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Series

Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

PDF

1998

University of Pennsylvania

Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Education

Creating School Finance Policies That Facilitate New Goals, Allan Odden Sep 1998

Creating School Finance Policies That Facilitate New Goals, Allan Odden

CPRE Policy Briefs

In this policy brief, Allan Odden argues that it may be time to redesign state and district school finance systems to align them more closely to the standards-based education reform movement and the national goal of teaching all students to rigorous performance standards.

Historically, a major focus of the school finance policy debate was the fiscal disparities across school districts within states. These disparities in per-pupil spending were inversely linked to tax efforts and strongly linked to the size of the local property tax base per pupil. Although the strength of the connection between spending and education quality was debated ...


State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell Jul 1998

State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell

CPRE Policy Briefs

Over the past decade or more, state policymakers have concentrated on putting the architecture of standards-based reform in place: setting challenging academic content standards and performance standards for all students; and instituting compatible tests, incentives, and accountability systems to reinforce these ambitious outcomes. Many states and districts have also restructured their governance systems to delegate more authority to local decision-makers.

But clearly defined learning goals and accountability systems do not by themselves yield continued improvement in student learning. Some states with high standards and related assessment and accountability programs in place are finding that their early gains in student achievement ...


State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell Jul 1998

State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell

CPRE Policy Briefs

Over the past decade or more, state policymakers have concentrated on putting the architecture of standards-based reform in place: setting challenging academic content standards and performance standards for all students; and instituting compatible tests, incentives, and accountability systems to reinforce these ambitious outcomes. Many states and districts have also restructured their governance systems to delegate more authority to local decision-makers.

But clearly defined learning goals and accountability systems do not by themselves yield continued improvement in student learning. Some states with high standards and related assessment and accountability programs in place are finding that their early gains in student achievement ...


Core Values And The Road To Change, Madeleine F. Green, Peter D. Eckel, Barbara Hill Jul 1998

Core Values And The Road To Change, Madeleine F. Green, Peter D. Eckel, Barbara Hill

GSE Faculty Research

Higher education draws much of the vocabulary and many of the concepts about change from the corporate sector. Corporations "downsized" and "restructured" in the early 1990s in response to competitive and financial pressures; higher education currently is experiencing similar pressures. Yet change and renewal in higher education are not just about money and becoming more cost-effective. Although these are important objectives, higher education must incorporate changes that improve student learning, foster closer connections with their communities, and adapt to the demands of an increasingly technological society. Reorganizing and cutting costs alone do not suggest how colleges and universities might become ...


Do Curriculum-Based External Exit Exams Enhance Student Achievement?, John Bishop Apr 1998

Do Curriculum-Based External Exit Exams Enhance Student Achievement?, John Bishop

CPRE Research Reports

Two presidents, the National Governors Association and numerous blue ribbon panels have called for the development of state content standards for core subjects and examinations that assess the achievement of these standards. The Competitiveness Policy Council, for example, advocates that "external assessments be given to individual students at the secondary level and that the results should be a major but not exclusive factor qualifying for college and better jobs at better wages (1993, p. 30)." The American Federation of Teachers advocates a system in which:

Students are periodically tested on whether they' reaching the standards, and if they are re ...


Do Curriculum-Based External Exit Exams Enhance Student Achievement?, John Bishop Apr 1998

Do Curriculum-Based External Exit Exams Enhance Student Achievement?, John Bishop

CPRE Research Reports

Two presidents, the National Governors Association and numerous blue ribbon panels have called for the development of state content standards for core subjects and examinations that assess the achievement of these standards. The Competitiveness Policy Council, for example, advocates that "external assessments be given to individual students at the secondary level and that the results should be a major but not exclusive factor qualifying for college and better jobs at better wages (1993, p. 30)." The American Federation of Teachers advocates a system in which:

Students are periodically tested on whether they're reaching the standards, and if they are ...


Instructional Policy And Classroom Performance: The Mathematics Reform In California, David K. Cohen, Heather C. Hill Feb 1998

Instructional Policy And Classroom Performance: The Mathematics Reform In California, David K. Cohen, Heather C. Hill

CPRE Research Reports

Educational reformers increasingly seek to manipulate policies regarding assessment, curriculum, and professional development in order to improve instruction. They assume that manipulating these elements of instructional policy will change teachers' practice, which will then improve student performance. We formalize these ideas into a rudimentary model of the relations among instructional policy, teaching, and learning. We propose that successful instructional policies are themselves instructional in nature: because teachers figure as a key connection between policy and practice, their opportunities to learn about and from policy are a crucial influence both on their practice, and, at least indirectly, on student achievement. Using ...


Instructional Policy And Classroom Performance: The Mathematics Reform In California, David K. Cohen, Heather C. Hill Jan 1998

Instructional Policy And Classroom Performance: The Mathematics Reform In California, David K. Cohen, Heather C. Hill

CPRE Research Reports

Educational reformers increasingly seek to manipulate policies regarding assessment, curriculum, and professional development in order to improve instruction. They assume that manipulating these elements of instructional policy will change teachers' practice, which will then improve student performance. We formalize these ideas into a rudimentary model of the relations among instructional policy, teaching, and learning. We propose that successful instructional policies are themselves instructional in nature: because teachers figure as a key connection between policy and practice, their opportunities to learn about and from policy are a crucial influence both on their practice, and, at least indirectly, on student achievement. Using ...