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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Examination Of The Influence Of Student Teaching Experience On Preservice Elementary Teachers' Self-Efficacy Judgments About The Full-Inclusion Of Students With Exceptional Needs In The Regular Education Elementary Classroom , Nancy Ann Eckerson Jan 1995

An Examination Of The Influence Of Student Teaching Experience On Preservice Elementary Teachers' Self-Efficacy Judgments About The Full-Inclusion Of Students With Exceptional Needs In The Regular Education Elementary Classroom , Nancy Ann Eckerson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the influence of student teaching experience on four aspects crucially related to preservice teachers' ability to teach in the increasingly complex environments created by exceptional students: self-efficacy, outcome expectations, sources of information, and choice behavior or perceived ability to cope with students that present exceptional challenges in a full-inclusion regular education classroom;The study utilized a nonrandomized control group, pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design. The two groups were drawn from preservice elementary teachers attending a medium-sized state university in southern Minnesota during Spring Quarter of 1994. One group (n = 41) included students enrolled ...


An Examination Of Individual, Team And Organizational Learning And Factors Influencing Learning In A Comprehensive High School , John Paul Robbins Jr. Jan 1995

An Examination Of Individual, Team And Organizational Learning And Factors Influencing Learning In A Comprehensive High School , John Paul Robbins Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Teachers are the key to educational reform; the literature on effective schools is meaningless, debates over educational policy are moot if the primary agents of education are incapable of acquiring new knowledge, learning new skills or abandoning outdated practices;This study was part of a larger case study at Anytown High School and was designed to: (1) determine the extent teachers in a comprehensive high school engage in individual, team and organizational learning; and (2) determine the impact on teacher learning attributed to learning disabilities, optimism, and the organizational systems elements of structure, process, purpose, culture, environment and ecology;Research ...


Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing Jan 1994

Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of School Cultural Variables On The Implementation Of Innovations In Special Education Service Delivery , Greg Alec Robinson Jan 1993

The Effects Of School Cultural Variables On The Implementation Of Innovations In Special Education Service Delivery , Greg Alec Robinson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if schools successful in implementing innovations associated with the Renewed Service Delivery System (RSDS) exhibit a specific set of values and norms. Values and behavioral norms were assessed in schools, through the administration to staff of a school culture audit, developed by Taylor (1991), including additional items designed to examine behavioral norms associated with the RSDS. The school culture audit has two sections, values and behavioral norms. There are five subscales: Group Support, Enabling, Productivity, Motivation, and Inclusivity;The school culture audits were administered to 477 regular education teachers, 81 special education ...


Development Of A Curriculum Model For Vocational/Technology Education , Gary Loyd Schnellert Jan 1993

Development Of A Curriculum Model For Vocational/Technology Education , Gary Loyd Schnellert

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of the present study was to investigate several aspects of the School Improvement Model (SIM) and consider its applicability in addressing the needs of vocational/technological education at the secondary school level. Initially, the SIM model was closely studied and related literature researched in an effort to determine a appropriate method to derive a functional model. Experts in the field of curriculum were solicited and their experiences taken into consideration prior to the development of a model. Taking into account the SIM model, the related literature and the experiences of others, a model was developed and presented before ...


A Case Study: The Development And Implementation Of A Performance Evaluation System For An Intermediate Education Agency , Debra J. Owens Vangorp Jan 1993

A Case Study: The Development And Implementation Of A Performance Evaluation System For An Intermediate Education Agency , Debra J. Owens Vangorp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Effective evaluation of education personnel has been increasingly emphasized as a key factor in school improvement. Because of the integral relationship between all employees of an organization and because one employee's performance can affect the performance of other employees, all personnel should be evaluated. However, there has been little attention devoted to the evaluation of education support personnel;The purpose of this case study was to inductively analyze data obtained via observations, interviews, and written documents to answer specific questions regarding the development and implementation of a performance evaluation system for an intermediate education agency, Western Hills Area Education ...


An Examination Of Parent Perceptions Of The Quality Of School Practices And Their Relationship To Parent Support For The School , James Michael O'Connell Jan 1993

An Examination Of Parent Perceptions Of The Quality Of School Practices And Their Relationship To Parent Support For The School , James Michael O'Connell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research examined parent perceptions of: (a) the level of quality of 14 dimensions of educational practice employed by the school their children attend, (b) the level of school quality, (c) the level of parent support for the school, and (d) the likelihood of parents providing specific types of support for the school. Also examined was the relationship between attendance level, gender, family status, and income and parent perceptions of the quality of the school and their support for the school; and the relationship between the quality of 14 dimensions of educational practice and school support;Forty-two schools from two ...


Wellness Programs And Administrative Procedures: Implications For Teacher Use Of Short Term Sick Leave In Iowa Schools , Ralph Edward Wahl Jan 1993

Wellness Programs And Administrative Procedures: Implications For Teacher Use Of Short Term Sick Leave In Iowa Schools , Ralph Edward Wahl

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to determine the selected factors which affected teacher use of short term sick leave in Iowa public school districts from 1980 through 1989. The selected factors were grouped into two categories, wellness programs and administrative procedures;The seven selected factors in the wellness category include exercise programs, incentives, medical screening, nutrition programs, lifestyle management programs, fitness assessment, and a wellness newsletter. The six selected factors in the administrative procedure category include teachers calling their supervisor when ill, attendance as part of evaluation, district policy on teacher attendance, attendance monitoring systems, incentives for positive attendance, and positive ...


A Study Of The Point-Factor Job Evaluation Process Used In The Des Moines, Iowa Public School District , Sharon Grace Orlins Jan 1993

A Study Of The Point-Factor Job Evaluation Process Used In The Des Moines, Iowa Public School District , Sharon Grace Orlins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research examines the point-factor job evaluation model used for the Des Moines Public School District's (DMPSD) administrative job evaluation An independent consulting firm (i.e., job evaluation consultant) was hired to provide technical expertise and assistance for the administrative job evaluation. The DMPSD selected six administrators (five certificated and one noncertificated) to form the job evaluation committee (JEC) to perform the evaluations for certificated and noncertificated administrative jobs. This committee was trained in the job evaluation method by the consultant;A point-factor survey (PFC survey) and follow-up interviews with the JEC members were used to examine the five ...


Effectiveness Of Nine Months Of Intervention On The Culture Of 22 Schools In Northeast Minnesota , John D. Wessels Jan 1993

Effectiveness Of Nine Months Of Intervention On The Culture Of 22 Schools In Northeast Minnesota , John D. Wessels

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study are to examine the cultures of 22 small rural elementary and secondary schools in northeast Minnesota to determine the effects of nine months of intervention on the cultures of these schools, and to identify approaches which influence positive change in their culture. Three questions are addressed during this study: (1) To what extent do productive school cultures exist in 22 small rural elementary and secondary schools in northeast Minnesota? (2) To what extent will nine months of intervention influence the productive school cultures of these 22 schools? (3) What approaches are most influential in enhancing ...


The Development Of An Assessment Center For Cooperating Teachers , Jim Mike Lucas Jan 1993

The Development Of An Assessment Center For Cooperating Teachers , Jim Mike Lucas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to develop and test an assessment center for prospective cooperating teachers to be used as an alternative to a student teacher supervision workshop for certifying school-based student teacher supervisors (cooperating teachers). The assessment center components included a forty item paper-and-pencil test of knowledge of instructional supervision, and a set of exercises in which subjects evaluated a set of instructional plans and evaluated a teacher's performance in a videotaped teaching episode;One group of subjects participated in the student teacher supervision workshop at California Polytechnic State University and then took part in the ...


School District Improvement Through Strategic Planning: A Case Study , Troy Jude Vincent Jan 1992

School District Improvement Through Strategic Planning: A Case Study , Troy Jude Vincent

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Strategic planning is one of the decision-making structures available to educational administrators. Given the myriad of social, educational, and economical forces impacting education and the national outcry to produce changes, urban school districts like Des Moines use strategic planning to gather and decipher information needed to make the best decisions. Failure of decision makers to utilize a structure to gain proper perspectives places the district in a posture to respond to those issues which engender the emotions of stakeholders. Without a structure, those with the loudest voices and the political prowess to achieve their special interests outcomes are more apt ...


An Examination Of Six Constituent Groups' Perceptions Of The Need To Increase Participation In Educational Decision-Making In Taiwan, The Republic Of China , Thomas Han-Yuan Wang Jan 1992

An Examination Of Six Constituent Groups' Perceptions Of The Need To Increase Participation In Educational Decision-Making In Taiwan, The Republic Of China , Thomas Han-Yuan Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine six constituent groups' perceptions of the need to increase participation in educational decision-making in Taiwan, the Republic of China;A five-part, fifty-four item questionnaire to determine respondents' perceptions on the need for change in the educational decision-making process, the degree of public involvement, and areas of involvement for local education administration in Taiwan was developed by the researcher. The sample consisted of 409 subjects who were categorized as: directors of the Bureau of Education, central office staff, principals, teachers, parents, and community members in Taiwan. Demographic factors such as district type, gender ...


Principal Performance Evaluation: A Nationwide Status Report On The Type And Effectiveness Of Evaluation As Perceived By Principals And Supervisors , Ruth A. Frerking Jan 1992

Principal Performance Evaluation: A Nationwide Status Report On The Type And Effectiveness Of Evaluation As Perceived By Principals And Supervisors , Ruth A. Frerking

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the national status of principal performance evaluation including type of system, conditions of implementation, and effectiveness as perceived by principals and their evaluators and the relationship among these characteristics and the size and socioeconomic status of school and district. An instrument based on current models of principal evaluation and organizational structure and change was developed to gather data from high school principals, elementary principals, and their evaluators. A sample of 682 districts was randomly selected from a population of 9,760 school districts in 41 states following stratification by size and region, with a return rate of ...


Measuring Community Members' Perceptions Of Actual And Expected Correlates Of Effectiveness Within A School System , Donald Gene Hansen Jan 1992

Measuring Community Members' Perceptions Of Actual And Expected Correlates Of Effectiveness Within A School System , Donald Gene Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation was designed to determine the extent to which community members' perceptions of actual school performance differed with their perceptions of how a school should perform in seven categories based on effective schools research, plus an eighth category called community involvement. The responses of 54 community members indicated that males rated their school higher on every correlate than did females. The females, however, had higher expectations for a safe and orderly environment. Respondents with less than four years of college rated their school lower than those with four years or more of college. Those without children in school rated ...


Internship Programs For The Preparation Of School Leaders: Profiles Of Two New Approaches , Pearl Lenora Jefferson Jan 1992

Internship Programs For The Preparation Of School Leaders: Profiles Of Two New Approaches , Pearl Lenora Jefferson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate two approaches to school administrator internship programs: university field-based internship programs and Danforth field-based principal preparation programs. The study was explicitly designed to determine the program design and delivery system for operating university and Danforth administrator internship programs. Additionally, the study was designed to examine to what extent selected processes, components, and experiences (program design and delivery) improve and develop internship leadership skills;Two survey instruments: (1) Program Facilitator School Leader questionnaire and (2) Intern School Leader Questionnaire, and telephone interviews with program interns were utilized to address key research questions. Twenty-two ...


The Relationship Of A Five Factor Algorithm To Placement Of Teachers On A K-12 Career Ladder , Peter P. Price Jan 1992

The Relationship Of A Five Factor Algorithm To Placement Of Teachers On A K-12 Career Ladder , Peter P. Price

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this investigation were to analyze the relationship of five factors used for placement on a career ladder and to determine which, if any of the factors served as predictors of final placement on the career ladder hierarchy. The factors were; (1) supervisor's (principal) ratings of teachers, (2) second appraiser's (peer) ratings of teachers, (3) student feedback (ratings) concerning teachers, (4) student achievement, and (5) accomplishment of a professional growth plan by the teachers;From a district faculty of 102, data concerning 37 subjects, who volunteered for participation in a career ladder program, were used ...


Refining Valid, Reliable And Discriminating Student Feedback Items For Use As One Component Of A Total Teacher Performance Evaluation System , Les M. Omotani Jan 1992

Refining Valid, Reliable And Discriminating Student Feedback Items For Use As One Component Of A Total Teacher Performance Evaluation System , Les M. Omotani

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study identified, refined, and tested three sets of student feedback items comprising separate questionnaires for use as one component in a total teacher performance evaluation system. Essentially, this study affirmed that student raters, using valid feedback items, can reliably discriminate between teacher performance when differences do, in fact, exist;The analysis of the data for this study supports the following observations and findings. First, all but four of the original items developed by Judkins (1987) and those subsequently refined by the Iowa State University's School Improvement Model (SIM) continued to demonstrate item discrimination power when used with a ...


An Examination Of Teacher Evaluation In Iowa , Daniel William Lawler Jan 1992

An Examination Of Teacher Evaluation In Iowa , Daniel William Lawler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Teacher evaluation is one of the most challenging tasks facing school administrators today. Effective July 1, 1990, an individual employed as an administrator or supervisor in an Iowa public school, who conducts teacher evaluation, must possess an evaluator approval certificate. This study utilized the Teacher Evaluation Profile (TEP) to examine teachers' perceptions of the quality and impact of teacher evaluation in Iowa. The instrument was modified to allow teachers to reflect on their most recent evaluation and their evaluation three years previous to their most recent evaluation;The data were gathered from 1040 Iowa teachers from 208 randomly selected schools ...


Study Of The High School Principalship: Relationships Of Selected Job Contextual Factors With Principals' Job Satisfaction, Security, Authority, And Challenges , Keith A. Guy Jan 1992

Study Of The High School Principalship: Relationships Of Selected Job Contextual Factors With Principals' Job Satisfaction, Security, Authority, And Challenges , Keith A. Guy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation assesses the relationships of the following variables with Iowa high school principals' level of job satisfaction: (a) size of school, (b) level of authority, (c) threats to job security, and (d) educational issues seen as challenges. Further, relationships between levels of authority, size of school, job security issues, and educational challenges were identified and analyzed. Data for this study were taken from an existing data set using the "Iowa Secondary School Principals' Status and Opinion Study" compiled in 1989 by the School Administrators of Iowa, Iowa State University, and the University of Northern Iowa;The population was all ...


Identification Of Valid, Reliable, Discriminating Criteria For Use In Developing Evaluation Instruments For Special Education Teachers , Glenn R. Holzman Jan 1992

Identification Of Valid, Reliable, Discriminating Criteria For Use In Developing Evaluation Instruments For Special Education Teachers , Glenn R. Holzman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine discriminating, reliable, and valid criteria to evaluate the performance of special education teachers. Data were collected on criteria to distinguish high performing special education teachers from average and poor performing special education teachers. A sample of over 500 principals/supervisors, teachers, related services personnel, and knowledgeable others was administered a 49-item questionnaire. In addition, the investigation endeavored to determine if appraisers' ability to rate a special education teacher varied according to job assignment. In particular, it tried to verify the ability of typical building principals to make performance evaluation judgments about special education teachers. The ...


The Influence Of Demographic, Achievement And Socioeconomic Factors On Proportions Of Students With Disabilities , Jeananne Reister Hagen Jan 1992

The Influence Of Demographic, Achievement And Socioeconomic Factors On Proportions Of Students With Disabilities , Jeananne Reister Hagen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study examined the relationship between demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors and differences in proportions of students served in special education in school districts and intermediate education agencies (AEAs) in Iowa. Vast differences were found in the proportions of students being served in special education programs, ranging from 3% to 17% of school district populations. Four research questions were addressed in the study: (a) Are demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors related to the proportion of students served in special education in school districts? (b) Are demographic, achievement, and socioeconomic factors related to the proportions of students served in special ...


Teacher Perceptions Concerning Their Role And The Efficacy Of Moral Education In Public Elementary Schools , Ray Calvin Owens Jr. Jan 1992

Teacher Perceptions Concerning Their Role And The Efficacy Of Moral Education In Public Elementary Schools , Ray Calvin Owens Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One hundred and seven elementary teachers in four randomly selected elementary schools in northern Illinois were selected for inclusion in this survey study to measure teacher satisfaction concerning current levels of moral education in public schools. The survey was also used to determine teacher perceptions of their role in moral education. A secondary purpose of the study was to determine the factors that have an impact on teachers' perceptions concerning their role in moral education;A one group t-test was used to test the hypothesis that teachers perceive their role to be one of neutrality in moral education in the ...


Reliability And Discrimination Power Of Performance Criteria For Students' Ratings Of Teachers: A Comparison Of K-5 And 6-12 , Barbara Jane Weber Jan 1992

Reliability And Discrimination Power Of Performance Criteria For Students' Ratings Of Teachers: A Comparison Of K-5 And 6-12 , Barbara Jane Weber

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Concerns raised over young students' tendencies to mark their teachers toward the high end of an evaluation rating scale (leniency bias) initiated this study which examined the potential for involving primary and elementary students in the teacher evaluation process. Student feedback on teacher instruction (K-12) was used in the Cave Creek, Arizona, School District as one component of the district-wide teacher pay-for-performance plan. The performance plan differentiated salary, in part, based upon students' ratings of teachers. This study examined whether primary and/or elementary teachers are given an unfair advantage in a career ladder system which uses student evaluations as ...


A Comparison Study Of Student Test Scores On The Iowa Test Of Basic Skills And The Cognitive Abilities Test: Developmental Kindergarten Students And General Student Population In The Ankeny Community Schools, Nancy Sue Moorhead Jan 1992

A Comparison Study Of Student Test Scores On The Iowa Test Of Basic Skills And The Cognitive Abilities Test: Developmental Kindergarten Students And General Student Population In The Ankeny Community Schools, Nancy Sue Moorhead

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Pay For Performance Plans In Iowa Schools , Veronica Waterman Stalker Jan 1991

An Analysis Of Pay For Performance Plans In Iowa Schools , Veronica Waterman Stalker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

To attract the best people to teaching, and to keep good teachers, schools must begin paying for actual performance. Legislation enacted in Iowa in 1987 established the Educational Excellence Program, "... a performance-based pay plan for teachers who demonstrate superior performance in completing assigned duties.";This study seeks to determine what within-district factors are present which support the selection and development of a pay-for-performance plan. The following questions more specifically address the problem: (1) What conditions or attitudes are present in districts which adopt a pay-for-performance plan? (2) Does a relationship exist between the development of a pay-for-performance plan and the ...


Development Of A Valid And Reliable School Culture Audit , Timothy Eugene Taylor Jan 1991

Development Of A Valid And Reliable School Culture Audit , Timothy Eugene Taylor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable school culture audit to identify values, normative behaviors, and culture gaps within a school. Following an extensive review of the literature, a national panel of experts and practitioners validated 31 key factors as an appropriate measure of school culture. These 31 factors were grouped into four subscales: (1) Group Support, (2) Achievement, (3) Motivation, and (4) Enabling;One-hundred eighty certificated staff members were randomly selected from six elementary, six junior high, and six senior high schools from six districts (two districts where K-12 2000) in central Iowa to ...


Superintendent Performance Factors That Promote School District Effectiveness: The Perceptions Of Practicing Superintendents, Board Presidents, And Building Principals , Harold Dennis Prior Jan 1991

Superintendent Performance Factors That Promote School District Effectiveness: The Perceptions Of Practicing Superintendents, Board Presidents, And Building Principals , Harold Dennis Prior

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to identify perceptions of superintendent performance factors that are most critical to school district effectiveness, assess superintendent performance in the most critical factors, and identify performance factors most in need of further professional development. Survey data were gathered from superintendents, their board presidents, and building principals in 101 Iowa school districts. Four superintendent performance factors were identified as most critical including (1) provides leadership in identifying school district needs, (2) provides leadership in identifying educational priorities in the school district, (3) decision making, and (4) provides leadership in developing short- and long-range strategic plans. Ratings of ...


Identifying And Analyzing The Factors Utilized By Superintendents In Achieving Their "Personal Best" In Education , David L. Long Jan 1991

Identifying And Analyzing The Factors Utilized By Superintendents In Achieving Their "Personal Best" In Education , David L. Long

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to identify and analyze the factors utilized by superintendents in achieving their "personal best" in education. The data for this study were gathered from fifty-two superintendents from California, Iowa, Missouri, and New York during the months of December 1989 and January 1990. The superintendents each filled out and returned a "Personal Best Survey" from which the data for the study were gleaned;Major findings of this study include: (1) The most frequently used practices utilized by superintendents in achieving their personal best effort were delineated. The most frequently used practice reported by superintendents ...


Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of District Level Curriculum Administrators Based On Item Discrimination Power , Charles E. Ruebling Jan 1991

Selecting Criteria For The Evaluation Of District Level Curriculum Administrators Based On Item Discrimination Power , Charles E. Ruebling

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Among the approaches to increasing the quality of education is a focus on the performance improvement of individuals relative to important job responsibilities, competencies, and outcomes. The purpose of this study was to identify valid, reliable, and discriminating performance evaluation items for district level curriculum administrators;A 54-item evaluation questionnaire was created based on a review of literature that included the roles of curriculum administrators and the characteristics of effective school districts. Job descriptions and evaluation instruments from school districts were also reviewed. The items were classified as job responsibilities, job competencies, or job outcomes. A five-point Likert type scale ...