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Full-Text Articles in Education

Incentives For Faculty Participation In Professional Service At Selected Public Urban Universities In Virginia, Barbara King Wallace Jan 1988

Incentives For Faculty Participation In Professional Service At Selected Public Urban Universities In Virginia, Barbara King Wallace

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine if urban universities truly support faculty in carrying out the universities' self-stated commitment to professional service. Professional service refers to significant professional activities outside the categories of teaching and scholarship that draw upon one's professional expertise in his or her academic discipline. A secondary purpose was to identify the incentives universities employ to encourage professional service.;Two public, urban universities in Virginia were studied for this project. The population for this study consisted of two groups at each of the two institutions: full-time faculty currently involved (within the past five ...


Reactions Of Gay Men To Aids: A Survey Of Self-Reported Change Relative To Self-Concept, Intimacy And Sexual Behavior, Donnie Gray Conner Jan 1988

Reactions Of Gay Men To Aids: A Survey Of Self-Reported Change Relative To Self-Concept, Intimacy And Sexual Behavior, Donnie Gray Conner

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate the impact of the AIDS crisis on gay men relative to self-concept, intimacy, and sexual behavior changes. Additionally, this research examined the sources, amount, and accuracy of AIDS information currently available to gay men in a middle-sized, urban area.;The sample for the study consisted entirely of adult, self-identified gay men who were anonymous volunteers recruited through a networking process. The research design for this status study was a within group comparison which utilized non-probability, purposive sampling procedures.;It was concluded that gay men, participating in this study, utilize a wide ...


Information Gathering By Trustees For Decision-Making: Informal And Formal Sources, Dyanne Strohkorb Bostain Jan 1988

Information Gathering By Trustees For Decision-Making: Informal And Formal Sources, Dyanne Strohkorb Bostain

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to clarify the structure of information systems employed by trustees in higher education and to evaluate the relationships of these systems to decision-making. Communication and organizational theories characterizing the role of informal and formal information used by policy makers and top management in organizational decision-making provided the framework for this study. Studies of top-level corporate executives (Adams 1975; Quinn 1980; Jones and McLeod 1986) revealed executives' strong preferences for and substantial use of information from informal channels for planning and decision-making. These theories were integrated with the research of Ingram (1980) and Schmidtlein (1977 ...


Matthew F. Maury School, 1934-1970: A Case Study In Educational Innovation, Dale Christina Kalkofen Jan 1988

Matthew F. Maury School, 1934-1970: A Case Study In Educational Innovation, Dale Christina Kalkofen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The investigation of Maury Elementary School in Richmond, Virginia addressed the establishment of a non-traditional model school in a conservative city not directly supportive or progressive education ideology. A case study approach was taken to investigate the interrelated questions of explaining the success and longevity of Maury School and of determining to what extent Maury School was a faithful implementation of the tenets of progressive education.;The study contributes to an understanding of the development of an innovative school, to progressive education, and to the diffusion and integration of educational theory and reform. Historical methodology was used; data were drawn ...


Overdue: A Policy Analysis Of College Library Operation Programs, Henry Dale Grunder Jan 1988

Overdue: A Policy Analysis Of College Library Operation Programs, Henry Dale Grunder

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The problem was to identify and assess the policy basis for the universal policy of colleges to have library operation programs. Colleges are higher education institutions whose main business is the delivery of college education, undergraduate instruction, leading to baccalaureate degrees. The conventional wisdom--the explanation of policy basis given in the literature--is a construct here called the College Library Doctrine. According to it, there is a fundamental relationship between the library operation program and the delivery of college education, undergraduate instruction. This relationship is said to be the result of historical process.;The College Library Doctrine was analyzed using a ...


A Predictive Validation Study Of Criterion-Referenced Tests For The Certification Of Soldiers In Specialist-Level Military Training Programs, Darl Mcdaniels Jan 1988

A Predictive Validation Study Of Criterion-Referenced Tests For The Certification Of Soldiers In Specialist-Level Military Training Programs, Darl Mcdaniels

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Problem. This study assessed the predictive validity of criterion-referenced tests in a military setting with cutoff scores set by the Angoff and conventional score-setting methods.;Procedure. Thirty-six instructors and thirty-six specialists assessed each test item for job relevance and the probability that a minimally competent person would answer each question correctly, resulting in a new test cutoff score. Intragroup variability and interrater reliability of judgments were calculated. Test predictive validity assessment compared classroom test scores, supervisory rating scores, and skill qualification test scores of 100 job performers based on the two score-setting methods. Sample sizes varied from 17 to 100 ...


A Study Of The Evolution Of Three Inschool Suspension Programs In Virginia, Judy Stowe Sullivan Jan 1988

A Study Of The Evolution Of Three Inschool Suspension Programs In Virginia, Judy Stowe Sullivan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to research the evolution of three in-school suspension programs in Virginia. In a case study format, the programs were examined with regard to why and how they were established, what changes they have undergone, and their current status and effectiveness.;The three in-school suspension programs selected for this investigation met the following standards: (a) the program was among the earliest to be established in the area, (b) the school district kept reasonably accurate records, and (c) the in-school suspension program met certain criteria to qualify under the definition outlined in this study.;The research ...


A Comparison Of The Predictive Ability Of Selected Variables Upon Success On The American Society Of Clinical Pathologists Medical Technology Registry Exam, Carmine Thomas Somma Jr. Jan 1988

A Comparison Of The Predictive Ability Of Selected Variables Upon Success On The American Society Of Clinical Pathologists Medical Technology Registry Exam, Carmine Thomas Somma Jr.

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The use of the Allied Health Professions Admissions Test (AHPAT) as an admission tool to upper level medical technology programs was compared against the most commonly accepted criteria of overall grade point average (OG) and science grade point average (SG). The comparison was based on how well each predicted success on the Board of Registry Exam of the American Society of Clinical Pathologists. The sample population included admission and program data on 129 graduates of a University 2 + 2 Medical Technology Program from 1980 to 1986. The population consisted mostly of white (81.4%) (n = 105) females (83.0%) (n ...


An Historical Analysis Of The Development Of Teacher Training At The State Normal School, Farmville, Virginia, 1884-1924, Betty Jo Whitaker Simmons Jan 1988

An Historical Analysis Of The Development Of Teacher Training At The State Normal School, Farmville, Virginia, 1884-1924, Betty Jo Whitaker Simmons

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to trace the development of teacher training at the Virginia State Normal School located at Farmville from its inception in 1884 through 1924 when it became a State Teachers College. The study focused upon seven characteristics identified by Charles Harper in 1939 as being typical of the developmental history of normal schools. Following these seven characteristics as a framework, the study analyzed the contributions made toward the professionalization of teaching by (1) presidents, trustees, and faculty; (2) public support; (3) in-service education; (4) curriculum provision; (5) laboratory experiences; (6) extra-curriculum offerings; and (7) pragmatic ...


Career Patterns Of Collegiate Administrators In Virginia, Hugh Carrington Rowland Jan 1988

Career Patterns Of Collegiate Administrators In Virginia, Hugh Carrington Rowland

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine whether career patterns of collegiate administrators could be explained in terms of existing organizational models of academic institutions.;The study involved a secondary analysis of data collected in the summer of 1981 in a statewide survey of collegiate administrators. The target population consisted of all the middle level administrators (N = 617) at the director level or above from thirty-three state-supported and independent colleges and universities from the Commonwealth of Virginia. A strict adherence to the Dillman "total design method" resulted in a response rate of 76.5 percent.;Previous studies which had ...


Characteristics Of Family Therapists, Keren Marie Humphrey Jan 1988

Characteristics Of Family Therapists, Keren Marie Humphrey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore and describe certain psychosocial characteristics of family therapists according to different theoretical orientations within the family systems field. The characteristics examined were psychological type preference, personality factors, and the occurrence of loss/transition events in the family of origin.;A review of the literature revealed a lack of research on family therapists. Additionally, there has been very little research done on family of origin experiences of therapists in general, and of family therapists, specifically.;The sample for this study consisted of 77 family therapists from across the United States and Canada representing ...


Enhancing Organizational Effectiveness Through Use Of The Myers- Briggs Type Indicator, Patricia Sclater Thompson Jan 1988

Enhancing Organizational Effectiveness Through Use Of The Myers- Briggs Type Indicator, Patricia Sclater Thompson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Making Of "Polished Patriots": The Education Of Boys In Colonial Virginia, Jan Kirsten. Gilliam Jan 1988

The Making Of "Polished Patriots": The Education Of Boys In Colonial Virginia, Jan Kirsten. Gilliam

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


When Mary Entered With Her Brother William: Women Students At The College Of William And Mary, 1918-1945, Laura Frances Parrish Jan 1988

When Mary Entered With Her Brother William: Women Students At The College Of William And Mary, 1918-1945, Laura Frances Parrish

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Migration For Secondary Education In The Netherlands Antilles, Elva Lee Smith Jan 1988

Migration For Secondary Education In The Netherlands Antilles, Elva Lee Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Study Of The Relationship Between Student Achievement And Teacher-Student Interaction In Secondary Classrooms, Barry L. Beers Jan 1988

A Study Of The Relationship Between Student Achievement And Teacher-Student Interaction In Secondary Classrooms, Barry L. Beers

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the amount of verbal interaction between a student and a teacher and that student's achievement in the class taught by that teacher at the secondary school level. The student was used as the unit of study.;The sample was selected from a secondary school (9-12) in southeast Virginia with an enrollment of approximately 1800 students. One hundred and twenty-eight students from three intact Algebra II classes and three intact English 11 classes were included in the study.;All data were collected by three trained observers who coded the ...


Economies And Diseconomies Of Scale In The American Two-Year Colleges, Duncan Roger Butts Jan 1988

Economies And Diseconomies Of Scale In The American Two-Year Colleges, Duncan Roger Butts

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The economies of scale concept holds that as an enterprise increases its output, the cost per unit of output decreases. The concept also holds that as the production output increases further a point is reached at which the cost per unit of output increases, marking the start of diseconomies of scale. Furthermore, the concept holds whether the enterprise is a manufacturing or education institution.;Community college financial, enrollment, and award data for the ten years between 1976 through 1985 were obtained from the National Center for Educational Statistics (NCES). Appropriate data selection produced a sample of 758 state, local, or ...


Political Factors Affecting The Development And Growth Of The Norfolk Division, The College Of William And Mary (1930) Into Old Dominion College (1962), Gerald Benton Anderson Jan 1988

Political Factors Affecting The Development And Growth Of The Norfolk Division, The College Of William And Mary (1930) Into Old Dominion College (1962), Gerald Benton Anderson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to both identify and analyze political, educational, and economic factors, particularly political factors, which had a significant impact on the development and growth of the Norfolk Division, The College of William and Mary (1930) into Old Dominion College (1962). The study was also designed to record a significant period (1930-62) in the history of a two-year, junior college and later a four-year, degree-granting college.;It was hypothesized that the development and growth of the college in Norfolk was based largely on decisions of a political nature rather than on those that were educational and ...


The Richmond School Board And The Desegregation Of Richmond Public Schools, 1954 To 1971, Mildred Davis Bruce Jan 1988

The Richmond School Board And The Desegregation Of Richmond Public Schools, 1954 To 1971, Mildred Davis Bruce

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to describe and interpret the desegregation process in a southern city through an examination of the issues faced by the local school board and its response to these issues, in order to gain knowledge about the implementation of a federal policy at the local level.;The city of Richmond, Virginia, was chosen for this study because of its former role as capital of the southern Confederacy and its present role as the capital of the state of Virginia, a leader in the South's resistance to the Brown decision. as a city with a ...