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1992

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Special Education and Teaching

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Self-Concepts Of Career Level Ii And Iii Teachers And Career Ladder Eligible Teachers In The Public Schools Of Tennessee, Lois C. Myers Dec 1992

Self-Concepts Of Career Level Ii And Iii Teachers And Career Ladder Eligible Teachers In The Public Schools Of Tennessee, Lois C. Myers

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a significant difference in the self concept of Career Level II and III teachers and teachers who are eligible to apply but have not elected to participate in the Career Ladder Program in the public schools of Tennessee. The technique of causal-comparative research was used in this study. The Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS), developed by William Fitts, was selected as the appropriate instrument for use in this study. The TSCS is a versatile instrument that measures ten dimensions related to self concept: total level of self esteem, self ...


The Effects Of An Integrated Environment On Specific Target Behaviors In Severely Impaired Young Children, Rosemarie R. Smith Dec 1992

The Effects Of An Integrated Environment On Specific Target Behaviors In Severely Impaired Young Children, Rosemarie R. Smith

Master's Theses

Four severely impaired children, ages four to seven, were integrated in a non-handicapped preschool setting during a free play period. A multiple baseline design was used to study the environment's effect on specific target behaviors. No intervention, other than the classroom setting, was implemented to effect levels of these behaviors. The results were mixed with one student showing a marked increased in the desired behavior from.136 occurrences per minute to 1.73 occurrences per minute. However, a second subject's desired behavior decreased from 2.0 occurrences per minute to.194 occurrences per minute. The target behaviors of ...


Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Special Education Students In Regular Classrooms, Gail Lysenko Aug 1992

Teachers’ Attitudes Toward Special Education Students In Regular Classrooms, Gail Lysenko

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the attitudes of teachers toward special education students and toward integrating them into regular classrooms.

The subjects involved were 269 teachers from an upstate New York suburban school district. Of those 269 subjects, 247 were regular education teachers and 22 were special education teachers. They were from nine different schools within the district (5 elementary, 2 middle schools, and 2 high schools).

There were two different surveys used in this study, one for regular education teachers and one for special education teachers. They were asked to fill out the survey anonymously and ...


An Investigation Of Source Memory In Learning Disabled Children, Roseanne Hatt Ewing Aug 1992

An Investigation Of Source Memory In Learning Disabled Children, Roseanne Hatt Ewing

Student Work

Recognition memory and memory for source information were examined in learning disabled (LD) and nondisabled (NLD) children in two experimental conditions. In the listen-listen condition (external source monitoring), subjects watched a videotape in which two girls completed sentences that were constructed so as to highly constrain a terminal noun. In the think-listen condition (reality monitoring), subjects were asked to imagine themselves completing some sentences and to listen as a girl on the videotape completed other sentences. In each of the two experimental conditions, half of the stimuli were presented once, and half were presented twice. Recognition memory and source memory ...


The Effectiveness Of Special Education Placement And Services: A Descriptive Study, Michelle D. Lewis Aug 1992

The Effectiveness Of Special Education Placement And Services: A Descriptive Study, Michelle D. Lewis

Master's Theses

This descriptive study evaluated the effectiveness of special education placement and services over a three year period o f time. The files of seventeen students were chosen for the study. The study took place in two school districts in Southwestern Michigan.

The findings from this study indicate that: (a) there was an increase in test scores in the area of Performance IQ, and (b) there was a significant decrease in test scores in the area o f Math Calculation. There was a general trend, although not significant, of a decrease in scores in all areas of ability and achievement except ...


Stability Of Wisc-R Scores Between Triennial Evaluations Of Learning Disabled Students, Norman J. Wozny Jun 1992

Stability Of Wisc-R Scores Between Triennial Evaluations Of Learning Disabled Students, Norman J. Wozny

Student Work

Recent studies of intelligence test score stability among learning disabled children have reported adequate stability when correlational and analysis of variance (ANOVA) techniques were used. However, less than adequate score stability has been found when individual scores were examined. The present study explores the test-retest stability of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-R) using three statistical methods: Pearson product-moment correlation, analysis of variance, and an examination of individual scores. Regression to the mean is also examined. While reasonably high levels of stability are concluded by the Pearson product-moment correlations, significant drops in Verbal and Full Scale IQ scores between ...


Deliberate Response Falsification On Corresponding Subtests Of Two Tests Of Intelligence: Indicators For Simulating Mental Retardation, Denis William Keyes May 1992

Deliberate Response Falsification On Corresponding Subtests Of Two Tests Of Intelligence: Indicators For Simulating Mental Retardation, Denis William Keyes

Special Education ETDs

Among concerns inherent in psychological testing is the possibility that examinees might perform less than accurately or honestly when responding to test items (Lezak, 1983). In context of some legal proceedings, individuals may stand to gain by performing poorly on physiological tests (Anastasti, 1988). For example, defendants could attempt to falsify their answers to impersonate an individual with mental retardation for the purpose of raising issues of incompetence to stand trial, nonresponsibility, or mitigation. In some states, a finding of mental retardation may mean the difference between a life sentence and execution for a defendant convicted of a capital crime ...


Spontaneous Communication With The Autistic Child: A Single Subject Design, Amy Norris Apr 1992

Spontaneous Communication With The Autistic Child: A Single Subject Design, Amy Norris

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Many studies have researched time delay procedures and generalization but there is little existing literature as to using the computer as a communication device with autistic children. The purpose of this study was to show how time delay procedures could increase spontaneous communication in a autistic child on a computer. The subject for this study is an eleven year old autistic male. His speech has been labeled dysparxic, and he has Tourette's Syndrome. A multiple probe design was used to collect the data. Descriptive statistics and point-by-point method (number of immediate responses divided by number of immediate responses plus ...


Direct And Indirect Testing Of Memory In Children With Learning Disabilities, Janette L. Sodoro Apr 1992

Direct And Indirect Testing Of Memory In Children With Learning Disabilities, Janette L. Sodoro

Student Work

This study examined the relation between performance on direct and indirect measures of memory for pictures and words in children with learning disabilities. Recognition memory provided the direct measure and the magnitude of naming facilitation provided the indirect measure. Fourth grade learning disabled and nonlearning disabled children were asked to study a mixed list of pictures and words. A naming/recognition task was administered immediately following the study phase, as well as the following day. In addition, source memory was measured immediately following each recognition decision. For each item recognized as "old", subjects were required to render a decision about ...


Childhood Depression: A Comprehensive Literature Review, Gun-Choon Lydia Lee Jan 1992

Childhood Depression: A Comprehensive Literature Review, Gun-Choon Lydia Lee

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

Depression in children was found to be a serious psychological disorder that warranted clinical attention. Childhood depression was neither normal developmental phenomena nor transient disturbances that the children outgrew. The people in Korea are rarely aware of depression in children. In fact, they do not believe in the existence of depression in children. But traditional morals and family structure have rapidly changed since the 1970's. Children who grow up in a nuclear family do not receive the same emotional and psychological support that used to be provided by extended family members. In addition, society has become more competitive than ...


Emergent Literacy: Reading And Writing Development In Young Children, Constance J. Vandre Jan 1992

Emergent Literacy: Reading And Writing Development In Young Children, Constance J. Vandre

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

There is growing concern and continuing debate in the United States, about the lack of literacy development and reading failure of America's school children. "Parents, teachers and researchers have begun to notice a neglect of the real basics in school-time engaged in actual reading and writing" (Reutzel & Hollingsworth, 1988, p. 406). "The United States, according to a recent study, ranks 49th in literacy among the 159 countries of the world" (Cutting & Milligan, 1990, p. 62). This failure has forced American educators to rethink their views of how children learn to read and write. During the past decade a new ...


The Causes And Chracteristics Of The Passive-Aggressive Personality And Effective Behavioral Modification Programs, Patricia Jane Larson Jan 1992

The Causes And Chracteristics Of The Passive-Aggressive Personality And Effective Behavioral Modification Programs, Patricia Jane Larson

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

Pre-adolescent children are not clinically labeled passive-aggressive, yet at home, in the regular education classroom, and in programs for the emotionally disturbed we are challenged with pre-adolescents who exhibit tendencies toward this personality disorder. This behavior was unique in its manifestations and to appropriately cope with a child who displays these behaviors, educators and parents need to develop an effective behavioral modification and management program within the child's environment. This study focused on definitions applicable to this study and the causes and characteristics of passive-aggressive personality disorder. It was limited to children aged six to pre-teen. Current behavior modifications ...


Instructional Needs And Curriculum For The Mildly Retarded Secondary Student, Janis Marie Thomas Jan 1992

Instructional Needs And Curriculum For The Mildly Retarded Secondary Student, Janis Marie Thomas

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

Mildly retarded secondary students have no less the same dreams as their nonhandicapped peers. However, too often secondary curricula fall short of helping these students to achieve successfully even a small part of their dreams. Secondary programs are often in limbo trying to serve students who are too old for early intervention and too young for adult service programs. Traditionally, the outcomes of many secondary programs for mildly retarded students have been defined in terms of the number of skills that students learn to perform in the classroom. These skills are meaningless unless they can be generalized to real-life situations ...


Building Self-Esteem In The Adolescent Student Through Cooperative Learning, Leo Benjamin Guild Jan 1992

Building Self-Esteem In The Adolescent Student Through Cooperative Learning, Leo Benjamin Guild

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

Today's adolescents are coming to school with more complex psychological problems than ever before. Gibbs writes, "As many as 7.5 million children - 12% of those below the age of 18 - suffer from some sort of psychological illness" (p. 53, 1990) . Poverty, violence, and drugs have taken their toll on our present generation of adolescents' physical and psychological health. Many of these children do not have the ability to assert themselves in the face of social and peer pressure. They are unable to develop the independent survival skills necessary to achieve mature adulthood. At one time, children were able ...


Adequate And Appropriate Intelligence Testing Of Moderately Mentally Retarded Children, Nancy Lynn Robertson Orrison Jan 1992

Adequate And Appropriate Intelligence Testing Of Moderately Mentally Retarded Children, Nancy Lynn Robertson Orrison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The intelligence of moderately mentally retarded (MR) children is difficult to assess because they often have concurrent physical or sensory impairments which adversely affect their test performance. The purpose of this study was to determine if necessary adaptations are made when assessing children who are moderately MR for educational placement in the State of Virginia.;A survey was sent to public school psychologists in the State of Virginia as identified by the 1990-91 roster obtained from the Virginia Department of Education. The survey inquired as to their normal methods of intelligence testing used with the moderately mentally retarded population. The ...


The Relationship Among Professional Recommendations, Certification Standards And Preservice Program Requirements In Early Childhood Special Education, Lisa Gaye Fore Jan 1992

The Relationship Among Professional Recommendations, Certification Standards And Preservice Program Requirements In Early Childhood Special Education, Lisa Gaye Fore

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among competencies recommended by the Division for Early Childhood of the Council for Exceptional Children (DEC/CEC), state requirements for teacher certification, and college and university personnel preparation program requirements for educators working with children with disabilities from birth-5 years of age. The study included all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The groups of subjects interviewed by phone consisted of state Part H coordinators, department of education staff, and college and university professors from early childhood education (ECSE) programs.;Overall the results indicate an increase in the number ...


Special Education Complaint Management: A National Profile, Elizabeth C. Yaryan Jan 1992

Special Education Complaint Management: A National Profile, Elizabeth C. Yaryan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Special education complaint management is federally mandated with regulations promulgated in the Education Department General Administrative Regulations. Despite these federal regulations, little attention and no research has ever focused on this area. Special education complaint management systems have access to valuable information necessary for thorough compliance monitoring and this information should be used to benefit children requiring special education services.;This study examined special education complaint management systems and complaint issues in each of the 50 states in the United States, the District of Columbia, the territories, and the Department of Defense Schools. State level complaint managers were asked to ...


The Efficacy Of Special Education Services For Students With Learning Disabilities: A Longitudinal Study, Madeline N. Sobczak Jan 1992

The Efficacy Of Special Education Services For Students With Learning Disabilities: A Longitudinal Study, Madeline N. Sobczak

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the achievement of students with specific learning disabilities over a six-year period, from their initial placement in special education until their second triennial evaluation.;The study proposed to look at changes in achievement for the entire sample (n = 103) labeled specific learning disabled, and for three subgroups of this population. The subgroups were: (a) students whose criteria for classification as specific learning disabled included a discrepancy between achievement and their full scale IQ score (n = 74); (b) students whose criteria for classification as specific learning disabled included a discrepancy between achievement and ...


A Study Of Core Special Education Competencies Needed For Public School Building Administrators, Joanne Yarbrough Carver Jan 1992

A Study Of Core Special Education Competencies Needed For Public School Building Administrators, Joanne Yarbrough Carver

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

As manager and instructional leader of the school, the principal is responsible for the well-being of all programs, including the provision of general and special education services for children and youth with disabilities. However, the intricacies of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, P.L. 101-476, coupled with the complexity of the building administrator's role in contemporary educational settings, result in a need to assist principals in keeping abreast of key information regarding special education. A core set of special education competencies, based on clearly defined areas and identified by the principal and other key stakeholders responsible for preservice ...


An Investigation Of The Types Of Support Perceived Necessary By Iowa Elementary Classroom Teachers For The Integration Of Students Identified As Severely Disabled, Katheryn Ann Kinnard East Jan 1992

An Investigation Of The Types Of Support Perceived Necessary By Iowa Elementary Classroom Teachers For The Integration Of Students Identified As Severely Disabled, Katheryn Ann Kinnard East

Theses and Dissertations @ UNI

The purpose of this study was to investigate Iowa elementary classroom teachers perceptions regarding the conditions required for successfully including students identified as severely disabled in their regular classroom. Specifically, data were gathered to determine the types and ranking of types of support perceived necessary for such inclusion. Additionally, how actual levels of support differed from those deemed necessary and teacher willingness to accept these students were investigated. Comparisons were made between teachers with experience and those without experience in teaching students identified as severely disabled in the regular classroom.

An adapted version of the survey instrument devised by Myles ...


Identification Of Valid, Reliable, Discriminating Criteria For Use In Developing Evaluation Instruments For Special Education Teachers , Glenn R. Holzman Jan 1992

Identification Of Valid, Reliable, Discriminating Criteria For Use In Developing Evaluation Instruments For Special Education Teachers , Glenn R. Holzman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine discriminating, reliable, and valid criteria to evaluate the performance of special education teachers. Data were collected on criteria to distinguish high performing special education teachers from average and poor performing special education teachers. A sample of over 500 principals/supervisors, teachers, related services personnel, and knowledgeable others was administered a 49-item questionnaire. In addition, the investigation endeavored to determine if appraisers' ability to rate a special education teacher varied according to job assignment. In particular, it tried to verify the ability of typical building principals to make performance evaluation judgments about special education teachers. The ...


Self Esteem Of Learning Handicapped Students In Resource Specialist Programs At The Secondary Level, Ned H. Hocking Jan 1992

Self Esteem Of Learning Handicapped Students In Resource Specialist Programs At The Secondary Level, Ned H. Hocking

Theses Digitization Project

Receipt of resource specialist services and possible resulting low self-esteem -- Gender, grade, age, placement criteria.


Children's Academic Self-Perceptions: The Influences Of Social Comparison And Classroom Setting , Marilyn Sue Wilson Jan 1992

Children's Academic Self-Perceptions: The Influences Of Social Comparison And Classroom Setting , Marilyn Sue Wilson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to begin testing the proposition that returning or serving mildly handicapped students in the general classroom may jeopardize their academic self-perceptions and to assess students' preferences regarding extra academic assistance. Participants were regular (N = 287) and special education (N = 175) students in three midwestern cities. The students completed the Children's Self-Perception Profile for Learning Disabled Students (SPPLDS) and accompanying social comparison measure (Renick & Harter, 1988), as well as a measure of locus of control consisting of the cognitive section from Connell's (1985) Multidimensional Measure of Children's Perceptions of Control. Students also were asked to choose from whom and where they would prefer to receive extra academic assistance. Data on each student's educational handicapping condition, level of special education programming, curriculum modification, and extent of team teaching utilized were provided by classroom teachers;Initial analyses by district indicated differences in self-perceptions; for all academic self-perception areas regular education students in District A scored the same as the special education students (combined for all three districts ...


The Influence Of Demographic, Achievement And Socioeconomic Factors On Proportions Of Students With Disabilities , Jeananne Reister Hagen Jan 1992

The Influence Of Demographic, Achievement And Socioeconomic Factors On Proportions Of Students With Disabilities , Jeananne Reister Hagen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study examined the relationship between demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors and differences in proportions of students served in special education in school districts and intermediate education agencies (AEAs) in Iowa. Vast differences were found in the proportions of students being served in special education programs, ranging from 3% to 17% of school district populations. Four research questions were addressed in the study: (a) Are demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors related to the proportion of students served in special education in school districts? (b) Are demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors related to the proportions of students served in special ...


The Written Language Development Of Students With Special Needs, Bonnie J. Simpson Jan 1992

The Written Language Development Of Students With Special Needs, Bonnie J. Simpson

Theses Digitization Project

Holistic evaluation -- Journal writing -- Relationship between oral and written language -- Whole language approach.