Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Architecture Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 35, No. 1, Mary Laycock Selders, Yvonne J. Milspaw, Priscilla Stevenson Lockard, Guy Graybill, John D. Kendig, Elda F. Gehris Oct 1985

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 35, No. 1, Mary Laycock Selders, Yvonne J. Milspaw, Priscilla Stevenson Lockard, Guy Graybill, John D. Kendig, Elda F. Gehris

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Grandmother's Flower Garden: The Quilts of Sadie Ida Christian Laycock
• Our Good Old One-Room School Days
• A Parade from the Past
• The Philip Arndts of Manheim (1797-1888)
• Pennsylvania German Cookery
• Aldes un Neies


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 34, No. 4, William A. Leinbach, Patricia Tinsman, David Gottshall, Marvin A. Dourte, Daniel T. Kohler, Sam Blood, Charles Layland, Margaret Layland, Brenda Wilton, Stephen Day, Richard Shaner, Donna Longenecker, William Weber, Mel Horst, Robert Jensen, Donald D. Dillon Jul 1985

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 34, No. 4, William A. Leinbach, Patricia Tinsman, David Gottshall, Marvin A. Dourte, Daniel T. Kohler, Sam Blood, Charles Layland, Margaret Layland, Brenda Wilton, Stephen Day, Richard Shaner, Donna Longenecker, William Weber, Mel Horst, Robert Jensen, Donald D. Dillon

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Coverlets
• Sign Painting
• Reverse Painting on Glass
• Kites
• Snake Lore
• Horncraft
• Weathervanes and Country Signs
• Festival Focus
• Sheep Shearing & Natural Knits
• Bread Baking Among the Pennsylvania Dutch
• The Craft of Rushing
• Toy Soldier Casting
• Pennsylvania Dutch Humor
• Fireside Brooms and Whirligigs
• Springerle


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 34, No. 3, Earl F. Robacker, Henry J. Kauffman, Mac E. Barrick, Hilda Adam Kring Apr 1985

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 34, No. 3, Earl F. Robacker, Henry J. Kauffman, Mac E. Barrick, Hilda Adam Kring

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• Johann Adam Eyer: "Lost" Fraktur Writer of Hamilton Square
• Aunt Lydia
• The Image of the Jew in South-Central Pennsylvania
• Gertrude Rapp: Harmony Society Abbess
• Aldes un Neies


Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 34, No. 2, Burt Feintuch, Jonathan R. Stayer, Lyle L. Rosenberger, B. G. Till, Martha S. Ross, Guy Graybill, Susan B. Trace Jan 1985

Pennsylvania Folklife Vol. 34, No. 2, Burt Feintuch, Jonathan R. Stayer, Lyle L. Rosenberger, B. G. Till, Martha S. Ross, Guy Graybill, Susan B. Trace

Pennsylvania Folklife Magazine

• A Fiddler's Life
• An Interpretation of Some Ritual and Food Elements of the Brethren Love Feast
• Pottery Making in Quakertown: 1800-1879
• Teddy Bears: An Enduring Folk Tradition
• Lucia Day
• Dippy, Son of Puddin'
• Persecution and Genocide: The General Problem as Illustrated by the Anabaptist Experience


Archaeological Testing Of Site 41hr564 Harris County, Texas, Joe T. Denton Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing Of Site 41hr564 Harris County, Texas, Joe T. Denton

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Prehistoric Site 41HR564, located in Harris County, Texas, near Keegans Bayou and US Highway 59, was tested in August 1985 to determine eligibility for inclusion within the National Register of Historic Places and State Archaeological Landmark status. Testing also was conducted to ascertain site depth and archaeological significance. No cultural materials were recovered as a result of the test and no further investigations are recommended.


History And Archaeology Of The Hot Wells Hotel Site, 41bx237, Anne A. Fox, Cheryl Lynn Highley Jan 1985

History And Archaeology Of The Hot Wells Hotel Site, 41bx237, Anne A. Fox, Cheryl Lynn Highley

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During the month of April 1984, archaeologists from the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, conducted a surface survey and test excavations at the Hot Wells Hotel site in south San Antonio. The purpose of the project was to locate and map the foundations of a large brick resort hotel, built in 1901 and burned in 1925, and to locate and test remains of any other structures on the Hot Wells site. One additional brick foundation that appears contemporary with the hotel was located and mapped. Artifacts recovered pertained primarily to the hotel, or to ...


Archaeological Testing Of The Cave At Site 41bx22 Bexar County, Texas, Glenn T. Goode Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing Of The Cave At Site 41bx22 Bexar County, Texas, Glenn T. Goode

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Rogers Site, 41BX22, is located on the east bank of a tributary to Salado Creek in northern Bexar County and has three major occupation or activity areas: a terrace-bench site with a burned rock midden, a small cave, and quarry areas on the bluff overlooking the bench and cave sites.

The terrace site was test-excavated by students in the mid-1960s. Primarily Late Prehistoric and Late Archaic materials were recovered with the Middle Archaic and possibly the Early Archaic being represented. Relic hunters have since thoroughly destroyed this portion of the site which lies just north of the FM 1604 ...


Archaeological Survey Of A Proposed Riverside Park Trail At The Victoria Municipal Park, Victoria, Texas, Anna J. Taylor Jan 1985

Archaeological Survey Of A Proposed Riverside Park Trail At The Victoria Municipal Park, Victoria, Texas, Anna J. Taylor

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During April 1985, personnel from the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, conducted a pedestrian survey and shovel testing of the area to be affected by a proposed riverside park trail within the Victoria Municipal Park in Victoria County, Texas. The investigation was sponsored by the City of Victoria. The purpose of the survey was to locate any archaeological sites which might be impacted by construction of the proposed trail. No archaeological sites were identified during the project, and it is recommended that no further archaeological investigations are needed.


Archaeological Testing Of Site 41hk28 Haskell County, Texas, Wayne C. Young Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing Of Site 41hk28 Haskell County, Texas, Wayne C. Young

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Testing of Site 41HK28on County Road 166 in Haskell County, Texas, was performed on July 8-9, 1985, to determine eligibility for inclusion within the National Register of Historic Places or nomination as a State Archaeological Landmark, and to determine site depth, cultural context, and archaeological significance. The site is located on a terrace overlooking California Creek, a tributary of the Brazos River system. The site has been impacted by construction of a county road and bridge, by severe erosion and deflation, and by root plowing to remove mesquite trees from the area. Results of testing indicate that Site 41HK28 represented ...


Archaeological Testing Of Site 41bu24 Burleson County, Texas, Wayne C. Young Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing Of Site 41bu24 Burleson County, Texas, Wayne C. Young

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Testing of Site 41BU24 on State Highway 36 in Burleson County, Texas, to determine eligibility for inclusion within the National Register of Historic Places and to determine site depth, cultural context, and archaeological signbficance, was undertaken in January 1985. The site is located on a ridge overlooking Yegua Creek and extends into the creek floodplain. It has been heavily impacted by previous construction activities and the exact site limit is difficult to determine. Results of testing indicate that Site 41BU24 contains a minimal prehistoric component of unknown age which is thoroughly mixed with modern debris. Evidence recovered does not support ...


Research Design For Investigations At The Ruben Hancock Site, 41tv875 Travis County, Texas, John W. Clark, Jr. Jan 1985

Research Design For Investigations At The Ruben Hancock Site, 41tv875 Travis County, Texas, John W. Clark, Jr.

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Ruben Hancock Site (41TV875) is located on the centerline of the extension of Parmer Lane. This extension begins at FM 1325 (Burnet Road) and terminates at FM 620. The site was found during a survey of the right-of-way conducted by the author on the 9th of August, 1984. Other sites were found during the survey but were too ephemeral or too disturbed to warrant further investigation. It was judged at the time of the survey that the Ruben Hancock Site, because of its undisturbed condition and the presence of metal and glass artifacts, warranted further investigation. It was ...


Archaeological Testing Of Site 41rb31 Roberts County, Texas, Joe T. Denton Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing Of Site 41rb31 Roberts County, Texas, Joe T. Denton

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archaeological Site 41RB31 is a small isolated site located on the edge of the cap rock overlooking Red Deer Creek in Roberts County, Texas. Testing of portions of the site within the highway project revealed the site to be sparse, and no further work is recommended. The site does not meet the criteria for nomination to the National Register of Historic Places or designation as a State Archaeological Landmark.


Archaeological Test Excavation At Site 41mx23 Morris County, Texas, Joe T. Denton Jan 1985

Archaeological Test Excavation At Site 41mx23 Morris County, Texas, Joe T. Denton

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Testing to determine the significance as a State Archaeological Landmark and to determine eligibility to the National Register of Historic Places was undertaken in June 1984 of Site 41MX23, Morris County, Texas, on FM 3421. The test shows that portion of the site within the project’s right-of-way to be sparse in cultural material. The deposits containing the material vary from very shallow to moderate in depth. Testing indicates that insufficient cultural materials exist within the area to be impacted to warrant further investigations.


The Panther Springs Creek Site: Cultural Change And Continuity Within The Upper Salado Creek Watershed, South-Central Texas, Stephen L. Black, Joachim Mcgraw Jan 1985

The Panther Springs Creek Site: Cultural Change And Continuity Within The Upper Salado Creek Watershed, South-Central Texas, Stephen L. Black, Joachim Mcgraw

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The excavations and subsequent analysis of the Panther Creek Springs site, 41BX228, a multicomponent prehistoric open occupation site in south-central Texas, are documented in this report. The investigations at 41BX228 partially mitigate the loss of cultural information caused by looters and potentially by a proposed Soil Conservation Service flood control project. The field investigations carried out in 1979 included mapping, testing, backhoe trenching, and the excavation of several block areas. Large quantities of comparatively well-preserved cultural materials were recovered and analyzed including: lithic, ceramic, and bone artifacts as well as faunal and botanical remains. Major aspects of the analysis and ...


Testing For The Location Of The Alamo Acequia (41bx8) At Hemisfair Plaza, San Antonio, Texas, Anne A. Fox Jan 1985

Testing For The Location Of The Alamo Acequia (41bx8) At Hemisfair Plaza, San Antonio, Texas, Anne A. Fox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

In December 1983 the Center for Archaeological Research conducted test excavations at HemisFair Plaza in downtown San Antonio. The purpose of the work was to locate and document the condition of the Alamo Acequia (41 BX 8), which was known to be in the area. Backhoe and hand excavations revealed that the acequia deviated as much as 20 feet from the supposed route and that the original property lines through the area could not be depended upon to locate the precise route of the ditch. The section of the acequia that was examined proved to be only partially preserved, apparently ...


Archaeological Testing And Preliminary Archival Investigations Of Four Sites (41tv632, 41tv633, 41tv634 And 41tv635) At Waters Park, Travis County, Texas, John W. Clark, Jr. Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing And Preliminary Archival Investigations Of Four Sites (41tv632, 41tv633, 41tv634 And 41tv635) At Waters Park, Travis County, Texas, John W. Clark, Jr.

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Waters Park community and Sites 41TV632 through 635 are located on the left bank of Walnut Creek near its headwaters traversed by the Southern Pacific Railroad, FM 1325, and the Waters Park Road. The sites pertaining to the old Waters Park community lying in the proposed right-of-way of the north extension of Loop 1 (MoPac Boulevard) are those cited above. The sites were identified in 1974 during an independent survey. A large number of other sites are found in or adjacent to the right-of-way. Among these are Site 41TV39, the Rogers Spring Site previously excavated by The University of ...


A Reconnaissance Of A Channel Dam Site And Flood Area On The San Saba River, Menard County, Texas, Joseph H. Labadie Jan 1985

A Reconnaissance Of A Channel Dam Site And Flood Area On The San Saba River, Menard County, Texas, Joseph H. Labadie

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During December 1984, a reconnaissance was carried out along portions of the San Saba River west of Menard, Texas. The purpose of the study was to examine the location where a new channel dam will be constructed, and areas upstream, including Presidio San Sabá (41 MN 1), to determine what cultural resources might be affected by any water level change as a result of dam installation.

The reconnaissance determined that construction of a new concrete dam to replace an earlier earthen dam of similar size will not impact any known cultural resources. The water level is not expected to be ...


An Archaeological Survey Of A Proposed Dredge Spoil Site In Nueces County, Texas, Stephen L. Black, Lynn Highley Jan 1985

An Archaeological Survey Of A Proposed Dredge Spoil Site In Nueces County, Texas, Stephen L. Black, Lynn Highley

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During December 1983, the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, conducted an archaeological survey of a proposed dredge spoil site in Nueces County for the Port of Corpus Christi Authority. One site (41 NU 211) was located. Artifacts included one Early Archaic dart point fragment which suggests that 41 NU 211 may date as earl y as 4000 B.C. Limited testing is recommended to evaluate the site unless project plans are altered.


Archaeological Investigations Of A Shell Midden (41hr39) At De Zavala Point, Harris County, Texas, Anna J. Taylor Jan 1985

Archaeological Investigations Of A Shell Midden (41hr39) At De Zavala Point, Harris County, Texas, Anna J. Taylor

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Archaeological investigations at site 41 HR 39 on De Zavala Point in Channelview, Harris County, Texas, were conducted by personnel from the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio from December 16 through December 22, 1984. The site is recorded as an aboriginal shell midden with a historic component which will be impacted by the proposed disposal of dredged materials under the Department of the Army Permit Application No. 17151, during industrial development of the area. The field investigations were conducted for the Department of the Army, Galveston District, Corps of Engineers, to determine the eligibility ...


10th Street Substation Excavation Of The Acequia Madre (41bx8), San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, I. Waynne Cox Jan 1985

10th Street Substation Excavation Of The Acequia Madre (41bx8), San Antonio, Bexar County, Texas, I. Waynne Cox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The acequias or irrigation systems were an important factor in the early history of San Antonio. One of the earliest of these was the Acequia Madre (41 BX 8) or Mother Ditch. Recently, proposed construction by City Public Service at the 10th Street Substation was expected to encounter the course of the acequia, thus requiring archaeological investigation. Excavation of a section of the acequia with a backhoe and archival research revealed new information about the history of this ancient waterway.


Archaeological Testing And Preliminary Archival Investigations Of The Ruben Hancock Site, 41tv875 Travis County, Texas, John W. Clark, Jr. Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing And Preliminary Archival Investigations Of The Ruben Hancock Site, 41tv875 Travis County, Texas, John W. Clark, Jr.

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Ruben Hancock Site (41TV875) is located at a position on the centerline of the extension of Parmer Lane from FM 1325 (Burnet Road) to FM 620. The site was found during a survey of the right-of-way conducted by the author on the 9th of August, 1984. Other sites were found during the survey but were too ephemeral or too disturbed to warrant further investigation. It was judged at the time of the survey that the Ruben Hancock Site, because of its disturbed condition and the presence of metal and glass artifacts, warranted further investigation. It was suggested that ...


Archaeological Testing Of Site 41bx679 Bexar County, Texas, Wayne C. Young Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing Of Site 41bx679 Bexar County, Texas, Wayne C. Young

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Testing of Site 41BX679 along Farm to Market Highway 2696 in Bexar County, Texas, to determine eligibility for inclusion within the National Register of Historic Places, cultural context, and archaeological significance was undertaken in April 1985. The site is located along a slight rise between Cibolo Creek and Muesebach Creek in northern Bexar County. It has been disturbed by previous construction or cutting of fire lines along Camp Bullis military reservation. Results of testing indicate that 41BX679 contained a minimal prehistoric component of unknown age. An intact hearth was uncovered but associated lithic debitage was almost totally absent. Evidence recovered ...


Archaeological Survey And Testing At Rancho De Las Cabras, 41 Wn 30, Wilson County, Texas, Fifth Season, Anna J. Taylor, Anne A. Fox Jan 1985

Archaeological Survey And Testing At Rancho De Las Cabras, 41 Wn 30, Wilson County, Texas, Fifth Season, Anna J. Taylor, Anne A. Fox

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The fifth season of archaeological investigations at the Rancho de las Cabras (41 WN 30) was conducted in late May and June 1984, by the Center for Archaeological Research, The University of Texas at San Antonio, for the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Austin, Texas. This field season the limits of the midden outside the northwest gate were better defined through shovel testing, and the surficial extent of another midden outside the east compound wall was mapped. Stratigraphic excavations inside and outside of Room 3 revealed a series of floors and outdoor activity surfaces and associated architectural features. To obtain ...


Archaeological Survey And Testing: Castroville's County Village, Unit One, Medina County, Texas, Ralph Snavely Jan 1985

Archaeological Survey And Testing: Castroville's County Village, Unit One, Medina County, Texas, Ralph Snavely

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

During October 24-26, 1984, the Center for Archaeological Research (CAR), The University of Texas at San Antonio (UTSA), conducted a survey of approximately 30 acres of a housing development site on the northeast edge of Castroville in Medina County, Texas. The survey was required as part of Veterans Administration grant application. One area within the development zone was found to have a light surface scatter of cultural materials. This lithic scatter was recorded and assigned a permanent state site designation (41 ME 31). Shovel tests throughout the site area failed to produce any subsurface cultural material, and we recommend that ...


Archaeological Testing Of Resources Within The Shafter Historic Mining District Us Highway 67, Presidio County, Texas, John W. Clark, Jr. Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing Of Resources Within The Shafter Historic Mining District Us Highway 67, Presidio County, Texas, John W. Clark, Jr.

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Improvements to US 67 in Shafter, Presidio County, Texas, will affect three cultural areas within existing or proposed right-of-way. These areas include (1) a small early twentieth century dump designated Site 41PS344, (2) Site 41PS109 which comprises two small associated historic structures, and (3) a relatively recent concrete slab. Site 41PS344 lies to the southwest and outside of the Shafter Historic Mining District, while Site 41PS109 and the concrete slab are located within the boundaries of the Historic District. Testing operations to determine the eligibility of these sites on an individual basis for inclusion within the National Register of Historic ...


Research Design For Mitigation Of Archaeological Resources Archaeological Site 41ps109 Shafter Historic Mining District Presidio County, Texas, John W. Clark, Jr. Jan 1985

Research Design For Mitigation Of Archaeological Resources Archaeological Site 41ps109 Shafter Historic Mining District Presidio County, Texas, John W. Clark, Jr.

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

The Shafter Historic Mining District is located along the floor and flanks of the low canyon of Cibolo Creek adjacent to and crossed by US 67, approximately 20 miles north of Presidio County, Texas (Fig 1) From the US 67 bridge, the creek flows to the southeast to a vertical cut made by the creek in the mountain massif. From there it flows due west to another steep rock bank and turns south.

Southwest of the US 67 bridge are two adobe structures and a group of ruins associated with the National Guard camp established in 1916 to protect the ...


Research Design Archaeological Site 41ke93 Kendall County, Texas, Wayne C. Young Jan 1985

Research Design Archaeological Site 41ke93 Kendall County, Texas, Wayne C. Young

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Very little information is available regarding Site 41KE93. The site is located adjacent to FM 474, approximately 8.7 miles northeast of Boerne, in Kendall County, Texas. It is situated on a small finger of land some 100 meters south of the Guadalupe River at Ammans Crossing and is bordered to the west by Sebinas Creek. Two hearths and a scatter of lithic debris were observed on the surface at the time the site was recorded, but no temporal or cultural indicators have, as yet, been found. From surface indications within the project right-of-way, the portion of the site available ...


Archaeological Testing Of Site 41wm443 Williamson County, Texas, Wayne C. Young Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing Of Site 41wm443 Williamson County, Texas, Wayne C. Young

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Testing of Site 41WM433 along FM 1431 in Williamson County, Texas, to determine eligibility for inclusion within the National Register of Historic Places and to determine site depth, cultural context, and archaeological significance was undertaken in April 1985. The site is located along a ridge line containing an outcrop of good quality Georgetown flint. Almost all the area within the right-of-way consisted of exposed bedrock ledges. One small incipient burned rock midden was present within the right-of-way. The midden measured 5meters in diameter, but about half of it had been destroyed by relic hunters. Results of the survey and ...


Archaeological Testing Of Site 41cc233 Concho County, Texas, Wayne C. Young Jan 1985

Archaeological Testing Of Site 41cc233 Concho County, Texas, Wayne C. Young

Index of Texas Archaeology: Open Access Gray Literature from the Lone Star State

Prehistoric archaeological Site 41CC233 consists of a burned rock midden and a light lithic scatter outside the right-of-way of US 87 in Concho County, Texas. Testing within the right-of-way was undertaken to determine if the site did extend into the right-of-way area, to determine eligibility for inclusion within the National Register of Historic Places, and to determine site depth and archaeological significance. Recovered evidence suggests that the site minimally extends into the right-of-way and that at least one feature was within the right-of-way. Additional investigations are not warranted due to low recovery rates and construction plans which will effectively cover ...