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Series

Higher Education

Iowa State University

2015

Articles 1 - 30 of 40

Full-Text Articles in Education

Directing Convergent And Divergent Activity Through Design Feedback., Shanna R. Daly, Seda Yilmaz Dec 2015

Directing Convergent And Divergent Activity Through Design Feedback., Shanna R. Daly, Seda Yilmaz

Industrial Design Publications

Design education across design disciplines prioritizes project-based courses to support student learning about design processes and strategies (Eastman, Newstetter, & McCracken, 1999; Smith, Sheppard, Johnson, & Johnson, 2005). Success in teaching these courses relies on the ability of instructors to mentor and guide students' design paths, allowing students some freedom to determine design decisions on their own, while facilitating a structure where they can learn successful design strategies.


Assessment Of Certified Crop Adviser Experience With And Knowledge Of Early And Mid-Season Soybean Diseases Caused By Oomycetes: 2015, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., Nick Kalaitzandonakes, James Kaufman, Alison Robertson Dec 2015

Assessment Of Certified Crop Adviser Experience With And Knowledge Of Early And Mid-Season Soybean Diseases Caused By Oomycetes: 2015, J. Gordon Arbuckle Jr., Nick Kalaitzandonakes, James Kaufman, Alison Robertson

Sociology Technical Reports

This report presents the results of a web-based survey of certified crop advisers (CCAs) conducted as part of the Integrated Management of Oomycete Diseases of Soybean and other Crop Plants Project funded by USDA-NIFA. The survey is part of a project-long effort to engage members of the Certified Crop Adviser program of the American Society of Agronomy and other crop advisers in educational and extension activities to improve their ability to accurately diagnose and manage soybean seedling and root diseases, particularly those caused by oomycetes. The report consists of three sections. This first section describes the survey’s objectives and ...


Perspectives Of Extension Agents And Farmers Toward Multifunctional Agriculture In The United States Corn Belt, John W. Doudna, Matthew E. O'Neal, John C. Tyndall, Matthew J. Helmers Dec 2015

Perspectives Of Extension Agents And Farmers Toward Multifunctional Agriculture In The United States Corn Belt, John W. Doudna, Matthew E. O'Neal, John C. Tyndall, Matthew J. Helmers

Entomology Publications

We surveyed the perspectives of farmers, crop professionals, and Extension agents and found that they have positive perspectives concerning multifunctional agriculture, including a positive effect of a nearby prairie to cropland productivity. The survey was conducted in central Iowa and included individuals predominantly from Iowa involved in commodity research and production. Our results are preliminary and provide a baseline for further research into the perspectives of change agents in the U.S. Corn Belt. They also provide insight into similarities among key links in the diffusion of innovation chain.


Systematic Approach To Food Safety Education On The Farm, Angela Shaw, Catherine Strohbehn, Linda Naeve Dec 2015

Systematic Approach To Food Safety Education On The Farm, Angela Shaw, Catherine Strohbehn, Linda Naeve

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Food safety education from farm to end user is essential in the mitigation of food safety concerns associated with fresh produce. Iowa State University developed a multi-disciplinary three-level sequential program ("Know," "Show," "Go") to provide a holistic approach to food safety education. This program provides knowledge on GAP (Know); guides development and documentation of food safety practices (Show); and aids in grower's readiness for third party auditing (Go). Evaluations suggest this program is effective in changing long term food safety knowledge, attitude, and behaviors. The multi-disciplinary sequential approach can be used by other Extension programs to reach.


"Clickers" And Haccp: Educating A Diverse Food Industry Audience With Technology, Angela M. Shaw, Aubrey F. Mendonca, Aura Daraba Dec 2015

"Clickers" And Haccp: Educating A Diverse Food Industry Audience With Technology, Angela M. Shaw, Aubrey F. Mendonca, Aura Daraba

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Hazard Analysis Critical Control Points (HACCP) is a systematic approach to food safety education for the food industry. To receive a HACCP certificate, participants must receive an 80% or higher on the final examination. Language barriers, educational levels, and age have been noted as primary reasoning's for not passing the final examination. Clicker technology has been shown to improve knowledge transfer to students in various classroom settings. Incorporation of mock final examination questions using Clickers into a traditional HACCP course has been shown in a small pilot study to increase the pass rate.


Building Connections, Collections, And Communities: Increasing The Visibility And Impact Of Extension Through Institutional Repositories, Harrison W. Inefuku, Nancy K. Franz Oct 2015

Building Connections, Collections, And Communities: Increasing The Visibility And Impact Of Extension Through Institutional Repositories, Harrison W. Inefuku, Nancy K. Franz

Digital Scholarship and Initiatives Publications

Over the past 20 years, university libraries have developed and manage institutional repositories—digital libraries that provide free, public access to the research, scholarship, and publications of their university's faculty, staff, and students. Although underused by Extension professionals, institutional repositories are powerful tools that can be used to raise the global visibility of Extension scholarship, highlight resources from individual initiatives and projects, provide readership statistics to demonstrate impact, and create digital archives to create topical collections and to facilitate study on the history of Extension.


Evaluation Of An Interactive Workshop Designed To Teach Practical Welfare Techniques To Beef Cattle Caretakers And Decision Makers, Reneé Dewell, Christy J. Hanthorn, Jared A. Danielson, Rebecca G. Burzette, Johann F. Coetzee, D. Dee Griffin, Alejandro Ramirez, Grant A. Dewell Aug 2015

Evaluation Of An Interactive Workshop Designed To Teach Practical Welfare Techniques To Beef Cattle Caretakers And Decision Makers, Reneé Dewell, Christy J. Hanthorn, Jared A. Danielson, Rebecca G. Burzette, Johann F. Coetzee, D. Dee Griffin, Alejandro Ramirez, Grant A. Dewell

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

The purpose of the project was to evaluate the use of an interactive workshop designed to teach novel practical welfare techniques to beef cattle caretakers and decision makers. Following training, respondents reported being more likely to use or recommend use of local anesthesia for dehorning and castration and were more inclined to use meloxicam for pain management. Respondents also reported improvement in performing all skills taught in the workshop. These results suggest instructional techniques used to teach practical concepts/techniques relevant to beef cattle welfare led to improvements in both perceived competency and estimated likelihood that the material will be ...


Modeling Success: Using Preenrollment Data To Identify Academically At-Risk Students, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jonathan I. Compton, Darin R. Wohlgemuth, Gregory R. Forbes, Katerina S. Ralston Jul 2015

Modeling Success: Using Preenrollment Data To Identify Academically At-Risk Students, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jonathan I. Compton, Darin R. Wohlgemuth, Gregory R. Forbes, Katerina S. Ralston

Education Publications

Improving student success and degree completion is one of the core principles of strategic enrollment management. To address this principle, institutional data were used to develop a statistical model to identify academically at-risk students. The model employs multiple linear regression techniques to predict students at risk of earning below a 2.0 grade point average (GPA) in their first semester of college. Data analysis from student cohorts starting in the Fall 2007 through Fall 2009 (N = 11,644) identified two groups of students—one predicted to earn less than a 2.0 and the other predicted to earn a 2 ...


Agriculture Study Abroad Program To Poland, Jacek A. Koziel Jul 2015

Agriculture Study Abroad Program To Poland, Jacek A. Koziel

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The Technology Travel Course (TSM 496) is an elective course that meets the university-wide international perspectives requirement. The course has a curricular home in the department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (ABE), Iowa State University (ISU). It enables instructors to develop and offer a study abroad program structured as a faculty-led trip abroad. This course is also an excellent opportunity for students to learn/compare technology concepts and applications in an international context that is encouraged by the ABE External Advisory Board. The objectives of this paper are to (1) Review the application of TSM 496 to Ag Study Abroad ...


Cross-Institutional Exploratory Of Faculty Compensation Models To Incentivize Distance Learning Participation, Mitchell L. Springer, Mark T. Schuver, Thomas J. Brumm Jun 2015

Cross-Institutional Exploratory Of Faculty Compensation Models To Incentivize Distance Learning Participation, Mitchell L. Springer, Mark T. Schuver, Thomas J. Brumm

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In higher education, courses and curriculum are purportedly the intellectual property of the academic departments. Academic departments, then, provide instructors or faculty to teach. The assignment of faculty to teach in distance-based programs directly implies there needs to exist some level of financial incentive for the home department of those faculty, as well as direct incentive to the faculty who are involved in teaching. After all expenses are accounted for, then,what model for faculty compensation provides the greatest level of incentive to participate in professional studies? Building on previous scholarship and over a year of additional research,this paper ...


A Systematic Review Of Mechatronic-Based Projects In Introductory Engineering And Technology Courses, John R. Haughery, D. Raj Raman Jun 2015

A Systematic Review Of Mechatronic-Based Projects In Introductory Engineering And Technology Courses, John R. Haughery, D. Raj Raman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

For well over two decades, engineering and technology educators have been deploying hands-on project-based learning activities in freshmen courses, in the hopes of inspiring students,increasing retention, and creating better educated graduates. Some of these educators have also been reporting the results of their efforts through papers published and/or presented in a widevariety of settings. In an attempt to understand the broad results of these efforts, this paper discusses the effects of mechatronic-based projects on the retention of engineering and technology students. To facilitate this discussion, we conducted a systematic review of well over 120 related sources of literature ...


Online Review Course For Iowa Certified Crop Adviser Exam Now Available, Robert G. Hartzler Jun 2015

Online Review Course For Iowa Certified Crop Adviser Exam Now Available, Robert G. Hartzler

Integrated Crop Management News

Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, with support from the Iowa Certified Crop Advisers Board, has developed an online review course for individuals taking the Iowa Certified Crop Advisor (CCA) examination.

The course consists of four modules included in the exam:

  1. crop management
  2. pest management
  3. nutrient management
  4. soil and water management.


Wakonse: A Case Study In Organizational Sustainability, Michelle L. Boettcher, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Apr 2015

Wakonse: A Case Study In Organizational Sustainability, Michelle L. Boettcher, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

Organizations are built on interactions among leaders, members and the larger culture (Schein, 1990; Sessa & London, 2006). Beyond the people and communities of which they are a part, organizations carry history and face issues of both internal and external change. The combination of people, culture, organizational history and change set the stage for whether organizations can successfully learn and remain sustainable. Very little research has been done on a case study level regarding how organizations – specifically those that address higher education needs – begin, evolve, and adapt to change. This study seeks to fill that gap by looking at the specific ...


A View Of Oral Communication Activities In Food Science From The Perspective Of A Communication Researcher, Denise A. Vrchota Apr 2015

A View Of Oral Communication Activities In Food Science From The Perspective Of A Communication Researcher, Denise A. Vrchota

English Publications

Food science researchers have pronounced the Institute of Food Technologists Success Skills to be the most important competency mastered by graduates entering the work force. Much of the content and outcomes of the Success Skills pertains to oral communication skills of public speaking and interpersonal and group communication. This qualitative study reports the results of an examination of oral communication activities in the classes of 9 faculty in the food science program at Iowa State Univ. The findings revealed communication activities in the classes that support the Success Skills oral communication mandates; however, the food science faculty did not explicitly ...


Earth Wind & Fire: A Learning Community Approach To Build Ties Between Degree Programs In A Geoscience Department, Cinzia Cervato, David Flory Feb 2015

Earth Wind & Fire: A Learning Community Approach To Build Ties Between Degree Programs In A Geoscience Department, Cinzia Cervato, David Flory

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

We describe the components of a learning community program for meteorology, geology, and Earth Science undergraduates in a geoscience department. The learning community provides the students with opportunities to interact with each other and with faculty, and it helps them in the transition from high school to a large public university. Enrollment data show that, in addition to being a successful community-building approach, the learning community has a positive impact in major retention to the programs and is well received by the students.


South Korean Teachers’ Perceptions Of Integrating Information And Communication Technologies Into Literacy Instruction, Sangho Pang, David Reinking, Amy C. Hutchison, Deanna Ramey Jan 2015

South Korean Teachers’ Perceptions Of Integrating Information And Communication Technologies Into Literacy Instruction, Sangho Pang, David Reinking, Amy C. Hutchison, Deanna Ramey

Education Publications

We investigated South Korean literacy and language arts teachers’ perceptions about integrating interactive communication technologies (ICTs) into instruction. The survey addressed their access to various applications and technologies associated with ICTs, access to technological support, frequency and importance of use, and obstacles to and conceptions of integrating ICTs. Descriptive and correlational data are reported suggesting that although classroom use of ICTs is mandated at the national level, South Korean teachers perceive access to some tools and applications, as well as the availability of technical assistance at both the school and district level, to be limited. We compare data from this ...


The Next (Quiet) Revolution In Higher Education: Toward The Open Access Of Research, Jonathan Sturm Jan 2015

The Next (Quiet) Revolution In Higher Education: Toward The Open Access Of Research, Jonathan Sturm

Music Publications

We live in a time of revolution. How does it feel to be a revolutionary? Didn’t know you were? Strangely enough, this particular revolution is of a most unusual type because many faculty who might benefit from it are unaware of it, do not understand it or, in some cases, do not support it. The revolution of which I write pertains to the push for the Open Access of research and data, countering legacy publishers who have traditionally published faculty research only to sell it back to university libraries at high subscription costs


Equine Program Review, Peggy M. Auwerda, Nicole S. Ferwerda Jan 2015

Equine Program Review, Peggy M. Auwerda, Nicole S. Ferwerda

Animal Industry Report

The Department of Animal Science equine program provides a high quality active learning environment that promotes life-long learning in both career and life skills for students. Courses accommodate the range of experiences by incorporating the science with the “hands-on” activity. In addition the equine community is served through extension and outreach activities.


Horticulture Enterprise Management (Hort/Ag Eds 465)–Year Review, Leah Riesselman, Gail Nonnecke Jan 2015

Horticulture Enterprise Management (Hort/Ag Eds 465)–Year Review, Leah Riesselman, Gail Nonnecke

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

Originally introduced in the spring of 2011, the cross-listed Hort/Ag EdS 465 course was reintroduced Spring 2014 to the horticulture curriculum at Iowa State University. Modeled after the Ag 450 farm, the purpose of Hort/Ag EdS 465 is to provide students with the experience in managing a horticultural farm and to engage students in active learning of running a horticulture enterprise.


Readability-Based Sentence Ranking For Evaluating Text Simplification, Sowmya Vajjala, Detmar Meurers Jan 2015

Readability-Based Sentence Ranking For Evaluating Text Simplification, Sowmya Vajjala, Detmar Meurers

English Technical Reports and White Papers

We propose a new method for evaluating the readability of simplified sentences through pair-wise ranking. The validity of the method is established through in-corpus and cross-corpus evaluation experiments. The approach correctly identifies the ranking of simplified and unsimplified sentences in terms of their reading level with an accuracy of over 80%, significantly outperforming previous results. To gain qualitative insights into the nature of simplification at the sentence level, we studied the impact of specific linguistic features. We empirically confirm that both word-level and syntactic features play a role in comparing the degree of simplification of authentic data. To carry out ...


A Student-Managed Horticultural Enterprise Hort 465: The Beginnings, Mark Honeyman, Nick Howell, Malcom Robertson Jan 2015

A Student-Managed Horticultural Enterprise Hort 465: The Beginnings, Mark Honeyman, Nick Howell, Malcom Robertson

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

In 2010, Wade Miller, chair of AgEdS department; Jeff Iles, chair of Horticulture department; and Mark Honeyman, coordinator of ISU Research Farms, including the Horticulture Research Station, began discussions that were the beginnings of a new course at ISU – Horticulture Enterprise Management, Hort/AgEdS 465X.


Cover Crop Adoption In Iowa: The Role Of Perceived Practice Characteristics, J. G. Arbuckle Jr., G. Roesch-Mcnally Jan 2015

Cover Crop Adoption In Iowa: The Role Of Perceived Practice Characteristics, J. G. Arbuckle Jr., G. Roesch-Mcnally

Sociology Publications

Cover crops are widely viewed by the soil and water conservation community to be an effective means for reducing soil erosion and nutrient loss and increasing soil health, yet relatively few farmers have adopted the practice. Despite the widespread recognition of cover crops' benefits and increased promotional efforts, there have been very few peer-reviewed studies focused on farmer perspectives on or adoption of cover crops. This study, which analyzed data from a survey and in-depth interviews with Iowa farmers, examined the roles that perceived practice characteristics, perspectives on potential facilitating factors, and crop and livestock diversity play in cover crop ...


Scaffolding In Introductory Engineering Courses, Peggy C. Boylan-Ashraf, Steven A. Freeman, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2015

Scaffolding In Introductory Engineering Courses, Peggy C. Boylan-Ashraf, Steven A. Freeman, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

In the past ten years, engineering classrooms have seen an exponential growth in the use of technology, more than during any other previous decade. Unprecedented advancements, such as the advent of innovative gadgets and fundamental instructional alterations in engineering classrooms, have introduced changes in both teaching and learning. Student learning in introductory, fundamental engineering mechanics (IFEM) courses, such as statics of engineering, mechanics of materials, dynamics, and mechanics of fluids, as in any other class, is influenced by the experiences students go through in the classroom. Thus, bold new methodologies that connect science to life using student-centered approaches and scaffolding ...


Determining Graduation Rates In Engineering For Community College Transfer Students Using Data Mining, Marcia Laugerman, Diane T. Rover, Mack C. Shelley, Steven K. Mickelson Jan 2015

Determining Graduation Rates In Engineering For Community College Transfer Students Using Data Mining, Marcia Laugerman, Diane T. Rover, Mack C. Shelley, Steven K. Mickelson

Political Science Publications

This study presents a unique synthesized set of data for community college students entering the university with the intention of earning a degree in engineering. Several cohorts of longitudinal data were combined with transcript-level data from both the community college and the university to measure graduation rates in engineering. The emphasis of the study is to determine academic variables that had significant correlations with graduation in engineering, and levels of these academic variables. The article also examines the utility of data mining methods for understanding the academic variables related to achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. The practical purpose ...


Technology Integration: What's Your Next Step, Amy C. Hutchison Jan 2015

Technology Integration: What's Your Next Step, Amy C. Hutchison

Education Publications

Technology integration continues to be an important educational topic. This importance is evidenced by the inclusion of digital technology in the Common Core State Standards, the continuing research on achievement gaps that exist for online reading ability based on income inequality (Leu, Forzani, Rhoads, Maykel, Kennedy, & Timbrell, 2014), the way that digital technology is increasingly a part of the way that children learn to read and write, and the way that digital technology is part of the literacy practices the children see modeled in their homes (Beschorner & Hutchison, 2013). The integration of digital technology is especially relevant and important for ...


Automated Writing Analysis For Writing Pedagogy: From Healthy Tension To Tangible Prospects, Elena Cotos Jan 2015

Automated Writing Analysis For Writing Pedagogy: From Healthy Tension To Tangible Prospects, Elena Cotos

English Publications

This article aims to engage specialists in writing pedagogy, assessment, genre study, and educational technologies in a constructive dialog and joint exploration of automated writing analysis as a potent instantiation of computer-enhanced assessment for learning. It recounts the values of writing pedagogy and, from this perspective, examines legitimate concerns with automated writing analysis. Emphasis is placed on the need to substantiate the construct-driven debate with systematic empirical evidence that would corroborate or refute interpretations, uses, and consequences of automated scoring and feedback tools intended for specific contexts. Such evidence can be obtained by adopting a validity argument framework. To demonstrate ...


Spoken Parentheticals In Instructional Discourse In Stem And Non-Stem Disciplines, Tammy Slater, John Levis, Greta M. Levis Jan 2015

Spoken Parentheticals In Instructional Discourse In Stem And Non-Stem Disciplines, Tammy Slater, John Levis, Greta M. Levis

English Publications

Parentheticals, information that is not directly relevant to the topic being addressed, appear in all academic lectures and help listeners distinguish important from less important information. Their use is a critical skill for all teachers. Despite their importance, research on parentheticals in teaching is scarce. This chapter explores the instructional discourse of native English-speaking teaching assistants and international teaching assistants regarding the use of parentheticals, primarily in terms of the intonational and informational patterns they exhibit. Our analysis involved discourse data collected from sixteen classes, eight from chemistry (four taught by native English-speaking TAs and four taught by ITAs) and ...


The Best Of Both Worlds: Exploring Cross-Collaborative Community Engagement, Kathleen P. Hunt, Melinda M. Krakow Jan 2015

The Best Of Both Worlds: Exploring Cross-Collaborative Community Engagement, Kathleen P. Hunt, Melinda M. Krakow

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Lauded as a rewarding pedagogical approach, community-engagement can be time-consuming, resource-intensive, and difficult for instructors to manage for effective stu-dent learning outcomes. Collaborative teaching can allows instructors working in the same classroom to draw from each others’ expertise and share resources. In this essay, we propose a fruitful approach that brings the benefits of collaborative teaching to communi-ty-engagement. Two instructors collaborated to facilitate a community-engaged food jus-tice blog, demonstrating the benefits of combining these modalities. In this essay, we re-view relevant literature on collaborative teaching and community-engagement, presenting cross-collaborative community engagement as an innovative model for collaboration be-tween instructors in ...


Relevance Of Student Teaching Skills And Activities From The Perspective Fo The Student Teacher, Scott W. Smalley, Michael S. Retallick, Thomas H. Paulsen Jan 2015

Relevance Of Student Teaching Skills And Activities From The Perspective Fo The Student Teacher, Scott W. Smalley, Michael S. Retallick, Thomas H. Paulsen

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The purpose of this descriptive survey study was to determine the extent to which student teachers deem traditional student teaching skills and activities relevant as part of the capstone student teaching experience. The study population consisted of all (N = 140) fall 2012 and spring 2013 agricultural education student teachers in the North Central Region of the American Association for Agricultural Education (NC-AAAE). The findings shed light on student teachers’ perspectives regarding the relevance of student teaching activities. Student teachers considered the activities associated with the eight constructs in this study relevant or very relevant. Future research should determine if all ...


Cooperating Teachers' Perspectives Of Student Teaching Skills And Activities, Scott Smalley, Michael S. Retallick, Thomas H. Paulsen Jan 2015

Cooperating Teachers' Perspectives Of Student Teaching Skills And Activities, Scott Smalley, Michael S. Retallick, Thomas H. Paulsen

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which cooperating teachers deem required student teaching skills and activities relevant to the agricultural education student teaching experience. The population for this descriptive study consisted of individuals who served as cooperating teachers in Iowa and South Dakota during the last 5 years (N = 70). The study focused on activities in eight constructs: evaluation of student performance, teaching, FFA, planning instruction, Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE), teaching profession, school–community relations, and adult education. Cooperating teachers surveyed in this study believed that seven of the eight constructs were very relevant to ...