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2017

Sustainability

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Articles 1 - 30 of 84

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Biobased Products And The Leed® Rating System, Meredith Chambers, Mikesch Muecke Nov 2017

Biobased Products And The Leed® Rating System, Meredith Chambers, Mikesch Muecke

Mikesch Muecke

At the beginning of the 20th century, over 40% by weight of all the materials consumed through the production of goods within the United States were comprised of renewable resources (Matos and Wagner 1998). In contrast, by the end of the 20th century renewable material usage had dropped to less than 8% by weight (Matos and Wagner 1998). Combined with both an increase in the overall rate at which we consume resources as well as growing awareness of the inherently finite availability of nonrenewable resources, the early decades of the 21st century may mark the beginning of a shift back ...


Rethinking Urban Green Infrastructure As A Means To Promote Avian Conservation, Allen Lau Aug 2017

Rethinking Urban Green Infrastructure As A Means To Promote Avian Conservation, Allen Lau

Master's Projects and Capstones

There is an under-recognized potential for cities to use urban green infrastructure to contribute to avian biodiversity conservation. At the global scale, climate change and growing urbanization are primary global drivers leading to decline and homogenization in world bird populations. Birds are fundamental and intricate species in ecosystems, and even in urban areas, act as indicator and regulator species contributing to healthy ecosystem function. While many cities have recognized the economic and social benefits associated with green spaces, such as the vast benefits ecosystem services provide to the urban dweller, the use of green spaces to concurrently contribute to avian ...


Golden Tools In Green Design: What Drives Sustainability, Innovation, And Value In Green Design Methods?, Jeremy Faludi Jul 2017

Golden Tools In Green Design: What Drives Sustainability, Innovation, And Value In Green Design Methods?, Jeremy Faludi

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

What do product design teams value in sustainable design methods? Specifically, what kinds of activities and mindsets comprise different design methods, and which ones do design teams believe drive sustainability, innovation, and other value? How could they be combined to improve sustainable design’s value to companies? This study was the first to deconstruct green product design practices into their constituent activities and mindsets to characterize them and hypothesize their potential synergies. It was also the first to empirically test and compare what practitioners value within three of these sustainable design practices—The Natural Step, Whole System Mapping, and Biomimicry ...


A Geospatial Assessment Of Social Vulnerability To Sea-Level Rise In Coastal San Luis Obispo, Jesse A. Carpentier Jun 2017

A Geospatial Assessment Of Social Vulnerability To Sea-Level Rise In Coastal San Luis Obispo, Jesse A. Carpentier

Master's Theses and Project Reports

This project is an assessment of social vulnerability to sea-level rise in the unincorporated coastal area of the County of San Luis Obispo (County) using geospatial and statistical analysis. The intention of this assessment is to inform local climate adaptation efforts now required by state legislation. A social vulnerability index was generated at the Census block group level using 32 variables positively correlated with social vulnerability. The social vulnerability score for each block group is the sum of scores generated for the following principle components: (1) race/ethnicity and disability status, (2) social isolation and age, (3) income, and (4 ...


A Period Examination Through Contemporary Energy Analysis Of Kevin Roche’S Fine Arts Center At University Of Massachusetts-Amherst, L Carl Fiocchi Jr May 2017

A Period Examination Through Contemporary Energy Analysis Of Kevin Roche’S Fine Arts Center At University Of Massachusetts-Amherst, L Carl Fiocchi Jr

L. Carl Fiocchi

Studies of buildings belonging to a subset of Modernist architecture, Brutalism, have included discussions pertaining to social and architectural history, critical reception, tectonic form and geometry inspirations, material property selections, period technology limitations, and migration of public perceptions. Evaluations of Brutalist buildings’ energy related performances have been restricted to anecdotal observations with particular focus on the building type’s poor thermal performance, a result of the preferred construction method, i.e. monolithic reinforced concrete used as structure, interior finish and exterior finish. A valid criticism, but one that served to dismiss discussion that the possibility of other positive design strategies ...


Reducing The Environmental Impacts Of Building Materials: Embodied Energy Analysis Of A High-Performance Building, Layla Qarout May 2017

Reducing The Environmental Impacts Of Building Materials: Embodied Energy Analysis Of A High-Performance Building, Layla Qarout

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to assess the embodied energy and carbon emissions of structural building materials, and determine environmental savings associated with construction. In common architectural practice, the analysis of the environmental cost of materials is typically not taken into account. This can be attributed to the lack of available data, loyalty to conventional construction methods, and complexity of embodied energy calculations. Although efforts are made to ensure accuracy of the information contained in energy databases, they are based on public domain sources and the “best” energy and carbon coefficients, with no guarantee to accuracy. Therefore, it is ...


Compiled Research & Materials, Andrew Tarutani, Madalyn Beban, Laura Kunas, Colin Joern, Conor Mcgrail May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Andrew Tarutani, Madalyn Beban, Laura Kunas, Colin Joern, Conor Mcgrail

Sustainability and Energy

This document outlines the research conducted and progress made over the Spring 2017 semester. It details the team's efforts to pursue implementation of a solar co-op in the McPherson Town neighborhood along with an innovative tiny homes neighborhood on the University of Dayton's campus.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix F: Valuable Solar Resources, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Conor Mcgrail, Colin Joern, Madalyn Beban May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix F: Valuable Solar Resources, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Conor Mcgrail, Colin Joern, Madalyn Beban

Sustainability and Energy

This document lists several URLs that may offer valuable information as it pertains to solar energy and solar initiatives across the U.S.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix G: Tiny Homes Consideration, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Conor Mcgrail, Colin Joern, Madalyn Beban May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix G: Tiny Homes Consideration, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Conor Mcgrail, Colin Joern, Madalyn Beban

Sustainability and Energy

This document reviews several considerations identified by the team that relate to the concept of a tiny homes neighborhood.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix H: Tiny Homes Ideas, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Madalyn Beban, Conor Mcgrail, Colin Joern May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix H: Tiny Homes Ideas, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Madalyn Beban, Conor Mcgrail, Colin Joern

Sustainability and Energy

This document explains some of the ideas developed by the team that relate to the implementation of a tiny homes neighborhood.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix I: Tiny Homes Survey, Andrew Tarutani May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix I: Tiny Homes Survey, Andrew Tarutani

Sustainability and Energy

This document represents a survey that could be used to gauge student interest for a tiny homes neighborhood.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix J: Solar For Economic Development Toolkit, National Association Of Regional Councils May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix J: Solar For Economic Development Toolkit, National Association Of Regional Councils

Sustainability and Energy

This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the ...


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix K: Economic Impact Potential Of Solar Photovoltaics In Illinois, Center For Renewable Energy, Illinois State University May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix K: Economic Impact Potential Of Solar Photovoltaics In Illinois, Center For Renewable Energy, Illinois State University

Sustainability and Energy

This 2013 study reviews the potential for economic impact of solar photovoltaics in the state of Illinois.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix M: Mcpherson Town Interview, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Madalyn Beban, Conor Mcgrail, Colin Joern May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix M: Mcpherson Town Interview, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Madalyn Beban, Conor Mcgrail, Colin Joern

Sustainability and Energy

This document reviews several of the topics discussed in an informational interview with McPherson Town neighborhood president Phil Leppla.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix N: Keybank Interview, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Madalyn Beban, Colin Joern, Conor Mcgrail May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix N: Keybank Interview, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Madalyn Beban, Colin Joern, Conor Mcgrail

Sustainability and Energy

This document reviews several of the topics discussed in an informational interview with KeyBank regarding financing options for solar projects.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix O: Energywize Interview, Andrew Tarutani, Madalyn Beban, Laura Kunas, Colin Joern, Conor Mcgrail May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix O: Energywize Interview, Andrew Tarutani, Madalyn Beban, Laura Kunas, Colin Joern, Conor Mcgrail

Sustainability and Energy

This document reviews several of the topics discussed in an informational interview with Wendell Ott of EnergyWize.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix P: Current Solar Pricing, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Madalyn Beban, Colin Joern, Conor Mcgrail May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix P: Current Solar Pricing, Andrew Tarutani, Laura Kunas, Madalyn Beban, Colin Joern, Conor Mcgrail

Sustainability and Energy

This document reviews the current state of solar costs as defined in an informational interview with Wendell Ott of EnergyWize.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix Q: Energysage Interview, Andrew Tarutani, Conor Mcgrail, Colin Joern, Madalyn Beban, Laura Kunas May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix Q: Energysage Interview, Andrew Tarutani, Conor Mcgrail, Colin Joern, Madalyn Beban, Laura Kunas

Sustainability and Energy

This document reviews several of the topics discussed in an informational interview with a representative with EnergySage.


Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix L: Solar America Initiative, S. Grover May 2017

Compiled Research & Materials, Appendix L: Solar America Initiative, S. Grover

Sustainability and Energy

This National Renewable Energy Laboratory resource details the benefits of the Solar America Initiative.


A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

A Future Invested In Sustainability: Sustainable Architecture And Education In The Midwest Through The Ethical Philosophy Of Luce Irigaray, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

Theories of sustainable architecture that address sexual difference are rare in an architectural context, whether in the United States or Europe, and this paper proposes a critical perspective on architectural design using sustainable schools as an example and adopting the question of sexual difference. Informed by the words of young people, the philosophy of Luce Irigaray, and research carried out as part of a research project, “Iowa’s New Schools: A Future Invested in Sustainability,” this paper examines contemporary approaches to sustainable school architecture. It addresses questions of lifestyle and behavior and architects’ aims to produce energy-efficient and sustainable architecture ...


Satisfied: Feminism And The Affective Turn In Architecture, Andrea Wheeler Mar 2017

Satisfied: Feminism And The Affective Turn In Architecture, Andrea Wheeler

Architecture Publications

My name is Andrea Gibson—it’s my married name. I am an Assistant Professor at a large University in the Midwest where I teach Sustainable Architecture and am a design studio instructor. My presentation today, is entitled: ‘About architecture and affect, and experiencing feminism in architecture now’. Or perhaps it could be called, ‘Satisfied?’ And you may quickly see that I am not. To outline this talk, and due warning, I will be discussing feminism, philosophies of affect and architecture.


Utilizing New York State’S Distributive Generation Laws For Affordable Housing Organizations, Reuben Jaffe Goldstein Jan 2017

Utilizing New York State’S Distributive Generation Laws For Affordable Housing Organizations, Reuben Jaffe Goldstein

Bard Center for Environmental Policy

The focus of this report is to assist in the deployment of renewable energy in New York City by creating a framework that affordable housing organizations can use to navigate evolving New York regulations to deploy solar PV to their tenants and reduce their tenants’ utility bills. New York’s regulatory environment is trying to make it easier to deploy solar PV through programs such as Shared Solar Program and Remote Net Metering that provide guidance to those who are currently unable to access solar PV. However, incentivizing Solar PV and distributed generation have disproportionately increased costs for utilities, which ...


A Mathematical Model For Predicting The Carbon Sequestration Potential Of Exposed Ordinary Portland Cement (Opc) Concrete, Adriana Souto Martinez Jan 2017

A Mathematical Model For Predicting The Carbon Sequestration Potential Of Exposed Ordinary Portland Cement (Opc) Concrete, Adriana Souto Martinez

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study concerns the development of a simple mathematical model that calculates the theoretical carbon sequestration potential of exposed ordinary portland cement (OPC) concrete. OPC concrete sequesters non-trivial amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) via carbonation – a chemical reaction between cement paste and atmospheric CO2. Formulated by the reaction chemistries of cement hydration and carbonation, the model accounts for cement type and content, exposure, time, and type and quantity of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). Once validated with data from literature, the model is implemented to investigate the effect of these factors and the influence of compressive strength and geometry, namely surface-area-to-volume ...


A Mathematical Model For Predicting The Carbon Sequestration Potential Of Exposed Ordinary Portland Cement (Opc) Concrete, Adriana Souto Martinez Jan 2017

A Mathematical Model For Predicting The Carbon Sequestration Potential Of Exposed Ordinary Portland Cement (Opc) Concrete, Adriana Souto Martinez

Civil Engineering Graduate Theses & Dissertations

This study concerns the development of a simple mathematical model that calculates the theoretical carbon sequestration potential of exposed ordinary portland cement (OPC) concrete. OPC concrete sequesters non-trivial amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) via carbonation – a chemical reaction between cement paste and atmospheric CO2. Formulated by the reaction chemistries of cement hydration and carbonation, the model accounts for cement type and content, exposure, time, and type and quantity of supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). Once validated with data from literature, the model is implemented to investigate the effect of these factors and the influence of compressive strength and geometry ...


Las Vegas: Engineering Jury Feedback, Solar Decathlon Jury Jan 2017

Las Vegas: Engineering Jury Feedback, Solar Decathlon Jury

Sinatra Living: Competition Materials

A document containing the evaluation and feedback of the Team Las Vegas project house (Sinatra Living) by the Engineering Jury. The Engineering Jury is responsible for determining the winners of the Engineering category for the 2017 Solar Decathlon.


Las Vegas: Communications Jury Feedback, Solar Decathlon Jury Jan 2017

Las Vegas: Communications Jury Feedback, Solar Decathlon Jury

Sinatra Living: Competition Materials

No abstract provided.


Sinatra Living: Budget Justification, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas. Solar Decathlon Team. Jan 2017

Sinatra Living: Budget Justification, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas. Solar Decathlon Team.

Sinatra Living: Competition Materials

This is an Excel document that contains the detailed budget information for the Sinatra Living project.


Sinatra Living: Application For Federal Assistance Sf-424, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas. Solar Decathlon Team. Jan 2017

Sinatra Living: Application For Federal Assistance Sf-424, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas. Solar Decathlon Team.

Sinatra Living: Competition Materials

This document is a copy of the application for federal assistance completed by Team Las Vegas. This document requests funding assistance for participating teams the Solar Decathlon competition.


Sinatra Living: Team Las Vegas Proposal (Full Packet), University Of Nevada, Las Vegas. Solar Decathlon Team. Jan 2017

Sinatra Living: Team Las Vegas Proposal (Full Packet), University Of Nevada, Las Vegas. Solar Decathlon Team.

Sinatra Living: Competition Materials

This packet is the final proposal for the Team Las Vegas project, containing a number of project overview documents.


Sinatra Living: Team Las Vegas Doe Solar Decathlon 2017 Application Summary, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas. Solar Decathlon Team. Jan 2017

Sinatra Living: Team Las Vegas Doe Solar Decathlon 2017 Application Summary, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas. Solar Decathlon Team.

Sinatra Living: Competition Materials

This document is the summary of the Team Las Vegas project, as submitted to the 2017 Solar Decathlon competition.