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Full-Text Articles in Education

Phonemic Conversion As The Ideal Romanization Scheme For Hebrew: Implications For Hebrew Cataloging, Uzzi Ornan, Rachel Leket-Mor Apr 2016

Phonemic Conversion As The Ideal Romanization Scheme For Hebrew: Implications For Hebrew Cataloging, Uzzi Ornan, Rachel Leket-Mor

Judaica Librarianship

This paper examines a romanization scheme developed by linguist Uzzi Ornan that has not been considered for implementation in libraries. Phonemic conversion of Hebrew neither uses transliteration nor transcription strategies but reconstructs the theoretical structure of the original Hebrew word based on its phonemes. The article describes this scheme and its benefits, which include full coverage of all historical periods and script modes of Hebrew, and full reversibility, complete with an online interface that enables automatic conversion. The article compares the suggested phonemic conversion scheme with the ALA/LC Romanization of Hebrew and provides a history of previously attempted reversal ...


Some Problems Of Ladino/Judezmo Romanization, Zachary M. Baker Dec 1995

Some Problems Of Ladino/Judezmo Romanization, Zachary M. Baker

Judaica Librarianship

While ALA/LC standards have been developed for the Romanization of Hebrew and Yiddish for bibliographic purposes, the lack of such a standard for the Romanization of Ladino/Judezmo impedes access to materials in that language. The distinctiveness of Ladino/Judezmo argues that it be treated on its own terms, and not as merely derivative of its principal components, Spanish and Hebrew. This article establishes the rationale for an ALA/LC standard for the Romanization of Ladino/Judezmo and suggests sources that could serve as its basis.


Ambiguities In The Romanization Of Yiddish, Bella Hass Weinberg Dec 1995

Ambiguities In The Romanization Of Yiddish, Bella Hass Weinberg

Judaica Librarianship

Romanization of Yiddish is one of the most complex activities in Hebraica cataloging, especially for publications that do not use Standard Yiddish Orthography. The Library of Congress has adopted the VIVO table for vowels, but uses its own Hebrew table for consonants. LC's publication Hebraica Cataloging provides little guidance on Yiddish Romanization, and MARC records contain many errors and inconsistencies in the application of the table. VIVO's linguistic reference works, notably Uriel Weinreich's Modern English-Yiddish, Yiddish-English Dictionary and the translation of Max Weinreich's History of the Yiddish Language, often contradict each other in the Romanization of ...


Current Practices And Standards Of Cataloging Hebraica In Rlin, Heidi G. Lerner Sep 1994

Current Practices And Standards Of Cataloging Hebraica In Rlin, Heidi G. Lerner

Judaica Librarianship

Since 1988, approximately 21 institutions have input Hebraica records into RLIN utilizing its Hebrew script capability. These institutions have varying standards for the amount of Hebrew script and Romanization that they provide. Some institutions provide vernacular access only for the core fields that have been defined by RLIN; others provide vernacular access for main and ad d ed entries, notes, and subject headings as well. Some institutions do not provide Romanization for the statement of responsibility or beyond the title proper. These institutions have varying financial, technical, and policy constraints that have contributed to this diversity of procedures for inputting ...


Modifications Made By The New York Public Library To Rlin Hebraica Records, Claire Dienstag Sep 1994

Modifications Made By The New York Public Library To Rlin Hebraica Records, Claire Dienstag

Judaica Librarianship

In its Hebraica cataloging on RLIN, the Jewish Division of the New York Public Library aims for a complete "9114" cataloging category (CC) record, as specified by the Research Libraries Group. Derived records with a CC value of "9994", signifying a lower level of cataloging quality, are enhanced by romanizing field 245 #b, i.e., "other title" information. Field 245 #c (statement of responsibility) can remain unromanized, for the author's name in Latin characters appears in field 1 xx (main entry). Complete collation, appropriate subject headings, added entries and notes deemed necessary to describe a book's contents are ...


Hebrew Card Production From Rlin Records At The Klau Library, Laurel S. Wolfson Sep 1994

Hebrew Card Production From Rlin Records At The Klau Library, Laurel S. Wolfson

Judaica Librarianship

While the RUN bibliographic utility fully supports display and search capabilities of Hebrew script in bibliographic records, its card program is not able to produce cards that include Hebrew script. Hebrew Union College Library commissioned the writing of software to utilize existing RLIN functions to download Hebrew script records for local card production. However, modifications of the records are required to accommodate the idiosyncrasies of both RLIN and the local software.


Use Or Non-Use Of Parallel Linking Fields In Rlin For Hebrew-Script Access Points, Rosalie E. Katchen Sep 1994

Use Or Non-Use Of Parallel Linking Fields In Rlin For Hebrew-Script Access Points, Rosalie E. Katchen

Judaica Librarianship

RLIN tagging practice for Hebraic headings is examined in light of cataloging time and efficiency. It is argued that the rule that the roman heading must be a systematic romanization of the Hebrew heading in order for the two to be linked as parallel is inappropriate.


The Rlin Cataloging Category (Cc) Code And Hebraica Cataloging At Yeshiva University Library, Rebecca Malamud Sep 1994

The Rlin Cataloging Category (Cc) Code And Hebraica Cataloging At Yeshiva University Library, Rebecca Malamud

Judaica Librarianship

In doing Hebraica cataloging on RLIN, Yeshiva University (YU) librarians provide full title and statement of responsibility data in the original script. YU catalogers do not, however, provide full romanization of these elements, but stop after the title proper. The Research Libraries Group's definition of cataloging levels requires YU to code its records as less-than-full. It is argued in this paper that the Cataloging Category codes mask the quality of records containing complete bibliographic data in the original script, and that libraries in putting this data are penalized financially.