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Full-Text Articles in Education

The District Role In Building Capacity: Four Strategies, Diane Massell Sep 2000

The District Role In Building Capacity: Four Strategies, Diane Massell

CPRE Policy Briefs

School districts strongly influence the strategic choices that schools make to improve teaching and learning. Districts—composed of local school boards, superintendents, and central office staff—act as gatekeepers for federal and state policy by translating, interpreting, supporting, or blocking actions on their schools’ behalf. In fact, the efforts of districts to build the capacity of students, teachers, and schools are often the major, and sometimes only, source of external assistance that schools receive. In an effort to revisit the often forgotten role of districts in the improvement process, this policy brief explores the promises and challenges of four major ...


Literacy, Technological Literacy, And The Digital Divide, Daniel A. Wagner May 2000

Literacy, Technological Literacy, And The Digital Divide, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The United Nations estimates that there are one billion illiterate adults in the world today (about one-quarter of the world's adult population), the vast majority of whom are located in the poorest half of the world. Furthermore, recent surveys suggest that this situation is even more serious than previously believed. Industrialized (OECD) countries now admit to having very serious problems of their own in literacy and basic skills, with up to 25% of adults considered to be lacking the basic skills needed to function effectively in the workforce (see OECD/Statistics Canada, 1995; Tuijnman et al., 1997).


Literacy And Adult Education: Thematic Studies, Daniel A. Wagner Apr 2000

Literacy And Adult Education: Thematic Studies, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

The 1990 World Conference on Education for All (WCEFA) in Jomtien, Thailand, included adult literacy as one of its six major worldwide goals. Although the complete elimination of illiteracy by the year 2000 was adopted as a goal of UNESCO and a significant number of its Member States in the Udaipur Declaration of two decades ago, the Jomtien Conference scaled back such promises, and chose a more modest, and theoretically achievable, goal of cutting illiteracy rates in half by the year 2000. The reasons for this reduction in targeted goal were numerous. As this report describes, important gains have been ...


Salary, Promotion, And Tenure Status Of Minority And Women Faculty In U.S. Colleges And Universities, Laura W. Perna, Michael T. Nettles, Ellen M. Bradburn Mar 2000

Salary, Promotion, And Tenure Status Of Minority And Women Faculty In U.S. Colleges And Universities, Laura W. Perna, Michael T. Nettles, Ellen M. Bradburn

GSE Publications

This report examines differences among postsecondary faculty members by gender and by race/ethnicity. Comparisons were made on several human capital (e.g., education and experience) and structural (e.g., academic discipline and institution type) variables as well as faculty outcomes (salary, tenure, and rank). A multivariate analysis of factors associated with salary was also conducted. Male faculty in this group were compared to female faculty, and comparisons were also made among four racial/ethnic groups: black, non-Hispanic; white, non- Hispanic; Hispanic; and Asian/Pacific Islander.

Generated from the 1992-93 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty (NSOPF:93), the analyses presented ...


America's Choice Comprehensive School Reform Design: First-Year Implementation Evaluation Summary, Thomas B. Corcoran, Margaret Hoppe, Theresa Luhm, Jonathan A. Supovitz Feb 2000

America's Choice Comprehensive School Reform Design: First-Year Implementation Evaluation Summary, Thomas B. Corcoran, Margaret Hoppe, Theresa Luhm, Jonathan A. Supovitz

CPRE Research Reports

In the fall of 1998, the National Center on Education and the Economy (NCEE) contracted with the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) to conduct the evaluation of the America’s Choice School Design. This is a summary of CPRE’s first report of a three-year evaluation of the design. The evaluation of America’s Choice seeks to answer four basic questions: Are schools successfully implementing the America’s Choice program design? What environmental characteristics are facilitating or impeding implementation? How effective is America Choice’s implementation strategy? And what are the impacts of the program on teachers and ...


Basic Skills In Adult Education And The Digital Divide, Lynda Ginsburg, John Sabatini, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 2000

Basic Skills In Adult Education And The Digital Divide, Lynda Ginsburg, John Sabatini, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Traditionally, basic adult education has had a particular concern with the skills of literacy and numeracy, seeing these as essential for entry to the world of work. Adult education teachers may therefore be reluctant to adopt ICT, unsure of the part it should play, and worried about the time it takes away from the development of these basic skills. As we enter the 21st century, however, ICT has already become a necessary and important component of adult education. Formal and non-formal education are being delivered at a distance via technology — particularly the Internet — with the promise that learning can take ...


Higher Education's Changing Contours: The Policy Implications Of An Emerging System, Patrick M. Callan, Joni E. Finney Jan 2000

Higher Education's Changing Contours: The Policy Implications Of An Emerging System, Patrick M. Callan, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

American higher education is remarkably adaptive. A "system" only in the broadest sense of the term, it has been flexible enough to absorb and adapt to broad changes that, at the time, were outside the traditional purview of mainstream colleges and universities—for example, the land grant movement, the creation of community colleges, the passage of the GI Bill, and the need to serve increasing numbers of adult students. On the threshold of the twenty-first century, American higher education faces yet another new movement, one that has been described variously as "part-time," "postbaccalaureate," or "non-degree" education. But for public policy ...


Promoting College Enrollment Through Early Intervention, Laura W. Perna Jan 2000

Promoting College Enrollment Through Early Intervention, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

For more than 30 years, the federal government has focused on increasing the postsecondary educational opportunities for individuals and groups by providing students with financial aid to offset the costs of attendance. Although financial resources are important, policymakers, researchers, and other observers are increasingly concluding that merely making financial aid available to students is not enough to ensure equal educational opportunity for all students, particularly those who are economically and educationally disadvantaged (Gladieux, Astor, and Swail, 1998; Gladieux and Swail, 1998).

This article sets the stage for understanding early intervention by describing the ways in which such programs recognize and ...