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Full-Text Articles in Education

Synopsis Laboratory Reports: Effects On Student Learning And Curricular Benefits , David William Hoffa Jan 2006

Synopsis Laboratory Reports: Effects On Student Learning And Curricular Benefits , David William Hoffa

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Can a succinct "synopsis" laboratory report format provide students with an equivalent learning experience to the lengthier, introduction/results/conclusion, "traditional" laboratory report format? A convenience sample of 56 Iowa State University industrial technology students was randomized into two groups; one was required to write five synopsis reports followed by four traditional reports and the other was required to write five traditional reports followed by four synopsis reports. No statistically significant differences in exam scores were discovered (at the □ = 0.05 level) between students who wrote synopsis reports and those who wrote traditional reports when analyzed with the Latin Square ...


An Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of Interaction In Distance Education Based On Student Satisfaction With The Learner-Centered Paradigm , Shu-Hui Hsieh Chang Jan 2006

An Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of Interaction In Distance Education Based On Student Satisfaction With The Learner-Centered Paradigm , Shu-Hui Hsieh Chang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined whether there were relationships between students' perceptions of course-related interaction and their course satisfaction within the learner-centered paradigm in distance education. To study these relationships, the researcher developed the Students' Perceived Interaction Survey (SPIS) to examine nine separate hypotheses about the nature of course-related interaction. The variables tested included: student-instructor interaction, student-TA interaction, student-student interaction, student-content interaction, gender, academic classification, students' prior experiences with distance education in a partially online class setting, students' prior experiences with distance education in an entirely online class setting, and students' perceptions of the effectiveness of WebCT features in helping them learn ...


Considerations For Dealing With Significant Organizational Change , Donald Chrusciel Jan 2004

Considerations For Dealing With Significant Organizational Change , Donald Chrusciel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Business enterprises are being challenged to confront change where there is impact on the enterprise due to some radical, financial, and/or organizational adjustment (significant change). By utilizing both a quantitative and qualitative research methodology and focusing on a single case study dealing with a Decision Support System (significant change), the critical success factors of previous research are confirmed, and two additional critical factors are revealed: (1) Flexible curriculum---the need for a comprehensive action plan, and (2) Perception of Personal Gain---the need to present a clear understanding addressing the aspirations of those involved and affected by the change initiative.;Learning ...


The Relationships Between Student Perception Of Constructivist Learning Environment, Self-Directed Learning Readiness, Problem-Solving Skills, And Teamwork Skills , Shu-Huei (Lisa) Lin Jan 2003

The Relationships Between Student Perception Of Constructivist Learning Environment, Self-Directed Learning Readiness, Problem-Solving Skills, And Teamwork Skills , Shu-Huei (Lisa) Lin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Constructivism is a recent educational philosophical development. This study was designed to ascertain the level of constructivism implemented in the Industrial technology program as observed by students. The study also sought to determine the level of constructivism students' desire, and the relationship between what they observed and what they preferred. The faculty view of the implementation was also collected. A comparison was made between the faculty view of the level of constructivism and the student view of the amount of constructivism being used.;An instrument for the aspects of constructivism was used for data collection, three parts were an Australian ...


The National Association Of Industrial Technology Certification Exam: Quality Control Assessment Using Item Response Theory And Classical Test Theory Methodologies , Douglas Lyle Mccue Jan 2003

The National Association Of Industrial Technology Certification Exam: Quality Control Assessment Using Item Response Theory And Classical Test Theory Methodologies , Douglas Lyle Mccue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the quality of the National Association of Industrial Technology (NAIT) certification examination quality control section, which contains forty items, using the methodologies of classical test theory (CTT) and item response theory (IRT). The ultimate goal of this research project is to evaluate the quality control portion of the NAIT certification exam by looking at the questions or items for errors. The project goal through this analysis was to identify the item problems and make recommendations to correct them.;The following conclusions were made based on a moderate sample of 996 examinees: (1 ...


A Study Of The Impact Of Minority Undergraduate Student Interventions On Academic Success As Measured By Cumulative Gpa , Alton L. Kornegay Jan 2003

A Study Of The Impact Of Minority Undergraduate Student Interventions On Academic Success As Measured By Cumulative Gpa , Alton L. Kornegay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Iowa State University (ISU) has invested extensively in campus resource intervention programs in an attempt to ensure students' academic success during their sojourn at this university. For the purpose of this study, academic success has been defined as the level of achievement based on grade point average (GPA).;Having recognized a need to facilitate the development and continuance of a supportive environment for its ethnic minority student population, Iowa State University has made academic intervention programs available. The university has made several special efforts on behalf of its ethnic minority undergraduate student population in an attempt to ensure academic success ...


Development Of A Test Blueprint For The National Association Of Industrial Technology Certification Exam , Sheila Elaine Rowe Jan 2001

Development Of A Test Blueprint For The National Association Of Industrial Technology Certification Exam , Sheila Elaine Rowe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to develop a test blueprint that would serve to identify core content, subject areas, and competencies needed to update the NAIT Certification Exam. The original certification program was established by the National Association of Industrial Technology (NAIT) in 1991, and eight areas were identified: (1) Quality Control; (2) Production Planning and Control; (3) Industrial Supervision; (4) Industrial Finance and Accounting; (5) Industrial Safety; (6) Plant Layout and Material Handling; (7) Time And Motion Study; and (8) Industrial Communications. A prototype testing was conducted in an attempt to improve the reliability of the test ...


Students' Attitudes And Perceptions Toward Technology , Ji Suk Kim Jan 2000

Students' Attitudes And Perceptions Toward Technology , Ji Suk Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to synthesize previous studies and provide educators and administrators an overall picture of the research that has been done so far in technology education. By providing a research-based data and recommendations regarding which areas of research need to be studied in greater detail, it could lead to the resurgence of K--12 and college technology education programs that professionals and learners clearly perceive as meeting the needs of society;The characteristics of students' perceptions towards technology as they progress through school were investigated. To this end, a meta-analytic approach with three specific objectives was proposed to: (1 ...


The Development Of A Computerized Version Of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test And The Effect Of Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Loading , Shawn Driftmier Strong Jan 1999

The Development Of A Computerized Version Of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test And The Effect Of Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Loading , Shawn Driftmier Strong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focused on the generation and evaluation of web-based versions of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test. Memory and spatial visualization theory were explored in relation to the addition of a visuo-spatial working memory component;Analysis of the data determined that there was a significant difference between scores on the MRT Computer and MRT Memory test. The addition of a visuo-spatial working memory component did significantly affect results at the .05 alpha level. Reliability and discrimination estimates were higher on the MRT Memory version. The computerization of the paper and pencil version on the MRT did not significantly effect scores ...


The Gender Dimension In Industrial Technology Faculty , Balasubramanian Kasi Jan 1999

The Gender Dimension In Industrial Technology Faculty , Balasubramanian Kasi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between sex-role generalizations and characteristics perceived as necessary for faculty success in Industrial Technology tenure-track faculty. This study investigated relationships among the following three profiles generated from responses by male Industrial Technology faculty in the U.S.A.: (1) a successful Industrial Technology (ITECH) faculty who has or will advance through the ranks, (2) men in general, and (3) women in general;To accomplish the purpose, 600 Industrial Technology faculty members were selected and sent the 92-Item Schein Descriptive Index. Mail and electronic data collection methods were used. This study ...


Perceptions Of The Feasibility Of Total Quality Management Theories And Methodologies In The Vocational Training System Of Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hsi-Kong Chin Wang Jan 1999

Perceptions Of The Feasibility Of Total Quality Management Theories And Methodologies In The Vocational Training System Of Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hsi-Kong Chin Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to design an instrument to measure the feasibility of implementing TQM (Total Quality Management) theories and methodologies in the vocational training system in Taiwan, R.O.C. as perceived by the instructors at the vocational training centers (VTCs) and the leaders of companies which have sent their employees to VTCs. Specifically, the goals of this study were to identify the degree of importance of teaching an established core body of knowledge in TQM concepts and skills to trainees, to find the level of preference for potential learning opportunities to improve instructors' knowledge of ...


An Investigation Of The Distinguishing Characteristics Of Exemplary Trainers In Business And Industry In Zimbabwe , Onward Samuel Mandebvu Jan 1998

An Investigation Of The Distinguishing Characteristics Of Exemplary Trainers In Business And Industry In Zimbabwe , Onward Samuel Mandebvu

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the demographic, psychological, interpersonal, and attitude and belief characteristics that distinguished exemplary business and industrial trainers (N = 18) and other trainers (N = 70) in Zimbabwe. Additionally, the study investigated whether work experience, academic ability, creativity, trainee-content orientation, and self-perception between the trainers grouped as business, technical, and management trainers significantly differentiated between the groups of trainers. Usable data collected from 88 business and industrial trainers through the Adult Personality Inventory (API), the Attitude and Belief Inventory (ABI), the Trainee-Content Training inventory (T-CT), and the Training Job Competence (TJC) rating scale were analyzed through discriminant analysis and hierarchical ...


Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin Jan 1998

Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to evaluate the success of the Iowa State University (ISU) Linkage project (Crawford & Melnichuk, 1994) at the National Agricultural University of Ukraine (NAUU). The evaluation of the project's success and the educational changes it brought about were accomplished by determining the levels of use of the key elements of this change: the revised curriculum, new methods of teaching, and new teaching materials used at NAUU. This program evaluation research of the Linkage project was conducted based on the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM). The Levels of Use dimension of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model was applied to determine if the Linkage project was successful;The survey questionnaire consisted of sections describing the NAUU participants': demographic characteristics; knowledge of the English language; understanding of the essence of the Linkage project; awareness of the administrative changes at NAUU; and levels of use of the new curriculum developed as the result of the Linkage project. Statistical analysis revealed that neither demographic characteristics nor administrative reform has a relation to the levels of use of the main results of the Linkage project. The school environment was the only factor ...


Natural Language And Mixed Modality Task Presentations In The Human-Computer Interaction Using Programmable Logic Controllers , John Robert Wright Jr. Jan 1998

Natural Language And Mixed Modality Task Presentations In The Human-Computer Interaction Using Programmable Logic Controllers , John Robert Wright Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the human-computer interaction elements of task presentation and task structure in the programming of Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs). Task presentation methods that were explored included a natural language (GE Fanuc's State Logic), and a mixed modality language (GE Fanuc's Logicmaster Relay Ladder Logic). Task Structure elements utilized in this study were linear procedural tasks and conditional branching tasks;A two-level factorial analysis of covariance determined that task presentation was a significant contributor to programming development times. Task structure and the interaction between task presentation and task structure did not yield significant p-values at the ...


A Study Of The Standards Used In Vocational-Technical Teacher Preparation , Israel Colón Jr. Jan 1998

A Study Of The Standards Used In Vocational-Technical Teacher Preparation , Israel Colón Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the value, as perceived by faculty and graduates from the Vocational-Technical Education (VTE) Department at the State University of New York College at Oswego (SUNYCO), of the Standards of Quality for the Preparation and Certification of Trade and Industrial Education Teachers proposed by the National Association of Industrial and Technical Teacher Educators. More specifically, the study sought to investigate the importance ratings from graduates and faculty, the difference in importance ratings between faculty and graduates, and the relationship between importance and readiness ratings perceived by graduates toward the Standards of Quality;A ...


Self-Reported Measures Of Work Satisfaction, Receptivity Towards Organizational Change, And Ratings Of Quality Management Initiatives Of Campus Facilities' Workers In The State Universities Of Iowa , Radhakrishnan Balamuralikrishna Jan 1997

Self-Reported Measures Of Work Satisfaction, Receptivity Towards Organizational Change, And Ratings Of Quality Management Initiatives Of Campus Facilities' Workers In The State Universities Of Iowa , Radhakrishnan Balamuralikrishna

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Faced with increasing budgetary constraints, higher educational institutions across the United States are attempting to transform their organizational systems and processes. Quality management initiatives have become increasingly popular in several functions of universities and four-year colleges. In particular, campus facilities' departments have adopted total quality management (TQM) as the new Philosophy;;The major purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to measure job satisfaction, receptivity towards organizational change, and ratings of quality management initiatives as perceived by custodial workers employed in university campus facilities. A secondary purpose was to determine existing perceptions of custodial workers employed by the ...


Applied Academics: An Evaluation Of The Applied Academics Program In Iowa , Dennis Wayne Field Jan 1997

Applied Academics: An Evaluation Of The Applied Academics Program In Iowa , Dennis Wayne Field

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation compares academic achievement and employability skills of high school students enrolled in applied academics courses versus traditional courses. Outcomes from three American College Testing Work Keys assessment tests--Applied Mathematics (AM), Applied Technology (AT), and Reading for Information (RFI)--were used as measures of employability skills. Data were collected under quasi-experimental conditions on 1,321 students from 9 Iowa high schools. The data included school, type of course (applied or traditional), course subject matter, class within course, gender, grade, grade point average (GPA), Iowa Tests of Educational Development (ITED) score, test content area, and test score;Findings included: (1 ...


Differences In Perceived Technological Problem-Solving Ability Of University Technology And Humanities Students , Farhad Jadali Jan 1997

Differences In Perceived Technological Problem-Solving Ability Of University Technology And Humanities Students , Farhad Jadali

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Technology is one of the most dominant factors impinging on our lives. Of critical importance is that some citizens have specific knowledge of how to solve selected problems and make intelligent and informed decisions about technology. The purpose of this study was to determine if university students' perspectives of their technological problem-solving skills improve as they progress through their degree programs. The study was designed to look at selected student criteria to determine the results;A Perceived Technological Problem Solving Ability Instrument (PTPSAI) was developed to address the following research questions: (1) Is there a significant difference in the perceptions ...


A Survey Of Elementary Teachers' Knowledge Of Manufacturing, Stephen Joe Sarver Jan 1996

A Survey Of Elementary Teachers' Knowledge Of Manufacturing, Stephen Joe Sarver

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Developing An Attribute Rating Scale To Select Employees Who Display The Potential To Become Effective In-House Trainers In Manufacturing Companies , Shin-Far Lin Jan 1996

Developing An Attribute Rating Scale To Select Employees Who Display The Potential To Become Effective In-House Trainers In Manufacturing Companies , Shin-Far Lin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on attitudes and training outcomes suggests that employees with positive attitudes have better job performance and involvement in the workplace. As the training environment has changed from teacher-centered to learner-centered, both trainers and trainees are responsible for training efficiency. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors that contribute to being an effective trainer. This research also provided suggestions to help employers and managers effectively select trainers who could increase training efficiency and productivity and reduce production costs;An attribute rating scale of 66 items was developed to effectively select potential trainers from current employees. A research ...


A Comparison Of Structured And Non-Structured Methods For The Evaluation Of Graphic Design Projects , Jen Yen Jan 1995

A Comparison Of Structured And Non-Structured Methods For The Evaluation Of Graphic Design Projects , Jen Yen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Evaluation is a vital part of any educational activity. A valid evaluation method can reflect the truly important outcomes of educational instruction. In visual arts and communication, the roles and function of evaluation are unclear. There is a lack of sufficient consideration concerning the appropriate method to evaluate student work. The purpose of this study was to compare the judgments of student and professional evaluators when evaluating graphic design projects by using structured and non-structured evaluation methods. A comparison was also made between the judgments of student and professional evaluators employing the same method;Two instruments were developed and validated ...


The Relationship Between Learning Styles And Selected Characteristics Of Malaysian Students At Iowa State University, Hashim Bin Muslim Jan 1995

The Relationship Between Learning Styles And Selected Characteristics Of Malaysian Students At Iowa State University, Hashim Bin Muslim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Computer Tutorial And Simulation System For Teaching Digital Function Minimization , Farn-Shing Chen Jan 1995

A Computer Tutorial And Simulation System For Teaching Digital Function Minimization , Farn-Shing Chen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to compare student achievement resulting from learning minimization of Boolean algebra by computer tutorial/simulation program versus traditional lecture/practice instruction (manipulating actual components). Two groups of undergraduate students participated in this study and were randomly assigned to either the experimental or control group;A tutorial/simulation program for Boolean function simplification was developed for the experimental group. The teaching program had two parts--tutorial and simulation. Five topics including basic logic concepts, Boolean algebra rules and laws, and simplified methods were presented in a computer tutorial program. Simulation software and simulation circuits were previously set up ...


Effects Of Sequencing Computer-Based Instruction And Lecture In Learning Function Concepts Of C Programming Language , Su Chao-Ya Tsai Jan 1995

Effects Of Sequencing Computer-Based Instruction And Lecture In Learning Function Concepts Of C Programming Language , Su Chao-Ya Tsai

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effectiveness of a computer-based lesson used before versus after formal lecture and examined students' difficulties in learning the function concepts of the C programming language. The subjects were fifteen university students who were randomly assigned to two treatment groups that received different instructional sequences. The subjects completed questionnaires, a pretest, the computer-based lesson and a posttest. During the experiment, students' learning processes were observed, their program errors were recorded by the computer system, and some students' reactions were video-taped;Results showed that students' posttest scores were not significantly affected by whether the computer-based lesson was presented ...


The Effect Of Learning Problem-Solving Methods On Learning To Program In The Basic Language , Yen-Chu Hung Jan 1995

The Effect Of Learning Problem-Solving Methods On Learning To Program In The Basic Language , Yen-Chu Hung

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to compare learning problem-solving methods versus non problem-solving activity (word-processing) on subsequent learning to program in the BASIC language. It also examined a method to provide students with increased knowledge and skills to enable them to learn how to program;A pretest-posttest control group design was used in this experiment with random assignment of subjects to one of three groups. Experiment groups one (deduction group) and two (induction group) first received the pretest and learning problem-solving methods; then group one received deduction instruction while group two received induction instruction, both followed by learning BASIC language programming ...


The Development Of Computer-Assisted Instruction (Cai) Using The Abc Authoring System For Teaching Basic Electronics, Herman Dwi Surjono Jan 1994

The Development Of Computer-Assisted Instruction (Cai) Using The Abc Authoring System For Teaching Basic Electronics, Herman Dwi Surjono

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Secondary And Postsecondary School Teachers' And Administrators' Attitudes Toward Tech-Prep Programs , Liang-Chih Huang Jan 1994

A Comparison Of Secondary And Postsecondary School Teachers' And Administrators' Attitudes Toward Tech-Prep Programs , Liang-Chih Huang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The tech-prep program is a educational initiative to improve the quality of instruction and employment potential of students. It also represents a trend in educational reform with strategies for articulation and integration between secondary and postsecondary schools or from school to the workplace. The purpose of this study was to compare and obtain a better understanding of attitudes toward tech-prep programs between secondary and postsecondary school tech-prep teachers and administrators. The relationship among the curriculum and the administration of tech-prep programs and several demographic variables: educational level; years of teaching/administrative experience; and the number of in-service training activities attended ...


Assessing Quality And Productivity In Selected Printing Organizations In Iowa Using The Malcolm Baldrige Quality Framework , Eugenio Anthony Lord Jan 1994

Assessing Quality And Productivity In Selected Printing Organizations In Iowa Using The Malcolm Baldrige Quality Framework , Eugenio Anthony Lord

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem addressed by this study was to investigate differences in the status of quality and productivity practices as perceived by upper management, middle management and workers in printing organizations with varying lengths of quality implementation. A review of literature revealed that printing organizations have not so far used the Malcolm Baldrige quality framework to assess the effectiveness of quality and productivity practices. The purpose of the study was to compare the perceptions of upper management, middle management and workers in printing organizations with varying lengths of quality implementation toward the seven criteria as defined in the Malcolm Baldrige quality ...


An Assessment Of The Quality Improvement Climate As Perceived By Community College Leadership In Iowa , Rashid Mohamed Bax Jan 1994

An Assessment Of The Quality Improvement Climate As Perceived By Community College Leadership In Iowa , Rashid Mohamed Bax

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Total Quality Management (TQM) has recently attracted a great deal of attention and is being considered a viable management strategy in education. The role of the leadership is critical to quality improvement, and an assessment of the perceptions of leaders is important for TQM implementation. The purpose of this study was to determine the current and ideal quality climate and the quality climate gaps in Iowa's community colleges as perceived by administrators based on the seven quality dimensions of the Baldrige Award framework. Quality climate was defined as the perception towards quality improvement and the climate gap as the ...


A Comparison Of Competencies Required By The Woodworking Industry And Those Taught In Industrial Vocational Senior High Schools, As Perceived By Former Students And Teachers Of Woodworking In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Shih-Kuang Hou Jan 1993

A Comparison Of Competencies Required By The Woodworking Industry And Those Taught In Industrial Vocational Senior High Schools, As Perceived By Former Students And Teachers Of Woodworking In Taiwan, Republic Of China , Shih-Kuang Hou

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to investigate the competencies required by the woodworking industry and to compare these competencies with those taught in industrial vocational senior high schools in Taiwan, as perceived by former students and teachers of woodworking. The research involved an evaluation research procedure for analyzing the curricula of woodworking departments in schools;The questionnaire method of data collection was used. An instrument was designed and divided into four parts eliciting information about individuals, opinions about woodworking skills and knowledge, and comments or suggestions about changes in program content. Three woodworking related occupations, namely cabinet making, interior decorating, and ...