Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 19 of 19

Full-Text Articles in Education

Technologies To Enhance And Extend Children's Understanding Of Geometry: A Configurative Thematic Synthesis Of The Literature, Helen Crompton, Melva R. Grant, Khitam Y. H. Shraim Feb 2018

Technologies To Enhance And Extend Children's Understanding Of Geometry: A Configurative Thematic Synthesis Of The Literature, Helen Crompton, Melva R. Grant, Khitam Y. H. Shraim

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

Empirical evidence indicates that students are not learning geometry with relational understanding of the concepts. Studies have shown that digital technologies can support students in mathematics. The purpose of this study was to find which technologies and technological affordances are specific to learners of geometry. This paper presents the results of a configurative thematic synthesis of empirical studies and theoretical papers to show that dynamic geometry environments (DGEs: including 3D DGEs) and logobased environments were the main types of technologies used to support geometry learners. The results of this study also reveal that there are five main technological supports provided ...


Give Me A Formula Not The Concept! Student Preference To Mathematical Problem Solving, Manveer Mann, Mary C. Enderson Jan 2017

Give Me A Formula Not The Concept! Student Preference To Mathematical Problem Solving, Manveer Mann, Mary C. Enderson

STEMPS Faculty Publications

Purpose of Study: The purpose of this study was to assess student preference for procedural (formula-driven) versus conceptual (concept-driven) approaches to solve mathematical problems. Additionally, we evaluated differences in preferences among students who performed above average and those who performed at or below average on simple arithmetic problems.

Methods/Design and Sample: We used a single-factor (Instructional Approach: conceptual vs. procedural) between-subjects experiment. Instructional approach was manipulated using short embedded instructional videos. Students evaluated each approach on a five-point scale.

Results: We found that students (above-average and average/below-average) preferred the procedural approach to the conceptual approach. Interestingly, however, although ...


Therapeutic Breathing Techniques And Disparity Across Student Performance In English And Mathematics, Abha Gupta, Shana Pribesh, Norou Diawara Jan 2017

Therapeutic Breathing Techniques And Disparity Across Student Performance In English And Mathematics, Abha Gupta, Shana Pribesh, Norou Diawara

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

This paper explores possible correlation between Therapeutic Breathing Techniques (TBT) and improved academic performance of low achieving students in elementary school. The intervention consisted of daily breathing exercises combining two forms of TBT, namely, deep breathing and alternate nostril breathing. A semester-long quantitative study with 85 second graders was conducted to investigate the impact of above intervention on English and mathematics scores. Following one semester of intervention, the gaps between the low and high achievers had narrowed and small but significant gain-scores were found for the low achievers who had practiced TBT. In contrast, in first and third grades, where ...


Number Knowledge And Error Types Of Elementary Portuguese Students: Implications For Instruction, Silvana Watson, Sharon Judge, João Lopes, Célia Oliveira, Ana Catarina Jesus Jan 2016

Number Knowledge And Error Types Of Elementary Portuguese Students: Implications For Instruction, Silvana Watson, Sharon Judge, João Lopes, Célia Oliveira, Ana Catarina Jesus

Communication Disorders & Special Education Faculty Publications

In the present study, we examined number knowledge skills of 697 Portuguese elementary students from first to fourth grade. Students completed three number knowledge tasks: 1) translating numbers into words, 2) symbolic magnitude (i.e., number comparison), and 3) decomposing numbers. We evaluated students’ answers by means of error analysis using a three-category coding system adopted from specific error types were computed by grade level. Results showed that there were significant differences among grades and that the prerequisite linguistic error type (i.e., pre linguistic rules or principles of the cardinal number system), particularly in the magnitude tasks, significantly contributed ...


Research Trends In The Use Of Mobile Learning In Mathematics, Helen Crompton, Diane Burke Jan 2015

Research Trends In The Use Of Mobile Learning In Mathematics, Helen Crompton, Diane Burke

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

The use of mobile learning in education is growing at an exponential rate. To best understand how mobile learning is being used, it is crucial to gain a collective understanding of the research that has taken place. This research was a systematic review of 36 studies in mobile learning in mathematics from the year 2000 onward. Eight new findings emerged: (1) The primary purpose of most studies was to focus on evaluating mobile learning. (2) Case studies and experimental design were the main research methods. (3) Most studies report positive learning outcomes; (4) Mobile phones were the mobile device used ...


Using Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning To Support Students' Understanding Of Geometry, Helen Crompton Jan 2015

Using Context-Aware Ubiquitous Learning To Support Students' Understanding Of Geometry, Helen Crompton

Teaching & Learning Faculty Publications

In this study, context-aware ubiquitous learning was used to support 4th grade students as they learn angle concepts. Context-aware ubiquitous learning was provided to students primarily through the use of iPads to access real-world connections and a Dynamic Geometry Environment. Gravemeijer and van Eerde’s (2009), design-based research (DBR) methodology was used in this study. As a systematic yet flexible methodology, DBR utilizes an iterative cyclical process of design, implementation, analysis, and revision. Using this particular DBR methodology, a local instruction theory was developed that includes a set of exemplar curriculum activities and design guidelines for the development of context-aware ...


Using Schematic-Based And Cognitive Strategy Instruction To Improve Math Word Problem Solving For Students With Math Difficulties, Lisa L. Morin Jul 2014

Using Schematic-Based And Cognitive Strategy Instruction To Improve Math Word Problem Solving For Students With Math Difficulties, Lisa L. Morin

Communication Disorders & Special Education Theses & Dissertations

For students with math difficulties (MD), math word problem solving is especially challenging. The purpose of this study was to examine a math word problem solving strategy, bar model drawing, to support students with MD. The study extended previous research that suggested that schematic-based instruction (SBI) training delivered within an explicit instruction framework can be effective in teaching various math skills related to word problem solving. As a more generic schema approach, bar model drawing may serve as an effective form of SBI that can be developed across word problems. Moreover, the bar model approach has the potential to enhance ...


The Impact Of State Fiscal Effort On Student Achievement Measured By Math Scores From The National Assessment Of Education Progress (Naep), Lorena Leeann Kelly Apr 2012

The Impact Of State Fiscal Effort On Student Achievement Measured By Math Scores From The National Assessment Of Education Progress (Naep), Lorena Leeann Kelly

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

The current financial state of our nation, in combination with the pressure to meet state accountability testing and a global call for better prepared twenty first century learners, has produced a situation where all levels of government have to make difficult decisions regarding expenditures. In order to ensure that education receives appropriate funding, research is necessary to show a relationship between spending and student achievement. This study examines the effects of sustained increases and decreases in state fiscal effort on student achievement measured by scores from 4th and 8th grade math NAEP scores over an eighteen year period. A quantitative ...


The Use Of Non-Cognitives And Learning Strategies As A Predictor For Completion Of Developmental Mathematics At A Community College, Megan Healy Apr 2012

The Use Of Non-Cognitives And Learning Strategies As A Predictor For Completion Of Developmental Mathematics At A Community College, Megan Healy

Educational Foundations & Leadership Theses & Dissertations

With a large global, national, state, and local drive for post-secondary credentials, higher education institutes are exploring new retention and graduation strategies to meet the needs of the employers and employees. Many students who are unprepared for college level work will enter a community college to take developmental courses. Developmental mathematics has been a large barrier to completion and success in community college.

The purpose of this study was to explore the ability of non-cognitive traits to predict persistence in completion of a developmental math sequence at a community college. Non-cognitive traits were identified from the three components of strategic ...


Effects Of Instructional Technology On The Mathematics Achievement Of Eighth Grade Students, Paul Burkhart Jan 2011

Effects Of Instructional Technology On The Mathematics Achievement Of Eighth Grade Students, Paul Burkhart

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine how Norfolk Middle School Mathematics teachers’ use of instructional technology in their classroom affected student’s success on the 8th grade Standards of Learning (SOL) test.


Exploratory Study Of The Relationship Between State Fiscal Effort And Academic Achievement, Timothy A. Goodale Jul 2009

Exploratory Study Of The Relationship Between State Fiscal Effort And Academic Achievement, Timothy A. Goodale

Teaching & Learning Theses & Dissertations

Prior empirical research has taken many varying approaches to determine if differences in funding significantly impacts student academic achievement. However, much of these studies exhibit weak generalizability due to their limited scope, timeframe and dissimilar achievement measures. To expand upon the already robust literature in education finance this study measures interstate funding disparities via state fiscal effort and determines its impact on several measures of student academic achievement. To control for threats to external validity the research investigates the variables over ten years to determine if the relationships hold over time. Statistical measures employed within the research include bivariate correlation ...


Addressing The Principles For School Mathematics: A Case Study Of Elementary Teachers Pedagogy And Practices In An Urban High-Poverty School, Robert Q. Berry, Linda Bol, Sueanne E. Mckinney Jan 2009

Addressing The Principles For School Mathematics: A Case Study Of Elementary Teachers Pedagogy And Practices In An Urban High-Poverty School, Robert Q. Berry, Linda Bol, Sueanne E. Mckinney

Educational Foundations & Leadership Faculty Publications

The extent to which four novice teachers assigned to an urban high-poverty school implemented the Principles of School Mathematics during their mathematics instruction program was investigated using a case study design. The research team conducted 36 unannounced observations of the participating teachers and utilized a developed assessment to guide their observations. Results indicated that only one teacher was judged proficient for all the principles. The remaining three teachers fell short in the implementation and direction of the principles. Detailed descriptions of the pedagogical practices of the teachers are provided.


The Effectiveness Of One Week Of Remediation For Geometry, Martha L. Hopkins Jan 2008

The Effectiveness Of One Week Of Remediation For Geometry, Martha L. Hopkins

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The purpose of this study was to explore how remediation affects SOL retake scores in geometry. The following hypothesis was developed to guide this study: Students who passed high school geometry, but failed the SOL test, will pass the SOL retest after completing the one-week Geometry SOL Remediation Recovery Program.


Testing Methods And Pass/Fail Rates In Developmental Mathematics Classes At Southwest Virginia Community College, Charlotte Tiller Jan 2007

Testing Methods And Pass/Fail Rates In Developmental Mathematics Classes At Southwest Virginia Community College, Charlotte Tiller

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

To solve this problem the following hypothesis was developed: There is no correlation between examination method and pass/fail rate of students in developmental mathematics at Southwest Virginia Community College.


The Effects Of Applied Technology Instruction On Mathematics And Science Achievement Of Eighth Grade Students, John D. Hammons Jan 1999

The Effects Of Applied Technology Instruction On Mathematics And Science Achievement Of Eighth Grade Students, John D. Hammons

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of he Grafton Middle School technology education program's interdisciplinary activities in improving math and science grades of its students.


A Study Of Secondary Mathematics: Reports Impacting Curriculum, Philip B. Nelson Jan 1998

A Study Of Secondary Mathematics: Reports Impacting Curriculum, Philip B. Nelson

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The research goals of this study include: 1. What influence did societal pressures of the time have toward the reports recommended curriculum? 2. What influences did technological developments of the time have toward the reports recommended curriculum? 3. What were or are unique (if any) mechanisms of the time that initiated the perceived need for reform in mathematics education? 4. What influence did changing college entrance requirements of the time have towards the reports recommended curriculum? 5. What curricula was recommended to ensure student study achieved the desired performance in mathematics?


A Study To Determine The Relationships Between A Local School Division's Middle School System's Technology, Science, And Mathematics Course Curricula And The Accommodation Of State And National Goals, Standards Or Objectives, William C. Reed Jan 1996

A Study To Determine The Relationships Between A Local School Division's Middle School System's Technology, Science, And Mathematics Course Curricula And The Accommodation Of State And National Goals, Standards Or Objectives, William C. Reed

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The goals of the study were to determine if: A state's learning standards, for this study the Virginia Standards of Learning, acknowledged, accommendations for technology, science, and mathematics curricula at the middle school level as set forth in a published, national level coordination/integration standard; A local school division's curricula, for this study the Virginia Beach City public School's middle school technology, science and mathematics curricula, complied with the established state standards; and The Virginia Beach City Public School's middle school technology, science and mathematics curricula were related, associated, coordinated or integrated in any fashion.


A Study To Determine The Relationship Between Students Who Excel In Mathematics And Students Who Excel In Technology Education, Kevin L. Pace Jan 1994

A Study To Determine The Relationship Between Students Who Excel In Mathematics And Students Who Excel In Technology Education, Kevin L. Pace

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

This study was used to gain information about the success of high school students in mathematics and technology. The goals established for this research are: 1. Students who excel in mathematics courses will also excel when studying technology education.


A Study To Determine If Predictive Relationships Exist Between First Month Apprentice Mathematic Failures And Unsuccessful Completion Of The Three Year Norshipco Apprentice Program, Donald Allan Kilmer Jan 1980

A Study To Determine If Predictive Relationships Exist Between First Month Apprentice Mathematic Failures And Unsuccessful Completion Of The Three Year Norshipco Apprentice Program, Donald Allan Kilmer

OTS Master's Level Projects & Papers

The problem of this study was to determine if a correlation exists between first month apprentice mathematic failures and unsuccessful completion of the four months of related instruction in the three year apprentice program.