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Full-Text Articles in History

Anatomy Of Dissent In Islamic Societies, Ahmed Souaiaia Dec 2013

Anatomy Of Dissent In Islamic Societies, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

The 'Arab Spring' that began in 2011 has placed a spotlight on the transfer of political power in Islamic societies, reviving old questions about the place of political dissent and rebellion in Islamic civilization and raising new ones about the place of religion in modern Islamic societies.

In Anatomy of Dissent in Islamic Societies, Ahmed E. Souaiaia examines the complex historical evolution of Islamic civilization in an effort to trace the roots of the paradigms and principles of Islamic political and legal theories. This study is one of the first attempts at providing a fuller picture of the place of ...


The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Oct 2013

The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The important identity of a responsible media is playing an unbiased role in reporting a matter without giving unnecessary hype to attract the attention of the gullible public with the object of making money and money only.After reporting properly the media can educate the public to form their own opinion in the matters of public interest. Throughout the centuries, the world has never existed without information and communication, hence the inexhaustible essence of mass media. The government has the power to either make or reject whatever that will exist within its environment. It also determines how free the mass ...


Moshe Gammer, 1950-2013: Historian Of The Caucasus, Rebecca Gould Sep 2013

Moshe Gammer, 1950-2013: Historian Of The Caucasus, Rebecca Gould

Rebecca Gould

No abstract provided.


Al-MaʾMūn, John Turner Jul 2013

Al-MaʾMūn, John Turner

John P. Turner

No abstract provided.


Ibn Ḥanbal, Aḥmad, John Turner Jul 2013

Ibn Ḥanbal, Aḥmad, John Turner

John P. Turner

No abstract provided.


Narratives Of War In Islamic Societies, Whose Side Is God On?, Ahmed Souaiaia Jun 2013

Narratives Of War In Islamic Societies, Whose Side Is God On?, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

The so-called Arab Spring ushered in a new era of conflict that is transforming Islamic societies in unprecedented ways. In the past two years, peaceful protests ousted some of the most ruthless dictators of the Arab world. Then, violent rebellions destroyed communities in Libya and Syria, stifled the non-violent movement, and amplified sectarian tensions by interjecting God into some of the most gruesome conflicts. By looking at the Syrian crisis as a case study, in this article I explore the function of narratives in managing war and the nature and evolution of Islamism in Islamic societies.


Story Of An Intern, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Jun 2013

Story Of An Intern, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

“Story Of an Intern” tells you the story of an young boy who manages to get an internship in a global media giant. His struggles and amazements begins when he finds himself out of internship and struggles to get a foothold in media. In the way he analyzes the odds and evens of Indian media industry and media tycoons while most of the time finding himself rejected. His experiences while in search of a job carries him to different places and allows him to meet some interesting people who makes an imprint on his life and he finds himself falling ...


Mass Media And Communication In Global Scenario, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Jun 2013

Mass Media And Communication In Global Scenario, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The idea behind putting these research papers and research articles in this book is to give various aspects of communication, a platform where from readers may go through them at one go. The book deals with the research articles and papers dedicated to core areas of Journalism and Mass Communication. The papers and articles compiled in this book touches the need of students,academicians and researchers on most challenging areas and topics.In the collection of these papers author has discussed about Community Radio,FM Radio,Communication Science, Organizational Communication,Media Accounatbility,Language Discourse,Higher Education,Tevision Studies,Traditional and ...


Inquisition In Early Islam: The Competition For Political And Religious Authority In The Abbasid Empire, John Turner Apr 2013

Inquisition In Early Islam: The Competition For Political And Religious Authority In The Abbasid Empire, John Turner

John P. Turner

In 833 CE, the Abbasid Caliph al-Ma'mun began a period of inquisition (mihna), one which continued until his successor al-Mutawakkil decreed its end, fifteen years later. During this period, the Caliphs in power strove to promote 'correct belief' in the 'createdness' of the Qur'an, thus ordering the interrogation of religious scholars, and disqualifying, punishing or even executing those who answered incorrectly. Here, John P. Turner examines this major episode, viewing it as a pivotal point in the struggle between the temporal authorities and religious law in the Middle East. By examining the definition of 'heresy', Turner presents a ...


The End Of The Miḥna, John Turner Apr 2013

The End Of The Miḥna, John Turner

John P. Turner

Why did al-Mutawakkil end the Miḥna? The usual answer to this question assumes that he was acknowledging the inevitable victory of the ulamā. He is seen to be `cutting his losses' by restoring and enforcing orthodoxy as the traditionalist ulamā saw it. In this article I offer a different answer. Al-Mutawakkil ended the Miḥna as one part of his broader effort to establish his position as sovereign and independent of the individuals and structures that had carried over from al-Wāthiq's reign. Eliminating the Miḥna was one strategy deployed in undermining and eliminating the “kingmakers” who had placed him on ...


The Death Of Al-ʿAbbās B. Al-MaʾMūn And A “Thwarted” Coup D’État, John P. Turner Apr 2013

The Death Of Al-ʿAbbās B. Al-MaʾMūn And A “Thwarted” Coup D’État, John P. Turner

John P. Turner

This article focuses on the point at which the slave soldiers of al-Muʿtaṣim (r. a.h. 218–227/833–842 c.e.) rose to the political forefront and came to dominate the holder of the Caliphal seat. It is a study of the mechanisms by which the center of the state, and more specifically the Caliph, came to be their captives.


The Abnā' Al-Dawla: The Definition And Legitimation Of Identity In Response To The Fourth Fitna, John Turner Apr 2013

The Abnā' Al-Dawla: The Definition And Legitimation Of Identity In Response To The Fourth Fitna, John Turner

John P. Turner

This article will reopen the question about the identity and provenance of the abnā' al-dawla. Who were they? When did they form as a collective and why? The standard view is that the abnā' al-dawla were the backbone of the Abbasid dynasty, coming into existence with that regime after the revolution circa 132/750 and consisting of the original fighters from Khurasan and their descendants, who formed an elite social and political structure of supporters. This privileged status accorded them the moniker abnā' al-dawla (sons/supporters of the dynasty).


The Evolution Of The Story Of Julian The Apostate In Early Islamic Sources = Tabalwur QiṣṢAt Al-QayṣAr Yūliyānūs Fī Al-Fikr Al-Islāmī Al-Ta’Rīkhī, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara Apr 2013

The Evolution Of The Story Of Julian The Apostate In Early Islamic Sources = Tabalwur QiṣṢAt Al-QayṣAr Yūliyānūs Fī Al-Fikr Al-Islāmī Al-Ta’Rīkhī, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara

Abed el-Rahman Tayyara

The article examines the representations of the story of Roman emperor, Julian the Apostate (r. 361-363), in early Islamic historical writing and the channels of information that Muslims writers used to construct this narrative. The study is a comparative analysis of pertinent Islamic accounts in terms of narrative strategies, sources (Arabic, Persian, Syriac, and Greek), and methodology. In so doing, this study provides a constructive framework that enhances our understanding the historical agendas of these Muslim historians as well as the cultural discourses against which they wrote. The study also reflects on the early stages of the incorporation of Greco-Roman ...


The Evolution Of The Story Of Julian The Apostate In Early Islamic Sources = Tabalwur QiṣṢAt Al-QayṣAr Yūliyānūs Fī Al-Fikr Al-Islāmī Al-Ta’Rīkhī, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara Apr 2013

The Evolution Of The Story Of Julian The Apostate In Early Islamic Sources = Tabalwur QiṣṢAt Al-QayṣAr Yūliyānūs Fī Al-Fikr Al-Islāmī Al-Ta’Rīkhī, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara

Abed el-Rahman Tayyara

The article examines the representations of the story of Roman emperor, Julian the Apostate (r. 361-363), in early Islamic historical writing and the channels of information that Muslims writers used to construct this narrative. The study is a comparative analysis of pertinent Islamic accounts in terms of narrative strategies, sources (Arabic, Persian, Syriac, and Greek), and methodology. In so doing, this study provides a constructive framework that enhances our understanding the historical agendas of these Muslim historians as well as the cultural discourses against which they wrote. The study also reflects on the early stages of the incorporation of Greco-Roman ...


Origin Narratives And The Making Of Dynastic History In Al-Dīnawarī’S Akhbār, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara Apr 2013

Origin Narratives And The Making Of Dynastic History In Al-Dīnawarī’S Akhbār, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara

Abed el-Rahman Tayyara

This article takes the reader on a journey into the historical writing of the ninth century Muslim historian al-Dīnawarī (d. 895) and examines the motives behind composing his al-Akhbār al-ṭiwāl. The themes and narrative arrangements of this work give insight into al-Dīnawarī's historical agenda that demonstrates his interest in royal histories that exemplify the rise and fall of nations, dynasties, and powerful rulers. Al-Dīnawarī's emphasis on specific episodes and events demonstrates that only certain ethnic groups whose political legitimacy derives from a respectable and prominent origin can bring about political and social stability. By dealing with these sociopolitical ...


Review Of Byzantium Viewed By The Arabs By Nadia Maria El-Cheikh, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara Apr 2013

Review Of Byzantium Viewed By The Arabs By Nadia Maria El-Cheikh, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara

Abed el-Rahman Tayyara

Review of Byzantium Viewed by the Arabs by Nadia Maria El-Cheikh, Harvard Univesity Press, 2004.


Review Of Islam: Origins • Practices • Holy Texts • Sacred Persons • Sacred Places By Matthew S. Gordon, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara Apr 2013

Review Of Islam: Origins • Practices • Holy Texts • Sacred Persons • Sacred Places By Matthew S. Gordon, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara

Abed el-Rahman Tayyara

Review of Islam: Origins • Practices • Holy Texts • Sacred Persons • Sacred Places by Matthew S. Gordon, Oxford University Press, 2002.


Review Of Reinterpreting Islamic Historiography: Harun Al-Rashid And The Narrative Of The ʿAbbasid Caliphate By Tayed El-Hibri, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara Apr 2013

Review Of Reinterpreting Islamic Historiography: Harun Al-Rashid And The Narrative Of The ʿAbbasid Caliphate By Tayed El-Hibri, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara

Abed el-Rahman Tayyara

Review of Reinterpreting Islamic Historiography: Harun al-Rashid and the Narrative of the ʿAbbasid Caliphate by Tayed el-Hibri, Cambridge University Press, 2000.


The Evolution Of The Term ‘Qarn’ In Early Islamic Sources, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara Apr 2013

The Evolution Of The Term ‘Qarn’ In Early Islamic Sources, Abed El-Rahman Tayyara

Abed el-Rahman Tayyara

In modern standard Arabic, recurrences of the term qarn (pl. qurun), of the root q-r-n, revolve around two meanings: a "horn" or "one hundred years."2 The association of qarn with "horn" is borrowed from the animal domain due to the eye-catching sight oft he animal's horns. Hence, the etymology of qarn is based on the notion that two things are situated parallel to each other. This study, however, will not examine the first meaning of qarn, but instead focus on the second. The attestations of qarn in early Islamic sources point to a composite term that retained a ...


The QurʾĀn, John Turner Mar 2013

The QurʾĀn, John Turner

John P. Turner

No abstract provided.


Islamic History At Bsc: An Interview With Keith Lewinstein, Andrew C. Holman, Keith Lewinstein Mar 2013

Islamic History At Bsc: An Interview With Keith Lewinstein, Andrew C. Holman, Keith Lewinstein

Andrew C. Holman

No abstract provided.


“Human Relations Movement In View Of Interpersonal Relations With Emphasis On Mayo’S Work”, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Mar 2013

“Human Relations Movement In View Of Interpersonal Relations With Emphasis On Mayo’S Work”, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

Human relations movement refers to the researchers of organizational development who study the behavior of people in groups, in particular workplace groups. It originated in the 1930s' Hawthorne studies, which examined the effects of social relations, motivation and employee satisfaction on factory productivity. The movement viewed workers in terms of their psychology and fit with companies, rather than as interchangeable parts, and it resulted in the creation of the discipline of human resource management. An interpersonal relationship is an association between two or more people that may range in duration from brief to enduring. This association may be based on ...


Chapter 13: Operation Neptune Spear: Was Killing Bin Laden A Legitimate Military Objective?, Kevin H. Govern Feb 2013

Chapter 13: Operation Neptune Spear: Was Killing Bin Laden A Legitimate Military Objective?, Kevin H. Govern

Kevin H. Govern

In this chapter I take the killing of Osama bin Laden as a test case for considering the moral and legal status of intentionally killing individuals deemed a threat to national security, under conditions in which the object of the targeted attack is offered little or no opportunity to surrender to attacking forces. The target in such operations, in short, is treated as though he were a belligerent: a person placed on a kill list may be targeted in a way that would be legitimate if he were an enemy combatant. In such cases, we think of him as having ...


Like Dreamers - Book Review By Motti Inbari, Motti Inbari Dr. Dec 2012

Like Dreamers - Book Review By Motti Inbari, Motti Inbari Dr.

Motti Inbari Dr.

A book review on Yossi Klien Halevi's Like Dreamers, New York: Harper, 2013.