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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Differential Reinforcement Structures On Computer-Assisted Instructional Learning, Michael J. Jaeger Nov 1985

The Effects Of Differential Reinforcement Structures On Computer-Assisted Instructional Learning, Michael J. Jaeger

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The use of computer assisted instruction as a viable educational technology in our nation's schools has presented educators with new dilemmas and decisions. To operate these devices in the manner in which they were intended, computer software or courseware, whose cost often rivals the original cost of the computers themselves, must be purchased before their potential benefit can be realized. The most widely used type of instructional design that is inherent in these programs can be categorized under the operant theory of learning comprising the styles such as tutorial, skills building, and drill and practice. These computer lessons can ...


Black Women Administrators In California Community Colleges: Perceived Influences Of Sex And Race Discrimination And Affirmative Action, Marian C. Shivers Jan 1985

Black Women Administrators In California Community Colleges: Perceived Influences Of Sex And Race Discrimination And Affirmative Action, Marian C. Shivers

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Survey Of Chicano And Anglo Community College Students, Jose Luis Hurtado Jan 1985

A Comparative Survey Of Chicano And Anglo Community College Students, Jose Luis Hurtado

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Purpose. The purpose of the study was to examine the social and cultural characteristics of successful and unsuccessful Mexican American community college students and compare them to successful and unsuccessful Anglo American community college students. The goal of this study was to collect data on ten independent variables that consistently appeared in the review of literature and were suspected of affecting the success of Chicanos in the California College system. Procedures. The major research question of this study was exploratory in nature in that it looked at possible factors which might affect the success or failure of Chicano students. A ...


An Investigation Of The "Cume Assessment," An Instrument Designed To Measure Third Grade Children's Understanding Of Selected Cross-Cultural/Multicultural Concepts, Doni Kwolek Kobus Jan 1985

An Investigation Of The "Cume Assessment," An Instrument Designed To Measure Third Grade Children's Understanding Of Selected Cross-Cultural/Multicultural Concepts, Doni Kwolek Kobus

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate an instrument, the Cross-cultural Understandings in Multicultural Education (CUME) Assessment, which was devised to measure third grade students' understandings of selected crosscultural/ multicultural concepts. These concepts were derived from a cultural anthropological perspective of human similarities and differences.

Procedures. The study examined the reliability and validity of the CUME Assessment, a multiple-choice, domain referenced test consisting of twenty-one items based on seven instructional objectives. Third grade students, whose teachers indicated on a Teacher Questionnaire having taught these objectives as a part of the formal curriculum, were assessed. Three instruments were administered ...


An Examination Of Sense Of Story In Proficient Bilingual, Partial Bilingual, And Monolingual Children As Evidenced In Stories Told In English, Kathleen Kenfield Jan 1985

An Examination Of Sense Of Story In Proficient Bilingual, Partial Bilingual, And Monolingual Children As Evidenced In Stories Told In English, Kathleen Kenfield

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to determine what differences, if any, existed among monolingual (English) children, partial bilingual (English-Spanish) children, and proficient bilingual (English-Spanish) children in the level of sophistication of their sense of story. Sense of story was defined as the degree to which one has internalized the features, conventions, and structures of the story genre. Sense of story was analyzed in three areas: structural complexity (number of words, number of T-units, mean length of T-units, number of characters, number of incidents), story convention usage (use of past tense, formal beginning, formal ending, use of quoted and described ...


Policies And Practices Of Senior High School Principals In Achieving An Effective Pluralistic Environment, Leroy Pulliam Jan 1985

Policies And Practices Of Senior High School Principals In Achieving An Effective Pluralistic Environment, Leroy Pulliam

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine school effectiveness in three . academic effective schools by comparing the findings of the effective school and multicultural education literatures with staff perceptions and principal interviews. The study employed a mixed methodology, using extensive interviews of principals based on a modified form of the Connecticut Effective School Survey Instrument. The strong and less strong points of school effectiveness were ascertained through statistical analyses of staff perceptions and analyses of the principals' interview comments.

The investigation made several findings. First, there was a clear relationship between school policies and practices which adhered to school ...


A Comparison Of The Career Assessment Inventory And The Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory In A Minority, High School Drop-Out Sample, David Stanton Halferty Jan 1985

A Comparison Of The Career Assessment Inventory And The Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory In A Minority, High School Drop-Out Sample, David Stanton Halferty

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Problem. The Strong-Campbell Interest Inventory (SCII), an inventory with some validity, was directed at the professionally oriented client. The Career Assessment Inventory (CAI) appeared in 1976 as an inventory normed on the non-professional, blue-collar worker, directed at the non-baccalaureate student. There had been little research on minority, non-college oriented youth. Purpose. The purpose of this study was to compare the predictive and concurrent validity of these two inventories for a drop-out, non-college oriented population. These inventories were compared for predictive validity to short-term occupational outcome, and for concurrent validity to Expressed Interest. Also, the distribution of interests across the six ...


An Analysis Of Perceptual Differences Between Parents, Teachers, Principals, Superintendents, And School Board Members Relating To Issues Important To Merit Pay Implementation, William J. Hoff Jan 1985

An Analysis Of Perceptual Differences Between Parents, Teachers, Principals, Superintendents, And School Board Members Relating To Issues Important To Merit Pay Implementation, William J. Hoff

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

Purpose: Within school districts groups may be identified whose function influences their perceptions about what would occur in the schools relative to issues important to merit pay implementation. The purpose of the study was to identify those differences that exist between groups regarding issues relevant to merit pay implementation. Procedures: Parents, teachers, principals, superintendents, and school board members were drawn from elementary, high school, and unified school districts residing in regions designated by the Association of California School Administrators. A survey instrument was developed in order to elicit group responses about issues related to merit pay. Analyses of variance were ...


Validity Studies Of The Leiter International Performance Scale For An International Middle School Population, Marvin E. Jones Jan 1985

Validity Studies Of The Leiter International Performance Scale For An International Middle School Population, Marvin E. Jones

University of the Pacific Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to investigate the construct and short-term predictive validity of the Leiter International Performance Scale (LIPS) for an international population of middle school students in an overseas school. The 141 subjects were 13, 14, and 15 year old students from many nations who came to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia with their parents who were professionals, highly skilled technologists, and foreign embassy employees.

The sample represented 15 nations and was functionally divided into four groups: (Group A) Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, the United States; (Group B) Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden; (Group ...