Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Arts and Humanities Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 408

Full-Text Articles in Arts and Humanities

"Habits Of Mercy": Iowa Farm Animal Welfare, 1900-1945, Andria Parks Pooley Jan 2012

"Habits Of Mercy": Iowa Farm Animal Welfare, 1900-1945, Andria Parks Pooley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Animals on Iowa farms developed close connections with their human caretakers in the first part of the twentieth century. Through development of human-animal bonds, animals determined their own welfare on farms, to an extent. Animal welfare on Iowa farms varied greatly between individual farms, but certain factors such as strong human-animal bonds and productive roles in farm operation helped determine the amount of care an animal received. Animals and people were both actors in these relationships. In general, animals on Iowa farms prior to farm commercialization received better care than animals housed in confinements during the latter part of the ...


Wikipedience: Teaching Students To Write For Nonacademic Audiences, Rhonda Lorraine Mccaffery Jan 2012

Wikipedience: Teaching Students To Write For Nonacademic Audiences, Rhonda Lorraine Mccaffery

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

As a qualitative study and that employs teacher research methods and activity theory analysis, this dissertation explores the effectiveness of an assignment designed to both teach introductory technical and business communication students how to better write for nonacademic (workplace) audiences and to facilitate skills and knowledge transfer using Wikipedia as a writing medium. In particular, it explores the potential and problems that can arise when contradiction, something that can interfere with an individual's successful completion of a task, is used to promote student learning. In a three-article format, the author presents case studies of one technical communication student and ...


Fluid Bodies, Abigail Lynn Ebelherr Jan 2012

Fluid Bodies, Abigail Lynn Ebelherr

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A collection of short stories and novella inspired using fairy and folk tales to examine trans*, genderqueer, and gay characters. Four short stories use inspiration from or parody various Grimms' stories. The novella draws from East Asian fox folklore to look at sexism and mental health.


Western Impact On Africa's Economic Development And The Progress Of Democracy, Jiaxu Liu Jan 2012

Western Impact On Africa's Economic Development And The Progress Of Democracy, Jiaxu Liu

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Africa has been a politically disturbed place for centuries, during which the African people have been struggling for independence, living in conflicts and continuous wars, and fighting against poverty and diseases. There are so many problems and issues in Africa that almost every country is caught in one trap or another except for a few who thrived out of their traps and achieved relative success in economic growth. Africa has been receiving aid worldwide, but things are not getting better. I cannot refrain from asking questions: why is Africa so poor? What is preventing from growing and developing? In addition ...


H.W.S. Cleveland's Landscape For Oak Hill Cemetery: A Design Analysis, Deborah Lynn Cooper Jan 2012

H.W.S. Cleveland's Landscape For Oak Hill Cemetery: A Design Analysis, Deborah Lynn Cooper

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Oak Hill Cemetery in Cedar Rapids, Iowa is one of H.W.S. Cleveland's early Midwestern cemetery landscapes that is relatively intact. This case study of Oak Hill Cemetery highlights how Cleveland communicated his design ideas through landscape. Specifically, the design analysis of Oak Hill Cemetery reveals Cleveland's design aesthetic in the landscape.

Cleveland was influenced by ideas about the affective quality of the landscape found in early American literature. Consequently, he studied the natural environment in the places where he worked to find inspiration for his designs. Cleveland's belief in the transformative power of the landscape ...


Constructing Collaborative Ecologies: How Selection, Practice, And Mediation Assemble And Shape Social And Collaborative Software, David Niedergeses Jan 2012

Constructing Collaborative Ecologies: How Selection, Practice, And Mediation Assemble And Shape Social And Collaborative Software, David Niedergeses

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines how a user experience team at a multinational corporation transforms a collection of software applications into a socially usable collaborative ecology. Collaborative ecologies are sociocultural systems that consist of persons, activities, tools, and ideas that are mutually constructive. The metaphor of ecology, which has emerged in the disciplines of human computer interaction, computer supported cooperative work, and rhetoric and professional communication, informs an ethnographic inquiry that includes seven months of daily immersion and ten hours of qualitative interviews. Drawing on a diverse reading of interdisciplinary theory, including traditional usability studies, genre theory, activity theory, and actor-network theory ...


Creating An Evaluation System For A Mobile Application Design To Enhance Usability And Aesthetics, Jiyoung Choi Jan 2012

Creating An Evaluation System For A Mobile Application Design To Enhance Usability And Aesthetics, Jiyoung Choi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to create an evaluation system for a mobile application design meant to enhance usability and aesthetics. In order to best evaluate the design of a mobile application, designers need to have a thorough understanding of the content or subject of that mobile application. Therefore, in order to evaluate the appropriateness of the design of these examples of mobile applications stress was chosen as a topic for this case study.

Stress is a fact of life. Experts say that stress is a natural bodily response to the demands placed on it: however, stress can cause ...


Building Iron Rails To Their Future: Examination Of Davenport, Iowa's Antebellum Relationship With The Rock Island Line And Mississippi And Missouri Railroads, Chad Allan Hauser Jan 2012

Building Iron Rails To Their Future: Examination Of Davenport, Iowa's Antebellum Relationship With The Rock Island Line And Mississippi And Missouri Railroads, Chad Allan Hauser

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Typically, railroad studies of communities in the antebellum fall into one of two broad categories. Either a town was a well-established market center that constructed a railroad to increase its reach, or a frontier community largely established and ran at the railroad's discretion. Largely overlooked, however, has been the contribution of a unique subset of Midwestern towns and cities, such as Davenport, Iowa. Utilizing governmental documents, internal railroad documents, and local newspaper, this thesis examines the planning, politics, construction, and eventual shift in relationship of the city into a more regional and national context. This reveals Davenport's entanglement ...


Maps Of Routes To Destinations And Their Utility For Direction Giving, Clifford J. Gentry Jan 2012

Maps Of Routes To Destinations And Their Utility For Direction Giving, Clifford J. Gentry

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

How does one indicate objects in a drawn map while they are traveling to a specific destination? How are these notations, which are frequently anecdotal in nature, understood by those who are not familiar with the environment? This two-phase study examines qualities of hand-drawn maps drawn by subjects while en-route towards a specific destination. Next, another participant (who is unfamiliar with the geographic area drawn on the map) tests the accuracy of the map and its notations as the participant navigates the route drawn on the map. Using categorical coding and content analysis of the items noted on the map ...


East Asian Students' Negotiation Of Silence In A University Intensive English Reading Class: An Examination Of Cross-Cultural Transition Within A Project-Oriented Call Approach, Migyu Kang Jan 2012

East Asian Students' Negotiation Of Silence In A University Intensive English Reading Class: An Examination Of Cross-Cultural Transition Within A Project-Oriented Call Approach, Migyu Kang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

abstract

English as a Second Language (ESL) classroom learning demonstrates a dynamic situation in that learners encounter adjustment issues in relation to linguistic and cultural differences. This study incorporated a technology-mediated language teaching method, called project-oriented computer-assisted language learning (PrOCALL), into the research framework to gain an understanding of how the PrOCALL approach to ESL reading instruction facilitates East Asian students' cross-cultural transition. To investigate the influence of this approach on the target students' learning and transition to the target classroom norms and practices, the study drew on New Literacy Studies, sociocultural theory, and transactional theory. This study relied on ...


Searching For Home: Tibetan Scholars' Decision To Migrate Or Return, Kristi Marchesani Jan 2012

Searching For Home: Tibetan Scholars' Decision To Migrate Or Return, Kristi Marchesani

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative study explored how ethnic identity, perceived obligations, and an unresolved conflict of home influenced the decision of Tibetan Scholarship Program (TSP) participants to return back to the exile community per their commitment or to make a new life in North America after their program completion. The research focused on three major questions: (a) How do moral and spiritual obligations perceived in Tibetans living in the diaspora influence their cultural identity and, as a result, their decision-making process?, (b) How is the decision of Tibetan Scholarship Program (TSP) students to return or migrate guided by opposing influences?; (c) How ...


"Truly Theatrical" Deborah Sam(P)Son Gannett: An Analysis Of Cross-Dressing, Gender, And Virtue In Revolutionary America And The Early American Republic, Brenna Buchanan Jan 2012

"Truly Theatrical" Deborah Sam(P)Son Gannett: An Analysis Of Cross-Dressing, Gender, And Virtue In Revolutionary America And The Early American Republic, Brenna Buchanan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the life of Revolutionary War soldier, Deborah Sam(p)son Gannett and how historians and theorists have analyzed her. It contains a deep look into theory and argues that Gannett should be considered a cross-dresser, due to an explanation of cross-dressing theory, gender theory, an introduction into women and war, virtue, and a brief look at how the work of her original biographer, Herman Mann, who wrote both her "biography" and some of the speeches she delivered to audiences during the Early American Republic, helped shaped popular assumptions of Gannett today.


Eve Ensler's The Vagina Monologues As Feminist Activist Ecology, Rebecca Christine Lee Jan 2012

Eve Ensler's The Vagina Monologues As Feminist Activist Ecology, Rebecca Christine Lee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Eve Ensler's The Vagina Monologues presents a means integrating discussion of the vagina into public discourse for the purpose of ending violence against women. From across the globe, local grassroots activists participate together in V-Day, an activist movement that I frame as a transnational ecology--a term I use to characterize the context of the performance, including fellow activists, feminists, the public, time, place, performance space, and sociocultural attitudes across geopolitical borders. While the play has engaged the activist spirit of women in more than 140 countries, I call for more discourse on the racial and national tensions in the ...


News Media Design: A Comparative Study Of Digital Application Format, Lei Zhang Jan 2012

News Media Design: A Comparative Study Of Digital Application Format, Lei Zhang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In this information age, newspapers are experiencing a transition from a printed format to a digital format. Using an electronic device to read news has become one of the important ways to acquire information in people's daily lives. The electronic mobile device,

especially the iPad, provides a new platform for newspaper publication, which enables newspaper publishers to create unique applications for readers. However, the existing research about newspaper design for iPad devices is very limited. This study conducted an online survey to investigate users' attitudes toward digital format newspapers and printed format newspapers. Through the analysis of iPad application ...


A Culture Of Change: Taking A Person-Centered Approach To Understanding Sexual Expression Among Long-Term Care Residents, Merea Diann Bentrott Jan 2012

A Culture Of Change: Taking A Person-Centered Approach To Understanding Sexual Expression Among Long-Term Care Residents, Merea Diann Bentrott

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Over the next two decades, the United States will experience a substantial increase in the number of people reaching age 65 and older. While older adults today have more options when planning retirement or choosing a care facility than in generations past, as a society, we must prepare for the healthcare and housing needs of this sizable population, and the challenges that accompany them. As the need for long-term care increases, long-term care facilities (LTCFs), which provide medical or non-medical assistance for people with chronic illness or disability, must adapt their physical and cultural environments to meet the needs of ...


A Community Capitals Approach To Assessing Immigrant Access To Community Resources Within A Meatpacking Community, Frank Albert Dunn-Young Jan 2012

A Community Capitals Approach To Assessing Immigrant Access To Community Resources Within A Meatpacking Community, Frank Albert Dunn-Young

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research uses a community capitals framework to explore immigrant access to community resources and the influence this access has on community solidarity. The community capitals framework allowed the researcher to target common community resources within Marshalltown, Iowa, a meatpacking community that has experienced a high influx of Latino immigrants. Successful integration of new immigrants is predicated on the availability of tools such as bilingual interpreters, bilingual outreach materials, and flexible identification systems. As institutional practices influence Latino access to public institutions, providing such tools becomes a key strategy for local governments on how to better serve their community by ...


A Tongue Set Free From Fashionable Lies, Frederick E. Macvaugh Jan 2012

A Tongue Set Free From Fashionable Lies, Frederick E. Macvaugh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

"A Tongue Set Free from Fashionable Lies"; a collection of lyric and narrative poems, explores human relationships with place, nature, and one another. The collection’s title states succinctly its aesthetic: to express plainly and accessibly the feelings and truths of experience, of a life lived and made meaningful. Each of the collection’s sections explores and celebrates the joys and sorrows of one aspect of human experience: the domestic world and its debts to nature, nature and its mortal dangers, the promise of Heaven. As a collection, the poems praise the contradictions and paradoxes of a life lived and ...


Embracing Civility, Community, And Citizenship: A Qualitative Study Of Multimodal College Composition Classrooms, Sarah Zoe Pike Jan 2012

Embracing Civility, Community, And Citizenship: A Qualitative Study Of Multimodal College Composition Classrooms, Sarah Zoe Pike

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This thesis will examine ways of teaching college composition through a lens where civility, citizenship, and community are the focus of the composition classroom. By drawing from critical composition pedagogy scholars and rich examples of civil/civic dialogue from the media, I will construct a series of actionable strategies to foster civil dialogue in the multimodal college composition classroom. Using scholarship in the field of rhetoric and composition, this classroom-based research project will seek to answer questions such as: "How can a first-year college composition class teach civil dialogue and promote understanding in a society where the loudest, shrillest voices ...


Understanding The Entrepreneurial Potential Of Female Saudi Arabian Family And Consumer Sciences Students And Businesswomen, Amal Abdulkader Basaffar Jan 2012

Understanding The Entrepreneurial Potential Of Female Saudi Arabian Family And Consumer Sciences Students And Businesswomen, Amal Abdulkader Basaffar

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In an effort to support the Saudi Arabian government's efforts to strengthen the family unit and economy, this study examines the entrepreneurial potential of female Saudi Arabian Family and Consumer Sciences students and Saudi Arabian women entrepreneurs. Saudi Arabia is a country where the Islamic religion and its values are interwoven into every aspect of society, with family as the basic social institution. Traditionally, male family members made decisions including those regarding the careers of female family members. Using a phenomenological approach, the researcher interviewed 33 Saudi Arabian female undergraduate students and nine businesswomen to learn more about influences ...


The Second Lane Debate: Voices From The Wilderness Surge Across The Nation, Erik Andrew Stumpf Jan 2012

The Second Lane Debate: Voices From The Wilderness Surge Across The Nation, Erik Andrew Stumpf

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In February and March 1834, students at the Lane Seminary in Cincinnati, Ohio held a series of debates over eighteen days that resulted in virtually the entire student body adopting the belief that the people of the southern United States needed to emancipate their slaves immediately. This thesis traced the next step for the young Lane abolitionists, one in which they put their new beliefs into action. This next step, termed by the author as the Second Lane Debates, took the local events into the forum of the national print media. The Second Lane Debates became a powerful forum for ...


The Collapse Of The Iowa Democratic Party: Iowa And The Lecompton Constitution, Garret Wilson Jan 2012

The Collapse Of The Iowa Democratic Party: Iowa And The Lecompton Constitution, Garret Wilson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Lecompton Constitution's effect on the state of Iowa is very important. The state was dominated by Jacksonian Democrats since Iowa became a state in 1848. The Lecompton Constitution gave the Iowa Republican Party a strong political hold on all political offices during the 1850's. In 1859, Iowa's Republican Party held all major offices in the state of Iowa. This paper explains the impact the Lecompton Constitution had on Iowa politics and the downfall of the Iowa Democratic Party. The Lecompton Constitution caused an irreparable schism in the Iowa Democratic Party that allowed Republicans to capitalize and ...


The Symbolic Mind: Apes, Symbols, And The Evolution Of Language, Janni Pedersen Jan 2012

The Symbolic Mind: Apes, Symbols, And The Evolution Of Language, Janni Pedersen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Ape language research provides an opportunity to study empirically the relationship between language and thought, a question notoriously difficult to address. The conclusions reached till also inform theories of language evolution. The research in this dissertation was conducted with language-trained bonobos, Pan paniscus, at the Great Ape Trust of Iowa, utilizing a computerized matching method. The data provide evidence that the possession of symbols facilitate categorization of natural categories, a foundation for many cognitive operations. However, the data does not support the theories suggestions a primacy of gestural or other visual communication in the evolution of language. Rather, a multimodal ...


The Impact Of Movie Reviews Vs. Word Of Mouth On Post-Viewing Evaluations Of Films, Scott Schrage Jan 2012

The Impact Of Movie Reviews Vs. Word Of Mouth On Post-Viewing Evaluations Of Films, Scott Schrage

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Moviegoers regularly encounter movie reviews and word of mouth (WOM) prior to seeing a film. This thesis examined (1) whether reviews and WOM influence moviegoers' post-viewing opinions of a film and (2) whether this information's influence is moderated by moviegoing frequency. Using a between-subjects factorial design, the study gave participants positive or negative information about a film that they were led to believe came from either professional movie reviews or students at their university. Participants then watched the film and gave their opinions of its quality. The study found that, regardless of valence or source, this information did not ...


Designing Restaurant Digital Menus To Enhance User Experience, Yun Wang Jan 2012

Designing Restaurant Digital Menus To Enhance User Experience, Yun Wang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Menu is a primary marketing and communication tools in the restaurants industry. Business-to-consumer digital devices are widely used in both daily life and business, especially the hospitality industry. Menus have a history of 260 years and now more restaurants are revising menus and starting to use digital menus. Marketing research and reports from Nation's Restaurant and New York Times show that digital menu helps restaurants to increase profit by making food more accessible, selling more and requiring less labor in comparison to the traditional printed paper menu. The design principles and user interface are different in print menu and ...


Emerging Food Retailers And The Development Of Hybrid Food Retail Institutions In Ugandan Produce Supply Chains, Sheila Navalia Onzere Jan 2012

Emerging Food Retailers And The Development Of Hybrid Food Retail Institutions In Ugandan Produce Supply Chains, Sheila Navalia Onzere

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Changing institutional arrangements are central to the nascent transformation of food retail in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA). These emergent arrangements are reshaping the power relations, roles, and livelihood outcomes for actors in the region's food systems.

This study examines processes of institutional change within fruit and vegetable supply chains that are stemming from the expanding geographical scope of global private food standards, and from policy and demographic shifts in Uganda. First, the study examines the mechanisms through which global private food standards influence procurement strategies of emerging food retail operators (supermarkets, hotels, fast food restaurants and cafés) and ...


Rational Choice And Moral Intent In The Responsible Conduct Of Research, Anita M. Gordon Jan 2012

Rational Choice And Moral Intent In The Responsible Conduct Of Research, Anita M. Gordon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Academic misconduct among students has been the focus of a tremendous amount of literature for a number of decades (Crown & Spiller, 1998). However, academic misconduct among faculty has received much less empirical attention (Steneck, 2006). This research was designed to contribute to the literature by empirically examining the possible effects of rational and moral judgments on faculty research misconduct, with a focus on the social sciences. The purpose of the study was to explore the application of a particular theory of human behavior - Rational Choice Theory - to the phenomenon of misconduct in research and to do so in the context ...


Epistemology, Dana Kathleen Woolley Jan 2012

Epistemology, Dana Kathleen Woolley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The following is a collection of six short works of fiction. Each story contains at least one protagonist who grapples with some sort of ethical decision related in part to science or natural resource management. The story titles reflect the type of study and quest for knowledge each protagonist goes through. This collection contains elements of scientific influence, humor, and magical realism in combination to reflect a world very similar, but slightly off-kilter, to the one the reader inhabits.


Goddess In A Cape: Feminine Divine As Comic Book Superhero, Jacki Renee Hayes Jan 2012

Goddess In A Cape: Feminine Divine As Comic Book Superhero, Jacki Renee Hayes

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Comic book superheroes are powerful players in the mythic narrative of the West. Since 1938, they have shaped ideas of good and evil, right and wrong, and what it ultimately means to be a hero. Like all great mythic narratives, the story of the superhero is created for a reason and purpose, formed to perpetuate specific ideas and values. This work examines the depiction of female superheroes as embodiments of modern Goddesses. As modes of mythic narratives, comic books move beyond the realm of written or spoken word and communicate directly to our highly visual culture. The visual and narrative ...


Electronic Form Design, Mikako Matsunaga Jan 2012

Electronic Form Design, Mikako Matsunaga

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

With technological innovation and emergence of the World Wide Web, digital forms of information surround us today more than ever. It is common for us to access information online with computational devices, rather than in paper and other analog media. Today information is fluid, always up-to-date without interruption. We can find most information with computational devices online. It is convenient for users from some perspectives; they can access information anytime, anywhere with an Internet connection.

In some instances, access to necessary information is accompanied by problems. Usability of the electronic site is one of the problems; some users are fluent ...


The Private Conversion Of A Public Man: Timeless Presence And Disparate Linking In T.S. Eliot's Poetry, Natalie Albertson Jan 2012

The Private Conversion Of A Public Man: Timeless Presence And Disparate Linking In T.S. Eliot's Poetry, Natalie Albertson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This essay explores the way incarnation allows T.S. Eliot to renegotiate and redistribute themes of time, age, life, and death from his pre-conversion to post-conversion poetry. The incarnation, especially its dispensation of time, is a paramount part of Eliot's conversion. I posit that incarnation drove Eliot to Christianity because incarnation represents a divine disruption of time. This disruption bridges time and timelessness, here and there ,and life and death. Eliot's eventual rest in the Chalcedonian form of incarnation, therefore, provides a resolution of and not a divergence from his poetry previous to his conversion.