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Post-Natal Survival Of Raccoons In Relation To Female Age And Denning Behavior, Jonathan J. Judson, William R. Clark, Ronald D. Andrews Jan 1994

Post-Natal Survival Of Raccoons In Relation To Female Age And Denning Behavior, Jonathan J. Judson, William R. Clark, Ronald D. Andrews

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

We measured post-natal survival of radio-collared raccoons 1-5 months old in southwest Iowa, 1988-1989. We compared survival of young nurtured by yearling and adult females and related den site selection to survival functions using proportional hazards models. Adult females used upland and farmstead habitats note frequently than yearlings, whereas yearling females used lowland habitats note frequently. Tree cavities and beds on the ground were used most frequently. Adult females denned in buildings 13% of the time and in holes in the ground 9.5% of the time, whereas yearlings frequently tested with litters in beds on the ground (31%). Microhab1tat ...


Testing The Accuracy And Precision Of Wetness Sensors In A Tomato Field And On Turfgrass, Kara J. Potratz, Mark L. Gleason, Melanie L. Hockmuth, Sharon K. Parker, Glenn A. Pearston Jan 1994

Testing The Accuracy And Precision Of Wetness Sensors In A Tomato Field And On Turfgrass, Kara J. Potratz, Mark L. Gleason, Melanie L. Hockmuth, Sharon K. Parker, Glenn A. Pearston

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Measurements of dew-period duration by painted, flat-plate, electronic wetness sensors at the top of the plant canopy in a tomato field and on adjacent turfgrass were compared with visual observations. The response range of sensors during the onset of dew sometimes exceeded 5 hr. but was less than 1 hr. on other nights. Sensors in the tomato field indicated dew formation occurred as much as 2 hr. earlier or later than dew became visible on adjacent tomato leaflets at the top of the crop canopy. A calibration threshold for sensors derived from a drying curve resulted in the underestimation of ...


Effects Of Competition And Predation On Prothonotary Warblers And House Wrens Nesting In Eastern Iowa, Timothy Brush Jan 1994

Effects Of Competition And Predation On Prothonotary Warblers And House Wrens Nesting In Eastern Iowa, Timothy Brush

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

In a fragmented midwestern floodplain forest, a small Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea) population experienced high competition with House Wrens (Troglodytes aedon) and mammalian nest predation in 1988-89. Despite the provision of 3 types of nest boxes and higher water levels, Prothonotary Warblers did not nest successfully and decreased in the fragmented forest in 1990-91. House Wrens used >90% of the nest boxes in both years. Wren territories doubled within the nestbox area, while remaining constant on an unmanipulated area. In contrast, a larger warbler population had high nesting success during 1990-91 in a relatively unfragmented, wetter forest tract. Such forests ...


Evaluation Of Implanted Radio Transmitters In Pheasant Chicks, Dean E. Ewing, William R. Clark, Paul A. Vohls Jan 1994

Evaluation Of Implanted Radio Transmitters In Pheasant Chicks, Dean E. Ewing, William R. Clark, Paul A. Vohls

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

We studied game-farm pheasant (Phasianus colchicus Linneaus) chicks implanted with miniature transmitters to determine if surgery and implantation affected growth, behavior, or survival. Transmitters (weighing 1.2 g) were implanted subcutaneously in the interscapular region in day-old chicks. In Experiment 1, biological effects on chicks with transmitters implanted were compared with data from a control group. In Experiment 2, the effects of anesthesia only, anesthesia with an implanted transmitter, and implanted transmitter only were compared with a control. We measured responses of weight gain, survival, and pecking behavior in each experiment. In Experiment 1, we found no significant differences in ...


Annual Report Of The Iowa Academy Of Science, 1993-94, Paul E. Rider Jan 1994

Annual Report Of The Iowa Academy Of Science, 1993-94, Paul E. Rider

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Since 1976, annual reports have served as a continuing record of the activities of the Iowa Academy of Science and an archive for its history. These augment the 100 year IAS history written in the centennial year of 1975.

This report covers the period from July 1, 1993 to June 30, 1994. It is based on the official records of the Academy (committee reports, Board minutes, correspondence) as well as the recollections, impressions and thoughts of the author.


Cover - Table Of Contents Jan 1994

Cover - Table Of Contents

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Jan 1994

Front Matter

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Back Cover Jan 1994

Back Cover

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Selective Recovery Of Β-Galactosidase With Charged Fusion Tails Using Ion-Exchange Membranes, Erika A. Thiem, Meng H. Heng Jan 1994

Selective Recovery Of Β-Galactosidase With Charged Fusion Tails Using Ion-Exchange Membranes, Erika A. Thiem, Meng H. Heng

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

We explored the feasibility of attaching charged tails to a target protein, in this case β-galactosidase, for selective recovery. In this process, an ion-exchange membrane was used for selective binding and release of β-galactosidase with the attached purification fusions. Strength of binding and purity of eluate increased with increasing tail length. In addition, activity yield was improved with the implementation of an intermediate partial elution recycle procedure.


Age And Developmental History Of Iowa Fens, C. A. Thompson, E. A. Bettis Iii Jan 1994

Age And Developmental History Of Iowa Fens, C. A. Thompson, E. A. Bettis Iii

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Iowa fens are small, mineorotrophic peatlands maintained by shallow groundwater. Eighteen fen sites located across northern Iowa were mapped and radiocarbon dated to assess the timing of initial peat accumulation. The radiocarbon ages span the Holocene, ranging from 1,240 to 10,900 B.P.; however most fens postdate 5,000 yr B.P. The dominance of late-Holocene ages suggests that Holocene climatic change may have strongly influenced the record of peat accumulation. During the mid-Holocene Iowa was warmer and drier than at present, and peat was degraded or accumulated slowly in fens. The range of ages also implies that ...


Front Matter Jan 1994

Front Matter

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Ecoregions And Subregions Of Iowa: A Framework For Water Quality Assessment And Management, Glenn E. Griffith, James M. Omernik, Thomas F. Wilton, Suzanne M. Pierson Jan 1994

Ecoregions And Subregions Of Iowa: A Framework For Water Quality Assessment And Management, Glenn E. Griffith, James M. Omernik, Thomas F. Wilton, Suzanne M. Pierson

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Ecoregion frameworks are valuable tools for inventorying and assessing environmental resources, for setting resource management goals, and for developing biological criteria and water quality standards. In a collaborative project between the Iowa Department of Natural Resources (DNR) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), we have refined boundaries of the EPA's five ecological regions of Iowa and defined six subregions of the Western Corn Belt Plains ecoregion within the state. Lists of candidate stream reference sites have been developed to date for the seven largest regions, and the sites were visited and evaluated by Iowa DNR and U ...


Removal Of Magnetic Impurities From Strontium Copper Oxychloride, Colleen B. Eads, Carol J. Kosmicke, Lance L. Miller Jan 1994

Removal Of Magnetic Impurities From Strontium Copper Oxychloride, Colleen B. Eads, Carol J. Kosmicke, Lance L. Miller

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Analyses of a copper-deficient series of Strontium Copper Oxychloride polycrystalline samples are reported. Magnetic susceptibility, X-ray powder diffraction, and differential thermal analyses show a small Curie-type magnetic signal correlates with =0.6% (excess) copper ions in the nominally stoichiometric material. The analyses also imply that the extra magnetic signal is from an impurity phase, possibly related to Strontium Copper Oxide. The concentration of the impurity phase can be controlled by varying the copper stoichiometry.


Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors Jan 1994

Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Journal Of The Iowa Academy Of Science Submission Form And Instruction Sheet Jan 1994

Journal Of The Iowa Academy Of Science Submission Form And Instruction Sheet

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Back Cover Jan 1994

Back Cover

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Crystal Structure Of An Iodine Phenazine Complex: C12h9n2 + · I3-. C12h8n2 · 1/6i2, Rebecca A. Brandenburg, Sharon L. Ringrose, Robert A. Jacobson Jan 1994

Crystal Structure Of An Iodine Phenazine Complex: C12h9n2 + · I3-. C12h8n2 · 1/6i2, Rebecca A. Brandenburg, Sharon L. Ringrose, Robert A. Jacobson

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

A structural study of the polyiodide containing species C12H9N2+ I3- C12H8N2 · 1/6I2 was carried out by single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. The material crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/m with a= 16.561(5), b = 8.372(2), c = 9.908(5) A and β = 111.24°. There are two molecules per cell. Dara were collected using Mo K radiation and refinement converged to R = 0.027 based on the 1996 unique reflections with |Fo|≥3δ(Fo). The iodine atoms were found ...


Cover - Table Of Contents Jan 1994

Cover - Table Of Contents

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


The Iowa Academy Of Science Parish Farm: 1986-1992, David L. Dozark Jan 1994

The Iowa Academy Of Science Parish Farm: 1986-1992, David L. Dozark

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

This article focuses on the Iowa Academy of Science Parish Farm and the progress made in the last seven years towards the goals set forth in the Model Farm Concept which was adopted by the Academy in 1970. Highlights of this article are a summary of the income and expenses associated with the farm's highly profitable crop production, the ground-water monitoring project being conducted by the Geological Survey Bureau, the woodlot rejuvenation project, soil and wildlife conservation improvements, and the prairie forbes exhibit area. The farm continues to serve as a primary source of income for the Academy and ...


Analysis Of An Iowa Aridity Index In Relationship To Climate And Crop Yield, Soumare Harouna, R. E. Carlson Jan 1994

Analysis Of An Iowa Aridity Index In Relationship To Climate And Crop Yield, Soumare Harouna, R. E. Carlson

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

An aridity index and its components, temperature and precipitation, for the period from 1900 through April 1993 were defined and characterized. This index describes the anomalous behavior of both temperature and precipitation over time. Our intent was to examine climate variability in Iowa. Moving mean and standard deviations over various lengths of time were calculated from three time series. We found that these indices fluctuate considerably from year to year and from month to month. The lowest aridity index values occurred in the recent summer of 1992, and the highest occurred during the very drought-prone 1930s. The 12-month moving mean ...


Relation Between S2 And Later Generation Testcrosses Of Two Corn Populations, S. M. Lile, A. R. Hallauer Jan 1994

Relation Between S2 And Later Generation Testcrosses Of Two Corn Populations, S. M. Lile, A. R. Hallauer

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Determination of the relative combining abilities of corn (Zea mays L.) inbred lines is an important feature of applied corn breeding programs. Combining ability is measured by the relative performance of a line in testcrosses to one or more testers. Inbred lines from BS13(S2)Cl and BSCB1(R)C7 corn populations were evaluated at the S2 and later generations of inbreeding. Intense selection was practiced among and within lines during inbreeding to develop the S5-equivalent and S8 generation lines. The objective of this study was to determine if the combining ability of lines in early ...


Back Cover Jan 1994

Back Cover

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Cover - Table Of Contents Jan 1994

Cover - Table Of Contents

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Front Matter Jan 1994

Front Matter

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.


Research Papers By 1992 And 1993 Interns In The Program For Women In Science And Engineering At Iowa State University, Mary Ann Evans, Krishna S. Athreya Jan 1994

Research Papers By 1992 And 1993 Interns In The Program For Women In Science And Engineering At Iowa State University, Mary Ann Evans, Krishna S. Athreya

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

The papers in this volume offer a sampling of the outstanding work of high school and undergraduate interns who participated in the 1992 and 1993 Program for Women in Science and Engineering (PWSE) summer internship programs. From synthesis of materials to developing effective methods of hazardous waste disposal, from nondestructive structural studies at the macroscopic level to microstructural analyses of materials, from testing precision of sensors used as aids in agriculture to isolating effects of specific parameters on plant growth, to name a few, these papers span a wide range of scientific methods and disciplines. They serve as testimony to ...


Nuclear Waste Into Glass: Viscosities Of Molten Analogs Of Radioactive Waste Disposal Media, Betty Pang, Kenneth E. Windom Jan 1994

Nuclear Waste Into Glass: Viscosities Of Molten Analogs Of Radioactive Waste Disposal Media, Betty Pang, Kenneth E. Windom

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Disposal of high-level radioactive wastes involves vitrification of a mixture of waste products and borosilicate glass frit. Monitoring the composition of the mixture is critical to the control of the vitrification process, bur is difficult because of the high levels or radioactive components in the mixture. Synthetic non-radioactive analogs of the products from nuclear reprocessing have been prepared and their viscosities measured over a wide range of temperature appropriate to those of the vitrification process. Preliminary results indicate that viscosity is a linear function of composition, under isothermal conditions, for a limited compositional range that encompasses the proportions of waste ...


Influence Of Reduced Leaching On Growth Of Seedlings Of Black Locust Inoculated With Rhizobia, William R. Graves, Sandra R. Anfinson Jan 1994

Influence Of Reduced Leaching On Growth Of Seedlings Of Black Locust Inoculated With Rhizobia, William R. Graves, Sandra R. Anfinson

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Seedlings of black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) were inoculated with compatible rhizobia and irrigated twice each week with solution containing either 50 or 150 mg nitrogen/L. Leaching fraction treatments of 0, 0.2, or 0.4 were maintained for 6 weeks. Seedlings supplied 50 mg nitrogen/L grew poorly compared co planes supplied 150 mg nitrogen/L regardless of leaching fraction. Dry masses of shoots and of entire planes were lower for seedlings in the 0 and 0.2 leaching fraction treatments compared with chose in the 0.4 treatment. Neither leaching fraction nor applied nitrogen concentration appeared co ...


Use Of Ion Exchange Membranes For Selective Recovery Of Aspergillus Awamori Glucoamylase And Phage T4 Lysozyme, Deborah K. Stafslein, Jeff M. Hunter, Craig E. Forney Jan 1994

Use Of Ion Exchange Membranes For Selective Recovery Of Aspergillus Awamori Glucoamylase And Phage T4 Lysozyme, Deborah K. Stafslein, Jeff M. Hunter, Craig E. Forney

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

Our research examined whether enhanced separation and purification of mutant enzymes could be obtained on ion-exchange membranes. Solutions of three mutants of Aspergillus awamori glucoamylase were passed through an anionic exchange membrane, as well as one mutant of T4 lysozyme through a cationic exchange membrane. The mutant enzymes were modified by adding "charged fusions'', polypeptides of either aspartic acid residues to increase the overall negative charge of the enzyme or arginine residues to increase the overall positive charge. The effect of the mutations on the purification of glucoamylase from a "modified" fermentation broth were examined at two different elution pHs ...


Parallel Algorithms For Solving Partial Differential Equations, Stacy Pschenica Jan 1994

Parallel Algorithms For Solving Partial Differential Equations, Stacy Pschenica

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

This paper describes the use of a parallel computer system in applying a finite difference method to solve various types of partial differential equations. A sequential implementation of this method was made parallel by essentially spatially decomposing the problem domain into pieces that could be separately analyzed and assigning each piece to a processor in a large, multi-processor system. Although this approach is attractive in theory, it suffers in practice because of inter-processor interactions. Thus, particular emphasis was placed on developing efficient methods for the sharing of information among the processors.

Initially, a simple two-dimensional board game, life, was implemented ...


Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors Jan 1994

Editorial Board & Iowa Academy Of Science Officers And Directors

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS

No abstract provided.