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Teacher Education and Professional Development

2004

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Articles 1 - 30 of 98

Full-Text Articles in Education

Pomp In Circumstance: Paradox, Oppositions, Metaphors And Philosophy In The Context Of Adult Basic Education, Matt Puma Dec 2004

Pomp In Circumstance: Paradox, Oppositions, Metaphors And Philosophy In The Context Of Adult Basic Education, Matt Puma

Critical and Creative Thinking Capstones Collection

The ability to think fluidly with a variety of oppositional forms is essential to both critical and creative thinking. Loaded oppositions such as science vs. humanities, reason vs. emotion, male vs. female and good vs. evil become hindrances to thought when they are held too rigidly as dichotomies. Learning to work with the rich flow of oppositions involves patient exploration and an openness to the emergence of paradoxical truths rooted in the opposition. However, paradoxical thinking is not the only method for flexing fixed oppositions; there are many other types of "moves" that one can make when thinking creatively with ...


Lessons From The Interpretation/ Misinterpretation Of John Ogbu’S Scholarship, Edmund T. Hamann Dec 2004

Lessons From The Interpretation/ Misinterpretation Of John Ogbu’S Scholarship, Edmund T. Hamann

Faculty Publications: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

In November 2003, the Council on Anthropology and Education honored John Ogbu with the George and Louise Spindler Award, for exemplary and long-term contributions to educational anthropology. But in March 2003, a noted economist condemned Ogbu’s work as serving an “oppressive function.” In this paper, such contradictory instances are cited as the author recounts his encounters with Ogbu’s scholarship. Disparate assessments of Ogbu’s ideas and legacy raise important questions. What responsibility do educational anthropologists have for how their research is understood? Which aspects of Ogbu’s legacy should we hold onto as his work is interpreted in ...


What Factors Contribute To The Success Of African American Women In Science And Mathematics: Do Teaching Techniques Matter, Sheryl Mcglamery Nov 2004

What Factors Contribute To The Success Of African American Women In Science And Mathematics: Do Teaching Techniques Matter, Sheryl Mcglamery

Teacher Education Faculty Proceedings & Presentations

The session content will focus on the author's research about effective teaching techniques that engage and assist African American women (and others) in succeeding in science and mathematics courses. Several case studies will highlight the effective practice focus of this session.


Lies My Teacher Told Me, Franklin Titus Thompson Nov 2004

Lies My Teacher Told Me, Franklin Titus Thompson

Teacher Education Faculty Proceedings & Presentations

“We believe it is the duty of both policy makers and educators to identify qualified minority youth and place them in channels that ensure success.” The ultimate objective of any college minority recruitment and retention effort should be to train and cultivate qualified students of color for leadership in their community, as well as the general society. The existence of special problems and conditions within certain communities is well documented. Although the success of university-community collaboration efforts varies from one community to the next, most college officials nonetheless find themselves calling for greater representation and participation.This workshop will present ...


Why Do High-Poverty Schools Have Difficulty Staffing Their Classrooms With Qualified Teachers?, Richard M. Ingersoll Nov 2004

Why Do High-Poverty Schools Have Difficulty Staffing Their Classrooms With Qualified Teachers?, Richard M. Ingersoll

GSE Publications

The failure to ensure that the nation’s classrooms, especially those in disadvantaged schools, are all staffed with qualified teachers is one of the most important problems in contemporary American education. The conventional wisdom holds that these problems are primarily due to shortages of teachers, which, in turn, are primarily due to recent increases in teacher retirement and student enrollment. Unable to compete for the available supply of adequately trained teachers, poor school districts, especially those in urban areas, the critics hold, end up with large numbers of underqualified teachers. The latter is, in turn, held to be a primary ...


Post Literacy And Continuing Education For Vocational Training: Administering Adult Education Programs, Teaching Adults And Helping Them Learn, John A. Henschke Edd Oct 2004

Post Literacy And Continuing Education For Vocational Training: Administering Adult Education Programs, Teaching Adults And Helping Them Learn, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

No abstract provided.


Mathematics Placement Test: Helping Students Succeed, Norma Rueda, Carole Sokolowski Oct 2004

Mathematics Placement Test: Helping Students Succeed, Norma Rueda, Carole Sokolowski

Mathematics Faculty Publications

A study was conducted at Merrimack College in Massachusetts to compare the grades of students who took the recommended course as determined by their mathematics placement exam score and those who did not follow this recommendation. The goal was to decide whether the mathematics placement exam used at Merrimack College was effective in placing students in the appropriate mathematics class. During five years, first-year students who took a mathematics course in the fall semester were categorized into four groups: those who took the recommended course, those who took an easier course than recommended, those who took a course more difficult ...


Peer Review Of Teaching Project: Tiaa-Cref Hesburgh Award Application, Paul Savory, Amy M. Goodburn, Amy Nelson Burnett Oct 2004

Peer Review Of Teaching Project: Tiaa-Cref Hesburgh Award Application, Paul Savory, Amy M. Goodburn, Amy Nelson Burnett

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Reports

The TIAA-CREF Hesburgh Award recognizes exceptional faculty development programs designed to enhance undergraduate teaching and learning. This award is given each year to a program judged to have best met the three award criteria: significance of the program to higher education; appropriate program rationale; and successful results and impact on undergraduate teaching and student learning. in 2005, the Peer Review of Teaching Project at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln was awarded a TIAA-CREF Theodore M. Hesburgh Award Certificate of Excellence in recognition of it being an exceptional faculty development program designed to enhance undergraduate student achievement.


The Cadre Project: A Retention Study, Sheryl Mcglamery, Nancy A. Edick Dr. Oct 2004

The Cadre Project: A Retention Study, Sheryl Mcglamery, Nancy A. Edick Dr.

Teacher Education Faculty Publications

I his article describes the findings of a study of leachcr retention and the effectiveness of one induction program, the Career Advancement and Development for Recruits and Experienced teachers (CADRE) Project, in helping teachers remain in the profession. National statistics report teacher attrition rate to be 40 percent over five years. CADRE participants have a retention rule ol 89 percent over five years.


Prospective Teachers’ Ability To Pose Word Problems, Nusrat Fatima Rizvi Oct 2004

Prospective Teachers’ Ability To Pose Word Problems, Nusrat Fatima Rizvi

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

The purpose of this study was to assess difference in prospective teachers’ ability to pose word problems for mathematical expressions involving division before and after an instruction intervention. After the initial assessment of participants’ ability to pose word problems for division expressions, the researcher introduced an alternative model i.e. rate or ratio to represent division involving whole numbers. After the intervention it was assessed whether the model helped the prospective teachers develop word problems for division of fractions. The findings revealed that the prospective teachers successfully posed word problems for division of whole numbers based on intuitive model of ...


Reframing For Decisions: Transforming Talk About Literacy And Assessment Among Teachers And Researchers, Loukia K. Sarroub Sep 2004

Reframing For Decisions: Transforming Talk About Literacy And Assessment Among Teachers And Researchers, Loukia K. Sarroub

Faculty Publications: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

Education research in the 21st century can be characterized by at least four dynamic, interpretive movements that include the critical analysis of pedagogy, schools, and communities; the politics of representation; the textual analyses of literary and cultural forms; and the ethnographic study of the production, consumption, and distribution of these forms in everyday life. Although these issues are beyond the scope of this chapter (see Denzin & Lincoln, 2000, for an extensive discussion), in large part the basis of these movements in the field of education grows out of a struggle among researchers and educators to make sense of competing social ...


Family-School Partnerships: Creating Essential Connections For Student Success, Susan M. Sheridan Sep 2004

Family-School Partnerships: Creating Essential Connections For Student Success, Susan M. Sheridan

Posters, Addresses, & Presentations from CYFS

Why Family-School Partnerships??
“... parents take their child home after professionals complete their services and parents continue providing the care for the larger portion of the child’s waking hours... No matter how skilled professionals are, or how loving parents are, each cannot achieve alone what the two parties, working hand-in-hand, can accomplish together” (Peterson & Cooper, 1989; pp. 229, 208).


Families And Schools In Partnership: Creating Connections For Student Success, Susan M. Sheridan Sep 2004

Families And Schools In Partnership: Creating Connections For Student Success, Susan M. Sheridan

Posters, Addresses, & Presentations from CYFS

Why Family-School Partnerships?
What Do We Mean by “Partnership?”
Families and Schools as “Partners”
Characteristics of Effective Partnerships
Family-School Partnerships: Research Findings
General Research Findings
Research Findings Related to Outcomes
Family-School Partnerships: Theoretical Underpinnings
The Importance of Continuity
Conjoint Behavioral Consultation: A Definition
Conjoint Behavioral Consultation
Conceptual Bases: Ecological-Behavioral Theory
Stages of CBC Problem Solving
CBC Outcome Goals
Outcome Research in CBC
Child Participants
Analyses
Results
Research Conclusions: Problem Solving Outcomes of CBC
Relational/Process Goals in CBC
Process Research in CBC
Congruity Research
Research Conclusions: Process Variables in CBC


Conjoint Behavioral Consultation: An Ecological Model To Facilitate Home-School Partnerships, Susan M. Sheridan Sep 2004

Conjoint Behavioral Consultation: An Ecological Model To Facilitate Home-School Partnerships, Susan M. Sheridan

Posters, Addresses, & Presentations from CYFS

Why Collaborate with Families?
Conjoint Behavioral Consultation
Conceptual Bases: Ecological-Behavioral Theory
CBC Outcome Goals
CBC Process Goals
Stages of Conjoint Behavioral Consultation
Problem/Needs Identification, Analysis
Plan Development
Treatment (Plan) Implementation


Peer Review Of Teaching Project: Survey Of Project Participants, Paul Savory, Amy M. Goodburn, Amy Nelson Burnett Sep 2004

Peer Review Of Teaching Project: Survey Of Project Participants, Paul Savory, Amy M. Goodburn, Amy Nelson Burnett

Industrial and Management Systems Engineering -- Reports

In planning for the future of the Peer Review of Teaching project, we performed a survey of to collect faculty participant feedback on their experience in the project (i.e., writing a course portfolio, possibly having it externally reviewed) and the impact that the experience has had on their teaching. While each of the partner campuses (University of Nebraska-Lincoln, University of Michigan, Kansas State, Texas A&M, Indiana – Bloomington, and University of Kansas) have shaped the project experience differently for campus participants, we sought feedback from participants of all the project partners to get an overall assessment of the project.


Teaching Statistics With Sports Examples, Paul Kvam, Joel Sokol Sep 2004

Teaching Statistics With Sports Examples, Paul Kvam, Joel Sokol

Math and Computer Science Faculty Publications

Class material for introductory and advanced statistics can be colorfully illustrated by using appropriate data and examples from sports. Specific methods, including statistical graphics (e.g., boxplots), ball-and-urn probabilities, and statistical regression are demonstrated. Examples are drawn from popular American sports such as baseball, basketball, soccer and American football. Classroom feedback indicates that most students enjoy sports examples as a way to learn abstract concepts using familiar, recreational settings.


Teachers’ Conceptions Of The Nature Of Science: A Comparative Study From Pakistan And Uk, Nelofer Halai, Jane Mcnicholl Sep 2004

Teachers’ Conceptions Of The Nature Of Science: A Comparative Study From Pakistan And Uk, Nelofer Halai, Jane Mcnicholl

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

Curriculum designers in both Pakistan and the UK accept that science education for today’s young people should not just be about learning science, it should also include learning about the nature of science. However, together with other research evidence, this article suggests that for many science teachers, teaching about the nature of science might be problematic as they do not have the necessary understanding of the nature of science themselves. This article also argues that there are benefits in teachers across cultural divides sharing their understandings about the nature of science.


How To Make The Teaching Of Transfer Of Heat More Effective, Muhammad Nabi Khan, Amos Ngugi Sep 2004

How To Make The Teaching Of Transfer Of Heat More Effective, Muhammad Nabi Khan, Amos Ngugi

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

No abstract provided.


Engagement Enhance Interest In Physics, Harcharan Pardhan Sep 2004

Engagement Enhance Interest In Physics, Harcharan Pardhan

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

No abstract provided.


Helping Children To Understand Particulate Nature Of Matter, Muhammad Riaz Sep 2004

Helping Children To Understand Particulate Nature Of Matter, Muhammad Riaz

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

Whenever I taught about the particulate nature of matter in solids, liquids and gases, I often had difficulty explaining this abstract concept to my students. The students, in turn, had much difficulty conceptualizing the structure and behavior of the particles, which ultimately led to difficulties in understanding the complex configuration of particles in matter at various levels. This article focuses on studies that reveal students’ alternative frameworks for the particulate nature of matter in solids, liquids and gases. Also, I suggest factors that contribute to these alternative frameworks, incorporating my own experiences in developing an understanding of this concept. Finally ...


Reflection On Learning About Forces, Mir Zaman Shah, Mahmood Ghaznavi, Mohammad Ibrahim Khan Sep 2004

Reflection On Learning About Forces, Mir Zaman Shah, Mahmood Ghaznavi, Mohammad Ibrahim Khan

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

Force is a basic concept in the physical sciences. It is included in Pakistan’s national curriculum from the primary level through the higher levels. Because of the abstract nature of the concept of force, both students and teachers have alternative frameworks in this area. This was revealed in our classroom discussions on force during the Lower Secondary Science Module of the M.Ed. program at the Aga Khan University Institute for Educational Development (AKU-IED) in Karachi, Pakistan. In-depth discussions and a variety of activities we carried out while teaching about forces challenged our previous concepts and allowed us to ...


Retrieving Possibilities: Confronting A Forgetfulness And Deformation Of Teaching/Learning Methodology, Margaret A. Macintyre Latta Sep 2004

Retrieving Possibilities: Confronting A Forgetfulness And Deformation Of Teaching/Learning Methodology, Margaret A. Macintyre Latta

Faculty Publications: Department of Teaching, Learning and Teacher Education

This paper draws on data collected in a one-year research project focusing on elucidating theory/practice relations in learning to teach. As a teacher educator I grapple with the nature and role of teaching methodology. The notion of method, with its implied order and certainty, is confronted alongside prospective teachers throughout their coursework and student-teaching experiences. Reflexivity is considered essential to this research process, providing a means to address the interface between the empirical data collected alongside student-teachers and its interpretations. In this regard I draw on the historical writings of Dewey (1904, 1910, 1938) and Bakhtin (1990, 1993), found ...


How We Think About And Prepare To Teach Physics, Dewey I. Dykstra Aug 2004

How We Think About And Prepare To Teach Physics, Dewey I. Dykstra

Physics Faculty Publications and Presentations

We have been preparing physics teachers in the same manner for many decades. Yet, physics education research reveals for some observers disturbing evidence of little or no change in understanding the phenomena occurs as a direct result of physics instruction from elementary school through the college years. The apparent compatibility between these learning results and prevailing paradigm enables the construction of a description the paradigm. If it can be demonstrated that there is even just one alternative paradigm from which powerful alternative pedagogical practice is derived, are we not obligated to change how we prepare to teach physics?


Occupational Decision-Making And Career Choice Among School-Leavers In Ireland 2002-2004 With Particular Reference To A Career In The Hotel And Catering Industry, Clement H. Ryan Aug 2004

Occupational Decision-Making And Career Choice Among School-Leavers In Ireland 2002-2004 With Particular Reference To A Career In The Hotel And Catering Industry, Clement H. Ryan

Theses

No abstract provided.


Conjoint Behavioral Consultation And Diversity: Research Findings And Directions, Susan M. Sheridan Jul 2004

Conjoint Behavioral Consultation And Diversity: Research Findings And Directions, Susan M. Sheridan

Posters, Addresses, & Presentations from CYFS

Why Partner with Families?

-The research is unequivocal…

-When parents are actively engaged in their child’s development and learning, there are important benefits for children, families, and schools

-Parent-professional (home-school) partnerships are predictive of increased academic performance, socioemotional benefits, better work habits, more consistent school attendance, school completion, and greater connections between home and school


Where Are They Now? Where Are We Now?, Renee T. Clift, Patricia Brady, Raul A. Mora, Jason Stegemoller, Soo Joung Choi Jul 2004

Where Are They Now? Where Are We Now?, Renee T. Clift, Patricia Brady, Raul A. Mora, Jason Stegemoller, Soo Joung Choi

Faculty Publications

In this paper we, a research team comprising one professor of education and four graduate students document our reflections on questions we have about the challenges of documenting the impact of teacher education coursework and on our collective research. This paper is organized into three, separate sections. In the first section we present data that Patricia collected while observing Renee teach the same group of prospective English students over two semesters. These courses, C&I 301 (Introduction to Teaching in a Diverse Society) and C&I 302 (Teaching Diverse Middle Grades Students), are the first two courses in a four course sequence that integrate methods of teaching English with critical analysis of schooling and with reflection on one’s own transition from student to teacher. For the two subsequent courses (C&I 303, Teaching Diverse High School Students; C&I 304, Assessing Secondary School Students) the students were taught by different instructors and, during C&I 304, were student teaching. The term, “diversity” is included in the course titles because the teacher education program emphasizes that multicultural education is not a separate course, but that celebrating and working productively with a diverse student population is embedded in everything we do as teachers of adolescents (and adults). In this paper we respond to two recommendations Renee and Patricia have raised in previous works (Clift & Brady, 2003; Clift, 2004) in that we are exploring the ways in which longitudinal study can be incorporated into self-study; we are also using friendly critics (Patricia ...


A Closer Look At Parent Affective Statements In Cbc, Diane C. Marti, Susan M. Sheridan Jul 2004

A Closer Look At Parent Affective Statements In Cbc, Diane C. Marti, Susan M. Sheridan

Posters, Addresses, & Presentations from CYFS

• Parent support for their child’s education has been shown to be important for academic, behavior, and social success in school (Christenson & Sheridan, 2001).

• Family process variables within the home have been shown to correlate with a child’s educational success (Epstein, 1995; Kellaghan, Sloane, Alvarez, & Bloom, 1993).

• One process variable, the nature and tone of parental statements, can have a significant impact on their child’s perceptions, attitudes, and subsequent success in school (Bempechat, 1998).

• An important goal of school professionals is to assist parents to improve their parenting skills (Goals 2000: Educate American Act, 1994). However, there is little research to date that demonstrates how schools can assist in helping parents develop patterns of positive communication with their children ...


Family/Partnership-Centered Conjoint Behavioral Consultation: The Reconceptualization Of A Model, Susan M. Sheridan, Brandy L. Clarke, Jennifer Burt, Diane Marti, Ariadne V. Schemm, Ashley Rohlk, Michelle Swanger Jul 2004

Family/Partnership-Centered Conjoint Behavioral Consultation: The Reconceptualization Of A Model, Susan M. Sheridan, Brandy L. Clarke, Jennifer Burt, Diane Marti, Ariadne V. Schemm, Ashley Rohlk, Michelle Swanger

Posters, Addresses, & Presentations from CYFS

• The importance of working meaningfully and constructively with families in promoting a child’s learning and adjustment is unequivocal. Home-school partnerships have been shown to relate to many positive outcomes for children, families, teachers, and schools. • Conjoint Behavioral Consultation (CBC; Sheridan, Kratochwill, & Bergan, 1996) is a structured, indirect model of service delivery whereby parents and teachers are joined to collaboratively address needs and concerns of a child with the assistance of a consultant. Goals of CBC encompass those focused on addressing child needs, and developing home-school partnerships. • CBC is procedurally operationalized via conjoint interviews (Problem Identification, Problem Analysis, and Treatment ...


Efficacy Of Conjoint Behavioral Consultation In Developmental-Behavioral Pediatric Services., Susan M. Sheridan, Emily D. Warnes, C. Ellis, C. Schnoes, J. Burt, B. L. Clarke Jul 2004

Efficacy Of Conjoint Behavioral Consultation In Developmental-Behavioral Pediatric Services., Susan M. Sheridan, Emily D. Warnes, C. Ellis, C. Schnoes, J. Burt, B. L. Clarke

Posters, Addresses, & Presentations from CYFS

• Purpose: To evaluate the effects of the CBC model in addressing presenting concerns for children across home, school, and health care systems. • What are the general effects of CBC in addressing identified concerns in a medically-referred sample? • How do parents and teachers perceive CBC in terms of its perceived effectiveness and acceptability? • How satisfied are parents and teachers with CBC consultants and services when provided across homeschool- medical settings?


Family Interventions: Will What We Know Now Change What We Do In The Future?, Susan M. Sheridan Jul 2004

Family Interventions: Will What We Know Now Change What We Do In The Future?, Susan M. Sheridan

Posters, Addresses, & Presentations from CYFS

-There are intervention programs that are efficacious or promising.

-There is documented support for models that address various needs.

-Programs that bring families and schools together tend to fare better than those that work in isolation.