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2016

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Full-Text Articles in Education

'Whose Goals Am I Meeting?' Policy And Practice Dilemmas In Adult Basic Education (Abe) In The Era Of Accountability, Alma Hallulli Biba Dec 2016

'Whose Goals Am I Meeting?' Policy And Practice Dilemmas In Adult Basic Education (Abe) In The Era Of Accountability, Alma Hallulli Biba

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

For the last two decades, federal legislation and Massachusetts’ state ABE policies have linked adult learners’ educational outcomes to performance systems and accountability requirements. These outcomes, represented as ‘goals’, reflect an emphasis on return-on-investment strategies and outcome-based accountability measures. Greatest emphasis is placed on that subset of adult learners’ goals that are easily measured, attainable, and that are associated with public outcomes. This dissertation, in contrast, seeks to understand the goal setting process from the perspective of learners and local ABE stakeholders. Using a novel, mixed-method approach, this dissertation presents ABE learners’ goal setting as a decision problem in order ...


Experiences Of Trust In Longer-Lasting Formal Youth Mentoring Relationships, Michelle Levine Dec 2016

Experiences Of Trust In Longer-Lasting Formal Youth Mentoring Relationships, Michelle Levine

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this longitudinal qualitative study was to investigate youth experiences of trust and mentor experiences supporting youth trust in longer-term formal youth mentoring relationships. Trust was defined as youth relying on and confiding in their mentors based on experiences of mentor reliability, honesty, and emotional sensitivity and protection from emotional harm. Thematic analysis was conducted on interview data from a longitudinal dataset, involving analysis of narratives from interviews (n=147) with youth, mentors, and parents for mentoring matches that lasted at least two years. Overall, participants in this study identified multiple ways trust was experienced by youth and ...


Boundary Spanning, Networking, And Sensemaking/Sensegiving: How Career Services Directors Enact Mid-Level Leadership, Linda Kent Davis Dec 2016

Boundary Spanning, Networking, And Sensemaking/Sensegiving: How Career Services Directors Enact Mid-Level Leadership, Linda Kent Davis

Graduate Doctoral Dissertations

This study seeks to understand higher education leadership overall by exploring how mid-level leadership is enacted by career services directors. Given that higher education institutions are facing a wide range of challenges that require an equally wide range of skills to address them, colleges and universities may need to become more inclusive regarding who contributes to institutional leadership. Mid-level leadership is defined in this study as a process of social interaction that originates with a middle manager and that cuts across functional areas and/or hierarchical levels to impact institutional goals. Three research questions frame the study: 1) How do ...


Closing The Achievement Gap In Mathematics For Students With Learning Disabilities Utilizing The Resource Room As An Intervention, Esta H. Brownstein Dec 2016

Closing The Achievement Gap In Mathematics For Students With Learning Disabilities Utilizing The Resource Room As An Intervention, Esta H. Brownstein

Fischler College of Education: Theses and Dissertations

Students with learning disabilities are placed in general education classrooms in increasing numbers. Many of these students receive additional services in Resource Room programs taught by a special education teacher. The intent of this study was to determine if students with disabilities, who were struggling in mathematics, increased achievement utilizing Resource Room instruction as an intervention. Students in the study were in 3rd, 4th, and 5th grades and performed at least one grade level below expectations for that grade in mathematics. All of the students had a specific learning disability. This study investigated the correlation, if any, between the amounts ...


Adapted Primary Literature (Apl): An Effective Authentic Text Option For The Science Classroom, Lauren C. Thresh Dec 2016

Adapted Primary Literature (Apl): An Effective Authentic Text Option For The Science Classroom, Lauren C. Thresh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The intention of this literature review is to advocate for the incorporation of Adapted Primary Literature (APL) into secondary science classroom instruction in order to aid such science curriculum in achieving balanced authenticity. APL is a valuable instructional text option due to its novel design, an optimal compromise between authenticity and accessibility. APL is a superior reflection of authentic science as it is for professionals of science and in representation of the nature of science (NOS) than Secondary Literature (SL) and textbooks, the dominating scientific text genres of most secondary science classroom instruction. Yet, APL is more accessible in text ...


Discovering Dyslexia: A Phenomenological Study Of Dyslexia Experiences Across Age Groups, Shauna A. Karloski Dec 2016

Discovering Dyslexia: A Phenomenological Study Of Dyslexia Experiences Across Age Groups, Shauna A. Karloski

Master of Education Research Theses

This phenomenological study focuses on this research question: What types of experiences do students identified early with dyslexia have in comparison to those identified at a later stage in life? Five children and three adults ranging in age from 8-years-old to middle-age were asked to participate in this study. Each participant was interviewed about their diagnosis of dyslexia and what it is like to cope with the disorder in school and everyday life. Participants' accounts were reviewed and organized according to 11 major themes. These themes were compared and contrasted across age groups to look for similarities and differences in ...


Online Versus On-Ground: Student Outcomes And The Influence Of Student Engagement In A College Success Course, Theresa Elizabeth Orosz Dec 2016

Online Versus On-Ground: Student Outcomes And The Influence Of Student Engagement In A College Success Course, Theresa Elizabeth Orosz

Theses and Dissertations

Online course enrollments are growing despite concerns about higher withdrawal rates and lower persistence rates, academic performance, and levels of engagement (Bambara, Harbour, Davies, & Athey, 2009; Blackner, 2000; Jaggars & Xu, 2010; Xu & Jaggars, 2011). College success courses, which are meant to bolster new students' academic skills and foster engagement, are being offered online, placing academically inexperienced students in a high risk learning environment. This mixed methods study sought to understand the experience of community college students enrolled in online and on-ground sections of a college success course and how engagement may have influenced their outcomes. Despite similarly optimistic outlooks about course learning outcomes achievement, online students fared significantly worse than their on-ground peers in terms of final exam grades, overall course grades, and term GPA. While course abandonment occurred in the online sections, withdrawal and persistence rates were not significantly different; however more online students returned in the next semester on a part time basis. For both groups of students, academic engagement exceeded social engagement, as time and technology impacted their approach to the course. The challenges first semester online students encounter and the limitations of the Learning Management System as a measure of engagement are discussed, along with implications for practitioners and recommendations for future research.


Study Skills Self Monitoring For Adolescents With Adhd, Rachel Michelle Lesse Dec 2016

Study Skills Self Monitoring For Adolescents With Adhd, Rachel Michelle Lesse

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to see how self-monitoring affected academic progress among high school aged students with ADHD. Students were monitored throughout their study skills class period, where they learned to monitor themselves by assessing a variety of factors, such as personal grades, missing assignments, and personal reflection. Of the three students monitored, two increased grades in most of their academic subjects, and all increased their homework production post intervention. The study did not go without various limitations, however future implications are discussed as to the importance of this study.


Bayou: An Original Book For Children, Taylor Hodges Dec 2016

Bayou: An Original Book For Children, Taylor Hodges

Graduate Student Independent Studies

Bayou is an original picture book for children between the ages of four and six years old. Bayou is a sweet, fun-loving young cheetah. There is just one thing very different about him: he likes to take his time. He moves very slowly and enjoys playing checkers and doing puzzles. He moves so slowly that his best friend is actually a turtle. Bayou’s two older brothers do not understand how a cheetah, an animal born to be fast, can live life always moving so slowly. One day, his brothers are running around extremely fast and carelessly as usual, and ...


Examination Of The Collaboration Between Career Technical Education And Core Teachers In Linked Learning Pathways, Lucia M. Van Scyoc Dec 2016

Examination Of The Collaboration Between Career Technical Education And Core Teachers In Linked Learning Pathways, Lucia M. Van Scyoc

Dissertations

Purpose. The purpose of this mixed methods study was to determine how teachers in Linked Learning Pathways rate the effectiveness and identify the impact of the collaboration strategies of a shared purpose, interdependent team and focus on results as they are used in the integration of career and technical education and core academic courses. This also included identifying and describing the criteria used by teachers to determine positive impact in identifying positive collaboration strategies.

Methodology. A mixed method research design, consisting of quantitative and qualitative data, was used to conduct this study. Specifically, an explanatory sequential design model starting with ...


Describing Transformations: A Math 8 Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Jessica Stam Dec 2016

Describing Transformations: A Math 8 Unit Plan Aligned To The New York State Common Core And Learning Standards, Jessica Stam

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project focuses on the 8th Grade Mathematics unit: Transformations. The project was developed as a resource for teachers transitioning to the new Common Core State Standards (CCSS). The unit plan is aligned to the New York State Common Core State Standards (NYSCCSS) and the New York State Standards for Mathematical Practices. The unit plan addresses all mathematical practice standards with emphasis on (2) Reason abstractly and quantitatively and (5) use appropriate tools strategically. The lessons in this unit plan, should be used as guide and alternate resource to support teachers who work in states where CCSS has been ...


Exploring The Lived Experiences Of Exemplary National Blue Ribbon Elementary School Teachers In Improving Student Learning Through Effective Coaching Conversations With Their Principals: A Phenomenological Study, Kristin Watson Dec 2016

Exploring The Lived Experiences Of Exemplary National Blue Ribbon Elementary School Teachers In Improving Student Learning Through Effective Coaching Conversations With Their Principals: A Phenomenological Study, Kristin Watson

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to discover and describe how exemplary National Blue Ribbon Elementary School teachers improve student learning through effective coaching conversations with their principals. A second purpose was to explore the barriers they encountered to holding these conversations and actions they took to overcome barriers. The theoretical framework for this study was grounded in Lev Vygotsky’s sociohistorical viewpoints of development which relies on social interaction as an ingredient in the process of learning.

Methodology: This study employed a qualitative methodology utilizing in-depth and semi-structured interviews of 12 participants. Participants were identified in collaboration with ...


Exploring The Lived Experiences Of Exemplary National Blue Ribbon Elementary School Principals In Improving Student Learning Through Effective Coaching Conversations With Their Teachers: A Phenomenological Study, Colleen Flavin Dec 2016

Exploring The Lived Experiences Of Exemplary National Blue Ribbon Elementary School Principals In Improving Student Learning Through Effective Coaching Conversations With Their Teachers: A Phenomenological Study, Colleen Flavin

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to discover and describe how exemplary National Blue Ribbon elementary school principals improve student learning through effective coaching conversations with their teachers. A second purpose was to explore the barriers they encountered to holding these conversations and the actions to overcome these barriers.

Methodology: This study utilized a phenomenological design. The primary source of data collection was a standardized open-ended interviews. Using inductive analysis, the data were coded and themes were identified that aligned to the research questions.

Findings: Data analysis revealed that exemplary National Blue Ribbon elementary school principals used coaching conversations ...


Students' Lived Experiences Of The Realization Of Academic Wrongness (Raw), Dana Carol Kemery Dec 2016

Students' Lived Experiences Of The Realization Of Academic Wrongness (Raw), Dana Carol Kemery

Theses and Dissertations

Being wrong is a common phenomenon for students in academic environments; however this phenomenon has yet to be described from the student perspective. The purpose of this phenomenologic inquiry is to describe the realization of academic wrongness (RAW) as experienced by senior level nursing students during a high stakes testing period. Observations, class documents, communications, and semi-structured interviews were collected to gain a full description for the realization of academic wrongness within context and as this phenomenon unfolded for the students. The data were analyzed using Moustakas (1994) 7 step phenomenological process. Fourteen invariant constituents emerged during data analysis which ...


Public College Lobbying And Institutional Appropriations: The Role Of Lobbying In State Higher Education Budgets, Andrew Brackett Dec 2016

Public College Lobbying And Institutional Appropriations: The Role Of Lobbying In State Higher Education Budgets, Andrew Brackett

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The higher education literature has developed a growing number of frameworks identifying the economic, demographic, and political influences on state support for public colleges and universities. Among the important political factors that affect state support, the role of lobbying has been highlighted by many authors as an important factor for future study, especially in light of the growing state lobbying forces present in legislatures across the country. Although some studies have incorporated aggregate measures of lobbying in comparative state support studies, the power of institutional lobbying as it relates to appropriations and other forms of support remains understudied in the ...


Contemporary Strategies For The 21st Century Curriculum And Modern Student In English Language Arts, Shannon Ekas Dec 2016

Contemporary Strategies For The 21st Century Curriculum And Modern Student In English Language Arts, Shannon Ekas

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The 21st century has significantly changed socially, economically, and naturally from previous centuries. This affects every aspect of life, especially major aspects of life such as education. Today, the modern student needs different forms of support and instruction from their teachers in order to thrive academically in school. This thesis explores the strategies and mindsets that teachers must implement in the 21st century English Language Arts (ELA) classroom, influenced by the modern student’s world. Specifically, this research focuses on using research-based, contemporary strategies and educational technology to enhance a learning environment that fosters culturally-responsive and student-centered teaching instruction in ...


How Do We Educate Children That Live In A Water Rich Environment About The Need For Water Conservation?, Theresa Marie Vermeersch Dec 2016

How Do We Educate Children That Live In A Water Rich Environment About The Need For Water Conservation?, Theresa Marie Vermeersch

School of Education Student Capstone Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this curriculum development Capstone was to create a unit of lessons to address how we educate children that live in a water rich environment about the need for water conservation. The curriculum contains lessons in a kit that educate children about water cycles, water sheds, water run-off, water pollution, and water conservation. Methods of teaching include hands-on lessons, small and large group activities that incorporate literature. The overall goal is to create curriculum that would foster a sense of water conservation stewardship in students. Included with this curriculum are copies of handouts, assessments, and literature.


Disrupting Poverty: The Impact Of Academic Optimism And Organizational Citizenship Behaviors On Student Achievement In California High-Poverty Secondary Charter Schools, Derek King Dec 2016

Disrupting Poverty: The Impact Of Academic Optimism And Organizational Citizenship Behaviors On Student Achievement In California High-Poverty Secondary Charter Schools, Derek King

Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Disrupting Poverty: The Impact of Academic Optimism and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors on Student Achievement in California High-Poverty Secondary Charter Schools

by Derek King

One of the byproducts of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was the commissioning of a study by the United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare to better understand the disposition of the nation’s educational system. By 1966, the most comprehensive educational study to date was completed, the Equality of Educational Opportunity (Coleman et al., 1966). The findings shocked the nation by concluding that familial poverty restricted a student’s academic achievement, rendering all ...


Teaching The First: A Phenomenological Study Of Southeastern Community College Instructors Communicating With First-Generation College Students, Tanyanika Mattos Dec 2016

Teaching The First: A Phenomenological Study Of Southeastern Community College Instructors Communicating With First-Generation College Students, Tanyanika Mattos

All Theses And Dissertations

This phenomenological research study explored eight Southeastern community college instructors communicating with first-generation college students, specifically the lived experiences of community college instructors as they taught developmental education. The participated included a lawyer, health care executive, and engineer, psychologist, bookkeeper, health sciences professional, and education specialist and computer information systems professional. Pre-interviews, interviews and an electronic survey were utilized to obtain the data on the phenomenon. This phenomenological data analysis process offered a structured analysis process that is reflective and grounded in vibrant descriptions. During the interview, all forms were used to document responses of interviewees. The interviews were interpreted ...


Faculty Peer Review In Teacher Preparation: Does Peer Review Lead To Instructional Change?, Shelly Tennett Dec 2016

Faculty Peer Review In Teacher Preparation: Does Peer Review Lead To Instructional Change?, Shelly Tennett

All Theses And Dissertations

This action research case study investigated the impact of reciprocal peer review on the instructional practices of faculty in a teacher preparation program. The participants in this study were all teaching faculty in the teacher preparation program at a small private university in Maine. Based on the established research proving that peer review is an effective way to aid teachers in reflection and collaboration, this action research case study examined peer review as an avenue to improve teaching practice in a teacher preparation program. The positive outcomes of the implementation of peer review in teacher preparation were evident through review ...


An Orphanage In Mexico: Four United Nations' Human Rights Of Children And Wolins' Prerequisites For Efficient Group Care Through The View Of The Manager And Staff, Lucia Beatriz Quesnel Galván Dec 2016

An Orphanage In Mexico: Four United Nations' Human Rights Of Children And Wolins' Prerequisites For Efficient Group Care Through The View Of The Manager And Staff, Lucia Beatriz Quesnel Galván

Dissertations and Theses

In Mexico there are officially 1.8 million orphaned children, without counting non-orphaned children deprived of family, who also need care; of these, only 657,000 are living in 703 orphanages. Mexico's government invests less than 2% of its budget toward protection of children. There is a lack of substantive research or official assessment of orphanages. According to the scant research found, the children's human rights most frequently violated in Mexican orphanages are the rights to nutrition and health care, to be protected from further victimization, to free expression and participation, and to not be exploited. This study ...


Teacher/Student Interpersonal Engagement And Customer Service Principles: A Phenomenological Study, Juanita Takeno Dec 2016

Teacher/Student Interpersonal Engagement And Customer Service Principles: A Phenomenological Study, Juanita Takeno

All Theses And Dissertations

The importance of understanding the effects of teacher and student engagement in online learning is especially pertinent to the online teacher and the online student as well as the college as a whole. This qualitative phenomenological study involved discovering if interpersonal online engagement between teacher and student involved those principles used in business customer service. The focus of this phenomenological study is on the lived experience of online students relative to interpersonal engagement – it is about the students’ stories. Accordingly, the questions asked what the participants felt when their teachers were engaged and if the engagement was augmented with customer ...


Elementary Students’ And Teachers’ Perceptions Of Flipped Mathematics Lessons, Susan Grace Edwards Mosher Dec 2016

Elementary Students’ And Teachers’ Perceptions Of Flipped Mathematics Lessons, Susan Grace Edwards Mosher

All Theses And Dissertations

Flipped learning is a pedagogical model that allows more time for students to engage in active learning in the classroom because direct instruction is moved to video and watched outside of class time. Although many studies have shown the effectiveness of this strategy, previous perceptional studies have primarily focused on flipped learning through the lens of high school students and adult learners. This study was designed to explore elementary students’ and teachers’ perceptions of flipped learning in mathematics. A descriptive qualitative case study was conducted in a suburban elementary school in North Carolina. Three fifth grade teachers and fifteen of ...


A Phenomenological Inquiry Into The Perceptions Of E-Leaders On Virtual Team Leadership, Deann Chriestenson Dec 2016

A Phenomenological Inquiry Into The Perceptions Of E-Leaders On Virtual Team Leadership, Deann Chriestenson

All Theses And Dissertations

Corporations are facing a more complex and challenging global business environment, and many have implemented a virtual workforce to maintain their competitive advantage through maximizing productivity, reducing product time to market, and cost reduction. The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to gain a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of virtual leadership, as seen through the eyes of study participants (Merriam, 2009). Participants included fifteen Fortune 500 virtual team leaders who had prior experience leading traditional co-located teams. Data collected through telephone interviews were transcribed verbatim and NVivo 11 assisted in the coding, analyses, and presentation. The data analysis ...


A Case Study Of Teachers’ Perceptions On Teacher Leadership As A Model For School Improvement In Sig Schools, Tony Minney Dec 2016

A Case Study Of Teachers’ Perceptions On Teacher Leadership As A Model For School Improvement In Sig Schools, Tony Minney

All Theses And Dissertations

Developing teacher leadership in a rural, geographical isolated SIG school is a difficult task toward school turnaround. This research explored the impact of teacher leadership on the School Improvement Grant (SIG) process, the development of teacher leadership model standards, and the school improvement evaluation process through the qualitative method of case study analysis. This single case study was conducted at one designated SIG funded school in central West Virginia. The case study focused on understanding the impact teacher leadership had on the implementation of the SIG school improvement process. This study was based on 14 participant interviews that were transcribed ...


Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold Dec 2016

Strategies To Support Student Argument And Argumentative Writing In A Secondary Stem Classroom, Laura Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Argumentation is a critical goal of today’s schools as a way to develop rational citizens who can critique the validity claims about phenomenon in society and the natural world. This work reviews current educational research about the best practices when it comes to teaching and using argumentation in STEM disciplines. As a result of this literature review, three strategies are identified and implemented in a secondary STEM classroom to determine their impact. The specific strategies used to support argumentation were a clear argument structure, collaborative discourse, and engaging, inquiry based tasks. While the sample size is small, the literature ...


How Choice Influences Student Engagement And Motivation: A Case Study, Natalie K. Memmel Dec 2016

How Choice Influences Student Engagement And Motivation: A Case Study, Natalie K. Memmel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This capstone explores how choice influences student motivation and engagement in literacy. With observations, student and parent interviews, literacy based activities, and a student self-reflection. The participant is studied based on his motivation and engagement when choice is provided and when it is not. The parent participant is studied based on her parental involvement and influence on the student participant. The purpose of this study is to gain insight on how to implement choice for this specific student in and outside of the classroom, and how that influences his motivation and engagement in literacy. The study also aims to get ...


Factors That Influence The Gap In Literacy Achievement For Emergent Literacy Male Students, Samantha Tumminelli Dec 2016

Factors That Influence The Gap In Literacy Achievement For Emergent Literacy Male Students, Samantha Tumminelli

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The article discusses the need of utilizing student choice in literacy materials within the classroom, especially with emerging male students. It states the gender gap that is seen between male and female students, and how important it is to attempt to close that gap. The author explores the role that student choice has on increasing student engagement, and levels of interest.


Motivating Students To Read: A Case Study, Samantha K. Ericksen Dec 2016

Motivating Students To Read: A Case Study, Samantha K. Ericksen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper explores various literacy techniques that can be used to motivate and engage students to read. The literacy techniques examined were student choice, student interest, rereading with a purpose, and book discussions. A case study was conducted to determine whether or not these techniques increased reading engagement and motivation.


Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder And Reading Comprehension: What Works And What Does Not?, Hannah Kruger Dec 2016

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder And Reading Comprehension: What Works And What Does Not?, Hannah Kruger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative case study explores the impact Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder has upon literacy learning. The purpose of this research is to not only explore the nature of FASD, but also aid in expanding the understanding of teachers and educators regarding particular teaching and learning strategies that may address the unique literacy needs of students diagnosed with FASD. Four reading comprehension strategies were introduced to the research participant over twelve weeks; the participant indicated that two of the strategies were most beneficial because they were not only highly structured, but also contained clear steps to follow, allowing for greater ease ...