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Full-Text Articles in Education

Applied Cognition In Reading: An Analysis Of Reading Comprehension In Secondary School Students, Joshua A. Cuevas Oct 2010

Applied Cognition In Reading: An Analysis Of Reading Comprehension In Secondary School Students, Joshua A. Cuevas

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

This research sought to add to a body of knowledge that is severely underrepresented in the scientific literature, reading comprehension in secondary students. Chapter 1 examines the current state of literacy in the nation’s public schools and the consequences that arise if students leave high school with inadequate reading skills. It discusses the neurological processes involved with reading and posits that independent silent reading (ISR) combined with scaffolding techniques may prove to be an effective method for addressing reading comprehension. The review also analyzes the components believed to be essential to reading, including vocabulary development, prior knowledge and background ...


Using Sensory Interventions To Promote Skill Acquisition For Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Ginny L. Van Rie Oct 2010

Using Sensory Interventions To Promote Skill Acquisition For Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Ginny L. Van Rie

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have documented sensory processing difficulties across the lifespan; however there is limited empirical support for the sensory-based interventions that have become ubiquitous with the population. This study was conducted to address this need and examine the effect of sensory-based interventions on skill acquisition for five elementary-age students with ASD. Proponents suggest that sensory-based interventions can be used to facilitate optimal levels of arousal so that children are available for learning. A single-case alternating treatments design was used to evaluate functional relations between the two sensory-based antecedent interventions and correct responding on expressive identification tasks ...


Using Function-Based Choice-Making Interventions To Increase Task Completion And Accuracy And To Reduce Problem Behaviors For Students With E/Bd, Michelle L. Ramsey Oct 2010

Using Function-Based Choice-Making Interventions To Increase Task Completion And Accuracy And To Reduce Problem Behaviors For Students With E/Bd, Michelle L. Ramsey

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

Two choice-making interventions (task sequence and where) were implemented by a classroom teacher to determine the effects on the percentage of task completion, accuracy, and classroom disruption for ten sixth through eighth grade students with E/BD in a residential math classroom using a reversal design. An FBA was conducted to determine the function of disruptive behavior during independent math practice prior to the implementation of the two choice-making interventions. The math teacher provided either choice of task sequence of the independent tasks or choice of where to complete the independent tasks. Results indicate that choice of task sequence matched ...


The Effects Of Praise Notes On The Disruptive Behaviors Of Elementary Students With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders In A Residential Setting, Christina N. Kennedy Jul 2010

The Effects Of Praise Notes On The Disruptive Behaviors Of Elementary Students With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders In A Residential Setting, Christina N. Kennedy

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

In this study, the effects of two secondary tier positive behavioral support strategies, teacher praise notes (TPNs) and peer praise notes (PPNs), were investigated using an alternating treatments single-subject design in residential classroom settings with eight elementary students with emotional and behavioral disorders (E/BD) in grades one through five who displayed disruptive behaviors. These students were selected based on the following criteria: (a) identified as using attention-seeking behaviors to disrupt classroom instruction, and (b) accrued an average of three or more office discipline referrals (ODRs) during classroom instruction since the beginning of the semester. Teacher praise notes are notes ...


Effects Of Error Correction During Assessment Probes On The Acquisition Of Sight Words For Students With Moderate Intellectual Disabilities, Rebecca E. Waugh Jun 2010

Effects Of Error Correction During Assessment Probes On The Acquisition Of Sight Words For Students With Moderate Intellectual Disabilities, Rebecca E. Waugh

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

Simultaneous prompting is an errorless learning strategy designed to reduce the number of errors students make; however, research has shown a disparity in the number of errors students make during instructional versus probe trials. This study directly examined the effects of error correction versus no error correction during probe trials on the effectiveness and efficiency of simultaneous prompting on the acquisition of sight words by three middle school students with moderate intellectual disabilities. A single-case adapted alternating treatments design (Sindelar, Rosenberg, & Wilson, 1985) was employed to examine the effects of error correction during probe trials in order to reduce error ...


Function-Based Responding To Check In/Check Out For Students With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders In A Residential Facility, Nicole Cain Swoszowski Mar 2010

Function-Based Responding To Check In/Check Out For Students With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders In A Residential Facility, Nicole Cain Swoszowski

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

The Check in/Check out (CICO) strategy is a secondary tier intervention designed to address those students who are not responsive to universal tier, school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports (SW-PBIS), and require more targeted support. The present study extended the implementation of the CICO strategy to a residential facility. In addition, the study sought to determine the relationship between the maintaining function of behavior and responsiveness to CICO when a functional behavior assessment was conducted prior to the implementation of CICO. Six students with emotional and behavioral disorders (E/BD) in a residential setting participated in the study; three ...


Using Peer-Mediated Fluency Instruction To Address The Needs Of Adolescent Struggling Readers, Nikki L. Josephs Mar 2010

Using Peer-Mediated Fluency Instruction To Address The Needs Of Adolescent Struggling Readers, Nikki L. Josephs

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

Teaching oral reading fluency is an important aspect of effective literacy instruction. Researchers have investigated a number of strategies shown to be effective with beginning readers; however, less empirical evidence is available for older, struggling readers. The secondary curriculum presents adolescent struggling readers with different challenges, including successful completion of higher level comprehension skill activities, high-stakes assessments, and limited classroom time with practice with oral reading fluency exercises. These conditions may lead to academic failure or school drop-out for students who have limited reading ability. An alternating conditions design (Kazdin, 1982) was used to examine the influence of peer-mediated fluency ...


Effectiveness Of A Computer-Based Syntax Program In Improving The Morphosyntax Of Students Who Are Deaf/Hard Of Hearing, Joanna Erin Cannon Feb 2010

Effectiveness Of A Computer-Based Syntax Program In Improving The Morphosyntax Of Students Who Are Deaf/Hard Of Hearing, Joanna Erin Cannon

Communication Sciences and Disorders Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if the frequent use of LanguageLinks: Syntax Assessment and Intervention (LL), produced by Laureate Learning Systems, Inc., as a supplemental classroom activity, affected morphosyntax structures (determiners, tense, and complementizers) in participants who are Deaf/Hard of Hearing (DHH) and use American Sign Language (ASL). Twenty-six students from an urban day school for the Deaf participated in this study. Two hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) growth curve analyses were used to examine the influence of LL on the comprehension of morphosyntax based on two dependent variables: 1) the scores from LL’s Optimized Intervention ...