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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Examination Of Children’S Learning Progression Shifts While Using Touch Screen Virtual Manipulative Mathematics Apps, Christina M. Watts, Patricia Moyer-Packenham, Stephen I. Tucker, Emma P. Bullock, Jessica F. Shumway, Aria Westenskow, Jennifer Boyer-Thurgood, Katie Anderson-Pence, Salif Mahamane, Kerry Jordan Nov 2016

An Examination Of Children’S Learning Progression Shifts While Using Touch Screen Virtual Manipulative Mathematics Apps, Christina M. Watts, Patricia Moyer-Packenham, Stephen I. Tucker, Emma P. Bullock, Jessica F. Shumway, Aria Westenskow, Jennifer Boyer-Thurgood, Katie Anderson-Pence, Salif Mahamane, Kerry Jordan

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to examine shifts in young children's learning progression levels while they interacted with virtual manipulative mathematics apps on touch-screen devices. A total of 100 children participated in six mathematics learning sequences while using 18 virtual manipulative mathematics touch-screen apps during clinical interviews. Researchers developed a micro-scoring tool to analyze video data from two camera sources (i.e., GoPro camera, wall-mounted camera). Our results showed that it is possible to document evidence of shifts in children's learning progressions while they are interacting with mathematics apps on touch-screen devices. Our results also indicated patterns ...


Using Modeled Writing To Support English-Only And English-Learner Second-Grade Students, Kathleen A. J. Mohr Sep 2016

Using Modeled Writing To Support English-Only And English-Learner Second-Grade Students, Kathleen A. J. Mohr

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

This study compared 70 English learners (ELs) and English-only (EO) second-grade students’ writing samples before and after a yearlong writing program. The school utilized Write From the Beginning (J. Buckner, 2006) and focused on personal narratives. A subgroup of students also participated in an intervention supporting expository writing on curricular topics. Sociocognitive theory framed the Modeled Writing (MW) used in this study. An analysis of covariance used prescores on 2 writing assessments to compare students’ writing achievement at the end of the year, and t tests compared students’ writing by gender, language, and group on various pre- and posttest scores ...


Teacher Conceptions, Curriculum Ideologies, And Adaptations To Linear Change In River School District: Implications For Gifted And Talented, William T. Allen Jr., Scott L. Hunsaker Jul 2016

Teacher Conceptions, Curriculum Ideologies, And Adaptations To Linear Change In River School District: Implications For Gifted And Talented, William T. Allen Jr., Scott L. Hunsaker

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Curriculum ideologies are educational theories applied in everyday pedagogical practice. In this study, to better meet the learning needs of their students, four middle school teachers used a variety of ideologies as a professional toolbox. When confronted with school district standardization, these teachers adapted; however, as predicted by earlier studies, adjustments required the loss of previously successful curriculum. As predicted by Feldhusen, these losses affected teachers of high-level students (honors and gifted and talented) the most. In this district, two such teachers opposed standardization; nevertheless, even with resistance, they lost ideological-based curriculum choices. What are teachers of high-level students to ...


Revisiting The Definition Of A Virtual Manipulative, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham, Johnna J. Bolyard Jun 2016

Revisiting The Definition Of A Virtual Manipulative, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham, Johnna J. Bolyard

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

In 2002, Moyer, Bolyard and Spikell defined a virtual manipulative as an “an interactive, Web-based visual representation of a dynamic object that presents opportunities for constructing mathematical knowledge” (p. 373). The purpose of this chapter is to revisit, clarify and update the definition of a virtual manipulative. After clarifying what a virtual manipulative is and what it is not, we propose an updated definition for virtual manipulative: an interactive, technology-enabled visual representation of a dynamic mathematical object, including all of the programmable features that allow it to be manipulated, that presents opportunities for constructing mathematical knowledge. The chapter describes the ...


A Social Semiotic Analysis Of Instructional Images Across Academic Disciplines, Amy Alexandra Wilson, Melanie Landon-Hays Feb 2016

A Social Semiotic Analysis Of Instructional Images Across Academic Disciplines, Amy Alexandra Wilson, Melanie Landon-Hays

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

Framed in theories of social semiotics, this descriptive multiple case study examined the images used by six middle-school teachers during one school year as they each taught two different subject areas: earth science, language arts, mathematics, and/or social studies. Using Kress and Van Leeuwen’s visual grammar to analyze these images, this study identified discipline-specific patterns in how 1,132 images realized assumptions in regards to the ideational and interpersonal metafunctions of communication. A content analysis suggested discipline-specific differences in the presumed social distance between the content of the images and the students, as well as discipline-specific differences in ...


How Affordances And Constraints Of Physical And Virtual Manipulatives Support The Development Of Procedural Fluency And Algorithmic Thinking In Mathematics, Jennifer Such, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham Jan 2016

How Affordances And Constraints Of Physical And Virtual Manipulatives Support The Development Of Procedural Fluency And Algorithmic Thinking In Mathematics, Jennifer Such, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

The purpose of this study was to examine how the affordances and constraints of physical and virtual manipulatives influence the development of students’ algorithmic thinking when learning algebra and rational number concepts. Thirty-six third-grade students participated in two weeks of instruction using physical and virtual manipulatives as instructional tools. The primary design of the study was a teaching experiment in which quantitative and qualitative data were collected to provide a holistic examination. Pre- and post-test items were used in the quantitative analysis following a within-subjects crossover repeated measures design. Students’ written work, a user survey, student interviews, field notes, and ...


Using An Iceberg Intervention Model To Understand Equivalent Fraction Learning When Students With Mathematical Learning Difficulties Use Different Manipulatives, Arla Westenskow, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham Jan 2016

Using An Iceberg Intervention Model To Understand Equivalent Fraction Learning When Students With Mathematical Learning Difficulties Use Different Manipulatives, Arla Westenskow, Patricia Seray Moyer-Packenham

Teacher Education and Leadership Faculty Publications

This study examined variations in 43 fifth-grade Tier II students' learning of equivalent fractions using physical and virtual manipulatives during intervention instruction. The overarching research question focused on how different manipulatives types support learning fraction sub-concepts during mathematics intervention instruction for students with mathematical learning difficulties. Over a three-week period, students participated in ten small group sessions using different manipulatives during instruction (physical, virtual, and combination). Data were collected from pre/post testing and daily monitoring assessments. An Iceberg Intervention Model was used to document student learning for five equivalent fraction sub-concepts and nine general fraction sub-concepts. Results showed that ...