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Full-Text Articles in Education

Analyzing The Growth Of The Critical Thinking Skills Of College Calculus Students , Cymbelene Ann Forbes Jan 1997

Analyzing The Growth Of The Critical Thinking Skills Of College Calculus Students , Cymbelene Ann Forbes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research study analyzed the growth of the cognitive critical thinking skills of college calculus students from six sections of Calculus 165 at Iowa State University. For one semester subjects from three experimental sections learned calculus in a consistently facilitated active learning environment. Subjects from three comparison sections learned the same material in a traditional passive learning environment. Fidelity of treatment--i.e. adherence to an active learning format, was verified by direct observations. The main difference between any active and passive learning environment is the amount of time spent on instructor activities (passive learning) versus the amount of time spent ...


An Examination Of Factors Affecting Secondary Teachers' Levels Of Use Of The National Standards For United States History , Thomas Jens Forsgren Jan 1997

An Examination Of Factors Affecting Secondary Teachers' Levels Of Use Of The National Standards For United States History , Thomas Jens Forsgren

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the impact of state mandates on teachers' levels of use of the National Standards for United States History (hereafter referred to as the "Standards"). Exploring relationships between factors which may affect teachers' use of the Standards and teachers' levels of use of the Standards, this study surveyed ninth through twelfth grade United States history teachers in Iowa and Oregon. The research method to determine teachers' levels of use of the Standards was informed by the Levels of Use dimension of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model;The survey questionnaire consisted primarily of sections describing teachers': social and demographic characteristics ...


Accelerated Learning Methodology Applied To A Corporate Training Program , Darlene Austin Bradner Jan 1996

Accelerated Learning Methodology Applied To A Corporate Training Program , Darlene Austin Bradner

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of Accelerated Learning methods in a corporate training program. More specifically, the researcher wanted to know if Accelerated Learning significantly improved the employee's job knowledge, skills, and on-the-job performance when compared with traditional training methods. The Accelerated Learning training involved concepts and methods originally developed by Georgi Lozanov (1978) and adapted by Don Schuster (1986, 1989, 1991), Colin Rose (1985), Lynn Dhority (1991), Allyn Prichard and Jean Taylor (1980), and others. Traditional training methods include commonly used learning activities such as case problems, role play situations, short lectures with ...


Effects Of Mathematics And Science Student Performance In A Single-Sex Learning Environment , Teri Jean Wilson Jan 1996

Effects Of Mathematics And Science Student Performance In A Single-Sex Learning Environment , Teri Jean Wilson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Gender differences in mathematics learning continue to attract much research attention. A guarded enthusiasm is growing for single-sex mathematics classes as an intervention strategy designed to redress past inequities and create fairer learning environments for girls. This investigation was undertaken in response to a specific request from an elementary, independent, coeducational day school in Miami, Florida, as an exploratory study to address the gender differences in the participation and achievement of girls in mathematics and science. The purpose of the investigation was to study the effects of mathematics and science student performance in single-sex classes;The participants in the study ...


Feasibility Study And Design Of A Merit Pay Plan For Principals , Lawrence Edward Sessions Jan 1996

Feasibility Study And Design Of A Merit Pay Plan For Principals , Lawrence Edward Sessions

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Merit pay has been around for almost a century in American education. Most school districts attempting merit pay have discontinued those plans after a few years. The apparent failures might be partially the result of poor design or implementation;The primary purpose of this study was to conduct a feasibility study and to design a model merit pay plan for principals that will be acceptable to principals, upper-level administrators, and school boards. The intent of this plan is to improve principal effectiveness in school leadership while indirectly increasing student performance;Qualitative research and case study methods were used to conduct ...


Elements Of Mentoring The Novice Principal , Scarlett R. Rehrig Jan 1996

Elements Of Mentoring The Novice Principal , Scarlett R. Rehrig

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics of mentoring relationships and to identify components that can be used in administrative preparation programs. Four major elements of the study included: (1) key beliefs or characteristics of mentors; (2) types of mentors; (3) role and functions of mentors; and (4) benefits of having been mentored;Concepts from a number of research projects were used to create a questionnaire of 37 items. The study involved 157 novice elementary principals who were in their first five years of a principalship. A Likert-type response mode was used for six questions on ...


An Examination Of The Influence Of Student Teaching Experience On Preservice Elementary Teachers' Self-Efficacy Judgments About The Full-Inclusion Of Students With Exceptional Needs In The Regular Education Elementary Classroom , Nancy Ann Eckerson Jan 1995

An Examination Of The Influence Of Student Teaching Experience On Preservice Elementary Teachers' Self-Efficacy Judgments About The Full-Inclusion Of Students With Exceptional Needs In The Regular Education Elementary Classroom , Nancy Ann Eckerson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the influence of student teaching experience on four aspects crucially related to preservice teachers' ability to teach in the increasingly complex environments created by exceptional students: self-efficacy, outcome expectations, sources of information, and choice behavior or perceived ability to cope with students that present exceptional challenges in a full-inclusion regular education classroom;The study utilized a nonrandomized control group, pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design. The two groups were drawn from preservice elementary teachers attending a medium-sized state university in southern Minnesota during Spring Quarter of 1994. One group (n = 41) included students enrolled ...


Differences Between White And Minority Students On Factors Related To Persistence: A Pilot Study , Troy Lawin Franklin Jan 1995

Differences Between White And Minority Students On Factors Related To Persistence: A Pilot Study , Troy Lawin Franklin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine differences between White and Minority students on factors related to persistence. Persistence is defined as a student who completes a baccalaureate degree within four years or who is still enrolled four years after entering college (Astin, 1977). A total of 848 students were identified for the pilot study. The subjects were both White and Minority undergraduate students (African American, Asian, and Hispanic) enrolled in the College of Business and the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences in the Spring of 1994 at Iowa State University. Only a total of 115 surveys were ...


Factors Related To The Adoption Of A Two-Way Interactive Distance Education Technology: Instrument Development, Instrument Validation, And Causal Model Testing , Sanaa Ibrahim Abou-Dagga Jan 1995

Factors Related To The Adoption Of A Two-Way Interactive Distance Education Technology: Instrument Development, Instrument Validation, And Causal Model Testing , Sanaa Ibrahim Abou-Dagga

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to identify the factors related to teachers' perceived likelihood of using a state-wide two-way interactive distance education technology, the Iowa Communication Network (ICN). The research model was developed using existing models in the diffusion of innovation literature, as well as in the attitude-behavior literature. The predictor variables developed from constructs in the literature, were habit of using innovative technologies, general attitude toward the ICN, utilitarian outcomes, normative outcomes, self-identity outcomes, attitude toward using the ICN for classroom instructional activities, and teachers' likelihood of using the ICN if it were available;The data were collected ...


An Examination Of Teachers' Perceptions Of District Staff Development Programs And Their Relationship To Perceptions Of District Quality Management , Pamela D. Johnson Jan 1995

An Examination Of Teachers' Perceptions Of District Staff Development Programs And Their Relationship To Perceptions Of District Quality Management , Pamela D. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine relationships and differences between teachers' perceptions of their district staff development programs and perceived levels of overall quality improvement efforts in those districts. Following an extensive review of the literature, two instruments were developed and validated. The first instrument was based on the Malcolm Baldrige Award's seven dimensions of district quality. Respondents were asked to indicate the current and ideal situations for each of the items. The second instrument, based on effective district staff development programs, elicited perceptions on the scope and quality of staff development in the districts;The population ...


A Study Of The Attitudes Of Faculty And Deos At Iowa State University Toward Deming's Principles Of Total Quality Improvement (Tqi) , Anita Louise Ousley Jan 1995

A Study Of The Attitudes Of Faculty And Deos At Iowa State University Toward Deming's Principles Of Total Quality Improvement (Tqi) , Anita Louise Ousley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent issues facing higher education have created uncertainty over the traditional philosophies underlying higher education administration. As a result, some institutions are investigating Total Quality Improvement (TQI) as an alternative teaching and administrative practice. However, TQI implementation efforts sometimes fail due to poor attitudes of faculty and other employees toward the philosophy and toward change, in general;This study investigates the attitudes of faculty and Department Executive Officers (DEOs) at Iowa State University toward some aspects of TQI by identifying possible group differences between DEOs and faculty and between/among faculty subgroups. To achieve the objectives, an instrument was developed ...


A Program Evaluation Of Science Bound: A Cooperative Approach To Enhance Opportunities For At-Risk Minority Students In Science And Technical Fields , Randy Lyle Braden Jan 1995

A Program Evaluation Of Science Bound: A Cooperative Approach To Enhance Opportunities For At-Risk Minority Students In Science And Technical Fields , Randy Lyle Braden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine the effectiveness of key components of the Science Bound programs in helping minority students qualify for entry into technical fields;The Science Bound program is a cooperative effort with the Des Moines Public School and Iowa State University. Science Bound students are at-risk Des Moines minority students. Approximately 120 students in eighth, ninth, and tenth grade were identified as students with science or math aptitude, but who had not been successful students. The program provides support in the form of mentors, tutors, enrichment activities, and post-high school tuition incentives. The students are required to take ...


Curriculum Renewal And Achievement Assessment Via Computer Management Systems In Mathematics , Ralph F. Woodward Jr. Jan 1994

Curriculum Renewal And Achievement Assessment Via Computer Management Systems In Mathematics , Ralph F. Woodward Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted with the purpose of determining the feasibility of bridging from the existing and renewed curriculum of a district to the curriculum and assessment materials based on research by the School Improvement Model (SIM) at Iowa State University's College of Education. The research provides a direction and samples of each sequential step needed to incorporate goals and assessment components between the two curriculums. A bridging document was developed for this purpose. The steps included: (1) the assessment of current status of content and curriculum goals for the target subject, fifth and sixth grade mathematics, (2) staff ...


Applying Deming's Philosophy And Principles To The Instructional Process In Higher Education , Jane Anne Andrews Jan 1994

Applying Deming's Philosophy And Principles To The Instructional Process In Higher Education , Jane Anne Andrews

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to reveal strategies and techniques used by college and university classroom educators who applied the philosophy and principles of Wm. Edwards Deming to their instructional processes. Data was gathered through interviews with three postsecondary educators and their students, through classroom observations, and through related support documents collected during the research process;The data were reviewed and analyzed to divulge the relevant characteristics of the three educators. Characteristics included the educators' attitudes about students, the classroom environment, and their own roles as teachers. Attributes given to them by students and associates were also revealed in ...


The National Student Nurses Association: A "Professional Clinical" Arena For Learning The Culture And Values Of The Nursing Profession , Jean Elizabeth Logan Jan 1994

The National Student Nurses Association: A "Professional Clinical" Arena For Learning The Culture And Values Of The Nursing Profession , Jean Elizabeth Logan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand how, or whether, student experiences within the National Student Nurses Association (NSNA) relate to internalizing the culture and values of the nursing profession. Six nursing students actively involved in two local NSNA chapters, at a large public midwestern university and a small liberal arts university, were individually interviewed. Eight nursing faculty from the same two universities were interviewed in two focus group sessions;The interview transcripts served as data. Inductive data analysis was completed through the constant comparative process, which consisted of unitizing and categorizing the data. From this process eight ...


Utilization Of Academic Support Programs By African Students , Robson Mushambi Jan 1994

Utilization Of Academic Support Programs By African Students , Robson Mushambi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the utilization of academic support programs by African students at Iowa State University. The subjects were 75 African students from 42 countries who were enrolled at Iowa State University during Spring of 1987 to Spring of 1988. The students surveyed were approximately 56.0% of total African students enrolled. New students were not included in the study. Students who participated were enrolled in the following colleges: Agriculture, Business Administration, Design, Education, Engineering, Family and Consumer Sciences, and Science and Humanities;The purpose of the study was to determine whether or not the utilization of academic support programs ...


Faith Development And Higher Education , John Henry Bolen Jan 1994

Faith Development And Higher Education , John Henry Bolen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In recent years there has been a growing interest in the faith and spirituality of the college student. James Fowler introduced his theory of faith development in 1978 claiming that every person has a faith which develops in ways similar to other forms of human development. Does James Fowler's theory provide significant information for a further understanding of the spiritual development of the college student? Does higher education need to be concerned with the faith development of its students?;This dissertation is made up of four articles dealing with each question. The study begins with an article presenting the ...


A Study Of Selected Variables Associated With Projected Voting Behavior In A Community College Tax Referendum , Kathleen Marie Brock Jan 1994

A Study Of Selected Variables Associated With Projected Voting Behavior In A Community College Tax Referendum , Kathleen Marie Brock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted at Northwest Iowa Community College (NCC), located in Sheldon, Iowa. Northwest Iowa Community College serves a 4 1/2 county rural area. In December of 1992 NCC placed a seven million dollar bond issue before the voters. This referendum which needed a 60% plus one voter approval received a 36.41% approval. Campaign strategies for the 1992 referendum included a targeting of possible affirmative voters. This research identified six subgroups of constituents--five subgroups affiliated with the college (college advisory committee members, credit students and alumni, employees, continuing education participants and senior citizens who had taken classes ...


A Program Evaluation Of A Proactive Faculty And Peer Advising Program For First-Year, Open-Enrolled Students In The College Of Arts And Sciences At A Mid-Western Liberal Arts University , Stephen Everett Buckley Jan 1994

A Program Evaluation Of A Proactive Faculty And Peer Advising Program For First-Year, Open-Enrolled Students In The College Of Arts And Sciences At A Mid-Western Liberal Arts University , Stephen Everett Buckley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

An extensive interview process took place to develop a thorough description and assessment of the 1991-1992 fall program of proactive advising services given to first-year, open-enrolled student advisees at Drake University. From 11 pilot study interviews with former faculty advisors, peer advisors, and student advisees, a revised set of interview focus questions was designed. Over-all, all eight faculty advisors, nine of the available 11 peer advisors, and 24 of the available 86 student advisees were interviewed;Stake's responsive program evaluation model was used to guide the qualitative research process. Macintosh Data Collector software was used to code and sort ...


An Examination Of The Perceptions Of The Importance And Effectiveness Of Delivery Of The North Central Association Program Functions To Iowa Schools , Joyce Hintzen Judas Jan 1994

An Examination Of The Perceptions Of The Importance And Effectiveness Of Delivery Of The North Central Association Program Functions To Iowa Schools , Joyce Hintzen Judas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Purposes of this study were to determine among Iowa schools the mean levels of importance and effectiveness of delivery of the four NCA program functions, value of NCA membership to the communities, preferred format for evaluation, intent of individuals to continue NCA membership; and to determine whether relationships exist between the above factors and selected demographic role factors;All Iowa NCA member schools and a stratified random sample of Iowa NCA non-member schools were surveyed by mail. The survey included questions related to demographic role factors and a five-point Likert-type scale on NCA benefits were grouped into four NCA program ...


Charting New Waters: Us Higher Education In Japan , Margaret Elizabeth Agopsowicz Graves Jan 1993

Charting New Waters: Us Higher Education In Japan , Margaret Elizabeth Agopsowicz Graves

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to (1) examine processes and issues that led to the organization of several U.S. university branch campuses in Japan during the 1980s and early 1990s, (2) determine whether the manner in which they were created and developed has any relationship to their present situation, or to the prospects for their future success or failure, (3) explore reasons for the discontinuance of some programs, and (4) offer recommendations from planners and administrators for setting up overseas programs;This qualitative study is a systematic investigation of characteristics of seven U.S. branch campuses in Japan ...


An Analysis Of Student Perceptions Of Sexual Harassment By Faculty At Iowa State University , Douglas Kent Gruenewald Jan 1993

An Analysis Of Student Perceptions Of Sexual Harassment By Faculty At Iowa State University , Douglas Kent Gruenewald

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate: (a) the current incidence of sexual harassment behaviors students experienced by faculty members at Iowa State University; (b) types of behaviors students consider to be sexual harassment; (c) barriers to reporting sexual harassment; (d) the extent to which students avoid taking courses because of the sexual harassment reputation of faculty members; and (e) the impact of the Clarence Thomas hearing on the likelihood of students to report sexual harassment in the future;This study sought to determine if there were perceptual and experiential differences based on subgroup classification with each of the ...


An Analysis Of The Antecedents Of Successful Progress Toward Graduation By Student Athletes At Iowa State University , Roger Vike Hansen Jan 1993

An Analysis Of The Antecedents Of Successful Progress Toward Graduation By Student Athletes At Iowa State University , Roger Vike Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The publicity surrounding the low graduation rate of some collegiate student athletes has resulted in a number of studies attempting to discover significant predictors of student athlete graduation. Previous studies have relied upon relationships developed from zero-order correlation and multiple regression on a single dependent variable; either a dichotomously scored variable reflecting whether or not the student athlete graduated or cumulative grade point average (GPA). Too often, by the time the independent variables have manifested themselves, it was too late for the student athlete to successfully complete the academic requirements for graduation;This study hypothesized that (1) academic success consisted ...


The Personal Transformation Process Among Female Graduate Students From Africa Studying At Iowa State University , Miriam E. Chiza-Muyengwa Jan 1993

The Personal Transformation Process Among Female Graduate Students From Africa Studying At Iowa State University , Miriam E. Chiza-Muyengwa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate how transformative perspective is manifested in female graduate students from Africa studying at Iowa State University. The study focused on the effects of migration, the experiences of culture shock and college experience as these women pursue higher education;It is my belief that as international students study at American universities a personal transformation takes place as they try to adjust and adapt to their new environment. This occurs in response to externally imposed disorienting dilemmas, such as migration, divorce, etc. These experiences can be viewed as "trigger events" that precipitate critical reflections ...


The Development Of An Assessment Center For Cooperating Teachers , Jim Mike Lucas Jan 1993

The Development Of An Assessment Center For Cooperating Teachers , Jim Mike Lucas

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation was to develop and test an assessment center for prospective cooperating teachers to be used as an alternative to a student teacher supervision workshop for certifying school-based student teacher supervisors (cooperating teachers). The assessment center components included a forty item paper-and-pencil test of knowledge of instructional supervision, and a set of exercises in which subjects evaluated a set of instructional plans and evaluated a teacher's performance in a videotaped teaching episode;One group of subjects participated in the student teacher supervision workshop at California Polytechnic State University and then took part in the ...


A Description Of The Faith Development Of Five Students Attending A Church-Related College , Dennis Alonza Haggray Jan 1993

A Description Of The Faith Development Of Five Students Attending A Church-Related College , Dennis Alonza Haggray

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed description of the perceived faith development of selected students attending a midwestern church-related college. The research question that provided direction for the study was: What do the respondents in this study say about their faith development? James Fowler's (1981) theory of faith development and his Faith Development Interview Guide (FDIG) were used to collect and analyze the data. The methods of inquiry in this study were qualitative. The primary data were generated through interviews with each of five respondents (two males and three females). Secondary data from document analysis ...


The Relationship Between Interest In Teaching As A Career Choice And Perceptions Of School/Classroom Environment Of 7th And 8th Grade Students , Raymond Eng Wong Jan 1992

The Relationship Between Interest In Teaching As A Career Choice And Perceptions Of School/Classroom Environment Of 7th And 8th Grade Students , Raymond Eng Wong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The teaching profession is being confronted with changing demographics: an increase in the number of students of color and a decrease in the number of teachers of color. The study examines the possibility of a relationship between interest in teaching as a career choice and perception of school/classroom environment of 7th and 8th grade students. Seventh and eighth grade students are an appropriate group for the study as they are in the process of developing career options. Also, students have experienced the school/classroom environment for most of their lives and have developed impressions of schooling and the teaching ...


Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White Jan 1991

Town And Gown, Analysis Of Relationships: Black Hills State University And Spearfish, South Dakota, 1883 To 1991 , Suzanne Wrightfield White

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this investigation is to develop a system of analysis to examine the relationship between an institution of higher education and the community in which it resides. A second purpose is to demonstrate the utility of the system by conducting a case study of the relationship between Black Hills State University (BHSU) and Spearfish, SD;The system of analysis includes: (a) five elements of interaction (i.e., event, purpose(s), participants, outcome(s), and interaction type(s); (b) five corresponding questions; (c) two constructed types from the literature; and (d) categorical and supplemental analyses;A list of ...


A Grounded Theory Of Community College Chief Executive Officer Succession , Travis Parker Kirkland Jan 1990

A Grounded Theory Of Community College Chief Executive Officer Succession , Travis Parker Kirkland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

CEO succession, the change in a formal organizational leader, has been examined in many organizational contexts. Results of these studies are conflicting. Further, no previous studies may be generalized to community college CEO succession. The unique nature of the community college suggested that a study of succession in this environment might prove useful;This study, using the constant comparative method of theory development and case study methodology, provides a substantive grounded theory of community college CEO succession, reporting events related to organizational change that occurred following CEO succession. Preliminary theoretical categories indicated that changes could be expected in upper level ...


An Examination Of Certification And Professional Development Of Superintendents And Principals Across The Fifty States , Beth Silhanek Jan 1990

An Examination Of Certification And Professional Development Of Superintendents And Principals Across The Fifty States , Beth Silhanek

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to examine how superintendents and principals across the nation are certified, to determine how states are structured to handle certification and professional development of these administrators, to report the services and provisions utilized within the states for professional development of administrators and to determine the state funding levels for their professional development. The seven questions providing focus for this study addressed: (1) the requirement for certification, (2) levels of certification, temporary certification, renewal of certification and alternative certification, (3) reciprocity of certification, (4) state structures for handling certification and professional development, (5) services and provisions for ...