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2014

University of Pennsylvania

GSE Publications

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Articles 1 - 30 of 31

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Discounting Trend At Us Universities, Alan Ruby Nov 2014

The Discounting Trend At Us Universities, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Few students in America are paying full price on fees, says Alan Ruby.


Minimising Brain Drain – The Pros And Cons, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov Nov 2014

Minimising Brain Drain – The Pros And Cons, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


An Hbcu-Based Educational Approach For Black College Student Success: Toward A Framework With Implications For All Institutions, Andrew Arroyo, Marybeth Gasman Nov 2014

An Hbcu-Based Educational Approach For Black College Student Success: Toward A Framework With Implications For All Institutions, Andrew Arroyo, Marybeth Gasman

GSE Publications

This conceptual study builds an institution-focused, non-Eurocentric, theoretical framework of black college student success. Specifically, the study synthesizes the relevant empirical research on the contributions historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have made for black student success, leading to an original model that all institutions can adapt to their contexts. Significantly, this is the first HBCU-based theoretical model to appear in the academic literature. The study concludes with several implications for research and practice, including testing the model and using it in institutional planning.


An Hbcu-Based Educational Approach For Black College Student Success: Toward A Framework With Implications For All Institutions, Marybeth Gasman, Andrew T. Arroyo Nov 2014

An Hbcu-Based Educational Approach For Black College Student Success: Toward A Framework With Implications For All Institutions, Marybeth Gasman, Andrew T. Arroyo

GSE Publications

This conceptual study builds an institution-focused, non-Eurocentric, theoretical framework of black college student success. Specifically, the study synthesizes the relevant empirical research on the contributions historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have made for black student success, leading to an original model that all institutions can adapt to their contexts. Significantly, this is the first HBCU-based theoretical model to appear in the academic literature. The study concludes with several implications for research and practice, including testing the model and using it in institutional planning.


State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Nov 2014

State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Fourteenth place. That's where the United States ranked in the proportion of 25- to 34-year-olds who achieved postsecondary degrees, according to a 2012 report by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unless the U.S. increases the share of the population that has completed a college degree, the country will lack the educational skills and training required to meet the workforce demands of a global economy. Sixty-three percent of job researchers predict, will require education beyond high school in 2018. For the U.S. to be competitive on a global scale, it must devote more effort to closing ...


A Welcome Clash Of Academic Cultures, Alan Ruby Oct 2014

A Welcome Clash Of Academic Cultures, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Alan Ruby reflects on an unscripted display of the differences between national research communities.


Teacher Churn In Missouri’S Five Biggest Cities, 2005-2014: A Briefing, Jill Bowdon, Robert Boruch Sep 2014

Teacher Churn In Missouri’S Five Biggest Cities, 2005-2014: A Briefing, Jill Bowdon, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

This policy brief:

(1) contrasts the proportion of math and science teachers who leave STEM fields within one year, three years, five years, and ten years with the proportion of English or Social Studies teachers who turnover during these intervals

(2) examines stability of the year-to-year turnover from STEM fields

(3) describes how teachers who leave math or science teaching assignments move into other STEM assignments, to non-STEM assignments, or leave the public schools of Missouri entirely, and

(4) describes the rates at which teachers who are still teaching in STEM fields remain in the same school and district, shift ...


The Small University With Big International Reach, Alan Ruby Sep 2014

The Small University With Big International Reach, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Valparaiso University’s message of knowledge, understanding, and faith means that it attracts a global student base, says Alan Ruby.


“Until I Became A Professional, I Was Not, Consciously, Indigenous”: One Intercultural Bilingual Educator’S Trajectory In Indigenous Language Revitalization, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2014

“Until I Became A Professional, I Was Not, Consciously, Indigenous”: One Intercultural Bilingual Educator’S Trajectory In Indigenous Language Revitalization, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Drawing from long-term ethnographic research in the Andes, this paper examines one Quechua-speaking Indigenous bilingual educator’s trajectory as she traversed (and traverses) from rural highland communities of southern Peru through development as teacher, teacher educator, researcher, and advocate for Indigenous identity and language revitalization across urban, periurban, and rural spaces. Neri Mamani grew up in highland Peru and at the time I met her in 2005 was a bilingual intercultural education practitioner enrolled in master’s studies at the Program for Professional Development in Bilingual Intercultural Education for the Andean Region (PROEIB-Andes) at the University of San Simón in ...


On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2014

On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

South African higher education is at a critical juncture in the implementation of South Africa’s multilingual language policy promoting institutional status for nine African languages, English, and Afrikaans. South African scholars, not content merely to comment from the sidelines on the policy, its promise, and challenges, have also engaged in implementation efforts. This article explores two such initiatives, both focusing on the use of African languages in higher education institutions where English is already established as the medium of instruction, and both undertaken with explicit goals of righting South Africa’s longstanding social injustices. I collaborated with colleagues at ...


Why State Leadership Matters For Improving Access To Higher Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Jul 2014

Why State Leadership Matters For Improving Access To Higher Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of Leanne Hinton, Bringing Our Languages Home: Language Revitalization For Families, Nancy H. Hornberger Jun 2014

Review Of Leanne Hinton, Bringing Our Languages Home: Language Revitalization For Families, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

How does one concretely go about reclaiming a heritage language with no living speakers? or with only a few members of an elder generation of native speakers? How does one do this within a family? an extended family? a school? a community? The authors in this book have tackled these questions in their own lives and share with us their wisdom, strategies, achievements, challenges, and hopes from the vantage point of twenty and more years of experience in these endeavors.


Making Sense Of A Looking Glass World, Robert M. Zemsky, Susan Shaman, Laura W. Perna May 2014

Making Sense Of A Looking Glass World, Robert M. Zemsky, Susan Shaman, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

As the Walrus in Lewis Carroll's knows, it is the sorting out that matters most. And in colleges and universities, just as in oysters, those of the largest size and most prestige will almost certainly insist on being grouped together, no matter what the consequences. Working with the support of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation we have set for ourselves the task of doing just that—using data drawn from the U.S. Department of Education's Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) to sort American colleges and universities into recognizable clusters that or segments that facilitate the making ...


Moocs And Fiscal Clouds Make Sunshine State Shiver, Alan Ruby May 2014

Moocs And Fiscal Clouds Make Sunshine State Shiver, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

Alan Ruby asks academics at Florida State College at Jacksonville what they have to offer that an online course does not.


Conflicting Ideologies Of Mexican Immigrant English Across Levels Of Schooling, Sarah Gallo, Holly Link, Elaine Allard, Stanton Wortham, Katherin Mortimer Apr 2014

Conflicting Ideologies Of Mexican Immigrant English Across Levels Of Schooling, Sarah Gallo, Holly Link, Elaine Allard, Stanton Wortham, Katherin Mortimer

GSE Publications

This article explores how language ideologies—beliefs about immigrant students’ language use—carry conflicting images of Spanish speakers in one New Latino Diaspora town. We describe how teachers and students encounter, negotiate, and appropriate divergent ideologies about immigrant students’ language use during routine schooling practices, and we show how these ideologies convey different messages about belonging to the community and to the nation. Although the concept of language ideology often assumes stable macrolevel beliefs, our data indicate that ideologies can vary dramatically in one town. Elementary educators and students had a positive, “bilinguals-in-the-making” ideology about Spanish-speaking students, while secondary educators ...


From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland Apr 2014

From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland

GSE Publications

This study describes the political and economic context of California and provides an overview of higher education performance during the last two decades. Our aim is to explore the policies in place within the state and the relationship between these policies and California’s declining higher education performance, and to call for a reexamination of these policies by stakeholders in order to help California meet its current and future economic needs.


Promoting College Access For All Students, Laura W. Perna Mar 2014

Promoting College Access For All Students, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


What Might We Learn From Research About Traditional Colleges And Universities, Laura W. Perna Mar 2014

What Might We Learn From Research About Traditional Colleges And Universities, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This conference seeks to establish the foundations of a research agenda for determining the performance of tax-paying colleges and universities and the contributions of these institutions to societal goals. This paper advances this agenda by considering lessons learned from research on “traditional” (that is, public and private not-for-profit) colleges and universities. The paper first identifies the societal purposes of higher education and then considers what we know from research about how well traditional higher education institutions achieve these societal purposes. The paper concludes with recommendations drawn from research on traditional colleges and universities that may help guide the establishment of ...


Promoting College Access And Success For All Students: The Promise Of New Technology, Laura W. Perna Mar 2014

Promoting College Access And Success For All Students: The Promise Of New Technology, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Renewing The Promise: State Policies To Improve Higher Education Performance, Joni E. Finney, Laura W. Perna, Patrick M. Callan Feb 2014

Renewing The Promise: State Policies To Improve Higher Education Performance, Joni E. Finney, Laura W. Perna, Patrick M. Callan

GSE Publications

As the need for a highly knowledgeable citizenry grows, fewer Americans are accessing training and education beyond high school. The failure to attain postsecondary degrees and workforce certificates is particularly pervasive among low-income and minority populations. An undereducated citizenry leaves the country at a competitive disadvantage, diminishes the middle class, and lowers the standard of living for more and more people. Although the federal government plays an important role in higher education, states bear the primary responsibility for developing their own public higher education systems, including policies for funding and governing higher education and for connecting higher education with public ...


Ranking And Rewarding Access: An Alternative College Scorecard, Heather W. Collins, Shawn M. Jenkins, Nika Strzelecka, Marybeth Gasman, Nicole Wang, Thai-Huy Nguyen Jan 2014

Ranking And Rewarding Access: An Alternative College Scorecard, Heather W. Collins, Shawn M. Jenkins, Nika Strzelecka, Marybeth Gasman, Nicole Wang, Thai-Huy Nguyen

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Reflections On Tinto's South Africa Lectures, Laura W. Perna Jan 2014

Reflections On Tinto's South Africa Lectures, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Providing reflections on Prof. Vincent Tinto's South Africa lectures is an incredibly honour. Like countless other scholars and practitioners in the field of higher educatin administration, I have long relied on Tinto's work to provide a foundation for my own efforts to understand how to improve students' college-related outcomes. In his first lecture, Tinto reflects on the "flash of recognition" that occurred when he learned about Durkheim's theory of suicide. Similarly, I vividly remember reading the second edition of his book, Leaving College (University of Chicago Press), in my apartment in Ann Arbor when I was a ...


Immigrant Spanish As Liability Or Asset? Generational Diversity In Language Ideologies At School, Elaine Allard, Katherine Mortimer, Sarah Gallo, Holly Link, Stanton Wortham Jan 2014

Immigrant Spanish As Liability Or Asset? Generational Diversity In Language Ideologies At School, Elaine Allard, Katherine Mortimer, Sarah Gallo, Holly Link, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

Latino students’ educational success is central to America’s prosperity—in traditional immigrant destinations and in New Latino Diaspora locations, previously unfamiliar with Latinos. Implicated in this success is the reception young immigrants receive, especially the ways in which they are identified in schools. We describe findings from 6 years of ethnographic research in a high school and an elementary school in the New Latino Diaspora and describe divergent ideologies of Mexican-immigrant Spanish circulating in each context. We show how monoglossic language ideologies in the 2 schools frame teenage immigrants as deficient and younger immigrant children as proficient. These ideologies ...


Gender Disparities At Historically Black Colleges And Universities, Marybeth Gasman, Ufuoma Abiola, Ashley Freeman Jan 2014

Gender Disparities At Historically Black Colleges And Universities, Marybeth Gasman, Ufuoma Abiola, Ashley Freeman

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Jan 2014

Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Once a world leader, the United States has fallen behind other nations in the educational attainment of its population. Although the percentage of adults age 45 to 54 who hold at least a baccalaureate degree is higher in the United States than in other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations, the United States now ranks below several other nations, including Norway, the Netherlands, Korea, New Zealand, Denmark, and Sweden, in the share of adults age 25 to 34 who hold this credential. While the U.S. invested heavily in the educational attainment of earlier generations, other nations have ...


Lessons Learned About Student Learning: Eight Test Cases, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2014

Lessons Learned About Student Learning: Eight Test Cases, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

The progress—and setbacks—of eight institutions that served as test cases have yielded a set of lessons about board oversight of educational quality from which others can benefit:

1 Ensure a sufficient institutional-assessment capacity.

2 Start with what you already have.

3 Make academic quality a priority of the boad and institutional leaders.

4 Attach the effort to other activities.

5 Educate the board on education.

6 Find the right focus.

7 Allow for targeted deeper dives.

8 Develop new board processes and use time differently.

9 Deepen the engagement of the board with faculty.


A Buyers' Guide To Branch Campuses?, Alan Ruby, Adriana Jaramillo Jan 2014

A Buyers' Guide To Branch Campuses?, Alan Ruby, Adriana Jaramillo

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Transferability And The Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools: Exploring Models Of Practice Transfer, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin Jan 2014

Transferability And The Nazarbayev Intellectual Schools: Exploring Models Of Practice Transfer, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


America's Public Hbcus: A Four State Comparison Of Institutional Capacity And State Funding Priorities, William Boland, Marybeth Gasman Jan 2014

America's Public Hbcus: A Four State Comparison Of Institutional Capacity And State Funding Priorities, William Boland, Marybeth Gasman

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Promoting Workforce Readiness For Urban Growth, Laura W. Perna Jan 2014

Promoting Workforce Readiness For Urban Growth, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Between 2003 and 2009, the gap between the educational attainment of the population and the educational demands of available jobs (that is, "structural unemployment") increased in all but four of the nation's hundred largest metropolitan areas (Rothwell and Berube 2011). Given that a larger education gap between the demand and supply of educated workers is associated with a higher unemployment rate in the metropolitan area (2011), these data demonstrate the need to imporve educational attainment in all metropolitan areas.