Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 87

Full-Text Articles in Education

Strategies To Retain High School Athletic Coaches, Kevon London-Hill May 2019

Strategies To Retain High School Athletic Coaches, Kevon London-Hill

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This is a review of literature aims to find what factors impact retention for high school sport coaches and what strategies can help increase retention. Coaches at the high school level are leaving the profession for a variety of reason that include job satisfaction, relationships with students and staff along with lacking support from administrators. The selection of literature utilized for this review was found using keywords: retention, coaches, and high school. Other articles were found through viewing selected studies references that are relevant to coaching and retention. Gathering data from the studies allowed findings that are relevant to impacting ...


Media Coverage For Female Sports: A Review Of Literature, Hsu Zen Lim Dec 2018

Media Coverage For Female Sports: A Review Of Literature, Hsu Zen Lim

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Ever since Title IX were introduced in 1972, it has allowed equal play time for both male and female athletes on the court. Although Title IX helped to establish more equity for women in sport participation, media coverage did not parallel the growth of women’s participation. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on media coverage of female athletes. Media coverage included a review of newspaper and magazine print as well as visual and social media. In addition, a review of the portrayal of women in the media was also presented. Results indicated women sports were ...


Environmental Factors That Influence Physical Activity Participation In Children And Youth: A Synthesis Of The Literature, Jarrod Nash Dec 2018

Environmental Factors That Influence Physical Activity Participation In Children And Youth: A Synthesis Of The Literature, Jarrod Nash

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Physical activity participation in children and youth is widely regarded as important to ensure proper health. There are many environmental factors that contribute to children and youth being able to participate in physical activity on a daily basis. This synthesis reviewed literature regarding environmental factors that influence physical activity participation in children and youth. Data was collected using the EBSCOHOST search engine, found on The College at Brockport’s Drake Memorial Library online research website. Key words in SPORTDiscus and Academic Search Complete databases were combined to obtain 10 studies that focused on this synthesis’s purpose and research questions ...


Rethinking Metacognitive Intervention: A Scaffolded Exam Wrapper Strategy, Aaron Ridall Dec 2018

Rethinking Metacognitive Intervention: A Scaffolded Exam Wrapper Strategy, Aaron Ridall

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students lack the behaviors and strategies that support success in postsecondary environments, which has led one-third of all college students to enroll in remedial courses (Bowen, Chingos, & McPherson, 2009). One particular executive function that low-achieving students are often without is metacognition, or thinking about thinking. Traditional models of education in the United States do not teach students how to analyze their performance even though metacognition is linked to improved academic performance (Young & Fry, 2008). This work presents a scaffolded metacognitive strategy to help low-achieving students improve their metacognitive skillfulness and examination performance.


Teacher And Staff Perspectives On The Needs Of High School Students Who Are At Risk Of Academic Failure And Truancy, Allison Parry-Gurak Dec 2017

Teacher And Staff Perspectives On The Needs Of High School Students Who Are At Risk Of Academic Failure And Truancy, Allison Parry-Gurak

Counselor Education Capstone

Students, who are at risk of academic failure and truancy, are at an increased risk of school dropout. Understanding why academic failure and truancy occurs, may lead to the development of comprehensive prevention and intervention programs in order to best support these students. Teachers and staff have unique insights as to the needs of students and their barriers to success. Results of this research found, family support is vital in student success and often is an area lacking for students who are at risk of academic failure and/or truancy. Furthermore, providing comprehensive support, school resources, family engagement, and student ...


School Personnel Attitudes And Knowledge Towards Lgbtq Students, Jenna Mollura Dec 2017

School Personnel Attitudes And Knowledge Towards Lgbtq Students, Jenna Mollura

Counselor Education Capstone

Literature highlights areas of discord for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning/Queer (LGBTQ) students in the school setting as well as teacher, administrator, and school counselor attitudes and knowledge about LGBTQ students. Overall, most LGBTQ students will experience bullying, harassment, and/or a lack of support during their time in the K-12 education system. Educators (N=53) provided their attitudes and knowledge regarding LGBTQ student issues in a high school setting. Respondents indicated that there are a variety of attitudes towards LGBTQ student issues, policies, and identities. Additionally, results demonstrate school personnel knowledge of the subject lacks, which results ...


Examining The Role Of Parents/Caregivers Of Youth Demonstrating Truant Behavior, Terri Clark Dec 2017

Examining The Role Of Parents/Caregivers Of Youth Demonstrating Truant Behavior, Terri Clark

Counselor Education Capstone

Truancy, which refers to unexcused absenteeism from school, is precipitated by numerous home and school factors. Generally, laws in most countries across the world require parents or caregivers to ensure that children attend school. In the United States, the No Child Left Behind Act requires all children to attend school (Kim & Page, 2012). The United States government’s statistics indicated that a large percentage of pupils in the country fail to attend school and classes for various reasons (Dahl, 2016). The numerous causes of truancy may be broadly classified as community and school-based. This qualitative study investigated the experiences of ...


Ipad & Paper: Teacher Perceptions Of Tablet Literacy Outcomes On Middle School Students, Matthew Rockefeller May 2017

Ipad & Paper: Teacher Perceptions Of Tablet Literacy Outcomes On Middle School Students, Matthew Rockefeller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Since the development of the first mass-produced iPad in 2010, American tablet ownership has skyrocketed both within our homes and now within K-12 public schools throughout the United States. Yet as 1:1 classroom technology has transformed from an anomaly to a mere commonplace expectation in many regions of the country in just seven years, the questions arises as to how tablet use may be impacting the overall reading and writing of our students. Through two data sets, this study uses a convenience sampling of 22 middle school teachers to analyze their perceptions on the ways in which they believe ...


A Financial Literacy Curriculum Project On Linear Functions In Algebra I Aligned With New York State Common Core State Standards, Michael T. Hughson Jr May 2017

A Financial Literacy Curriculum Project On Linear Functions In Algebra I Aligned With New York State Common Core State Standards, Michael T. Hughson Jr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There is a lack of financial literacy curriculum available for teachers to support students learning of mathematical skills that are needed in real life. Financial literacy curricula can support students learning real life skills needed before independent living situations in college or career. Direct mathematical modelling and application can support students comprehension of the relationship between financial literacy and algebra. This curriculum highlights the ideology of the need to know drives learning and aligns real world financial literacy problems to the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) algebra standards.


Perceptions Of Stress Experienced By Student-Athletes In An Education Opportunity Program, Renee Finnemore Jan 2017

Perceptions Of Stress Experienced By Student-Athletes In An Education Opportunity Program, Renee Finnemore

Counselor Education Capstone

Stress has been shown to have a negative impact on psychological and physical health. Individuals who experience chronic stress are at increased risk for serious health conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, coronary disease and some cancers as well as mental health disorders such as anxiety, depression, disordered eating and substance use. The resulting conditions impact any area of an individual’s life such as academic or career endeavors. In the case of college students, experiences of stress impact student achievement and persistence. Research on student- athletes, underrepresented, first generation, and low-income students has shown these populations to be at increased ...


The Effect Of Gaze On Romantic Relationships, Norman D. Field May 2016

The Effect Of Gaze On Romantic Relationships, Norman D. Field

Psychology Master's Theses

Amount of eye gaze has been correlated with relationship quality in married couples. Also, experimentally manipulated eye gaze has been shown to positively affect evaluations of strangers. The field lacks, however, experimental research on the effect of eye gaze on relationship quality in couples. Here, research entails experimental manipulation of eye gaze in couples. It was hypothesized that eye gazing would lead to an improvement in relationship quality. Participants were 61 couples who had been together for at least one month. Participants engaged in a task of communicating different emotions to their partner, while either looking intently at each other ...


Addressing Absenteeism Through A Positive Reinforcement Intervention, Jillian M. Malley Apr 2016

Addressing Absenteeism Through A Positive Reinforcement Intervention, Jillian M. Malley

Counselor Education Capstone

Chronic absenteeism within a school setting is defined as missing 10 percent or more of a school year. Additionally, school attendance is often correlated with academic success. This research study aimed to address the effect of positive reinforcement on school absenteeism and raw GPA percentages in chronically absent middle school students. Chronically absent students met weekly with the researcher during a 5 week period to receive the agreed upon positive reinforcement strategy. Students received a motivator only if he or she did not miss any school during that week. Absenteeism rates and raw GPA percentages were recorded at the start ...


The Prevalence Of Anxiety And Perfectionism In High School Students, Sarah E. Moore Apr 2016

The Prevalence Of Anxiety And Perfectionism In High School Students, Sarah E. Moore

Counselor Education Capstone

Academic performance is a major stressor for adolescents in high school. American high schools are offering more Advanced Placement (AP) courses than in the past and there has been an increase in enrollment in AP courses (Judson & Hobson, 2015). This study examines the presence of anxiety and maladaptive perfectionism in high school students. The purpose of this research is to determine if there is a connection between course difficulty (AP vs. Regents) and, anxiety and maladaptive perfectionism. The present study surveyed 65 eleventh and twelfth grade students using a self-report questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of the Screen for Childhood Anxiety ...


Barriers To Treatment And The Connection To Maslow’S Hierarchy Of Needs, Kelsey James Apr 2016

Barriers To Treatment And The Connection To Maslow’S Hierarchy Of Needs, Kelsey James

Counselor Education Capstone

Individuals who are engaging in mental health counseling services are demonstrating a lack of engagement in treatment. The purpose of this research study is to demonstrate a relationship between client’s perceived barriers to mental health treatment and to human needs as identified through Maslow’s hierarchy of needs (1943). This study was conducted through administration of a 27-item survey that consisted of a list of barriers to treatment and basic needs. The development and administration of this survey will be detailed through describing the location of the research site, recruitment process, and collection of data. A total of 22 ...


Determining The Impact Of A Psychoeducational Group On Student-Athlete Identity, Raymond Manioci Apr 2016

Determining The Impact Of A Psychoeducational Group On Student-Athlete Identity, Raymond Manioci

Counselor Education Capstone

This study examined the impact of a psychoeducational group on middle school student-athlete identity. Literature regarding stigmas, academic eligibility, time commitment, athletic burnout, substance usage, role conflict, and moral orientation, was reviewed to identify challenges faced by student-athletes. Supportive programs and the benefits of psychoeducational groups were discussed to provide information on combating these challenges. This study followed a quantitative, action research design, and the Academic and Athletic Identity Scale was administered as part of a pre and post-test data collection to measure a psychoeducational intervention. The data collected showed that the psychoeducational group intervention increased academic and athletic identity ...


Students Thoughts And Beliefs Of The Impact Of The Educational Opportunity Program On Their Retention And Degree Pursuance, Lisa D. Jones Apr 2016

Students Thoughts And Beliefs Of The Impact Of The Educational Opportunity Program On Their Retention And Degree Pursuance, Lisa D. Jones

Counselor Education Capstone

The goal of this study was to understand if student’s felt the Educational Opportunity Program and counselors impacted their decision to remain in college. This research took a look at student’s thoughts and beliefs regarding the impact of The Educational Opportunity Program (EOP) at The College at Brockport. Specifically, the research examined the influence of the Educational Opportunity Program on students’ decisions to return to school and pursue an undergraduate degree. It also took a look at students’ beliefs regarding their counselor’s impact on their retention and degree pursuance. This study emerged from recent literature about students ...


Who Is My Brothers’ Keeper? Stressors That African American Males Encounter During Their College Experience, Charlene Linzy Apr 2016

Who Is My Brothers’ Keeper? Stressors That African American Males Encounter During Their College Experience, Charlene Linzy

Counselor Education Capstone

The purpose of this study is to address the stressors that African American males encounter during their college experiences, specifically at Predominantly White Colleges and Universities (PWCUs). At minimum, African American males carry the burden of two negative social identities as they move through society; one as a member of the African American race (i.e., anti-Black racism) and the other as a Black male (i.e., Black misandry and oppression). African American male collegians constantly confront negative stereotypes about their intellect and must excel academically despite racially biased course content and racially insensitive instructors. I created a 51 item ...


The Effect Of A First Year Experience Program On Student Retention In Community College, Jaclyn Singer Apr 2016

The Effect Of A First Year Experience Program On Student Retention In Community College, Jaclyn Singer

Counselor Education Capstone

This mixed-method study explored the effect of a First Year Experience program on student retention and persistence of students attending an urban community college in the North Eastern United States. Program facilitators implemented a series of psychoeducational workshops with the intent of providing students with support, resources and skills for academic success in order to increase the likelihood of student persistence and retention. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of the program, examining retention rates of students enrolled in this program in comparison to the institutional average. 125 students participated in the intervention, and completed a ...


Psychoeducational Group Counseling To Enhance Self-Control In Middle School Students, Amanda Crowley Apr 2016

Psychoeducational Group Counseling To Enhance Self-Control In Middle School Students, Amanda Crowley

Counselor Education Capstone

This study evaluated self-control of middle school students (6th-8th graders) in a psychoeducational group. The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not students are learning and becoming more aware of their own self-control during situations they may encounter. Students attending a Lunch Bunch group have focused on aspects of learning and enhancing their self-control. A pre-test/post-test was used to evaluate students’ self-control using a 10-item self-reporting survey. Data analysis in the study included a comparison between students’ responses on the pre and post self-control survey. Moreover, conclusions were also drawn regarding differences in ...


Perceived Barriers To African American Male Education Completion, Ebonesha Graham Apr 2016

Perceived Barriers To African American Male Education Completion, Ebonesha Graham

Counselor Education Capstone

In efforts to inform future school counseling and educational practices, the following research paper was constructed to determine “What are the perceived barriers to African American male education completion?” This paper seeks to expose roadblocks and define the role father absenteeism plays in the educational experience of inner city African American males. Themes of household makeup and parental substitutions, exposure to risk factors, and the formation of identity were explored. Both a literature review and research study were conducted. The findings revealed numerous barriers such as a patterned cycle involving father absence, past failures, identity formation, generational behaviors, and the ...


The Relationship Between Cyberbullying And Health-Risk Behaviors Among High School Students, Colleen Halbohn Apr 2016

The Relationship Between Cyberbullying And Health-Risk Behaviors Among High School Students, Colleen Halbohn

Counselor Education Capstone

Cyberbullying is bullying using electronic forms of contact, including the internet and cell phones. This quantitative study is a secondary analysis that explores the relationship between health-risk behaviors and cyberbullying among a Monroe County School District. High school students in the district were issued a local version of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Survey items related to cyberbullying, binge drinking, hours of sleep, marijuana use, and other health-risk behaviors were reviewed, and chi squared tests were run in order to determine if relationships between the health-risk behaviors and perpetration of cyberbullying exist in this district. Results indicate that a number ...


The Effectiveness Of Mindfulness Techniques For Decreasing Anxiety Symptoms In Adolescents, Kara M. Hiltz Apr 2016

The Effectiveness Of Mindfulness Techniques For Decreasing Anxiety Symptoms In Adolescents, Kara M. Hiltz

Counselor Education Capstone

Nearly 32% of adolescents demonstrate a lifetime prevalence of an anxiety disorder, making it the most common mental disorder among adolescents (Merikangas et al., 2010). Mindfulness-based interventions have shown success in reducing anxiety symptoms in adults. This study focused on the effects of an 8-session mindfulness group on the moderate to severe anxiety levels of middle and high school students. The objectives of the small-group intervention were to educate adolescents about mindfulness techniques and to practice ways in which they could make mindfulness part of their daily lives. The aim of this study was to highlight the impact of a ...


Managing Stress In 8th Grade: Cbt And Relaxation Techniques In Small Group Therapy, Amy Levermore Apr 2016

Managing Stress In 8th Grade: Cbt And Relaxation Techniques In Small Group Therapy, Amy Levermore

Counselor Education Capstone

Stress and anxiety are rampant in school-aged youth and a majority of stress is being experienced beginning as early as middle school. Although anxiety is prevalent in a school setting, there is little to no intervention in place that decreases stress and anxiety as well as minimizes how much class time students are losing. This is especially important in high academic performing school where is it difficult to implement efficient anxiety-reducing interventions without taking students away from academic time. This paper aims to look at the combination of two different forms of therapy: CBT and Relaxation techniques in a small ...


Implications Of Working With Trauma: Therapists’ Perspectives, Stephanie Derico Oct 2015

Implications Of Working With Trauma: Therapists’ Perspectives, Stephanie Derico

Counselor Education Capstone

Vicarious trauma is a serious problem because it can be severe enough that a therapist may experience post-traumatic stress disorder (Bride, 2007). If therapists do not get help to prevent or treat compassion fatigue and burnout, there is a high likelihood that they will leave the field, which is a tremendous loss of resources (Harrison & Westwood, 2009). If they continue their work while impaired it is unethical and harmful to clients (Stalker & Harvey, 2002). If researchers gain insight on how therapists maintain compassion satisfaction while working with trauma, this could potentially reverse the effects of burnout and compassion fatigue. The purpose of the present study was to gain awareness of the lived experiences of therapists who work with clients who have faced trauma to discover negative or positive consequences that influence therapists work and personal lives. I had the following objectives: 1) To learn what factors contribute to an increase or decrease of both positive and negative consequences that counselors experience from working with trauma; 2) To determine what consequences affect counselor’s well-being both at work and in their personal lives. 3) To determine what counselors do to cope with any adverse effects reported. Eleven therapists working in a large outpatient mental health clinic completed qualitative interviews and open-ended ...


The Signs Of Suicide (Sos) Prevention Program: A Pilot Study, Christopher Perri Oct 2015

The Signs Of Suicide (Sos) Prevention Program: A Pilot Study, Christopher Perri

Counselor Education Capstone

Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among adolescents in the United States. In recent years there has been increased attention given to suicide and suicidal ideation. It is no secret that depression, self-harming behavior, and suicidal ideation can have a negative impact on social, cognitive, and academic functioning. This pilot study looks at and analyzes the implementation of the Signs of Suicide (SOS) Prevention Program in a suburban high school in Rochester, NY. The study is designed to assess if student knowledge and attitudes towards depression and suicidal ideation changed as a result of the program. The ...


“What Do I Want To Do When I Grow Up?” – A Look At The Impact Of Career Curriculum In The Fifth Grade, Elyse Kusse Oct 2015

“What Do I Want To Do When I Grow Up?” – A Look At The Impact Of Career Curriculum In The Fifth Grade, Elyse Kusse

Counselor Education Capstone

Current research suggests that early exposure to career-related curriculum may give students more academic buy-in resulting in higher graduation rates. The ASCA model suggests that career development should be a K-12 program providing students with the skills to “investigate the world of work in relation to knowledge of self” (ASCA, 2005). Though research regarding career interventions at the elementary level is sparse, the literature suggests that beginning to introduce career curriculum at such a developmentally fundamental time could have significant impact on student success and ultimately career choice. This study examines the impact career curriculum taught by the School Counselor ...


Mindfulness Meditation: A Practical Intervention In Addressing Stress And Anxiety In Inmates, Patricia Williams-Mcgahee Oct 2015

Mindfulness Meditation: A Practical Intervention In Addressing Stress And Anxiety In Inmates, Patricia Williams-Mcgahee

Counselor Education Capstone

This research study explores the history of meditation, and the evolution and use of mindfulness and mindfulness-based interventions to address certain physical, emotional and mental health conditions. It also reviews scholarly literatures regarding the use of mindfulness meditation as a rehabilitation intervention in various correctional settings. More specifically, this research studies the overall impact and practical implications of using mindfulness meditation as an intervention to address stress and anxiety among inmates in the New York Monroe County Sheriff’s, Monroe Correctional Facility (MCF). The results from this study revealed that inmates who practiced mindfulness meditation at MCF showed a substantial ...


Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training Core Mindfulness: Its Impact On Everyday Mindfulness, Goal-Directed, And Ineffective Behaviors, Nicole Smith Oct 2015

Dialectical Behavior Therapy Skills Training Core Mindfulness: Its Impact On Everyday Mindfulness, Goal-Directed, And Ineffective Behaviors, Nicole Smith

Counselor Education Capstone

Individuals diagnosed with certain mental illnesses often engage in automatic thought patterns, which makes them more likely to behave in ineffective and harmful ways. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), with its emphasis on mindfulness, aims to help individuals break automatic thought patterns in order to engage in more goal directed behaviors. Previous studies have explored the effectives of the DBT program in its entirety however; only preliminary results have been published on the impact of mindfulness as it is taught through DBT. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of core mindfulness as it is taught through a ...


Cultural Competency Of The Helping Professional: A Self Reflection, Courtney Furness Oct 2015

Cultural Competency Of The Helping Professional: A Self Reflection, Courtney Furness

Counselor Education Capstone

The purpose of this study is to begin a dialogue among helping professionals about the lack of diversity training in the Mental Health Counseling and Social Work fields. The researcher's goal was to evaluate helping professionals’ level of cultural competency by the time they completed formal diversity training in their master's program. The literature review reflects the main topic areas of diversity training that should be addressed before a master's student enters the professional world. The research study consisted of eight helping professionals working at the Catholic Family Center in Rochester, New York. The participants completed qualitative ...


Attendance Works: The Effects Of Truancy On High School Students Success, Mark Bruce Oct 2015

Attendance Works: The Effects Of Truancy On High School Students Success, Mark Bruce

Counselor Education Capstone

Chronic absenteeism effects 5 to 7.5 million students in the United States. Students who are chronically absent are developmentally behind, suffer academically, and have increased negative behaviors in school. This results in students receiving lower academic marks affecting their GPA, receiving more referrals, and being retained. Chronic absenteeism is defined as students who are absent from school 20 or more days, 10 percent of the year, or 3 days in a month both excused and unexcused. The purpose of the study was to review chronic absenteeism at Brockport High School and determine the correlation between students GPA, the referrals ...