major. The semester-long course described here targeted first-year college students who are eligible for the course regardless of intended major. Foundational course design elements, including purposes, goals, and pedagogical strategies, are shared from the perspective of the instructor. Two core pedagogical strategies that served as a framework for much of the course included: a) concepts of spatial scale as an organizational schema; and b) the use ...


Anatomy Of An “Instruction Plan”: Information Literacy, Abet Lifelong Learning, And The Engineering Curriculum, Debbie Morrow May 2013

Anatomy Of An “Instruction Plan”: Information Literacy, Abet Lifelong Learning, And The Engineering Curriculum, Debbie Morrow

Debbie Morrow

Planning library instruction to help disciplinary departments meet accreditation is a strong way for academic libraries to demonstrate value. During 2012 the Liaison Librarians at Grand Valley State University undertook a new initiative to develop “instruction plans” for each of our liaison departments. The goal of a departmental instruction plan is to profile the curriculum in a discipline and strategically identify prospective courses for offering library instructional support where the greatest number of students can experience the most benefit, relevant to specific assignments and discipline-specific skill areas. The plan also captures specific information literacy core competencies that the librarian plans ...


Wireless Transmission Network : A Imagine, Radhey Shyam Meena Apr 2013

Wireless Transmission Network : A Imagine, Radhey Shyam Meena

Radhey Shyam Meena

World cannot be imagined without electrical power. Generally the power is transmitted through transmission networks. This paper describes an original idea to eradicate the hazardous usage of electrical wires which involve lot of confusion in particularly organizing them. Imagine a future in which wireless power transfer is feasible: cell phones, household robots, mp3 players, laptop computers and other portable electronic devices capable of charging themselves without ever being plugged in freeing us from that final ubiquitous power wire. This paper includes the techniques of transmitting power without using wires with an efficiency of about 95% with non-radioactivemethods. In this paper ...


Rethinking Classroom Participation, Rita Gardiner Mar 2013

Rethinking Classroom Participation, Rita Gardiner

Rita A Gardiner

Within the classroom, feelings of alienation can adversely affect students’ ability to speak, and thus serve to reproduce social inequities. This is especially the case with some first year students who may not have had many opportunities to speak, as well as students from different cultures where talking in class may not be the norm. To help mitigate power imbalances, it is necessary to develop a diversity of teaching practices and approaches to learning to ensure that each student feels that her class participation counts. In this workshop, I want to consider ways in which it is possible to encourage ...


Measurements Of Nh3 Linestrengths And Collisional Broadening Coefficients In N2, O2, Co2, And H2o Near 1103.46 Cm−1, Kyle Owen, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Aamir Farooq Feb 2013

Measurements Of Nh3 Linestrengths And Collisional Broadening Coefficients In N2, O2, Co2, And H2o Near 1103.46 Cm−1, Kyle Owen, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Aamir Farooq

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Laser-based ammonia gas sensors have useful applications in many fields including combustion, atmospheric monitoring, and medical diagnostics. Calibration-free trace gas sensors require the spectroscopic parameters including linestrengths and collisional broadening coefficients to be known. Ammonia's strong ν2 vibrational band between View the MathML source has the high absorption strength needed for sensing small concentrations. Within this band, the 1103.46 cm−1 feature is one of the strongest and has minimal interference from CO2 and H2O. However, the six rotational transitions that make up this feature have not been studied previously with absorption spectroscopy due to their small line ...


A Multicultural Comparison Of Engineering Students: Implications To Teaching And Learning, Zaki Shkair Seddigi, Luiz Fernando Capretz, David House Feb 2013

A Multicultural Comparison Of Engineering Students: Implications To Teaching And Learning, Zaki Shkair Seddigi, Luiz Fernando Capretz, David House

Luiz Fernando Capretz

Problem statement: Personality considerations have become increasingly important in recent years, but studies involving the personality characteristics of engineers have been scarcely reported. Engineers today are expected to have a broader range of skills than in the recent past because users are now equally concerned with the technical as well as the personal services provided by engineers. Approach: A multicultural personality profile of engineering students had been presented in this study. The MBTI was used as an instrument to sort personality types of engineering students at both King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals in Saudi Arabia and University of ...


The Effective Use Of Research Tools And Resources, Nader Ale Ebrahim Jan 2013

The Effective Use Of Research Tools And Resources, Nader Ale Ebrahim

Nader Ale Ebrahim

This presentation is prepared to help scholars who seek to reduce the search time by extending the knowledge of researchers to more effectively use the “Research Tools" that are available through the Net.


Effects Of N2o And O2 Addition To Nitrogen Townsend Dielectric Barrier Discharges At Atmospheric Pressure On The Absolute Ground-State Atomic Nitrogen Density, Et. Es-Sebbar, N. Gherardi, F. Massines Jan 2013

Effects Of N2o And O2 Addition To Nitrogen Townsend Dielectric Barrier Discharges At Atmospheric Pressure On The Absolute Ground-State Atomic Nitrogen Density, Et. Es-Sebbar, N. Gherardi, F. Massines

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Absolute ground-state density of nitrogen atoms N (2p3 4S3/2) in non-equilibrium Townsend dielectric barrier discharges (TDBDs) at atmospheric pressure sustained in N2/N2O and N2/O2 gas mixtures has been measured using Two-photon absorption laser-induced fluorescence (TALIF) spectroscopy. The quantitative measurements have been obtained by TALIF calibration using krypton as a reference gas. We previously reported that the maximum of N (2p3 4S3/2) atom density is around 3 × 1014 cm−3 in pure nitrogen TDBD, and that this maximum depends strongly on the mean energy dissipated in the gas. In the two gas mixtures studied here, results show ...


Inhibition Of Bacillus Cereus Growth By Bacteriocin Producing Bacillus Subtilis Isolated From Fermented Baobab Seeds (Maari) Is Substrate Dependent, Donatien Kaboré, Dennis S. Nielsen, Hagrétoui Sawadogo-Lingan, Bréhima Diawara, Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof., Mogens Jakobsen, Line Thorsen Jan 2013

Inhibition Of Bacillus Cereus Growth By Bacteriocin Producing Bacillus Subtilis Isolated From Fermented Baobab Seeds (Maari) Is Substrate Dependent, Donatien Kaboré, Dennis S. Nielsen, Hagrétoui Sawadogo-Lingan, Bréhima Diawara, Mamoudou H. Dicko Prof., Mogens Jakobsen, Line Thorsen

Pr. Mamoudou H. DICKO, PhD

Maari is a spontaneously alkaline fermented food condiment made from baobab tree seeds. Due to the spontaneous nature of maari fermentations growth of the opportunistic human pathogen Bacillus cereus is occasionally observed. Bacillus subtilis strains are important for alkaline seed fermentations because of their enzymatic activities contributing to desirable texture, flavor and pH development. Some B. subtilis strains have antimicrobial properties against B. cereus. In the present work, three bacteriocin producing B. subtilis strains (B3, B122 and B222) isolated from maari were tested. The production of antimicrobial activity by the three strains was found to be greatly influenced by the ...


Leveraging Machine-Learned Detectors Of Systematic Inquiry Behavior To Estimate And Predict Transfer Of Inquiry Skill, Ryan Baker, Michael Sao Pedro, Janice Gobert, Orlando Montalvo, Adam Nakama Dec 2012

Leveraging Machine-Learned Detectors Of Systematic Inquiry Behavior To Estimate And Predict Transfer Of Inquiry Skill, Ryan Baker, Michael Sao Pedro, Janice Gobert, Orlando Montalvo, Adam Nakama

Ryan S.J.d. Baker

We present work toward automatically assessing and estimating science inquiry skills as middle school students engage in inquiry within a physical science microworld. Towards accomplishing this goal, we generated machine‐learned models that can detect when students test their articulated hypotheses, design controlled experiments, and engage in planning behaviors using two inquiry support tools. Models were trained using labels generated through a new method of manually hand‐coding log files, “text replay tagging”. This approach led to detectors that can automatically and accurately identify these inquiry skills under student‐level cross‐validation. The resulting detectors can be applied at run ...


Career Advising Workshop Exercise For Software Engineers, Todd Sedano, Mikelynn Romero Dec 2012

Career Advising Workshop Exercise For Software Engineers, Todd Sedano, Mikelynn Romero

Todd Sedano

Carnegie Mellon University’s Silicon Valley Campus (CMU-SV) attracts science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) students who want to make an impact in Silicon Valley, an area known for its innovative and entrepreneurial culture. The goal of the various CMU-SV masters programs is to provide a transformative educational experience – one that changes how the students perform in the workplace. The students are immersed in a “learn-by-doing” environment that makes them valuable members of the workforce as they graduate with practical experience in high-demand technical areas.

Despite this “state-of-the-art” graduate education in software engineering and software management, when it comes time ...


Towards Automatically Detecting Whether Student Learning Is Shallow, Ryan Baker, Sujith Gowda, Albert Corbett, Lisa Rossi Dec 2012

Towards Automatically Detecting Whether Student Learning Is Shallow, Ryan Baker, Sujith Gowda, Albert Corbett, Lisa Rossi

Ryan S.J.d. Baker

Recent research has extended student modeling to infer not just whether a student knows a skill or set of skills, but also whether the student has achieved robust learning – learning that enables the student to transfer their knowledge and prepares them for future learning (PFL). However, a student may fail to have robust learning in two fashions: they may have no learning, or they may have shallow learning (learning that applies only to the current skill, and does not support transfer or PFL). Within this paper, we present automated detectors which identify shallow learners, who are likely to need different ...


Exploring The Factors That Motivate Female Students To Enroll And Persist In A Collegiate Stem Degree Program, Rosemary L. Edzie, Moe Alahmad Dec 2012

Exploring The Factors That Motivate Female Students To Enroll And Persist In A Collegiate Stem Degree Program, Rosemary L. Edzie, Moe Alahmad

Rosemary L Edzie

In the United States, collegiate enrollment in science and engineering programs continues to decline, while European and Asian universities have increased the number of science and engineering graduates. In addition, there is a growing concern over too few females enrolling and persisting in collegiate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) degree programs. Through increasing access to pre-collegiate STEM activities, providing a better understanding of STEM career choices, instilling of confidence in math and science, and establishing student and industry based mentoring programs, more female students will enroll and persist in collegiate STEM degree programs. This paper sets to explore the ...


1d Nanomaterials 2013, Steve Acquah Dec 2012

1d Nanomaterials 2013, Steve Acquah

Steve Acquah

The advent of nanotechnology, in its simplest form, through the words of R. Feynman inspired generations of scientists to keep pushing the boundaries of molecular assembly towards the atomic level. While the definition of nanotechnology has evolved over the years, the core principles are based on the control of molecular assemblies on the nanometre scale. Nanomaterials have become popular as a result of targeted funding for collaborative projects across scientific disciplines and the increase in public awareness. The consumer trend to make devices smaller and smarter has, in part, driven areas of research such as computing, with the modest overtones ...


Temperature-Dependent Absorption Cross-Section Measurements Of 1-Butene (1-C4h8) In Vuv And Ir, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Yves Benilan, Aamir Farooq Dec 2012

Temperature-Dependent Absorption Cross-Section Measurements Of 1-Butene (1-C4h8) In Vuv And Ir, Et-Touhami Es-Sebbar, Yves Benilan, Aamir Farooq

Dr. Et-touhami Es-sebbar

Vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and infrared (IR) absorption cross-section measurements of 1-butene (1-C4H8; CH2=CHCH2CH3; Butylene) are reported over the temperature range of 296–529 K. The VUV measurements are performed between 115 and 205 nm using synchrotron radiation as a tunable VUV light source. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy is employed to measure absorption cross-section and band strengths in the IR region between 1.54 and 25 μm (∼6500–400 cm−1). The measured room-temperature VUV and IR absorption cross-sections are compared with available literature data and are found to be in good agreement. The oscillator strength for the electronic ...