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Full-Text Articles in Education

Conceptual Understanding In History - How Do We Develop It?, Brian Doig, K Piper, Suzanne Mellor, Geoff Masters Aug 2012

Conceptual Understanding In History - How Do We Develop It?, Brian Doig, K Piper, Suzanne Mellor, Geoff Masters

Prof Geoff Masters AO

This is a reprint of the findings for history of a 1992 survey carried out by the Australian Council for Educational Research, published in 1994. It looked at 2900 students in Victorian schools at Years 5 and 9, and assessed their geographical, historical, cultural and political understandings based on a set of tasks. The reports of the findings for history teachers are dramatically important.


The Queensland Core Skills Test: Implications For The Mathematical Sciences, Gabrielle Matters, Ken Gray Oct 1995

The Queensland Core Skills Test: Implications For The Mathematical Sciences, Gabrielle Matters, Ken Gray

Dr Gabrielle Matters

No abstract provided.


Educational Attainment And Participation In Training, Phil Mckenzie, Mike Long Jul 1995

Educational Attainment And Participation In Training, Phil Mckenzie, Mike Long

Dr Phillip McKenzie

The relationship between prior educational attainment and participation in formal and On-the-Job Training (OJT) in Australia was examined through an analysis of unit record data from the 1993 Survey of Training and Education that was conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. Univariate analyses were performed to document employee participation by level of educational attainment in three different types of training activities: external training, in-house training, and OJT. Multivariate analyses were then conducted to separate the effect of educational attainment from other variables (for example, age and occupation) that might affect training participation. Educational attainment was found to have a ...


Symptom Improvement And Its Temporal Course In Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy - A Growth Curve Analysis, M Svartberg, M Seltzer, T Stiles, Siek Khoo Mar 1995

Symptom Improvement And Its Temporal Course In Short-Term Dynamic Psychotherapy - A Growth Curve Analysis, M Svartberg, M Seltzer, T Stiles, Siek Khoo

Dr Siek Toon Khoo

No abstract provided.


Opportunity-To-Learn Effects On Achievement: Analytical Aspects, B Muthén, L Huang, B Jo, Siek Khoo, G Nelson-Goff, J Novak, J Shih Dec 1994

Opportunity-To-Learn Effects On Achievement: Analytical Aspects, B Muthén, L Huang, B Jo, Siek Khoo, G Nelson-Goff, J Novak, J Shih

Dr Siek Toon Khoo

No abstract provided.


School Effectiveness : Where To From Here?, John Ainley Dec 1994

School Effectiveness : Where To From Here?, John Ainley

Dr John Ainley

No abstract provided.


Adult Numeracy Teaching : Making Meaning In Mathematics, Dave Tout, Betty Johnston Dec 1994

Adult Numeracy Teaching : Making Meaning In Mathematics, Dave Tout, Betty Johnston

David (Dave) Tout

No abstract provided.


Changes In Reading Comprehension Across Cultures And Over Time, Petra Lietz Dec 1994

Changes In Reading Comprehension Across Cultures And Over Time, Petra Lietz

Dr Petra Lietz

Two internationally comparative studies of reading were conducted by the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), namely the Reading Comprehension Study in 1970/71 and the Reading Literacy Study in 1990/91. Eight educational systems participated in both studies at the 14- year-old level, namely Belgium (French), Finland, Hungary, Italy, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Sweden, and the United States of America. The information on student, teacher, and school variables that were common to both studies provided the core evidence used for analysis in this thesis. The major results are described. A general factor, reasoning, could be identified ...


Students' Perception Of Learning In Biology 1, E Martens, Petra Lietz Dec 1994

Students' Perception Of Learning In Biology 1, E Martens, Petra Lietz

Dr Petra Lietz

After collecting students' self-ratings on various study related tasks from 291 first year students enrolled in Biology in 1993, a theoretical model of the way in which (a) general student background factors such as sex, age and language at home and (b) particular factors concerned with students' learning and writing difficulties operate to influence end-of-year Biology results was developed. The proposed model was then tested using Partial Least Squares Path Analysis (PLSPATH) to examine the degree to which the theoretical model was an appropriate representation of the data. Results showed that university entrance score, gender, first year difficulties and learning ...


Scale Economies In Australian Secondary Schools, Phil Mckenzie Dec 1994

Scale Economies In Australian Secondary Schools, Phil Mckenzie

Dr Phillip McKenzie

This paper reviews the evidence on the existence of scale economies in Australian secondary schools. The paper has three main sections: a description of the sizes of Australian secondary schools; an outline of the conceptual basis for estimations of scale economies; and a review of the empirical studies that have been conducted in Australia and overseas.


The Judgements Of Language-Trained Raters And Doctors In A Test Of English For Health Professionals, Tom Lumley Dec 1994

The Judgements Of Language-Trained Raters And Doctors In A Test Of English For Health Professionals, Tom Lumley

Dr Tom Lumley

Research to date has produced conflicting findings concerning the relative harshness and other characteristics of language- trained raters versus 'naive' native speaker or occupational expert raters. This question is considered in the context of a recent standard- setting project carried out for the Occupational English Test, an occupation specific test of English for overseas- trained health professionals. 20 audio recordings of role plays from recent administrations of the tests were each rated by 10 trained ESL raters and 10 medical practitioners. Broad similarities in judgements indicate reliance on ESL-trained raters can be justified.


Students' Views Of Their Schools, John Ainley Dec 1994

Students' Views Of Their Schools, John Ainley

Dr John Ainley

No abstract provided.


On Convex Maximization Formulations And Decomposable Property Of Optimization Problem Over The Efficient Set, L Muu, Luc Le Dec 1994

On Convex Maximization Formulations And Decomposable Property Of Optimization Problem Over The Efficient Set, L Muu, Luc Le

Dr Luc Tu Le

No abstract provided.


An Exploration Of Validity And Reliability That Tolerates Distinct Privileges: Standardisation And Contextualised Judgments, Gabrielle Matters, J Pitman, J O'Brien Dec 1994

An Exploration Of Validity And Reliability That Tolerates Distinct Privileges: Standardisation And Contextualised Judgments, Gabrielle Matters, J Pitman, J O'Brien

Dr Gabrielle Matters

No abstract provided.


Cellular Localization Of Gap Junction Mrnas In Developing Rat Brain, Daniel Belliveau, C. Naus Dec 1994

Cellular Localization Of Gap Junction Mrnas In Developing Rat Brain, Daniel Belliveau, C. Naus

Daniel J. Belliveau

We investigated the developmental expression and cellular resolution of connexin32 and 43 mRNA in the rat brain using in situ hybridization. Utilizing 35S-labelled probes, in situ hybridization was performed on sections of embryonic day 20 and postnatal days 3, 10, 15, 30 and adult brain. Connexin32 mRNA was first detected in brainstem nuclei at postnatal day 3 and in the midbrain at postnatal day 15. The level of this message continued to increase to postnatal day 30 where the level of message reached a plateau or slightly decreased by adulthood. The distribution of signal included the medial vestibular nucleus, dorsal ...


Using The Questionnaire On Teacher Interaction In The Professional Development Of Teachers., John Cresswell, D Fisher, B Fraser Dec 1994

Using The Questionnaire On Teacher Interaction In The Professional Development Of Teachers., John Cresswell, D Fisher, B Fraser

Dr John Cresswell

For some time in Australia, the Schools Council of the National Board of Employment, Education and Training has been concerned with issues concerning the quality of teaching as evidenced through its reports on Teacher Quality: An Issues Paper (1989) and Australia's Teachers: An Agenda for the Next Decade (1990). These reports and others highlight the need for teachers to examine continually what they do in their classrooms. Most recently, teacher quality and the need for continued professional development of teachers has been the subject of ministerial statement. This report notes how the impact of, and responsibility for, effective implementation ...


Teacher Change In Primary Mathematics: Coding, Classifying And Organising Qualitative Data, Hilary Hollingsworth Dec 1994

Teacher Change In Primary Mathematics: Coding, Classifying And Organising Qualitative Data, Hilary Hollingsworth

Dr Hilary Hollingsworth

A study that probed primary teachers' experience of a professional development mathematics program. The author uses a range of data gathering methods, including interviews, observation, schedules and teacher documents, and discusses the coding and manipulation of data from these sources.


Assessing Principals' Interpersonal Behaviour, John Cresswell, D Fisher Dec 1994

Assessing Principals' Interpersonal Behaviour, John Cresswell, D Fisher

Dr John Cresswell

In the past 25 years much attention has been given to the development and use of instruments to assess the qualities of the classroom and school environment from the perspectives of students and teachers. This paper describes the development and validation of an instrument, the Principal Interaction Questionnaire, to measure principals' interpersonal behaviour in a school. The instrument was based on the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction, which was first devised in The Netherlands and contains eight scales of measurement such as Leadership and Understanding. The questionnaire was sent to 60 schools throughout Australia where it was completed by the principal ...


Cross-Language Synonyms In The Lexicons Of Bilingual Infants: One Language Or Two?, Barbara Zurer Pearson, Sylvia C. Fernandez, D.Kimbrough Oller Dec 1994

Cross-Language Synonyms In The Lexicons Of Bilingual Infants: One Language Or Two?, Barbara Zurer Pearson, Sylvia C. Fernandez, D.Kimbrough Oller

Barbara Zurer Pearson

This study tests the widely-cited claim from Volterra & Taeschner (1978), which is reinforced by Clark's Principle of Contrast (1987), that young simultaneous bilingual children reject cross-language synonyms in their earliest lexicons. The rejection of translation equivalents is taken by Volterra & Taeschner as support for the idea that the bilingual child possesses a single-language system which includes elements from both languages. We examine first the accuracy of the empirical claim and then its adequacy as support for the argument that bilingual children do not have independent lexical systems in each language. The vocabularies of 27 developing bilinguals were recorded at varying intervals between ages 0;8 and 2;6 using the MacArthur CDI, a standardized parent report form in English and Spanish. The two single-language vocabularies of each bilingual child were compared to determine how many pairs of translation equivalents (TEs) were reported for each child at different stages of development. TEs were observed for all children but one, with an average of 30% of all words coded in the two languages, both at early stages (in vocabularies of 2-12 words) and later (up to 500 words). Thus, Volterra & Taeschner's empirical claim was not upheld. Further ...


Connecting Reasoning And Writing In Student "How To" Manuals, John W. Hill Dec 1994

Connecting Reasoning And Writing In Student "How To" Manuals, John W. Hill

John W. Hill

No abstract provided.