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Stander Symposium Posters

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Avoiding The Guillotine: The Need For Balance And Purpose In Determining Fundamental Rights Under The Fourteenth Amendment, Timothy A. Campbell Apr 2016

Avoiding The Guillotine: The Need For Balance And Purpose In Determining Fundamental Rights Under The Fourteenth Amendment, Timothy A. Campbell

Stander Symposium Posters

This paper argues the need for a balanced approach between traditionalism (including history) and rationalism to determine fundamental rights under the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. The issue of how to determine fundamental rights has intrigued the Supreme Court of the United States since 1798. The Supreme Court has desired an “objective” approach to determine what rights are “fundamental.” However, the Supreme Court has had difficulty finding an objective approach. This is because, as E.O. Wilson and Joshua Greene observed, rights are naturally subjective creations of an individual’s values. Thus, any test to determine fundamental rights ...


State Initiatives, Ballot Language, And The Media: Do They Overlap?, Alison R. Cozad Apr 2016

State Initiatives, Ballot Language, And The Media: Do They Overlap?, Alison R. Cozad

Stander Symposium Posters

State Initiatives are seen throughout every state, some more than others, but every election brings them. However, not every election is equal when it comes to turnout, depending on if it is a presidential or midterm year. Some are given more media attention, some are given minimal attention, if at all. The fundamental question is what role doe’s media play in turnout during elections and does any amount of roll-off occurs during presidential or governor’s elections? Does this poll-off or turnout have to do with media (or lack of) attention, or is there something more going on? Besides ...


Bmi Associations Between Mother And Offspring From Birth To Age 18: The Fels Longitudinal Study, Stacie S. Swanton Apr 2016

Bmi Associations Between Mother And Offspring From Birth To Age 18: The Fels Longitudinal Study, Stacie S. Swanton

Stander Symposium Posters

Introduction: It is reported that two of three American adults are classified as overweight or obese; and one in three of their offspring will become overweight or obese (Sun et al., 2012). Because parental obesity is a risk factor for childhood obesity, children can also be pre-exposed to risk factors for chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, coronary artery and cardiovascular diseases. It has been well established that body composition is affected by many variables such as age, sex, race, in addition to the familial environment affects such as diet and exercise habits (Baumgartner et al., 1994). Previous research has ...


Evaluation Of Mammalian Stress And Inflammatory Response To A Novel Porphyrin, Thomas L. Bennett Apr 2016

Evaluation Of Mammalian Stress And Inflammatory Response To A Novel Porphyrin, Thomas L. Bennett

Stander Symposium Posters

Porphyrins are a specific class of aromatic, heterocyclic compounds that are either naturally occurring or artificially synthesized. Porphyrins have demonstrated robust antibacterial properties, which arise from the generation of singlet oxygen. However, most porphyrins are photodynamic, meaning they require activation by light at an optimal wavelength. A novel porphyrin, developed by Dr. Shawn Swavey (UD Chemistry Department) has shown exceptional antibacterial efficiency against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, even without photoactivation. As P. aeruginosa infections are often the root cause behind lung diseases, such as cystic fibrosis, identifying a way to safely control bacterial presence is a major concern. The ability of this ...


Creating Value Through Sustainable Manufacturing, Ryan S. Schuessler, Zack Valigosky Apr 2016

Creating Value Through Sustainable Manufacturing, Ryan S. Schuessler, Zack Valigosky

Stander Symposium Posters

To support movement toward a more sustainable worldview, increasing manufacturing efficiency or productivity to improve business profitability and return to shareholders alone is no longer sufficient. Today, leading manufacturers employ business practices that generate sustainable value—that is, creating economic, environmental, and societal value for all stakeholders. Progressive company culture, environmental and energy management systems, carbon neutrality, and becoming landfill free are all valuable outcomes of sustainable manufacturing. This poster outlines the the value of these outcomes as well as methods to achieve sustainable manufacturing.


Re (Cell) Lcd: A Feasibility Study On Recycling Cell Phone Lcd, Abdulaziz Alotaibi, Christopher C. Beaschler, Siddharth N. Rathod, Matt S. Shea Apr 2016

Re (Cell) Lcd: A Feasibility Study On Recycling Cell Phone Lcd, Abdulaziz Alotaibi, Christopher C. Beaschler, Siddharth N. Rathod, Matt S. Shea

Stander Symposium Posters

Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) are used in a magnitude of devices and have now become the norm in products that require a screen, such as, cell phones, computers, televisions, tablets, and more. However, many of these technologies are becoming outdated leading towards the issue of exponential growth of waste with a lack of technology set in place for proper recycling. Most of research literatures on LCD recycling are of electronic products and e-waste in general rather than cell phones in particular. Few studies on recycling of cell phone LCD have been accomplished. Since everyday around 300,000 mobile phones are ...


Identification Of Potential Acrab-Tolc Efflux Pump Inhibitors In Escherichia Coli Using An Ethidium Bromide Method., Tyler Thomas Mack Apr 2016

Identification Of Potential Acrab-Tolc Efflux Pump Inhibitors In Escherichia Coli Using An Ethidium Bromide Method., Tyler Thomas Mack

Stander Symposium Posters

Many bacteria are known to exhibit antibiotic resistance through overexpression of efflux pumps. In this experiment, inhibition of a bacterial efflux pump through the physical binding of small molecule inhibitor compounds was explored as a way to combat substrate expulsion. The TolC protomer of the AcrAB-TolC efflux pump in Escherichia coli was targeted in a virtual screen for novel small molecule inhibitor compounds. PyRx AutoDock Vina was used to virtually dock the various small molecules to the TolC protein and rank the compounds based on favorable binding energies. Five lead-compounds from the virtual screen were ultimately selected for in vivo ...


Wage Costs And Inflation Trends: An Empirical Analysis 2001-2015, Alison M. Berry, Carmen M. Derose Apr 2016

Wage Costs And Inflation Trends: An Empirical Analysis 2001-2015, Alison M. Berry, Carmen M. Derose

Stander Symposium Posters

Rising wage costs have often been used as a leading indication of inflation in national economies. In the US since the 2008 recession wage costs growth has, to say the least, been erratic with no discernible upward trend. In 2015, however, wage cost growth showed some signs of picking up steam suggesting that overall spending in the economy will likely pick up. In this study we examine trends in the employee cost index (ECI) from 2001 to 2015, the long term trend period, and 2009 to 2015, an intermediate term period after the 2008 recession. Linear trend equations are developed ...


Fall Risk Assessment Of Older Adults With Dementia Attending Goodwill Easter Seals Adult Day Services Programs, Jamie L. Wynk Apr 2016

Fall Risk Assessment Of Older Adults With Dementia Attending Goodwill Easter Seals Adult Day Services Programs, Jamie L. Wynk

Stander Symposium Posters

Older adults with dementia are at an increased risk for falls. However, little is known about what specific factors increase fall risk in this population. The purpose of this study was to assess performance based fall risk factors among older adults with dementia who attend day service programs in the Miami Valley so that more specific interventions can be designed to reduce future falls. To be included in this study, participants had to attend Goodwill Easter Seals Adult Day Service and have a diagnosis of dementia. There were 19 participants in this study (8 male) with an average age of ...


Identification Of English Learners As Gifted Students, Riley Catherine Weber Apr 2016

Identification Of English Learners As Gifted Students, Riley Catherine Weber

Stander Symposium Posters

The United States educational system has faced several challenges and reforms regarding assessment and identification in the past fifty years which continue to change as the nation develops new goals and needs (Giuliani & Pierangelo 2012). In recent years, schools have included a large population of immigrant students from families with native languages other than English (Carter 2005). The need for educating students in English as a second language has led to new policies and programs developed specifically for ELL or English Language Learners (Elizalde-Utnick 2008). Another current topic of educational policy concerns the emphasis on assessment and high-stakes testing. In 2004, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, IDEA, provided legal rights and expectations for special education students which includes students with learning disabilities; however, English Language Learners are not covered under IDEA unless they are identified with a learning disability. IDEA also does not cover the rights of students who qualify for gifted and talented programs, even though students who qualify for these programs require a form of specialized education. Due to these recent educational initiatives, this research study will focus on how the assessment of English Language Learners impacts ...


Internship Experience Through The Wild Encounters Program Of The Cincinnati Zoo, Sarah Michelle Lesiecki Apr 2016

Internship Experience Through The Wild Encounters Program Of The Cincinnati Zoo, Sarah Michelle Lesiecki

Stander Symposium Posters

In the summer of 2015, I participated in an internship in the Wild Encounters department at the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Gardens. The internship required an extensive amount of training in proper animal handling, husbandry, and interpretation. This training allowed me the opportunity to work with a wide diversity of wildlife including several endangered species. The internship gave me access to a wide range of biodiversity including invertebrates such as the Madagascar Hissing Cockroach, and smaller vertebrates, such as Sand Boas and Spiny Tailed Lizards. In addition, I spent time interacting and educating the public on larger species of wildlife, such ...


Effect Of Combination Ice And Compression Socks On Resting Calf Blood Flow In Trained Male Athletes, Michael J. Hudock Apr 2016

Effect Of Combination Ice And Compression Socks On Resting Calf Blood Flow In Trained Male Athletes, Michael J. Hudock

Stander Symposium Posters

Compression socks are common tools that are utilized in the realm of athletics. The purpose of the compression is to increase blood flow to the lower extremities, thereby increasing oxygen and energy sources needed for increased skeletal muscle function and/or recovery. Recently, a product has been marketed that combines the compression element and cryotherapy, with the goal being increased blood flow to the lower extremities while reducing inflammation post-workout to quicken recovery. However, to our knowledge, direct measures of blood flow using this type of product have not been performed. Thus, this study looks at the effects of compression ...


Examining Factors Associated With High Leadership Self-Efficacy Among International Women College Students In The U.S., Chanel M. Winston Apr 2016

Examining Factors Associated With High Leadership Self-Efficacy Among International Women College Students In The U.S., Chanel M. Winston

Stander Symposium Posters

Leadership self-efficacy is an area of self-efficacy related to the level of confidence one has in his or her knowledge, skills, and abilities to lead others (Bandura, 1997). When leadership self- efficacy is placed within the context of student development, it has the ability to contribute to or negate from a student’s motivation to persist and succeed in leadership associated tasks (Bandura, 1993; Stage, 1996). The goal of this research is to explore how international female undergraduate students perceive their leadership abilities in relation to their personally constructed definition of leadership. Through qualitative interviews with six international female undergraduate ...


Can The Color Red Improve Men’S Perceived Mate Value?: Examining The Interactive Effects Of Facial Masculinity And Color On Female Evaluation Of Potential Mates, Alejandro Trujillo Apr 2016

Can The Color Red Improve Men’S Perceived Mate Value?: Examining The Interactive Effects Of Facial Masculinity And Color On Female Evaluation Of Potential Mates, Alejandro Trujillo

Stander Symposium Posters

We manipulated facial masculinity (masculine-morph/feminine-morph) and color (red/white) through two independent studies—one in-lab at the University of Dayton and one online using Amazon’s MTurk—to examine its effect on social status and attractiveness for men when rated by women. We specifically aimed to see if the color red could serve a compensatory effect for feminine-faced men, who were least likely to be found attractive by women at peak fertility. When paired with red, women rated the masculine and feminine faces higher in social status. Through this increase in social status, the color red was also able ...


Do High Roe Stocks Outperform The Market With Persistence: An Empirical Analysis, 2009 - 2014, Andrew M. Imhoff Apr 2016

Do High Roe Stocks Outperform The Market With Persistence: An Empirical Analysis, 2009 - 2014, Andrew M. Imhoff

Stander Symposium Posters

Academic studies by Eugene Fama and Kenneth French as well as Robert Novy Marx identify profitability as one of the factors determining the variation in excess returns in the cross section of stock returns. Using return on equity (ROE) as my measure of profitability and the S&P 500 as my universe of stocks, I examine the impact of ROE on S&P 500 stock performance for the period 2009 - 2014. I test the following hypotheses with respect to ROE: (1) Portfolios of firms with high ROE's (40% or higher) outperform the market with persistence i.e. over long ...


Size, Value And Momentum In Stock Returns: An Empirical Analysis, 2010-2014, Matthew Peter Fazio, Erik Jameson Kurcz Apr 2016

Size, Value And Momentum In Stock Returns: An Empirical Analysis, 2010-2014, Matthew Peter Fazio, Erik Jameson Kurcz

Stander Symposium Posters

Based on the landmark studies of Eugene Fama and Kenneth French in the 1990's, most financial economists consider a firm's market capitalization (size) and price to book as two of the most important factors affecting the cross section of stock market returns. In recent years, other factors including stock price momentum have been accepted as predictors of stock returns in the cross section. In this study, I develop a three factor analysis of S&P 500 stock returns for the period 2010-2014. This period was chosen because it is not included in more recent studies. It also reflects ...


Capture Ratio Analysis And The Materials Sector Xlb: A Performance Review For 2010-2015, Nicholas C. Jacobs Apr 2016

Capture Ratio Analysis And The Materials Sector Xlb: A Performance Review For 2010-2015, Nicholas C. Jacobs

Stander Symposium Posters

The materials sector performance has had a challenging time over the last few years. A slow down in China and Europe certainly have been contributing factors in XLB's weak performance. In this study, I evaluate a portfolio weighting model based on capture ratios. The covariance in price peformance between large-cap stocks in the materials sector and the market (S&P 500). In this study I use a concentrated portfolio of the 10 biggest cap-weighted stocks in XLB and weight their position in the portfolio by upside/downside capture ratios. I then test the following hypotheses; 1.)The 10 materials stocks portfolio weighted by upside/downside capture ratios outperforms the market (S&P 500) 2.) The upside/downside capture ratio weighted concentrated portfolio of materials stocks outperforms XLB and 3.) The concentrated portfolio of materials stocks ...


Honor's Thesis Proposal: Effects Of Tactile Versus Electronic Games On Attention, Distraction, And Understanding, Samantha A. Malick Apr 2016

Honor's Thesis Proposal: Effects Of Tactile Versus Electronic Games On Attention, Distraction, And Understanding, Samantha A. Malick

Stander Symposium Posters

The ability to attend to relevant information and resist attention to distractors is important for children’s cognitive development. Difficulties with attention can impede memory development and impact learning. Much has been written in the news about the impact of electronic media on children’s development of attention skills, but little research has been done explicitly comparing children’s attention to relevant information and resistance to distractions across activities that are presented in either tactile or electronic format. The goal of this study is to compare levels of attention and distraction among preschool-aged children while they engage in a common ...


Dissecting The Sex-Dependent Neurochemical Effects Of The Rapid-Acting Antidepressant Drug Ketamine With In Vivo Brain Microdialysis In Mice, Jonathon P. Sens, Connor F. Thelen Apr 2016

Dissecting The Sex-Dependent Neurochemical Effects Of The Rapid-Acting Antidepressant Drug Ketamine With In Vivo Brain Microdialysis In Mice, Jonathon P. Sens, Connor F. Thelen

Stander Symposium Posters

Major depression is a devastating mental disorder that affects nearly 20% of the world’s population. Notably, women experience major depression at roughly twice the rate of men and respond differently to different types of antidepressant drugs. However, the neurobiological mechanisms underlying this sex-differentiated responsiveness remain a largely neglected area of experimentation with current treatments based almost exclusively on research conducted in males. Most importantly, currently marketed antidepressant drugs take anywhere from weeks to months in order to elicit their therapeutic effects, thus leading to increased drop-out rates. Ketamine is a unique, rapid-acting antidepressant drug that alleviates depressive symptomatology in ...


Supplementation Of Propionate Inhibits The Anaerobic Growth Of The Foodborne Pathogen Listeria Monocytogenes, Eric Edward Newton Apr 2016

Supplementation Of Propionate Inhibits The Anaerobic Growth Of The Foodborne Pathogen Listeria Monocytogenes, Eric Edward Newton

Stander Symposium Posters

Listeria monocytogenes is an infectious bacterium that is known to cause severe diseases in people who are pregnant, elderly, or generally immunocompromised through consumption of contaminated food products. To help develop preventative strategies to protect these high-risk individuals, our lab focuses on the approach of enhancing the chemical barrier naturally existing in the intestinal tract to block L. monocytogenes from interacting with the human intestinal epithelium and causing fatal infections. The chemical environment inside the human intestinal lumen is rich with fermentation acids produced by the endogenous microbes. In my research project, I tested the efficacy of propionic acid, one ...


Developing Trend Equations For Cpi:As Empirical Analysis 2001-2015, Daniel J. Whitehead Apr 2016

Developing Trend Equations For Cpi:As Empirical Analysis 2001-2015, Daniel J. Whitehead

Stander Symposium Posters

Since the 2008 recession, overall inflation as measured by CPI has been perceived to be almost non existent. In recent months, however, inflation is picking up, which in a perverse sort of way is seen as good for the economy. The purpose of this study, therefore, is to more clearly understand CPI trend inflation. To that end, I looked at a long term trend, 2001-2014, two intermediate term trends, 2001-2007 and 2009-2014 and a short term trend, 2013-2014. Monthly and yearly linear trend equations were developed for the long and intermediate term time periods. For the shorter time period both ...


Social Support Influences In Graduate International Student Engagement, Chin Yi Chen Apr 2016

Social Support Influences In Graduate International Student Engagement, Chin Yi Chen

Stander Symposium Posters

Changes that graduate international students face in acculturating to U.S. educational environments can often impact the ways they engage on campus, and their subsequent personal and career success. This poses the question of “What are the key themes that institutions can build upon to better support and encourage their growth?” In conducting a mixed-methods study on the lived experiences of graduate students from India, main findings suggested that mentoring relationships, social ties, and factors of perception were crucial to influencing students’ academic and social engagement.


The Use Of A Molecular Probe To Investigate The Details Of Pria Helicase Function, Luke F. Bugada Apr 2016

The Use Of A Molecular Probe To Investigate The Details Of Pria Helicase Function, Luke F. Bugada

Stander Symposium Posters

During DNA replication in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells, the replication machinery (replisome) invariably encounters structural DNA damage, an event that can result in disbanding of the replisome and the creation of a collapsed replication fork. In order for DNA replication to continue, the replisome must be reloaded onto the DNA strand, a process that often begins with unwinding of double-stranded (duplex) DNA by the primosome protein PriA. Little is known about the mechanism through which PriA unwinds DNA and begins replisome recruitment. We seek to shed new light on this mechanism through the use of a PriA inhibitor, compound ...


Role Of Axial Patterning Genes In Growth Regulation During Eye Development, Neha Gogia Apr 2016

Role Of Axial Patterning Genes In Growth Regulation During Eye Development, Neha Gogia

Stander Symposium Posters

An important question in developmental biology is that how axial patterning genes work with growth and patterning to form any three-dimensional organ. In any multicellular organism, Organogenesis, requires axial patterning i.e. formation of Antero-Posterior (AP), Dorso-Ventral (DV), Proximo-Distal (PD) axes. Any deviation in these axes during development leads to genetic birth defects. We use Drosophila melanogaster (a.k.a fruit fly), eye as our model. As the genetic machinery between flies and human is conserved, any insights generated in flies can be extrapolated into humans. In Drosophila, DV patterning marks first lineage restriction event where expression of dorsal, ventral ...


Finding Physicians Fast: Making Finding A Doctor Easier For Esl Students, Katherine J. Gross, Marissa Christine Jama, Charles Conner Yancey Apr 2016

Finding Physicians Fast: Making Finding A Doctor Easier For Esl Students, Katherine J. Gross, Marissa Christine Jama, Charles Conner Yancey

Stander Symposium Posters

In the realm of healthcare, it is often difficult to decipher how to locate personal and primary physicians. Those living in the United States are familiar with the role of family care physicians, however, individuals who have immigrated to the U.S. may not fully understand how to find a family physician. The topic of family physicians is important because many other countries do not have primary care physicians that require appointments. For our project, we took two documents that tested at a reading level of 12th grade. We did this by testing the original documents with the SMOG test ...


Imagery Solutions Geospatial Information System (Gis System), Jana M. Sztuk, Eric Albert Taglieri, Colin Elliot Wilson Apr 2016

Imagery Solutions Geospatial Information System (Gis System), Jana M. Sztuk, Eric Albert Taglieri, Colin Elliot Wilson

Stander Symposium Posters

Imagery Solutions is a small start-up company that specializes in imagery gathering technology using aerial methods for customers who need precise imaging data, such as those in precision agriculture and energy distributing industries. The purpose behind this image gathering functionality is to provide decision oriented information derived from image data. The mission for the company is to have this information come to the customer in a timely, accurate, and relevant way. Open GIS is the established open source application for this process. The task presented to our team is to create a business process for the organization from the point ...


Mutant Pria C-Tev Ml346 And Its Unwinding Dna Capabilities, Sydney E. Kirk Apr 2016

Mutant Pria C-Tev Ml346 And Its Unwinding Dna Capabilities, Sydney E. Kirk

Stander Symposium Posters

DNA damage can cause the process of DNA replication to stall and this can lead to dissociation of the DNA replication enzymes from the DNA. In bacteria, a protein called PriA recognizes this, unwinds a portion of duplex DNA at the site where replication stalled, and reloads the replication enzymes to restart DNA replication. PriA has multiple structural domains that are closely associated with one another to give rise to a compact globular protein. The winged helix domain, however, is connected to the remainder of the protein by a long, flexible portion of polypeptide, akin to a tether. I examined ...


Intellectual Property And The Ncaa, Mitchell W. Pollard Apr 2016

Intellectual Property And The Ncaa, Mitchell W. Pollard

Stander Symposium Posters

The research aim of this project is to examine the legal issues regarding intellectual property with student athletes who participate in sports under governance of the NCAA. Intellectual property rights are for creative works which are designated to specific people or businesses by law. This research thesis will examine the conflict the NCAA has with student athletes that argue they should be obtaining revenue from autographs, jersey sales, etc. The Ed O’Bannon case, which just concluded and is now in the settlement phase, will be a major focal point of this research project. Ed O’Bannon sued the NCAA ...


Electrical Characterization Of Tungsten Oxide Based Memristor For Improved Resistive Switching, Ayesha Zaman Apr 2016

Electrical Characterization Of Tungsten Oxide Based Memristor For Improved Resistive Switching, Ayesha Zaman

Stander Symposium Posters

Memristor,the forth fundamental circuit element, has opened new phase in the realm of thin film semiconducting device. The non-volatility of memristors, used as Resistive switching RAM, is promising for applications such as DRAM, hard disks etc. The implementation of a memristor device with Tungsten Oxide (WOx) is presented in this work. The presentation addresses fundamental electrical characterization of the memristor devices for their switching performance. Resistive switching in WOx is bipolar in nature. The Pd/WOx/W made memristors become more conductive (resistive) when applied with a positive (negative) bias voltage. The conductance or resistance change is controlled by ...


Design And Prototyping Of A Variable Geometry Extrusion Die To Exhibit Significant Alteration In Shape, David C. Bell Apr 2016

Design And Prototyping Of A Variable Geometry Extrusion Die To Exhibit Significant Alteration In Shape, David C. Bell

Stander Symposium Posters

Extruded parts are conventionally made by forcing melted plastic through a steel die having a fixed opening that matches the shape of the part. Plastic parts made by extrusion include weather stripping, PVC pipe, and composite lumber. Variable geometry dies can change their opening shape during the extrusion process. Developing shape-changing dies technology offers the possibility of making parts with varying cross-sections that currently need to be made through injection molding. This is desirable as, compared to molding, extrusion tends to be faster and less expensive. Variable geometry extrusion dies have been designed and prototyped by the University of Dayton ...