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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Covert Modeling And Progressive Relaxation On The Locus Of Control Orientation And Drinking Behavior Of Inpatient Alcohol Abusers, Ronald Willis Goodman Jan 1981

The Effects Of Covert Modeling And Progressive Relaxation On The Locus Of Control Orientation And Drinking Behavior Of Inpatient Alcohol Abusers, Ronald Willis Goodman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Alcohol abuse is a significant and formidable problem which affects the lives of an estimated 10 to 13 million people. of course, this figure does not adequately reflect the secondary effects of alcohol abuse on the millions of people who have a significant relationship with an alcohol abuser. It is not hard to understand then, the enormous amount of time, money, and energy spent on trying to prevent, treat, and recover from this problem.;This study focused on the treatment and recovery phases of alcohol abuse and was conducted in an attempt to determine whether or not two adjunct behavioral ...


The Relationship Of Need Fulfillment To Job Attitudes Of Faculty In Higher Education, Frances Goodwin Holt Jan 1981

The Relationship Of Need Fulfillment To Job Attitudes Of Faculty In Higher Education, Frances Goodwin Holt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study concerned job attitudes of faculty in higher education. The need-satisfaction model of job attitudes served as a conceptual framework. The purposes of the study we to: (1) examine the need-satisfaction and job-satisfaction linkage in the need-satisfaction model and (2) determine the effects of two job characteristics and eight personal characteristics on need fulfillment of faculty. The job variables were academic discipline and type of employing institution. The personal variables were age, length of teaching experience, level of education, locus of control, pay, rank, sex, and tenure status.;The sample consisted of full-time teaching faculty from three types of ...


The Relationship Between The School Environment And Student Achievement In Virginia Elementary Schools, Craig P. Organ Jan 1981

The Relationship Between The School Environment And Student Achievement In Virginia Elementary Schools, Craig P. Organ

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between student perceptions of the educational environment of selected schools and the level of student achievement.;The Commonwealth of Virginia was selected as the site for this research because of its convenience to the research teams and because of the diversity of its population patterns.;A 5 percent random sample of Virginia public elementary schools was chosen for inclusion in the study. Fourth grade students in each school completed a school environment questionnaire. Demographic data and standardized test scores were obtained for each student participating in the study.;It was ...


An Investigation Of Various Group Perceptions On Task Performance Of Curriculum Specialists, Vasti Deloatch Jan 1981

An Investigation Of Various Group Perceptions On Task Performance Of Curriculum Specialists, Vasti Deloatch

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The Problem. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility that congruences and conflict surround group perceptions on task performance of building level supervisors in the area of Program Planning and Development (PPD). It was hypothesized that teachers, principals and curriculum specialists perceive the task performance of curriculum specialists in certain task areas in PPD with varying degrees of satisfaction and dissatisfaction.;Research Procedure. The subjects were 103 of 122 randomly selected teachers, 28 principals and 28 curriculum specialists in an urban school system. A 38-item PPD Questionnaire, developed by Nathaniel Lee and modified by the investigator, was ...


The Development Of A Dietitian Selection Scale And A Comparison Of Therapeutic And Administrative Dietitians, Patricia Ann Hodges Jan 1981

The Development Of A Dietitian Selection Scale And A Comparison Of Therapeutic And Administrative Dietitians, Patricia Ann Hodges

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purposes of this research project were to develop a Dietitian Selection Scale (DSS) and to compare the personality profiles of female therapeutic and administrative dietitians. Both purposes were investigated using the California Psychological Inventory (CPI), and the second purpose, the comparison, was also, investigated using the Vocational Preference Inventory (VPI). Holland's (1973) theory of career selection served as the theoretical base for this study.;Subjects for this study were 250 female registered dietitians. The control group consisted of 145 female registered dietitians attending a state meeting in Virginia, while 105 were respondents from a randomized mailing to female ...


The Differences Of Individuals With Type A And Type B Behavior Patterns And The Women's Awareness Seminar On Self-Actualization And Flexibility, Carolyn A. Glass Jan 1981

The Differences Of Individuals With Type A And Type B Behavior Patterns And The Women's Awareness Seminar On Self-Actualization And Flexibility, Carolyn A. Glass

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The relationship between psychological traits and the incidence of some diseases has captured the attention of researchers in medicine as well as psychology, education, and society. Rosenman and Friedman were pioneers in the discovery that a certain pattern of behaviors may be associated with the risk of heart disease. They designated these psychological factors as Type A behavior pattern and the absence of these factors as Type B behavior pattern.;Several behavioral techniques have been used to modify the Type A behavior pattern. It has been suggested that Type A individuals may need different types of intervention due to the ...


The Differential Effects Of Three Life Career Development Courses On The Self-Concept And Career Maturity Of College Underclassmen, James Stewart Huntington-Meath Jan 1981

The Differential Effects Of Three Life Career Development Courses On The Self-Concept And Career Maturity Of College Underclassmen, James Stewart Huntington-Meath

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The demand for increased cognitive and skilled abilities in the workplace has raised college students' expectations for career-education programs to supplement the liberal arts curriculum. A response to this challenge has been the design of career-education courses that stress the integration.


The Effects Of Pacing And Cognitive Style Upon Student Achievement And Attitude In Basic College Mathematics, Barbara Upton Wilson Jan 1981

The Effects Of Pacing And Cognitive Style Upon Student Achievement And Attitude In Basic College Mathematics, Barbara Upton Wilson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of an interaction between pacing and cognitive style upon student achievement and attitude in a basic mathematics college course. It was hypothesized that student characteristics and alternative teaching methods interact to produce differential effects on academic achievement, withdrawal rate, pacing rate, and attitude. A Posttest Only 2 x 2 factorial design was used in this study with teaching method (instructor-paced and self-paced) as one variable and cognitive style (field-dependent and field-independent) as the other.;The original sample consisted of 318 prospective students who were administered the Group Embedded Figures Test ...


The College Of William And Mary In Virginia, 1800-1827, Ruby Orders. Osborne Jan 1981

The College Of William And Mary In Virginia, 1800-1827, Ruby Orders. Osborne

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study relates the history of The College of William and Mary in Virginia during the first twenty-seven years of the nineteenth century, 1800-1827, and examines the history in terms of the leadership provided for the College for the purpose of determining whether or not the College experienced a loss of leadership during the period of the study. The history is related chronologically through the administrations of President James Madison, 1800-1812; President John Bracken, 1812-1814; President John Augustine Smith, 1814-1826; and President William Holland Wilmer, 1826-1827, and is examined in terms of the leadership experienced by the College during each ...


An Analysis Of Selected State Requirements For Graduation From High School In Virginia 1900-1976, Virginia Richards Armstrong Jan 1981

An Analysis Of Selected State Requirements For Graduation From High School In Virginia 1900-1976, Virginia Richards Armstrong

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of the study was to trace the state requirements for graduation in Virginia public schools from 1900 to 1976. The focus of the study was placed on four requirements for graduation--attendance, curriculum, credits, and tests.;In the study there was an examination of high school graduation requirements prior to 1900 in order that one may become familiar with the background of those events in Virginia education that helped to shape public education in Virginia from 1900 to 1976.;In the study it was found that in 1900 children were not required by state law to attend school, while ...


An Analysis Of The Effects Of A Faculty Advisor Training Program And Certain Other Variables Upon Student Satisfaction, Donald Leroy. Reichard Jan 1981

An Analysis Of The Effects Of A Faculty Advisor Training Program And Certain Other Variables Upon Student Satisfaction, Donald Leroy. Reichard

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was two-fold: to design, implement, and evaluate a program for training faculty advisors, and to analyze in conjunction with the training program whether certain variables were having any impact upon the subject institution's advising system.;An Advisor Training Program was developed and given to a randomly selected group of faculty advisors. The effects of the program were measured by objective post-tests given to both experimental and control group of advisors. The participants also completed a free-response questionnaire on the program. The effects of the program along with those of the other independent variables of ...


History Of The Virginia Teachers Association, 1940-1965, Alfred Kenneth Talbot Jr. Jan 1981

History Of The Virginia Teachers Association, 1940-1965, Alfred Kenneth Talbot Jr.

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The major purpose of this study was to examine the Virginia Teachers Association as a force for educational change in Virginia. The study involved (1) an examination of the primary purposes of the association and their relationship to its educational goals and programs, (2) a review of the forces that generated educational change in Virginia during the period 1940-1965, (3) a survey of the contributions of two of the organization's most influential leaders, and (4) an examination of the process involved in merging Virginia's black and white teachers associations. The historical method of research was utilized in this ...


Political Factors Affecting The Establishment And Growth Of Richard Bland College Of The College Of William And Mary In Virginia 1958-1972, James B. Mcneer Jan 1981

Political Factors Affecting The Establishment And Growth Of Richard Bland College Of The College Of William And Mary In Virginia 1958-1972, James B. Mcneer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to both identify and analyze those major political factors which had a significant impact on the establishment and growth of Richard Bland College. The study was also designed to record a significant period in the history of a two-year branch college and to provide insight into the political nature and developments of a changing Southside Virginia.;It was hypothesized that the establishment and growth of Richard Bland College was based largely on decisions of a political nature rather than on sound academic planning. Further, the effective use of politics enabled the institution to survive ...


Distinctive Traditions At The College Of William And Mary And Their Influence On The Modernization Of The College, 1865 To 1919, Russell T. Smith Jan 1981

Distinctive Traditions At The College Of William And Mary And Their Influence On The Modernization Of The College, 1865 To 1919, Russell T. Smith

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to trace the development of the relationship between the William and Mary College identity and its environment during the period 1865 to 1919. The pivotal point in the work was 1888, at which time the College experienced a revolutionary change in mission from liberal arts education to teacher training. The particular focus was on the effect of the change in mission on the set of historical traditions that constituted a major proportion of the institutional image and endowed the College with a distinctive identity.;The early achievements of the College in educating Thomas Jefferson ...


A Study Of The Relation Of Organizational Climate To Individually Guided Education Programs In Selected Elementary Schools In An Eastern Virginia City School Division, Theodore L. Forte Jan 1981

A Study Of The Relation Of Organizational Climate To Individually Guided Education Programs In Selected Elementary Schools In An Eastern Virginia City School Division, Theodore L. Forte

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Purpose. This study was undertaken to investigate the following major questions: (1) Is there a significant difference in the organizational climate of IGE and non-IGE schools in an eastern Virginia city school division? (2) Do IGE and non-IGE schools differ significantly on each of the eight subtests identified by Halpin and Croft (1963) in the Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire--Disengagement, Hindrance, Esprit and Intimacy (teacher behavior), Aloofness, Production Emphasis, Thrust, and Consideration (principal behavior)?;Scope of the Study. The Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire (Halpin and Croft, 1963) was selected as the research tool for use in collecting the data for the ...


A History Of Governance At Lee College : A Study In Pentecostal Higher Education, Raphael Weller Stephens Iii Jan 1981

A History Of Governance At Lee College : A Study In Pentecostal Higher Education, Raphael Weller Stephens Iii

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to trace the history of governance of Lee College, Cleveland, Tennessee, considering the influence of pentecostalism, particularly as stressed by its sponsoring denomination, the Church of God. Consideration was given to possible accommodations and complex influences which impacted on the pentecostal position of the College, differentiating secular/academic standards from clearly pentecostal standards.;It was hypothesized that Lee College would be highly influenced by the conservative pentecostalism of the Church of God that the decision-making process would reflect this influence. Two questions were asked: (1) to what extent has pentecostalism influenced the governance structure ...


A Study Of The Relationship Between Father-Absent Homes And Father-Present Homes And The Academic Performance And Social Adjustment Of Black Middle School Students, Joe Louis Simmons Jan 1981

A Study Of The Relationship Between Father-Absent Homes And Father-Present Homes And The Academic Performance And Social Adjustment Of Black Middle School Students, Joe Louis Simmons

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine whether certain variables, utilized as a group, discriminated between black middle school children from father-absent homes and black middle school children from father-present homes. The selected variables used were ability, achievement, grade point average, attendance, number of siblings, sex, age, the level of agression and the level of anxiety. The theoretical rationale was based primarily on the conflict between Coleman's (1966) and Moynihan's (1965) findings. Coleman (1966) asserted "contrary to much that has been written, the structural integrity of the home (principally the father's presence or absence) shows very ...


A Study Of The Relationship Of Selected Federal Court Cases To Student Control Policies Found In Virginia School Board Policy Manuals, Harold David. Gibson Sr. Jan 1981

A Study Of The Relationship Of Selected Federal Court Cases To Student Control Policies Found In Virginia School Board Policy Manuals, Harold David. Gibson Sr.

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the written student control policies established by Virginia school boards and the principles of law found in recent federal court decisions related to student conduct. The researcher also examined the number of student control policies in relation to school division size and location. A further purpose was to relate such policies to school laws contained in the Code of Virginia.;The population for the study consisted of all the school divisions in Virginia, one hundred thirty-seven (137) at the time of this study. of this number, one hundred thirty-one ...


A Comparison Of The Effects Of Open-Ended And Consensus Seeking Group Discussion Processes On The Moral Judgment Of Dental Hygiene Students, Lindsay Lorimer Rettie Jan 1981

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Open-Ended And Consensus Seeking Group Discussion Processes On The Moral Judgment Of Dental Hygiene Students, Lindsay Lorimer Rettie

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The professional duties of dental hygienists are broadening and with this expansion comes new responsibilities for patient care. The future role of the dental hygienist will include new opportunities as well as new obligations which will require proficiency in dental hygiene skills and judgment. It is incumbent upon dental hygiene educators, therefore, to provide the educational experiences necessary to prepare the professionals of the future for clinical as well as moral decision making. The conceptual framework upon which this dissertation was based was the cognitive-developmental theory developed by John Dewey, Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg. This investigation combined the cognitive ...