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Full-Text Articles in Education

Federal Policy And The Rise In Disability Enrollment: Evidence For The Veterans Affairs’ Disability Compensation Program, Mark Duggan May 2010

Federal Policy And The Rise In Disability Enrollment: Evidence For The Veterans Affairs’ Disability Compensation Program, Mark Duggan

Health Care Management Papers

The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs compensates 13 percent of the nation’s military veterans for service‐related disabilities through the Disability Compensation (DC) program. In 2001, a legislative change made it easier for Vietnam veterans to receive benefits for diabetes associated with military service. In this paper, we investigate this policy’s effect on DC enrollment and expenditures as well as the behavioral response of potential beneficiaries. Our findings demonstrate that the policy increased DC enrollment by 6 percentage points among Vietnam veterans and that an additional 1.7 percent experienced an increase in their DC benefits, which ...


Why Are The Disability Rolls Skyrocketing? The Contribution Of Population Characteristics, Economic Conditions, And Program Generosity, Mark Duggan, Scott. A. Imberman Jan 2009

Why Are The Disability Rolls Skyrocketing? The Contribution Of Population Characteristics, Economic Conditions, And Program Generosity, Mark Duggan, Scott. A. Imberman

Health Care Management Papers

This chapter, which addresses three categories of explanation—the characteristics of individuals insured by the Disability Insurance (DI) program, the state of the economy, and the generosity of program benefits—argues that the growth in DI rolls is likely to continue and perhaps accelerate going forward. The data indicate that the recessions of 1991 and 2001 can explain 24 percent of the growth in DI receipt among men and 12 percent of the growth among women. Changes in health during the past two decades have slowed rather than added to the growth of the DI rolls. DI awards for certain ...


Aching To Retire? The Rise In The Full Retirement Age And Its Impact On The Social Security Disability Rolls, Mark Duggan, Perry Singleton, Jae Song Aug 2007

Aching To Retire? The Rise In The Full Retirement Age And Its Impact On The Social Security Disability Rolls, Mark Duggan, Perry Singleton, Jae Song

Health Care Management Papers

The Social Security Amendments of 1983 reduced the generosity of Social Security retired worker benefits in the U.S. by increasing the program's full retirement age from 65 to 67 and increasing the penalty for claiming benefits at the early retirement age of 62. These changes were phased in gradually, so that individuals born in or before 1937 were unaffected and those born in 1960 or later were fully affected. No corresponding changes were made to the program's disabled worker benefits, and thus the relative generosity of Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) benefits increased. In this paper, we ...


Health Insurance And The Growth In Pharmaceutical Expenditures*, Patricia. M. Danzon, Mark V. Pauly Oct 2002

Health Insurance And The Growth In Pharmaceutical Expenditures*, Patricia. M. Danzon, Mark V. Pauly

Health Care Management Papers

This paper examines the contribution of insurance coverage to the recent unprecedented growth in spending on pharmaceuticals. Trends in drug spending over time closely paralleled the growth in drug coverage. Most of the coverage growth reflects an increase in the number of people with coverage, 65 percent from 1987 to 1996, rather than increased depth of coverage. The direct moral hazard effect of this insurance growth accounts for between one‐fourth and one‐half of the increase in drug spending. Technological change contributed to these changes, because both the flow of new drugs increased the demand for insurance and information ...


Workers’ Compensation Rate Regulation: How Price Controls Increase Costs*, Patricia. M. Danzon, Scott. E. Harrington Apr 2001

Workers’ Compensation Rate Regulation: How Price Controls Increase Costs*, Patricia. M. Danzon, Scott. E. Harrington

Health Care Management Papers

In the 1980s, regulation constrained workers’ compensation insurance premiums in the face of rapid growth in loss costs. We develop and test the hypothesis that rate suppression exacerbates loss growth, leading to higher losses and premiums. The empirical analysis using rating class data for eight states for the period 1985–91 confirms that rate suppression, measured by lagged residual‐market share of payroll, increased loss growth. The cost‐increasing effects are greater in the residual market than in the voluntary market, but premiums increased more rapidly in the voluntary market. The resulting pattern of cross subsidies between and within classes ...


Does Regulation Drive Out Competition In Pharmaceutical Markets?*, Patricia. M. Danzon, Li-Wei Chao Oct 2000

Does Regulation Drive Out Competition In Pharmaceutical Markets?*, Patricia. M. Danzon, Li-Wei Chao

Health Care Management Papers

Most countries regulate pharmaceutical prices, either directly or indirectly, on the assumption that competition is at best weak in this industry. This paper tests the hypothesis that regulation of manufacturer prices and retail pharmacy margins undermines price competition. We use data from seven countries for 1992 to examine price competition between generic competitors (different manufacturers of the same compound) and therapeutic substitutes (similar compounds) under different regulatory regimes. We find that price competition between generic competitors is significant in unregulated or less regulated markets (United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and Germany) but that regulation undermines generic competition in strict regulatory ...


Comment On Epstein, "Holdouts, Externalities, And The Single Owner: One More Salute To Ronald Coase", Patricia. M. Danzon Apr 1993

Comment On Epstein, "Holdouts, Externalities, And The Single Owner: One More Salute To Ronald Coase", Patricia. M. Danzon

Health Care Management Papers

No abstract provided.


Comments On Landes And Posner: A Positive Economic Analysis Of Products Liability, Patricia. M. Danzon Dec 1985

Comments On Landes And Posner: A Positive Economic Analysis Of Products Liability, Patricia. M. Danzon

Health Care Management Papers

No abstract provided.