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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Female Athlete Triad And It’S Long-Term Effect On High School Female Athletes, Sarah Lanier May 2020

The Female Athlete Triad And It’S Long-Term Effect On High School Female Athletes, Sarah Lanier

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

With the passage of Title IX in 1972, females have come a long way in regards to sport participation. This was something that was considered great for women and has led to the tremendous increase in female participation in sports in high schools. While participation in sports has many benefits, one unforeseen consequence was the emergence of the female athlete triad. The female athlete triad is a composed of three things, low-energy availability (disordered eating), menstrual irregularities, and negative effects on bone mineral density. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the female athlete triad and ...


Collegiate Level Student-Athletes Identity And Academic Success, Alex Richardson May 2020

Collegiate Level Student-Athletes Identity And Academic Success, Alex Richardson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to review the literature on collegiate level student-athletes identity and academic success. The articles that were reviewed helped to answer two questions which were, what kind of identity do student-athletes typically associate with and what are the factors that drive them to that identity, and do student-athlete’s have better GPA’s and academic success during their seasons or in their off-seasons. Deliminating factors were used to limit research which yielded 10 articles. It was discovered that most student-athletes typically will adapt a student identity over time instead of an athletic identity because of ...


The Effects Of Structured Physical Activity Programs For Gross Motor Development In Preschoolers., Matthew Farwell May 2020

The Effects Of Structured Physical Activity Programs For Gross Motor Development In Preschoolers., Matthew Farwell

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the effects of structured physical activity programs on the gross motor skills of preschooler. It was determined that the benefits of physical education for children in elementary school has been well-documented and include acquiring gross motor skills more rapidly as well as improved cognitive functioning. However, the benefit for preschoolers from organized physical activity or a motor program is not as prevalent in research and discussion. A structured motor program is defined as a motor planning program designed by an expert in Motor Development, Physical Education or Physical Activity ...


The Effect Of Fan Behavior On The Mental Health Of A Sports Official, Mitchell O'Donnell May 2020

The Effect Of Fan Behavior On The Mental Health Of A Sports Official, Mitchell O'Donnell

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Sports officials often times hear verbal abuse that can cause them to second guess themselves because of the reactions they receive from spectators. If it is from fans, coaches or even players officials have a tremendous amount of pressure in order to get the call correct. This can lead to stress that could greatly impact the mental health of an official. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the impact of fan behavior on an official’s mental health.


The Effect Of Parental Pressure On The Stress, Self-Efficacy And Overall Well-Being Of Athletes, Allison M. Spaschak May 2020

The Effect Of Parental Pressure On The Stress, Self-Efficacy And Overall Well-Being Of Athletes, Allison M. Spaschak

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research indicates that a child’s interpretation of their parent’s actions and words related to their sport experience has a direct influence on their child’s ability to cope with the stressors of sport.

The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the effect of parental pressure on the stress, self-efficacy and overall well-being of athletes. Results indicate that parental pressure to be the best has a negative effect, while pressuring a child to be their best has more of a positive effect. While a parent may believe that are saying and doing all the right ...


Physical Activity And Its Impact On Cognitive Development, William Holland May 2020

Physical Activity And Its Impact On Cognitive Development, William Holland

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The educational system largely is associated with academic assessments and sitting at a desk or on a computer for a majority of the school day. Another part of the education system that is often overlooked is caring for the child health and well-being. Education is more than tests and homework and can be facilitated by other methods that don’t encourage a sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this synthesis project is to determine what impact physical activity can have on cognitive development, cognitive function and overall brain health. Results have shown that even a single bout of exercise can have ...


The Benefits Of Physical Activity And Sport On Mental Health And Well-Being In School-Aged Children, Ian Gilhousen Dec 2019

The Benefits Of Physical Activity And Sport On Mental Health And Well-Being In School-Aged Children, Ian Gilhousen

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

There is research that concludes that there are benefits of physical activity for young children. However, there is an area of research which is lacking the benefits that physical activity and sport have on mental health and well-being in school-aged children, specifically. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the benefits of physical activity and sport on mental health and well-being in school-aged children. Results determined that there are significant benefits, and a correlation between physical activity participation and overall mental health in school-aged children.


Concussion Assessment Management In High School And Collegiate Athletics, Erin Mcneely Dec 2019

Concussion Assessment Management In High School And Collegiate Athletics, Erin Mcneely

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research indicates that protocol regarding concussion assessment management at the high school and collegiate level is advancing, however, there are holes in consistency that need to be filled in order to ensure accuracy. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on concussion assessment management in high school and collegiate athletics. The results indicate that the lack of consistency comes as a direct result of key factors including a school’s lack of funding and lack of resources, the emphasis placed on the self-efficacy of athletic trainers, and the willingness of athletic trainers to follow guidelines provided for ...


Parents' Understanding Of The Impact On Sport Specialization, Samuel Lacelle Dec 2019

Parents' Understanding Of The Impact On Sport Specialization, Samuel Lacelle

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project was to review the literature on parents’ understanding of the impact on sport specialization. An extensive literature review was completed in order to properly examine all the information available regarding the parent’s role when it comes to their child’s participation in sport and whether or not they are specializing in a specific sport. This review was done so by examining 16 peer reviewed articles on multiple web data bases. The research concluded that there should be a high emphasis on the child’s motor development at an early age (Goodway and Robinson ...


Barriers To Physical Activity In Adolescents, Nicole Vojtisek Dec 2019

Barriers To Physical Activity In Adolescents, Nicole Vojtisek

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

Physical activity is an important component to living a healthy lifestyle; however, adolescents’ physical activity levels are often very low. Thus, the purpose of this synthesis was to examine barriers adolescents face when it comes to being physically active and find out how they can be prevented or overcome. The critical mass revealed several internal and external barriers that adolescents face. These include lack of motivation/interest, lack of resources, and increased screen time. Since the research is examining adolescents, parents also played a large role in the studies. In order to address some of the barriers, strategies focused ...


The Impact Of Performance Anxiety On Female Athletes, Nina Barbero Dec 2019

The Impact Of Performance Anxiety On Female Athletes, Nina Barbero

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to examine the impact of performance anxiety on female athletes. Articles reviewed were aimed at answering two questions, what are the major sources that contribute to performance anxiety, and how does anxiety impact female athletes. Delimiting variables were used to do an exhaustive data-based search which yielded 10 articles. The research studies synthesized through this project were analyzed with the goal of concluding about the impact of performance anxiety on female athletes. It was revealed that while females experience higher levels of cognitive anxiety compared to males, cognitive and somatic anxiety increases from training ...


Parent’S Perspectives Of Physical Activity Recreational Programs For Their Children With Disabilities, Scott Caracci Dec 2019

Parent’S Perspectives Of Physical Activity Recreational Programs For Their Children With Disabilities, Scott Caracci

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine parent's perspectives of physical activity recreational programs for their children with disabilities. The studies in the critical mass reviewed the different perceptions that parents relayed including benefits and positive outcomes such as, children being able to see themselves be successful and having their social skills increase as well as barriers to successful inclusion such as, not having the right equipment, not finding a program that works with their child or not being able to trust staff know how to appropriately work with their child. They also identified opportunities that could enhance ...


Positive Relationship Physical Activity Has On Cognitive Function In High School Students, Nicholas Zaccarella Dec 2019

Positive Relationship Physical Activity Has On Cognitive Function In High School Students, Nicholas Zaccarella

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research shows a link between physical activity and cognitive function. This connection sheds light on the idea that physical activity can improve cognitive function. Penning et al., (2017) mentions that adolescents have high levels of sedentary behavior which makes them vulnerable for health concerns. During the school day students spend most of their time sitting and staying at a resting heart rate. Vazou, Pesce, Lakes, and Smiley-Owen (2019) found consistent evidence that aerobic or motor skill physical activity, enhanced children’s spatial abilities and working memory. Many hours were spent searching through data bases to find articles on this topic ...


Physical Activity Patterns Of Students From Low-Socioeconomic Status, Elizabeth Johnson Dec 2019

Physical Activity Patterns Of Students From Low-Socioeconomic Status, Elizabeth Johnson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research indicates that in today’s society, there is less and less physical activity happening amongst young children from low-socioeconomic households. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on physical activity patterns and behaviors of children from low socioeconomic families. Teachers, families, and communities can have an impact on the lives of these children. Results indicate that there are ways we can increase physical activity and positive behaviors amongst low-socioeconomic youth.


The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On School-Aged Students With Moderate To Severe Disabilities In Physical Education, Abbey Hume Dec 2019

The Effects Of Peer Tutoring On School-Aged Students With Moderate To Severe Disabilities In Physical Education, Abbey Hume

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing scholarly knowledge regarding impact of peer tutoring programs on students with disabilities and typically developing students in physical education. Previous research identified several factors that contributed to the benefits and barriers of peer tutoring programs in physical education. Studies reviewed within the critical mass had common themes such as increase in socialization among students, engagement in activities, and improvement of skills. Common barriers that were discovered included, time consuming program, non-trained peer tutors, and peer tutors not participating in activities. Peer tutoring is an instructional strategy that is thought to ...


The Effects Of Physical Activity On Inappropriate Behaviors Of School-Aged Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Rachel Sherman Dec 2019

The Effects Of Physical Activity On Inappropriate Behaviors Of School-Aged Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Rachel Sherman

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the effects of physical activity on inappropriate behaviors of school-aged students with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Inappropriate behaviors can include: hitting, biting, screaming, kicking and swearing. In particular the following research questions were examined: What types of inappropriate behaviors are exhibited by students with Autism Spectrum Disorder during physical activity? Does physical activity help to eliminate or reduce inappropriate behaviors of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder during physical activity? Which forms of physical activity have demonstrated the most effective ways to eliminate or reduce inappropriate behaviors of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder ...


The Barriers To Physical Activity For Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders And Strategies For Overcoming These Barriers, Bridgette Varin Oct 2019

The Barriers To Physical Activity For Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders And Strategies For Overcoming These Barriers, Bridgette Varin

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to examine the barriers to physical activity (PA) for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and strategies for overcoming these barriers. Individuals with ASD face more barriers to PA than their typically developing peers, and therefore, tend to lead less active lifestyles (Must et al., 2015). This can lead to limited motor coordination, health-related issues, and hypokinetic diseases for individuals with ASD (Case & Yun, 2015). The research studies synthesized through this project were analyzed in hopes of uncovering commonly cited barriers to PA for individuals with ASD and strategies for overcoming these barriers. Understanding ...


The Impact Of Extrinsic Motivation On Athletic Performance, Timothy Petranchuk Jr. Oct 2019

The Impact Of Extrinsic Motivation On Athletic Performance, Timothy Petranchuk Jr.

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Youth participation in sports include recreational, organized, informal programs as well as Olympic hopefuls. These young athletes can have positive or negative experiences from their participation in sports. Perhaps an important aspect of what makes those experiences either positive or negative is how they are motivated to participate in these activities. Motivation in these young athletes can come in various ways. One main theme found in the literature that has a direct influence on their experiences is extrinsic motivation. It is important to understand how these athletes' performances are affected by outside influences, such as parents, coaches and peers. This ...


Effective Ways Of Teaching Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder In Inclusive Physical Education Setting, Ruben Arroyo Aug 2019

Effective Ways Of Teaching Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder In Inclusive Physical Education Setting, Ruben Arroyo

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to provide effective teaching strategies for inclusion of students with autism in adapted physical education settings. To that end, a literature review produced a critical mass of 16 relevant articles identifying strategies such as prompting, video modeling, variable intensity prompting (i.e., flexible and most-to-least), antecedent-based intervention, peer tutoring and self-management. These strategies are further discussed to provide practical ways physical educators can use to include students with autism to general or adapted physical education settings. Based on gathered data, there is strong evidence supporting the benefits of variable intensity prompting strategies like most-to-least ...


Behavioral Problems And Solutions For Children With Intellectual Disabilities In Physical Activity Settings - A Review Of The Literature, Robyn Owens Aug 2019

Behavioral Problems And Solutions For Children With Intellectual Disabilities In Physical Activity Settings - A Review Of The Literature, Robyn Owens

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to review common behavior issues in children with intellectual disability, explore barriers and facilitators of participation in physical activity, and to find intervention strategies so children can participate successfully in physical activity. Of eighteen articles that were reviewed, thirteen articles were used to answer the research questions: one) what are the physical activity levels and motor skills of children with intellectual disabilities? two) what are the most common behavioral issues in children with intellectual disabilities? three) what are the facilitators and barriers to physical activity for children with intellectual disabilities? and four) what are ...


What Is The Impact Of Stretching On Injury Prevention During Physical Activity?, Sabrina Debellis Aug 2019

What Is The Impact Of Stretching On Injury Prevention During Physical Activity?, Sabrina Debellis

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the impact that stretching has on injury prevention during physical activity. The studies reviewed in the critical mass reviewed the different types of stretching methods: static, dynamic, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation. The studies in the articles provided showed that neither stretching method had any huge impact on the prevention of injury. Some findings did show conflicts between stretching and muscle strength as well as stretching and muscle performance. More research is needed to study the impact that stretching has on injury prevention during physical activity as well as the impact it has ...


Should College Athletes Receive Compensation?, Abdoulaye Sow Aug 2019

Should College Athletes Receive Compensation?, Abdoulaye Sow

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to examine the ethical considerations of providing compensation for collegiate athletes. There are several peer-reviewed articles that examine all aspects of this argument. This argument is not clear-cut with a definitive answer, but a deep look into what society deems ethical in comparison to the current system of the NCAA can be very useful for the future success of the organization. Some of the areas I will examine include: how much money is being generated by college athletics; what role does amateurism play in this debate; and what role race plays in this debate ...


How Impactful Are Recreation Center Offerings On Youth Development?, Dillon Thompson Aug 2019

How Impactful Are Recreation Center Offerings On Youth Development?, Dillon Thompson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research indicates that recreational facilities impact youth development through programming and employee-patron interaction. The purpose of this synthesis project is to review the literature regarding quality programming within recreational facilities and the impact these programs have on youth development. Results indicate that quality facility offerings have an overall impact on youth development.


The Achievement Gap Between African American Athletes And Their White Counterparts In Higher Education, Hamed Shamseldin Aug 2019

The Achievement Gap Between African American Athletes And Their White Counterparts In Higher Education, Hamed Shamseldin

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The achievement gap between African American athletes and their white counterparts is plaguing the United States. There are many reasons for the achievement gap. This synthesis will highlight the reasons while also discussing the solutions. To examine this matter to the fullest extent, there were 14 peer-reviewed articles chosen that talk about the reasons for the achievement gap. Several topics included in the articles were lack of role models and social supports, racial stereotypes, obsessive pursuit of sport goals, and the background of African American athletes. This synthesis will also discuss solutions to the achievement gap in collegiate athletics. These ...


The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner Aug 2019

The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of knowledge regarding the impact of physical activity on academic achievement. Previous research identified several factors that contribute to the increased academic achievement in school aged students as a result of fitness level and physical activity. The studies reviewed within the critical mass yielded themes that contributed to the understanding of how physical activity (PA) impacts academics. The types of PA interventions, who was impacted, and how they were impacted were noted as factors which affected academic achievement (AA). PA is being drastically undervalued in schools. It is important ...


The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner Aug 2019

The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of knowledge regarding the impact of physical activity on academic achievement. Previous research identified several factors that contribute to the increased academic achievement in school aged students as a result of fitness level and physical activity. The studies reviewed within the critical mass yielded themes that contributed to the understanding of how physical activity (PA) impacts academics. The types of PA interventions, who was impacted, and how they were impacted were noted as factors which affected academic achievement (AA). PA is being drastically undervalued in schools. It is important ...


The Effects Socioeconomic Status, Nutrition, And Physical Activity Have On The Youth, Felix Morales May 2019

The Effects Socioeconomic Status, Nutrition, And Physical Activity Have On The Youth, Felix Morales

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to identify the effects socioeconomic status (SES), Physical activity (PA), and nutrition have on the youth. Despite the known benefits of being physically active and eating healthier food options, fewer than half of the U.S. school aged children meet national recommendations of 60 minutes of daily PA and one third fewer meet recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption (Donnelly & Springer, 2015). This synthesis examined literature and articles which primarily focused on how low SES youth are effected by their communities differently than youth who reside in high SES communities. The following four questions ...


Does Sports Build Positive Youth Development?, Mark Federico May 2019

Does Sports Build Positive Youth Development?, Mark Federico

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Youth sports are as popular as they have ever been and their popularity is increasing. According to The National Council on Youth Sports (NCYS) “over 44 million youth participated in organized sports in 2008, and more recent estimations suggest an estimated 45 million youth participate in organized sports” (Hodge, Kanters, Forneris, Bocarro, & Sayre, 2017, p. 35). The purpose of this synthesis was to discover two different things. The first purpose was to identify whether sports builds positive youth development and to explore how to best encourage positive youth development in a sport setting.

After synthesizing the literature, results indicated that sports does indeed develop positive youth development. However, it was found that playing youth sports does not automatically develop positive youth development; an intentionally designed program has to be in place in order for positive youth development (PYD) to occur. Autonomy-supportive environments that focused on the well-being of the athlete were major influences on whether PYD occurred in a program. Future research should be done with larger sample sizes and ...


Is Sport Specialization Worth The Risk? Myths Vs. Reality, Justin Dueppengiesser May 2019

Is Sport Specialization Worth The Risk? Myths Vs. Reality, Justin Dueppengiesser

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project was to explore whether sport specialization is worth the potential risks. Another purpose was to explore the myths and realities of sport specialization. A comprehensive literature review took place that included 17 data based peer-reviewed articles published between 2003-2019. Results indicated that sport sampling is the best way to achieve future success in sport, not sport early specialization (Hastie, 2015). Athletes who specialize in one sport are more likely to have a lower extremity injury occur compared to athletes who sport sample (McGuine, Post, Hetzel, Brooks, Trigsted & Bell, 2017). Another factor to consider is ...


The Effect Of Media Coverage Of Female Athletes And The Impact On How These Athletes View Their Body, Hannah Rehbaum May 2019

The Effect Of Media Coverage Of Female Athletes And The Impact On How These Athletes View Their Body, Hannah Rehbaum

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research indicates that in today’s society media has a powerful effect on the body image of female athletes. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the effect of media coverage of female athletes and the impact on how these athletes view their body. Results indicate that there is an overall detrimental relationship between the influences of media and the way female athletes view their bodies.