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Selected Works

Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

2015

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Hispanic Preservice Teachers’ Peer Evaluations Of Interdisciplinary Curriculum Development: A Self-Referenced Comparison Between Monolingual Generalists And Bilingual Generalists, Song An, Daniel Tillman, Meilan Zhang, William H. Robertson, Josefina Tinajero Dec 2015

Hispanic Preservice Teachers’ Peer Evaluations Of Interdisciplinary Curriculum Development: A Self-Referenced Comparison Between Monolingual Generalists And Bilingual Generalists, Song An, Daniel Tillman, Meilan Zhang, William H. Robertson, Josefina Tinajero

William H. Robertson

This study investigated preservice teachers from two teacher education programs,
elementary generalists and bilingual generalists (who will teach all subjects in both
English and Spanish), about their instructional design abilities via examination of
their ability to integrate interdisciplinary-themed activities into mathematics lessons.
The findings illustrate the value provided by differentiating teacher preparation for
preservice bilingual teachers—especially for challenging STEM-related (science,
technology, engineering, and mathematics) subjects such as mathematics—based on
their distinctive pedagogical, cognitive, and linguistic requirements.


Teachers' Discourse On English Language Learners: Cultural Models Of Language And Learning, Amy Heineke Dec 2015

Teachers' Discourse On English Language Learners: Cultural Models Of Language And Learning, Amy Heineke

Amy J. Heineke

This qualitative case study explores teacher learning about English language learners (ELLs) in a small-group, school-based context at an urban elementary school inArizona. Sociocultural perspectives on teacher learning guided the analysis of teachers’ participation in a teacher study group over six months. The teacher study group aimed to support educators of ELLs at a time of new language policy implementation, which required ELLs to enroll in an English language development (ELD) classroom for four hours of skill-based English language instruction.

In the first semester of language policy implementation, I collected discursive data that showcased the social interaction of teachers and ...


The Anticanonical Lesson Of Huckleberry Finn, Sharon E. Rush Dec 2015

The Anticanonical Lesson Of Huckleberry Finn, Sharon E. Rush

Sharon E. Rush

Some books included in the canon of American literature no longer belong there, because they presently lack normative approval. Adapting concepts found in constitutional law, an anticanon of American literature functions the way the anticanon of constitutional law would operate and explicitly removes books from the canon. In law, the anticanon identifies outdated interpretations of the constitution. In education, it is time to consider removing from the canon and placing in an anticanon books that are inconsistent with multicultural education. One such book is Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn, which is part of the canon of American literature and viewed ...


The Anticanonical Lesson Of Huckleberry Finn, Sharon E. Rush Dec 2015

The Anticanonical Lesson Of Huckleberry Finn, Sharon E. Rush

Sharon E. Rush

Some books included in the canon of American literature no longer belong there, because they presently lack normative approval. Adapting concepts found in constitutional law, an anticanon of American literature functions the way the anticanon of constitutional law would operate and explicitly removes books from the canon. In law, the anticanon identifies outdated interpretations of the constitution. In education, it is time to consider removing from the canon and placing in an anticanon books that are inconsistent with multicultural education. One such book is Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn, which is part of the canon of American literature and viewed ...


Students' Demand For Diverse Faculty Is A Demand For A Better Education, Tanya Washington Dec 2015

Students' Demand For Diverse Faculty Is A Demand For A Better Education, Tanya Washington

Tanya Monique Washington

No abstract provided.


Decisive Battles In Levant, Fathi Habashi Dec 2015

Decisive Battles In Levant, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The Levant has been a battle ground since ancient times. The Battle of Kadesh took place in 1274 BC showed the supremacy of iron in war, in the Battle of Yarmouk in 636 AD the Arabs entered the Middle East, in Hittin in 1187 Saladin defeated the Crusaders, in Ein Jalut in 1260 Baibars saved Egypt from destruction by the Mongol, in Marj Dabiq in 1516 the Ottomans opened the way to occupy Egypt and the Middle East, while in World War I General Allenby of the British Empire entered Jerusalem in 1917 thus marking the beginning of the end ...


Exploring Reading Habits And Academic Success In Rural Kenya, Florence Mugambi Nov 2015

Exploring Reading Habits And Academic Success In Rural Kenya, Florence Mugambi

Florence N. Mugambi

This study explores the relationship between reading habits and reading materials, and academic success of primary school students in the Ontulili community of Kenya. The study revealed high levels of satisfaction and contentment among the participants with respect to the availability of resources, reading abilities, educational performance, and overall preparedness for further education; yet, the data pointed to severe scarcity of learning materials, low reading skills, poor infrastructure, below average educational performance, and low preparedness for further education. It was concluded that lack of exposure to relevant reading materials, educational resources, and opportunities leads to subtle contentment alongside individual inability ...


High-Leverage Teaching Practices: Toward A Practice-Based Model Of Ta Professional Development, Heather W. Allen Nov 2015

High-Leverage Teaching Practices: Toward A Practice-Based Model Of Ta Professional Development, Heather W. Allen

Heather Willis Allen

No abstract provided.


Authentic Texts And Oral Language Development Across Instructional Levels, Heather W. Allen, Kate Paesani, Beatrice Dupuy Nov 2015

Authentic Texts And Oral Language Development Across Instructional Levels, Heather W. Allen, Kate Paesani, Beatrice Dupuy

Heather Willis Allen

No abstract provided.


Maximizing Student Performance In Written Presentational Communication For Ap French, Heather W. Allen, Deborah Reisinger Nov 2015

Maximizing Student Performance In Written Presentational Communication For Ap French, Heather W. Allen, Deborah Reisinger

Heather Willis Allen

No abstract provided.


Addressing Barriers To Cultural Sensibility Learning: Lessons From Social Cognition Theory, Andrea A. Curcio Nov 2015

Addressing Barriers To Cultural Sensibility Learning: Lessons From Social Cognition Theory, Andrea A. Curcio

Andrea A. Curcio

Understanding subconscious biases, their pervasiveness, and their impact on perceptions, interactions, and analyses, helps prepare lawyers to represent people from cultural and racial backgrounds different from their own, and to address both individual and institutional injustice. Two law student surveys suggest many students believe lawyers are less susceptible than clients to having, or acting upon, stereotypes or biases. The survey results also indicate that many students suffer from bias blind spot – i.e. they believe that while others cannot recognize when they are acting based upon stereotypical beliefs and biases, the students know when they are doing so. The survey ...


Bilingualism In The Classroom: European Students In Australia, Beata Webb Nov 2015

Bilingualism In The Classroom: European Students In Australia, Beata Webb

Beata Webb

Tertiary education worldwide has undergone revolutionary changes in the last few decades due to student mobility resulting from the internationalisation of education. University student cohorts become increasingly diverse both culturally and linguistically. Students undertaking their education in another country often face challenges with not just mastering the contents of their programs, but often doing it in another language. These bilingual students strive to achieve two goals simultaneously; getting their degree and doing it in the language of instruction other than their first. This tests the ability to master the knowledge of the subject matter and their capability of successful language ...


"Sometimes The Perspective Changes": Reflections On A Photography Workshop With Multicultural Students In Italy, Robin L. Danzak Nov 2015

"Sometimes The Perspective Changes": Reflections On A Photography Workshop With Multicultural Students In Italy, Robin L. Danzak

Robin L. Danzak

This article describes and evaluates an 8-week photography workshop, FotoLab, conducted in Italy at an afterschool-tutoring program for students acquiring Italian as an additional language. Seventeen students, age 8-17 and originating from 9 countries, participated. Co-facilitated by three international educator-researchers, FotoLab's purpose was to promote self-expression, collaboration, and visual literacy. Through a qualitative inquiry of the FotoLab curriculum, photographs and videos, field notes, and student questionnaires, this article reflects on themes of multiculturalism and multilingualism, collaboration, and visual literacy within a sociocultural animation framework. While expressions of cultural and linguistic identity emerged, findings emphasize the challenges and benefits of ...


The Influence Of University Coursework On Pre-Service Middle And High School Teachers’ Experiences With Multicultural Themes, Geeta Verma Nov 2015

The Influence Of University Coursework On Pre-Service Middle And High School Teachers’ Experiences With Multicultural Themes, Geeta Verma

Geeta Verma

The study explored the influence of university-based teacher education courses on pre-service middle and high school teachers’ experiences with multicultural themes in a secondary science alternative certification program. Eight participants (N = 8), six women and two men, volunteered to be a part of the study that took place over a period of four semesters. Qualitative data was collected, coded and analyzed to make meaning of the participants’ experiences. Data comprised of participants’ reflective journals, personal and group interviews, and classroom observations done in middle school practicum and high school student teaching placements. The findings indicated that while the participants became ...


Potential Of Automated Writing Evaluation Feedback, Elena Cotos Nov 2015

Potential Of Automated Writing Evaluation Feedback, Elena Cotos

Elena Cotos

This paper presents an empirical evaluation of automated writing evaluation (AWE) feedback used for L2 academic writing teaching and learning. It introduces the Intelligent Academic Discourse Evaluator (IADE), a new web-based AWE program that analyzes the introduction section to research articles and generates immediate, individualized, and discipline-specific feedback. The purpose of the study was to investigate the potential of IADE’s feedback. A mixed-methods approach with a concurrent transformative strategy was employed. Quantitative data consisted of responses to Likert-scale, yes/no, and open-ended survey questions; automated and human scores for first and final drafts; and pre-/posttest scores. Qualitative data ...


Special Interest Group On Heritage Languages-Fall Newsletter, Theresa Y. Austin, Yvonne Farino, Rosario M. De Swanson, Joy Kreeft Peyton, Wei-Li Hsu Oct 2015

Special Interest Group On Heritage Languages-Fall Newsletter, Theresa Y. Austin, Yvonne Farino, Rosario M. De Swanson, Joy Kreeft Peyton, Wei-Li Hsu

Theresa Y. Austin

News on research and instruction in the world of heritage language education


Youth Participatory Action Research And The Future Of Education Reform, Oiyan Poon, Jacob Cohen Oct 2015

Youth Participatory Action Research And The Future Of Education Reform, Oiyan Poon, Jacob Cohen

OiYan Poon

This article presents a youth participatory action research (YPAR) study, which was conducted through a theoretical lens incorporating the social justice youth policy framework and Critical Race Theory. Led by youth from the Vietnamese American Young Leaders Association (VAYLA), the study explored the impacts of post-Katrina school reforms on student experiences at six New Orleans high schools. The findings from the study exposed troubling educational disparities by race, class, limited English status, and geography. The YPAR project’s results counter neoliberal reform advocates’ narrative of a post-Katrina New Orleans school “miracle.” This article illuminates YPAR as both research method and ...


Restructuring Schools For Linguistic Diversity: Linking Decision Making To Effective Programs (2nd Edition), Ofelia Miramontes, Adel Nadeau, Nancy Commins Oct 2015

Restructuring Schools For Linguistic Diversity: Linking Decision Making To Effective Programs (2nd Edition), Ofelia Miramontes, Adel Nadeau, Nancy Commins

Nancy L. Commins

This bestselling book addresses a major instructional and policy concern in public education—how personnel and resources can best be utilized to develop strong instructional programs for a culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) student population. This meticulously updated second edition incorporates the experience that the authors have gained since the publication of the first edition in 1997. The changes not only reflect the current state of affairs in education, but also what has been learned from the many schools that have used the framework successfully.

Useful to prospective and current teachers and essential for educational administrators and policymakers, this new ...


Assessment And Accountability In Language Education Programs: A Guide For Administrators And Teachers, Diep Nguyen, Nancy Commins Oct 2015

Assessment And Accountability In Language Education Programs: A Guide For Administrators And Teachers, Diep Nguyen, Nancy Commins

Nancy L. Commins

Administrators and teachers need defensible evidence of English language learners’ growth and achievement to drive their decision making! This groundbreaking book provides a field-tested approach to accountability for ELLs. Gottlieb and Nguyen propose the BASIC (balanced assessment and accountability system, inclusive and comprehensive) model. This model is research-based and grounded in practice. It relies on multiple forms of assessment data from multiple stakeholders that yield a body of evidence on language learners’ learning and academic achievement. This user-friendly guide exemplifies how to plan, collect, analyze, and use evidence of students’ language development and academic achievement to Respond to external accountability ...


Responding To Linguistic Diversity, Nancy Commins Oct 2015

Responding To Linguistic Diversity, Nancy Commins

Nancy L. Commins

Second language learners arrive at every grade level with a variety of experiences and differing academic backgrounds. Responding to their learning needs means accommodating the entire range of students from monolingual English speakers to monolingual speakers of other languages, and a variety of bilingual profiles in between. This article discusses how schools adopt a "blue pathway" mindset for improving instruction for all learners. The blue pathway, which also leads to academic competence, represents best practice for second language learners--strategies and approaches that from the outset account for language proficiency and cultural diversity. Instruction on the blue pathway can be summed ...


Linguistic Diversity And Teaching: Reflective Teaching And The Social Conditions Of Schooling Series, Nancy Commins, Ofelia Miramontes Oct 2015

Linguistic Diversity And Teaching: Reflective Teaching And The Social Conditions Of Schooling Series, Nancy Commins, Ofelia Miramontes

Nancy L. Commins

Linguistic Diversity and Teaching raises questions and provides a context for reflection regarding the complex issues surrounding new English learners in the schools. These issues exist within a highly charged political climate and involve not only language, but also culture, class, ethnicity, and the persistent inequities that characterize our educational system. The text addresses these issues through conversations among experts, practitioners, and readers that are informed by representative case studies and by a range of theoretical approaches. It is designed to engage readers in beginning to evolve their own practical theories, to help them explore and perhaps modify some basic ...


Restructuring Schools For Linguistic Diversity: Linking Decision Making To Effective Programs, Ofelia Miramontes, Adel Nadeau, Nancy Commins Oct 2015

Restructuring Schools For Linguistic Diversity: Linking Decision Making To Effective Programs, Ofelia Miramontes, Adel Nadeau, Nancy Commins

Nancy L. Commins

The linguistically diverse population is the fastest growing segment of the student population. Educators are beginning to realize that a "models" approach to designing programmes for linguistically diverse students does not work, whereas a decision-making approach accommodates the variety of needs presented by these students. This volume offers the integration of the knowledge regarding English as a second language and bilingual instruction across the curriculum, presented with a process for incorporating them into a complete programme that lies precisely within the goals and realities of schools. It should prove useful to professors and graduate students of educational administration, teacher education ...


A Descriptive Study Of The Linguistic Abilities Of A Selected Group Of Low Achieving Hispanic Bilingual Students, Nancy Commins, Ofelia Miramontes Oct 2015

A Descriptive Study Of The Linguistic Abilities Of A Selected Group Of Low Achieving Hispanic Bilingual Students, Nancy Commins, Ofelia Miramontes

Nancy L. Commins

A study investigated the notion that bilingual students' low academic achievement may be due to semilingualism (having limited language skills) in each of the two languages, and the cognitive deficits that presumably result. The subjects were two boys and two girls from the fifth and sixth grades with low proficiency in either English or Spanish. Data were drawn from observations and audiotaping of natural and structured conversations and interviews were conducted with each family to provide information on the students' language performance both within and outside school. No evidence emerged that any subject mixed Spanish and English, but all code-switched ...


Meaning Is Everything: Comprehension Work With Second Language Learners [Book Chapter], Nancy Commins Oct 2015

Meaning Is Everything: Comprehension Work With Second Language Learners [Book Chapter], Nancy Commins

Nancy L. Commins

No abstract provided.


Redefining Literacy And Literacy Contexts: Discovering A Community Of Learners [Book Chapters], Ofelia Miramontes, Nancy Commins Oct 2015

Redefining Literacy And Literacy Contexts: Discovering A Community Of Learners [Book Chapters], Ofelia Miramontes, Nancy Commins

Nancy L. Commins

No abstract provided.


Pre-Service Teachers’ Beliefs And Knowledge About Multiculturalism, Emmanuel Acquah, Nancy Commins Oct 2015

Pre-Service Teachers’ Beliefs And Knowledge About Multiculturalism, Emmanuel Acquah, Nancy Commins

Nancy L. Commins

The present study examined pre-service teachers’ knowledge of issues related to multiculturalism and diversity before and after taking a multicultural education course. Data from 38 degree students in an urban university in the southwest of Finland were analysed using a mixed method approach. The results indicate that pre-service teachers’ knowledge levels increased with respect to diversity and multicultural education after taking the course. In addition, pre-service teachers felt more competent and prepared to teach students with diverse backgrounds after the exposure. The implications of the findings for teacher education programmes and teacher educators are discussed.


Language And Affect: Bilingual Students At Home And At School, Nancy Commins Oct 2015

Language And Affect: Bilingual Students At Home And At School, Nancy Commins

Nancy L. Commins

No abstract provided.


Addressing Linguistic Diversity From The Outset, Nancy Commins, Ofelia Miramontes Oct 2015

Addressing Linguistic Diversity From The Outset, Nancy Commins, Ofelia Miramontes

Nancy L. Commins

Schools of education typically prepare their prospective teachers to work with amorphous “average students”—who are by implication middle class, native, English speaking, and White. They are then given some limited opportunities to adapt these understandings to students with diverging profiles—children of poverty, second language learners, and students of color. The authors argue that given the changing demographics of public schools, initial teacher education should be based on the understandings that teachers typically do not receive until the end of their programs or in add-on endorsements. They should be prepared from the outset to work with the wide diversity ...


Supporting Bilingual Learners And Their Families: Key Understandings For Pre-Service Teachers And The Institutions That Prepare Them, Nancy Commins Oct 2015

Supporting Bilingual Learners And Their Families: Key Understandings For Pre-Service Teachers And The Institutions That Prepare Them, Nancy Commins

Nancy L. Commins

An essential component of successful schooling in linguistically and culturally diverse settings is the active involvement of parents and community members. This is made possible when teachers honor families’ languages and cultural traditions and build upon them. Teacher preparation programs play a critical role in helping preservice teachers reject deficit views and recognize that issues of status, power, and economic circumstances all play a role in shaping outcomes for students. Part of the asset orientation that must be fostered in new teachers is the understanding that primary or home language development contributes to both the academic success of children and ...


Perceived And Actual Linguistic Competence: A Descriptive Study Of Four Low–Achieving Hispanic Bilingual Students, Nancy L. Commins, Ofelia B. Miramontes Oct 2015

Perceived And Actual Linguistic Competence: A Descriptive Study Of Four Low–Achieving Hispanic Bilingual Students, Nancy L. Commins, Ofelia B. Miramontes

Nancy L. Commins

This ethnographic study investigated the linguistic performance of four Hispanic bilingual students perceived to have limited language abilities in Spanish and English. The study provided data on the students' language use and abilities, in both languages, in a variety of school and nonschool settings. Data were analyzed qualitatively for evidence of students' linguistic, discourse, and narrative competencies. Performance was compared across settings and across languages for each student, as well as across students. All students displayed different strengths across settings in both languages. The data indicated that the organization of instruction limited the students' abilities to demonstrate their full range ...