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Selected Works

Islamic World and Near East History

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Articles 1 - 30 of 165

Full-Text Articles in History

The Endurance Of Tell Qarqur: Settlement Resilience In Northwestern Syria During The Late Bronze And Iron Ages (Ca. 1200 – 700 Bc), Eric Robert Jensen Mar 2019

The Endurance Of Tell Qarqur: Settlement Resilience In Northwestern Syria During The Late Bronze And Iron Ages (Ca. 1200 – 700 Bc), Eric Robert Jensen

Eric Roberts, MD

This dissertation analyzes the material culture, paleobotanical, and faunal remains excavated at the site of Tell Qarqur, Syria, recovered from occupational levels dating from the end of the Late Bronze Age to the Iron II period (from approximately 1200 to 700 BC). Based on archaeological evidence and ancient textual sources, many ancient Near Eastern kingdoms and polities endured social and political turmoil during the late 13th and early 12th centuries BC. Most likely caused by an unknown hostile group or groups, the destruction of monumental scale architecture and the disruption to the people of Qarqur’s agricultural and animal husbandry ...


Shipped But Not Sold: Material Culture And The Social Protocols Of Trade During Yemen’S Age Of Coffee, Perspectives On The Global Past Series. Honolulu: University Of Hawai’I Press, 2017., Nancy Um Mar 2019

Shipped But Not Sold: Material Culture And The Social Protocols Of Trade During Yemen’S Age Of Coffee, Perspectives On The Global Past Series. Honolulu: University Of Hawai’I Press, 2017., Nancy Um

Nancy Um

No abstract provided.


"Port Biography: Mocha," Encyclopedia Of Maritime History . Ed. John Hattendorf. 4 Vols. (New York:Oxford University Press, 2007), 2:580-81., Nancy Um Mar 2019

"Port Biography: Mocha," Encyclopedia Of Maritime History . Ed. John Hattendorf. 4 Vols. (New York:Oxford University Press, 2007), 2:580-81., Nancy Um

Nancy Um

No abstract provided.


The Endurance Of Tell Qarqur: Settlement Resilience In Northwestern Syria During The Late Bronze And Iron Ages (Ca. 1200 – 700 Bc), Eric Robert Jensen Mar 2019

The Endurance Of Tell Qarqur: Settlement Resilience In Northwestern Syria During The Late Bronze And Iron Ages (Ca. 1200 – 700 Bc), Eric Robert Jensen

Aurora Heart Failure / Transplant Faculty

This dissertation analyzes the material culture, paleobotanical, and faunal remains excavated at the site of Tell Qarqur, Syria, recovered from occupational levels dating from the end of the Late Bronze Age to the Iron II period (from approximately 1200 to 700 BC). Based on archaeological evidence and ancient textual sources, many ancient Near Eastern kingdoms and polities endured social and political turmoil during the late 13th and early 12th centuries BC. Most likely caused by an unknown hostile group or groups, the destruction of monumental scale architecture and the disruption to the people of Qarqur’s agricultural and animal husbandry ...


Youth Activism, Art And Transitional Artist: Emerging Spaces Of Memory After The Jasmin Revolution, Arnaud Kurze Dec 2018

Youth Activism, Art And Transitional Artist: Emerging Spaces Of Memory After The Jasmin Revolution, Arnaud Kurze

Arnaud Kurze

This project explores the creation of alternative transitional justice spaces in post-conflict contexts, particularly concentrating on the role of art and the impact of social movements to address human rights abuses. Drawing from post-authoritarian Tunisia, it scrutinizes the work of contemporary youth activists and artists to deal with the past and foster sociopolitical change. Although these vanguard protesters provoked the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali in 2011, the power vacuum was quickly filled by old elites. The exclusion of young revolutionaries from political decision-making led to unprecedented forms of mobilization to account for repression and injustice under ...


An American Orientalist: The Life & Legacy Of Edward E. Salisbury (1814-1901) (Exhibit Curator's Talk), Roberta L. Dougherty Sep 2016

An American Orientalist: The Life & Legacy Of Edward E. Salisbury (1814-1901) (Exhibit Curator's Talk), Roberta L. Dougherty

Roberta L. Dougherty

In 1841 the Yale Corporation appointed alumnus Edward Elbridge Salisbury (class of 1832) as professor of Arabic and Sanskrit languages and literature, the first such position in the Americas.

This exhibit marks the 175th anniversary of his appointment. It introduces visitors to Salisbury’s scholarly development, his career at Yale and after, his benefactions (including two endowed chairs), and the growth of Yale collections of Islamic manuscripts after Salisbury’s death in 1901.

Salisbury was among the earliest members of the American Oriental Society (founded 1842), and energetically supported both the organization and its journal. His most famous student, William ...


An American Orientalist: The Life & Legacy Of Edward E. Salisbury (1814-1901) (Slides), Roberta L. Dougherty Sep 2016

An American Orientalist: The Life & Legacy Of Edward E. Salisbury (1814-1901) (Slides), Roberta L. Dougherty

Roberta L. Dougherty

In 1841 the Yale Corporation appointed alumnus Edward Elbridge Salisbury (class of 1832) as professor of Arabic and Sanskrit languages and literature, the first such position in the Americas.

This exhibit marks the 175th anniversary of his appointment. It introduces visitors to Salisbury’s scholarly development, his career at Yale and after, his benefactions (including two endowed chairs), and the growth of Yale collections of Islamic manuscripts after Salisbury’s death in 1901.

Salisbury was among the earliest members of the American Oriental Society (founded 1842), and energetically supported both the organization and its journal. His most famous student, William ...


Polemic, Redaction, And History In The Mandaean Book Of John: The Case Of The Lightworld Visitors To Jerusalem, James F. Mcgrath Apr 2016

Polemic, Redaction, And History In The Mandaean Book Of John: The Case Of The Lightworld Visitors To Jerusalem, James F. Mcgrath

James F. McGrath

It is unclear whether there is anything of historical usefulness that can be gleaned from the details of the depictions of figures such as John the Baptist, Miriai, and Jesus in the Mandaean Book of John. This does not mean, however, that the text cannot provide useful information about the history of the Mandaeans, and of their interactions with other religious communities. By analyzing the evidence for redaction in certain key sections, and by distinguishing between core elements and peripheral additions to the stories recorded in it, it is possible to draw conclusions about the tradition history of the material ...


Bibliography Of Books On Muslims And Islam In The United States (1970-2015), Sahar Aziz, Cynthia Burress Feb 2016

Bibliography Of Books On Muslims And Islam In The United States (1970-2015), Sahar Aziz, Cynthia Burress

Cynthia Burress

For a variety of reasons, Muslims in America are in the public spotlight. As a result, the demand for information and analysis on Muslims and Islam in the United States has risen. In an effort to provide a resource for academics, advocates, journalists, and others, we created this bibliography composed of over 230 books published between 1970 and 2015 focused on Muslims and Islam in the United States. We did not include books that focus primarily on Islam and/or Muslims outside of the United States. The bibliography is categorized by subject matter and chronologically with the most recent publications ...


Haunted Histories And Ambiguous Burial Grounds In Iraqi Kurdistan, Nahro Zagros, Tyler Fisher, Muslih Mustafa Dec 2015

Haunted Histories And Ambiguous Burial Grounds In Iraqi Kurdistan, Nahro Zagros, Tyler Fisher, Muslih Mustafa

Tyler Fisher

As part of a wider research project that documents site-specific oral history associated with caves and cemeteries among the rapidly changing populations of Iraqi Kurdistan, the present study analyzes oral histories and traditions concerning one particular graveyard. Reputed to be the burial site of seventh-century Muslim conquerors, this graveyard is concomitantly preserved by taboo and subject to transgressive acts. This article discusses the anachronisms that underpin the cemetery’s reputation, the aetiological functions of the local lore, and the shifting significance of the memorial space in relation to current events. As the region faces the menace of the self-declared Islamic ...


Breaking The Khaldunian Cycle? The Rise Of Sharifianism As The Basis For Political Legitimacy In Early Modern Morocco, Stephen Cory Nov 2015

Breaking The Khaldunian Cycle? The Rise Of Sharifianism As The Basis For Political Legitimacy In Early Modern Morocco, Stephen Cory

Stephen Cory

This paper argues that the sharifian Sa'di and 'Alawi dynasties ended the Khaldunian Cycle within Morocco through their development of a political creed based upon sharifianism (the idea that Islamic leadership should be held by descendants of the Prophet Muhammad). Within the context of a growing European threat, the Sa'dis created a doctrine that was both new and distinctly Moroccan while alleging it held a universal application deriving from the time of the Prophet. Thus they institutionalised a sense of 'asabiyah in a way that preceding dynasties could not, which later enabled the 'Alawis to exceed Ibn Khaldun ...


Partitioned Lives: Migrants, Refugees, Citizens In India And Pakistan, 1947-65, Haimanti Roy Oct 2015

Partitioned Lives: Migrants, Refugees, Citizens In India And Pakistan, 1947-65, Haimanti Roy

Haimanti Roy

Partitioned States offers new perspective in the histories of Partition and its aftermath by connecting it to the long, drawn out and skewed formation of new national entities: India and East Pakistan. The book focuses on the Bengal Partition and locates its narrative within the intersection of long term cross border movement, chronic small-scale violence, the emergence of a document regime, and biased national refugee policies, all of which contributed to the formation of national citizenships in India and East Pakistan. This book argues that minorities -- Hindus in East Pakistan, Muslims in eastern India -- and the discourse over their citizenship ...


The Tear That Does Not Mend: A Review Of 'Freedom, Trauma, Continuities: Northern India And Independence', Haimanti Roy Oct 2015

The Tear That Does Not Mend: A Review Of 'Freedom, Trauma, Continuities: Northern India And Independence', Haimanti Roy

Haimanti Roy

Academic attention on Indian Independence and Partition has hitherto been focused mainly on the political and the "sheer teleology to the climax in August 1947 when British power was formally transferred." Freedom, Trauma, Continuities: Northern India and Independence, in the view of its editors as well as its contributors, is an attempt to examine other developments, no less momentous, during this period. The book, which is a collection of 12 essays by different authors dealing with various aspects of the Partition of 1947, attempts, as the title suggests, to document the "trauma" and find the "continuities" following "freedom."


Arewa House Arabic Manuscript Conservation Laboratory, Michaelle L. Biddle Aug 2015

Arewa House Arabic Manuscript Conservation Laboratory, Michaelle L. Biddle

Michaelle Biddle

A brochure describing the services offered by the Arewa House (Ahmadu Bello University, Kaduna) Arabic Manuscript Conservation Laboratory


Making Peace With Contradictions: Reflections Of Territory And Identity In Israel/Palestine, Chase Clow Jul 2015

Making Peace With Contradictions: Reflections Of Territory And Identity In Israel/Palestine, Chase Clow

Chase Clow

Both historical and personal essay, this culminating project is a creative non-fiction work exploring the modern historical roots of the Israel/Palestine conflict. Part I surveys the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in Palestine, centering on two key figures: Israeli Prime Minister, David Ben Gurion (1886-1973), and Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Muslim Leader Hajj Amin al-Husayni (1897-1974). Interweaving historical fact, myth, personal story, and biography, with Israeli and Palestinian poetry and poses by the author, themes such as relationship to land, attachment to home, and the displacement created by industrialization upon a traditional, rural lifestyle are explored. Part II relates ...


It Started With A Cat Fight; A Story And A Call To Grow Out Of The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Kathryn Fehrman Feb 2015

It Started With A Cat Fight; A Story And A Call To Grow Out Of The Arab-Israeli Conflict, Kathryn Fehrman

Kathryn Fehrman

This is the story of how the Arab-Israeli conflict originally began centuries ago.


Visiting Jerusalem’S Archives And Shrines, Awad Halabi Feb 2015

Visiting Jerusalem’S Archives And Shrines, Awad Halabi

Awad Halabi

No abstract provided.


The Optional Ramadan Fast: Debating Q. 2.184 In The Early Turkish Republic, Brett Wilson Dec 2014

The Optional Ramadan Fast: Debating Q. 2.184 In The Early Turkish Republic, Brett Wilson

Brett Wilson

No abstract provided.


Gina Nahai: Reclaiming Jewish Iranian Identity In The American Diaspora, Mojgan Behmand Nov 2014

Gina Nahai: Reclaiming Jewish Iranian Identity In The American Diaspora, Mojgan Behmand

Mojgan Behmand

Living continuously in Iran for over two millennia, Jews have played an integral role in the history of the country. Frequently understood as a passive minority group and often marginalized, first by the Zoroastrian, and then later Muslim, rule, the Jews of Iran are instead portrayed in this book as having had an active role in the development of Iranian history, society and culture. Examining ancient texts, objects and art from a wide range of times and places throughout Iranian history, as well as the medieval trade routes along which these would have travelled, The Jews of Iran offers in-depth ...


Whose India?: The Independence Struggle In British And Indian Fiction And History, Teresa Hubel Sep 2014

Whose India?: The Independence Struggle In British And Indian Fiction And History, Teresa Hubel

Teresa Hubel

For centuries, India has captured our imagination. Far more than a mere geographical presence, India is also an imaginative construct shaped by competing cultures, emotions, and ideologies. In Whose India? Teresa Hubel examines literary and historical texts by the British and Indian writers who gave meaning to the construct “India” during the final decades of the Empire. Feminist and postcolonial in its approach, this work describes the contest between British imperialists and Indian nationalists at that historical moment when India sought to achieve its independence; that is, when the definition, acquisition, and ownership of India was most vehemently at stake ...


Frederick Ii: Holy Roman Emperor Extraordinaire, Prose/Poem 7/23/2014, Charles Kay Smith Jul 2014

Frederick Ii: Holy Roman Emperor Extraordinaire, Prose/Poem 7/23/2014, Charles Kay Smith

Charles Kay Smith

Frederick avoided fighting the 6th Crusade by negotiating a peaceful sharing of Jerusalem by people of all faiths. No doubt it helped that he spoke Arabic and personally engaged in five months of negotiations rather than combat.


Dante And Islam, A Prose/Poem 6/19/2014, Charles Kay Smith Jun 2014

Dante And Islam, A Prose/Poem 6/19/2014, Charles Kay Smith

Charles Kay Smith

In this poem, Dante is revealed as a scholar of Islamic literature who was influenced by two islamic texts about Muhammad's visits to Purgatory and Hell narrated in the The Isra, and whose visit to Paradise was recorded in The Mirage. The concept of Limbo introduced by Dante in his Divine Comedy was an Islamic/Christian hybrid new to his first readers.


Introduction, Sara Kershnar, Mich Levy, Jesse Benjamin Apr 2014

Introduction, Sara Kershnar, Mich Levy, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


Orwell's Green Patrol And The Relentless Racialized Illogic Of Ethnic Cleansing In The Name Of Environmentalism, Jesse Benjamin Apr 2014

Orwell's Green Patrol And The Relentless Racialized Illogic Of Ethnic Cleansing In The Name Of Environmentalism, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


“Eisenhower Doctrine”, Imperialism And Expansionism In American History: A Social, Political, And Cultural Encyclopedia, Abc-Clio (2014). Print & Online., Kevin Brown Dec 2013

“Eisenhower Doctrine”, Imperialism And Expansionism In American History: A Social, Political, And Cultural Encyclopedia, Abc-Clio (2014). Print & Online., Kevin Brown

Kevin P Brown

No abstract provided.


Translating The Qur'an In An Age Of Nationalism: Print Culture And Modern Islam In Turkey, Oxford University Press, Brett Wilson Dec 2013

Translating The Qur'an In An Age Of Nationalism: Print Culture And Modern Islam In Turkey, Oxford University Press, Brett Wilson

Brett Wilson

No abstract provided.


Apocalypse 2014: Post-Tridentine Catholic Exegesis Of Revelation. The Futurist Commentary Of Alphonsus Frey (1762), Ulrich Lehner Dec 2013

Apocalypse 2014: Post-Tridentine Catholic Exegesis Of Revelation. The Futurist Commentary Of Alphonsus Frey (1762), Ulrich Lehner

Ulrich L. Lehner

No abstract provided.


Judicial Transactions For Dhimmis In Mamluk Jerusalem In Light Of Ḥaram Al-Sharīf Documents (In Arabic), Mohamed Nasr Abd Elrahman Dec 2013

Judicial Transactions For Dhimmis In Mamluk Jerusalem In Light Of Ḥaram Al-Sharīf Documents (In Arabic), Mohamed Nasr Abd Elrahman

Mohamed Nasr Abd Elrahman

No abstract provided.


Anatomy Of Dissent In Islamic Societies, Ahmed Souaiaia Dec 2013

Anatomy Of Dissent In Islamic Societies, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

The 'Arab Spring' that began in 2011 has placed a spotlight on the transfer of political power in Islamic societies, reviving old questions about the place of political dissent and rebellion in Islamic civilization and raising new ones about the place of religion in modern Islamic societies.

In Anatomy of Dissent in Islamic Societies, Ahmed E. Souaiaia examines the complex historical evolution of Islamic civilization in an effort to trace the roots of the paradigms and principles of Islamic political and legal theories. This study is one of the first attempts at providing a fuller picture of the place of ...


The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Oct 2013

The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The important identity of a responsible media is playing an unbiased role in reporting a matter without giving unnecessary hype to attract the attention of the gullible public with the object of making money and money only.After reporting properly the media can educate the public to form their own opinion in the matters of public interest. Throughout the centuries, the world has never existed without information and communication, hence the inexhaustible essence of mass media. The government has the power to either make or reject whatever that will exist within its environment. It also determines how free the mass ...