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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Examination Into The Instruction Of The Alphabet During Preschool Years, Amanda Titus Jan 2017

An Examination Into The Instruction Of The Alphabet During Preschool Years, Amanda Titus

Masters Theses

Instruction of the letters of the alphabet is a controversial topic among early childhood educators. Not only is it debated whether letter instruction is developmentally appropriate but there is then the discussion concerning how the letters are best taught once a program deems it is developmentally appropriate. In this study, 87 children were assessed at two separate times during the school year to determine a method of instruction that proved most effective. The study took place over three consecutive school years. The first year, 27 students were exposed to alphabetic instruction through a combination of music and mnemonic device assisted ...


Comparison Of Memory In College Students With And Without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Study Of Argument Recall Accuracy, Jordan Poll Jan 2016

Comparison Of Memory In College Students With And Without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Study Of Argument Recall Accuracy, Jordan Poll

Masters Theses

The memory abilities of college-aged adolescents (18-24) with ADHD were investigated using arguments. Previous ADHD research provides insight into ADHD's association with a decreased capability to recall important parts of statements. Students read a booklet containing 24 arguments to assess their ability to recall each argument. Participants read one statement, then, immediately after reading it, attempted to accurately recall it by writing it using paper and pencil. This process was repeated 24 times (total of 24 arguments). The researcher examined, specifically, the percent of correctly recalled predicates from those read arguments. Predicates were examined because it has been shown ...


Examination Of Teachers' Perceptions Of The Importance Of Academic Enablers, Feasibility Of Academic Enabler Instruction, And Academic Enabler Instruction Practices, Amy M. Whitcomb Jan 2015

Examination Of Teachers' Perceptions Of The Importance Of Academic Enablers, Feasibility Of Academic Enabler Instruction, And Academic Enabler Instruction Practices, Amy M. Whitcomb

Masters Theses

Academic enablers are beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors that help an individual to succeed academically. The four academic enablers identified by DiPerna and Elliott (2000) and measured by the Academic Competence Evaluation Scales (DiPerna & Elliott, 2000) include engagement, interpersonal skills, motivation, and study skills. A wealth of literature has detailed the critical importance of academic enablers to academic success, as well as identified specific ways which teachers can instruct students in development of these skills. While DiPerna and Elliott (2000) note that teachers' perceptions of the importance of these skills and related behaviors can assist in informing intervention for individual students ...


Attention Regulation, Emotion Regulation, And Cognitive Flexibility As Mediators Of The Relationship Between Mindfulness And Academic Achievement In High School Students, Andrew Baginski Jan 2015

Attention Regulation, Emotion Regulation, And Cognitive Flexibility As Mediators Of The Relationship Between Mindfulness And Academic Achievement In High School Students, Andrew Baginski

Masters Theses

Mindfulness is defined as a process of purposefully paying attention to one’s thoughts, feelings, and experiences in the present moment while taking a nonjudgmental stance on them (Kabat-Zinn, 2009). While originally an Eastern approach technique in spirituality and philosophy, mindfulness has been incorporated into or served as a basis for numerous psychological therapies and treatments (Segal, Williams, & Teasdale, 2002; Kabat-Zinn, 1982, 1990). Research into mindfulness has expanded to the context of learning, where studies have demonstrated that facilitative states of mindfulness can improve the abilities of students to focus, attend, and recall information in an educational setting (Langer, 1997).

The effects ...


Child–Senior Relationship Training: Adaptation Of Cprt For Kindergarten Students, Angela Yoder, Danessa Carter, Breanna Way, Bobbi Ward, Alyssa Swan, Amy Allison Jan 2014

Child–Senior Relationship Training: Adaptation Of Cprt For Kindergarten Students, Angela Yoder, Danessa Carter, Breanna Way, Bobbi Ward, Alyssa Swan, Amy Allison

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

Child–senior relationship training (CSRT) is an adaptation of child–parent relationship therapy (CPRT), a highly effective intervention for children, where trained senior citizen volunteers provide free play sessions for children whose parents are unable or unwilling to participate in CPRT. This study explored the effects of CSRT on kindergarten children and the senior volunteers’ effectiveness with children following training. The researchers propose CSRT provides benefits to busy school counselors by closing the gap between the high number of students needing services and the historically low number of providers. Although CPRT has been shown to be more effective when used ...


Adaptation Of The Child - Parent Relationship Therapy Model For Use With Senior Citizen Volunteers In School Settings: A Pilot Study, Angela M. Yoder, Fred Washburn, Shannon Mills, Danessa Carter, Brian Brausch, Jiwon Lee Jan 2013

Adaptation Of The Child - Parent Relationship Therapy Model For Use With Senior Citizen Volunteers In School Settings: A Pilot Study, Angela M. Yoder, Fred Washburn, Shannon Mills, Danessa Carter, Brian Brausch, Jiwon Lee

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

This study provides a proposal for crucial volunteer services to fill the gap for overburdened school counselors when parents are unable to engage in Child-Parent Relationship Therapy (CPRT), a highly effective intervention for childhood problems. CPRT has been successfully adapted for use with individuals other than the child’s parents. The researcher in this pilot study adapted CPRT for use with senior citizen volunteers who often possess untapped abilities and talents. Seniors received several weeks of training, and then met with children for 1/2 hour supervised, video-taped play sessions for several weeks. Childhood adjustment problems were assessed before and ...


Effects Of Relaxation And Deep-Breathing On High School Students: Act Prep, Heidi A. Larson, Angela M. Yoder, Shannon Brucker, Jiwon Lee, Fred Washburn, Danessa Perdieu, Catherine L. Polydore, Jennifer R. Rose Oct 2011

Effects Of Relaxation And Deep-Breathing On High School Students: Act Prep, Heidi A. Larson, Angela M. Yoder, Shannon Brucker, Jiwon Lee, Fred Washburn, Danessa Perdieu, Catherine L. Polydore, Jennifer R. Rose

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

The purpose of this study was to relieve test anxiety in high school juniors preparing to take the ACT: a high-stakes, college admissions, standardized test. Participants included 81 eleventh grade students (25 males, 56 females) from a Midwestern public high school. Results demonstrated that relaxation training in the experimental group significantly lowered student’s perceptions of test anxiety from pre-test to post-test. Further research regarding systematic deep breathing and relaxation techniques is needed.


An Exploratory Case Study Of Young Children’S Interactive Play Behaviors With A Non-English Speaking Child, Joohi Lee, Sham'ah Md-Yunus, Wonim Son, Michelle Meadows Jan 2009

An Exploratory Case Study Of Young Children’S Interactive Play Behaviors With A Non-English Speaking Child, Joohi Lee, Sham'ah Md-Yunus, Wonim Son, Michelle Meadows

Faculty Research and Creative Activity

This study is an examination of preschool-age English speaking children’s interactive play behaviors with a non-English speaking child (NEC). The play types of a NEC were reported using the Parten’s categories of solitary, parallel, and interactive play. In addition, English-speaking children’s interactive play with a non-English speaking child were reported in this study using categories of affiliative, possession-related, prosocial, and aggressive behavior from Ramsey’s 1987 study.


An Exploratory Case Study Of Young Children’S Interactive Play Behaviors With A Non-English Speaking Child, Joohi Lee, Sham'ah Md-Yunus, Wonim Son, Michelle "Mikki" Meadows Jan 2009

An Exploratory Case Study Of Young Children’S Interactive Play Behaviors With A Non-English Speaking Child, Joohi Lee, Sham'ah Md-Yunus, Wonim Son, Michelle "Mikki" Meadows

Faculty Research and Creative Activity

This study is an examination of preschool-age English speaking children’s interactive play behaviors with a non-English speaking child (NEC). The play types of a NEC were reported using the Parten’s categories of solitary, parallel, and interactive play. In addition, English-speaking children’s interactive play with a non-English speaking child were reported in this study using categories of affiliative, possession-related, prosocial, and aggressive behavior from Ramsey’s 1987 study.


An Exploratory Case Study Of Young Children’S Interactive Play Behaviors With A Non-English Speaking Child, Joohi Lee, Sham'ah Md-Yunus, Wonim Son, Michelle "Mikki" Meadows Jan 2009

An Exploratory Case Study Of Young Children’S Interactive Play Behaviors With A Non-English Speaking Child, Joohi Lee, Sham'ah Md-Yunus, Wonim Son, Michelle "Mikki" Meadows

ShamAh Md-Yunus

This study is an examination of preschool-age English speaking children’s interactive play behaviors with a non-English speaking child (NEC). The play types of a NEC were reported using the Parten’s categories of solitary, parallel, and interactive play. In addition, English-speaking children’s interactive play with a non-English speaking child were reported in this study using categories of affiliative, possession-related, prosocial, and aggressive behavior from Ramsey’s 1987 study.


Do Caucasian And African American Students Have Different Learning Styles?, Robin J. Black-Vannoy Jan 2004

Do Caucasian And African American Students Have Different Learning Styles?, Robin J. Black-Vannoy

Masters Theses

This study explored whether African American and Caucasian students have different learning styles. It specifically examined differences in preferred modes of information processing and instruction. Participants in the study completed the Dunn and Dunn Learning Style Inventory and the Kolb Learning Style Inventory. Subsequent analyses revealed that there were no significant differences in how African American and Caucasian students choose to process information for learning. However, there were some significant differences in preferred modes of instruction. African American students were more likely to prefer noisier and warmer learning environments, to snack while learning, and to learn in the late morning ...


A Study Of Home Influences On Young Children's Early Literacy, Christy Buehnerkemper-Elder Jan 1996

A Study Of Home Influences On Young Children's Early Literacy, Christy Buehnerkemper-Elder

Masters Theses

Recent research has shown that the degree of children's exposure to and knowledge about reading when they first enter school is highly predictive of future reading achievement. Researchers investigating home influences on literacy have concluded that certain home experiences prior to first-grade affect performance and general abilities in early elementary school. One component of the literacy-rich home environment is that of a parent reading to children. This has been considered by many as a critical component of a home environment which fosters reading skills. Being read to as a preschooler has been shown to be associated with reading achievement ...


The Motivation Experienced By Adolescents In A Tech Prep Curriculum, Catherine Mccormack Jan 1996

The Motivation Experienced By Adolescents In A Tech Prep Curriculum, Catherine Mccormack

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the motivation of students in a tech prep program in relation to that of students in a standard secondary school curriculum. The motivation of students in each program was investigated before and after a year of school. Participants were 70 high school students who attended a school which provided both tech prep and standard curriculums. Central High School of Champaign Illinois was the school from which the participants were found. The method used to collect the data from participants was through questionnaires. The questionnaires used were the motivation for schooling scale of ...


Cumberland Helpers In Partnerships: A Program Of Intervention At Cumberland Elementary And Junior High School, Gayle A. Shepherd Jan 1996

Cumberland Helpers In Partnerships: A Program Of Intervention At Cumberland Elementary And Junior High School, Gayle A. Shepherd

Masters Theses

Low- or non-achievement by students has historically been a problem for teachers and administrators, as well as for parents and students. Same grade retention has been proven by many researchers to be non-productive and in many cases, punitive. The Cumberland Helpers in Partnerships (CHIPs) program was begun at Cumberland Elementary and Junior High School as an interventive measure to combat this problem of low achievement. Sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students who were considered academically at risk at the end of the first semester of the 1995-1996 school year (N=78) were asked to voluntarily attend tutoring sessions to help ...


The Effects Of Daytime Sleepiness On School Performance In Late Adolescence, Lisa R. Ballinger Jan 1996

The Effects Of Daytime Sleepiness On School Performance In Late Adolescence, Lisa R. Ballinger

Masters Theses

Daytime sleepiness and grade point average were examined to assess the strength and direction of the relationship. Other variables measured included depression, test anxiety, and stress. Sixty-one participants completed the study, 15 males and 46 females. Average age of the participants was 20.89 (SD = 1.18). Participants were given a series of five brief questionnaires. Participants volunteered for the study and completed the survey in a group, classroom setting. Measures included a demographic questionnaire, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Test Attitude Inventory and the Perceived Stress Scale. It was found that while an inverse relationship exists between ...


Brain Dominance And Speed Achievement In Keyboarding, Janet Clapp Hasten Jan 1995

Brain Dominance And Speed Achievement In Keyboarding, Janet Clapp Hasten

Masters Theses

Students who want to compete successfully in today's marketplace must be proficient in the skill of keyboarding. But not all students of keyboarding are able to achieve the high levels of proficiency in speed. This study investigates one possible explanation for this perplexing and frustrating occurrence--how brain dominance affects learning a motor skill such as keyboarding. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a relationship between a student's brain dominance preference and his/her ability to achieve speed in keyboarding. The Human Information Processing Survey, which determines brain dominance preference, was administered to high ...


Differences In Academic Achievement Motivation Among Retained, Special Education, And Regular Education Students, Shannon Lea Mast Jan 1995

Differences In Academic Achievement Motivation Among Retained, Special Education, And Regular Education Students, Shannon Lea Mast

Masters Theses

Academic achievement motivation affects a student's academic performance and emotional functioning. The Teacher Rating of Academic Achievement Motivation (TRAAM) is used to assess students third through sixth grade on their academic motivation and skill deficits, which will aide in the decision of whether a child solely has a motivation problem or a combination of factors that result in a handicapping condition. The current study compared TRAAM factors 1-4 and Total Score for students in regular education (n=26), special education (learning disabled, n=26), and those who had been retained (n=26). Univariate analysis of variance results indicated that ...


Factors Associated With Underachievement In Eighth-Grade Children, Barbara A. Moore Jan 1995

Factors Associated With Underachievement In Eighth-Grade Children, Barbara A. Moore

Masters Theses

This study investigated characteristics of underachieving adolescents. The Iowa Tests of Basic Skills (ITBS; Hieronymous, et al., 1990) and grade point averages provided the basis for selection of 83 eighth grade students into achiever and underachiever groups. Results indicated that underachievement was significantly related to males, number of absences, and number of discipline referrals, but not to race and notice of special education records. Overall self-esteem, as measured by the Self-Esteem Index (SEI; Brown & Alexander, 1991), and the subscale measure of perceptions of weak academic competence were positively related to level of underachievement/overachievement. Composite measure of behavioral/emotional problems, as measured by the Youth Self-Report (YSR; Achenbach, 1991) and the subscale measure of thought problems were positively related to levels of underachievement/overachievement.


Investigation Of The Relationship Between Language & Mathematics In Regards To Problem Solving, Heather A. Grant Jan 1995

Investigation Of The Relationship Between Language & Mathematics In Regards To Problem Solving, Heather A. Grant

Masters Theses

While previous research has established language as a component of mathematical performance (Kintsch, 1988; Simon, 1985), none have identified a relationship between language and mathematics. This study was conducted to examine the relationships between language and mathematical abilities, specifically problem solving abilities and concept knowledge.

The subjects consisted of 29 fifth-grade students selected from an elementary school in central Illinois. These students were not receiving special education services. Each subject was administered the Test of Problem Solving (Zachman, et al., 1984) to assess the subjects' ability to utilize reasoning skills and expressive language to solve situational problems; and The WORD ...


Academic Achievement Motivation In Hispanic Students, Lisa A. Schuck Jan 1994

Academic Achievement Motivation In Hispanic Students, Lisa A. Schuck

Masters Theses

There is a lack of research on academic achievement motivation in Hispanic students, and instruments which measure achievement motivation have not been validated with Hispanic students. Fifteen regular-education teachers rated 67 third through fifth grade Hispanic students on the Teacher Rating of Academic Achievement Motivation (TRAAM). Students completed the Achievement Motivation Scale (AMS). Construct validity was investigated by examining the relationship of the TRAAM with the AMS. Criterion-related validity was established by examining the relationship of the TRAAM with Stanford Achievement Test (SAT) scores and grades. The TRAAM, AMS, Otis-Lennon School Ability Test (OLSAT) scores, and grades were used to ...


The Impact Of Freshman Seminar On The Academic Social And Personal Development As Perceived By Students Completing The Course At Eastern Illinois University Fall Semester 1989, Margaret Ann Knapp Messer Jan 1993

The Impact Of Freshman Seminar On The Academic Social And Personal Development As Perceived By Students Completing The Course At Eastern Illinois University Fall Semester 1989, Margaret Ann Knapp Messer

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


The Influence Of Stricter Enforcement Of The 19-Year Entry Age On Drinking Practices Of Eastern Illinois University Students, G. Sue Harvey Jan 1992

The Influence Of Stricter Enforcement Of The 19-Year Entry Age On Drinking Practices Of Eastern Illinois University Students, G. Sue Harvey

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Attendance And Self-Esteem At Assumption High School, Connie Lee Falconer Jan 1991

A Comparison Of Attendance And Self-Esteem At Assumption High School, Connie Lee Falconer

Masters Theses

Nonattendance has historically been a problem for teachers and administrators. Only recently has the effect of self-esteem and attendance been the focus of serious research. This study was conducted at Assumption High School, Assumption Community School District #9, Assumption, Illinois. The study encompassed those students in grades 9 through 12 for attendance purposes in the school year 1990-1991. Those students who were added or dropped during the given school year were not included in the study. Since this research involved some of the factors of ten associated with nonattendance of high school students, all of the students continuously enrolled from ...


A Discriminant Analysis Of Characteristics Of Sexually Aggressive College Men, Betsy J. Masters Jan 1990

A Discriminant Analysis Of Characteristics Of Sexually Aggressive College Men, Betsy J. Masters

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Self Actualization Scores As Predictors Of Physical Health, Gloria A. Leitschuh Jan 1990

Self Actualization Scores As Predictors Of Physical Health, Gloria A. Leitschuh

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Developing Self-Esteem: A Search For The Missing Element, Douglas Mack Jan 1989

Developing Self-Esteem: A Search For The Missing Element, Douglas Mack

Masters Theses

Educators have long known the impact a child’s self-esteem, or self-concept, has upon his or her ability to perform in the classroom. This paper explores the variables involved in developing self-concept both in theory and the research. The roles of teacher feedback, student failure and success, and difficulty of task are examined and their impact upon student self-esteem assessed. Learning theories such as constructivism and the use of teams in the classroom are also presented and discussed. Self-esteem does not come about simply as a result of prior success. It develops 1) as a child experiences success at tasks ...


A Study Of The Relationship Between Entry Time In The Military And Academic Performance In Air Force Resident Training, Ronald Denius Jan 1989

A Study Of The Relationship Between Entry Time In The Military And Academic Performance In Air Force Resident Training, Ronald Denius

Masters Theses

Purpose of the Study

Do young Air Force recruits who enter the military during the winter months truly perform at a lower level than their counterparts who enlist in the summer, fall, or spring?

Design of the Study

Time frames: This was divided into quarters (three month segments) which used service entry dates close to summer, fall, winter, and spring seasons. Quarter segments were:

1. June, July, and August

2. September, October, and November

3. December, January, and February

4. March, April, and May

It was expected that the summer segment would capture the graduate from high school who immediately ...


A Study Of Adult Students Enrolled In Off-Campus Classes, Margaret A. Schrock Jan 1988

A Study Of Adult Students Enrolled In Off-Campus Classes, Margaret A. Schrock

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.


Classroom Instruction Within A Residence Hall: A Comparative Study At Eastern Illinois University, Janet K. Zielke Jan 1988

Classroom Instruction Within A Residence Hall: A Comparative Study At Eastern Illinois University, Janet K. Zielke

Masters Theses

This study examined the attitudes, attendance habits, and overall grades of students in an experimental section of Speech Communication taught within a residence hall. The results of this study were found to be significant by comparing them to three sections of the same Speech Communication course taught in "standard" classrooms. This study provides support for the continuation of the experimental program in the fall of 1988. Implications in terms of revision and expansion are discussed.


An Investigative Study Of Twelve Dropouts In Villa Grove High School, Ann L. Krejci Jan 1987

An Investigative Study Of Twelve Dropouts In Villa Grove High School, Ann L. Krejci

Masters Theses

No abstract provided.