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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

The Continuing Exodus: The Synagogue And Jewish Urban Migration, Samuel D. Gruber Jan 2012

The Continuing Exodus: The Synagogue And Jewish Urban Migration, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion

Catalog essay in Silent Witnesses: Migration Stories Through Synagogues Transformed, Rebuilt or Abandoned (Farmington Hills, MI, 2012) that deals with Jewish settlement and migration in American cities (especially New York, Boston and Cleveland) and the religious and community buildings erected and left behind in the process.


Polish Influence On American Synagogue Architecture, Samuel D. Gruber Jan 2010

Polish Influence On American Synagogue Architecture, Samuel D. Gruber

Religion

Hundreds of thousands of Jews from Poland came to America after 1880. Many built synagogues with details recalling synagogues in their homeland. Immigrant artisans brought motifs and methods of Poland. Many of these synagogues were small, so the relationship to Polish art was on the inside in the painted and carved decoration. Established architects also had access to Polish synagogues as sources. With publication of the Jewish Encyclopedia (1901-06) images of Polish synagogues, such as the Warsaw’s Tlomackie Street Synagogue, became part of many Jewish libraries. More Polish influence came in the 1950s. Most architects were building modern synagogues ...