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What Can The United States Learn From Spain's Pork Sector? Implications From A Comparative Economic Analysis, Sergio H. Lence Sep 2005

What Can The United States Learn From Spain's Pork Sector? Implications From A Comparative Economic Analysis, Sergio H. Lence

MATRIC Research Papers

This study provides a comparative economic analysis of the primary production of pork and its marketing channel in Spain and the United States. The focus on Spain is due to the profound growth and transformation of its pork sector over the last 20 years, compared with other major players in the world market for pig meat. The analysis reveals a number of similar characteristics but also important differences between the two countries. The significant expansion of Spain's pork production sector stemmed from a number of factors that apply, to a relatively large extent, to some U.S. states (in ...


Case Study Of China's Commercial Pork Value Chain, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Dinghuan Hu, Cheng Fang Aug 2005

Case Study Of China's Commercial Pork Value Chain, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Dinghuan Hu, Cheng Fang

MATRIC Research Papers

In China, with the cost of improved technology rising, surplus labor shrinking, and demand for food quality and safety increasing, it will be just a matter of time before the country's hog production sector will be commercialized like that of developed countries. However, even if China's cost of production converges to international levels, as shown in this case study, China may continue to retain some competitive advantage because of the labor-intensive nature of the marketing services involved in hog processing and meat distribution.

The supply of variety meats offers the most promising market opportunity for foreign suppliers in ...


Radio Frequency Identification Tagging As A Mechanism Of Creating A Viable Producer's Brand In The Cattle Industry, Brian E. Mennecke, Anthony M. Townsend May 2005

Radio Frequency Identification Tagging As A Mechanism Of Creating A Viable Producer's Brand In The Cattle Industry, Brian E. Mennecke, Anthony M. Townsend

MATRIC Research Papers

This manuscript reports on a project to examine the feasibility of extensive radio frequency identification (RFID) tagging to determine product provenance in the meat production industry. The investigators examined existing technologies and meat production processes as well as emerging technologies in RFID tagging to assess the potential of RFID technologies for provenance assurance. While RFID technologies hold tremendous promise for traceability, the current state of the technology and production process creates challenges for effectively creating full traceability. However, RFID holds tremendous potential for improving processing throughput, which will help make RFID-based traceability more attractive for adoption by meat processors.


The Impact Of Ownership Structure On The Performance Of China's Feed Mill Sector, Jacinto F. Fabiosa Apr 2005

The Impact Of Ownership Structure On The Performance Of China's Feed Mill Sector, Jacinto F. Fabiosa

MATRIC Research Papers

In the decade of the 1990s, China's feed sector became increasingly privatized, more feed mills opened, and the scale of operation expanded. Capacity utilization remained low and multi-ministerial supervision was still prevalent, but the feed mill sector showed a positive performance overall, posting a growth rate of 11 percent per year. Profit margin over sales was within allowable rates set by the government of China at 3 to 5 percent. Financial efficiency improved, with a 20 percent quicker turnover of working capital. Average technical efficiency was 0.805, as more efficient feed mills increasingly gained production shares. This study ...


Emerging Issues For Geographical Indication Branding Strategies, Sanjeev Agarwal, Michael J. Barone Jan 2005

Emerging Issues For Geographical Indication Branding Strategies, Sanjeev Agarwal, Michael J. Barone

MATRIC Research Papers

Branding strategies centering on the geographical origins of a product can provide a basis for differentiating commodity products. The use of such "geographical indications" (or GIs) can involve unique quality characteristics associated with a particular location or quality images that are based on the history, tradition, and folklore in a region. In this paper we describe the benefits and pitfalls (such as the threat of new entrants, oversupply, the broadening of boundaries to include more producers, and limiting generic use of such names) of using GI branding strategies. We also focus on trademark issues germane to a company's ability ...


Lessons Learned From The Canadian Cattle Industry: National Animal Identification And The Mad Cow, John D. Lawrence, Daryl R. Strohbehn, Daniel D. Loy, Reginald J. Clause Oct 2003

Lessons Learned From The Canadian Cattle Industry: National Animal Identification And The Mad Cow, John D. Lawrence, Daryl R. Strohbehn, Daniel D. Loy, Reginald J. Clause

MATRIC Research Papers

Canada implemented a national cattle identification system, led and developed by the industry. Initially a voluntary program beginning in July 2001, it became mandatory in July 2002 and achieved 92-95 percent compliance by that fall. The costs to develop and initiate the system were low; animals are tagged before leaving the farm of origin and the tags are read when the animal dies or is exported. The national identification system did not protect Canadian cattle from a sole case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or Mad Cow Disease, found in the spring of 2003, but it did help speed and ...


Assessing The Feasibility Of Processing And Marketing Niche Soy Oil, Sergio H. Lence, Sanjeev Agarwal Aug 2003

Assessing The Feasibility Of Processing And Marketing Niche Soy Oil, Sergio H. Lence, Sanjeev Agarwal

MATRIC Research Papers

Demand in the marketplace for foods with "natural" attributes, such as organic produce, continues to grow. Similarly, interest has developed in creating a technology that allows "physical" rather than chemical refinement of soybean oil to create a "natural" soy oil product. The physical refinement of non-genetically modified (non-GM) soybeans greatly strengthens the marketing claim to natural properties for that product. The oil derived in this manner, designated here as "niche soy oil," and its related inputs (non-GM soybeans) and by-products (high-energy non-GM soy meal) are the objects of our analysis. We find premiums of $0.03 to $0.43 per ...


Emerging Forms Of Competitive Advantage: Implications For Agricultural Producers, Michael J. Barone, Thomas E. Decarlo Mar 2003

Emerging Forms Of Competitive Advantage: Implications For Agricultural Producers, Michael J. Barone, Thomas E. Decarlo

MATRIC Research Papers

Traditional recommendations for building sustainable competitive advantages revolve around differentiating a product from the competition along attributes that are important and relevant to customers. However, strategic approaches based on such notions do not represent viable options for companies competing in commodity markets characterized by a lack of physical product differentiation. The objective of this paper is to conduct a literature review with the aim of identifying alternative approaches to creating competitive advantage that can be used even under conditions in which no differences in actual quality exist across products. This review of the literature uncovered three non-traditional strategies that provide ...


Does The U.S. Midwest Have A Cost Advantage Over China In Producing Corn, Soybeans, And Hogs?, Cheng Fang, Jacinto F. Fabiosa Aug 2002

Does The U.S. Midwest Have A Cost Advantage Over China In Producing Corn, Soybeans, And Hogs?, Cheng Fang, Jacinto F. Fabiosa

MATRIC Research Papers

China's accession to the World Trade Organization, a significant event for U.S. agricultural trade, has been viewed as benefitting U.S. farmers, especially midwestern farmers. This research compares the productivity and cost of production (COP) of China and the United States in producing corn, soybeans, and hogs. The results show that the U.S. Midwest (defined in this study as the Heartland region as classified by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service) has a substantial advantage in land and labor productivities in producing corn and soybeans, especially compared to China's South and West ...


A Comparative Marketing Analysis Of Major Agricultural Products In The United States And Argentina, Sergio H. Lence Aug 2000

A Comparative Marketing Analysis Of Major Agricultural Products In The United States And Argentina, Sergio H. Lence

MATRIC Research Papers

The second in a series of three papers focusing on Argentina, this paper analyzes issues pertinent to the relative advantages and disadvantages between the United States and Argentina for producing, transporting, processing, and marketing major agricultural commodities in the context of distribution to significant global markets. Designed as a tool for agribusiness students and prospective investment and trade partners, it provides a side-by-side analysis of major U.S. and Argentine agricultural commodities. All facts and figures are in U.S. currency and common U.S. (avoirdupois) weights and measures. Also, from a comparative perspective, it defines the differences in technologies ...


The Economic, Financial, And Political Environment In Argentina, Sanjeev Agarwal Aug 2000

The Economic, Financial, And Political Environment In Argentina, Sanjeev Agarwal

MATRIC Research Papers

The first in a series of three papers focusing on Argentina, this paper analyzes issues pertinent to the relative advantages and disadvantages between the United States and Argentina for producing, transporting, processing, and marketing major agricultural commodities in the context of distribution to significant global markets. Designed as a tool for agribusiness students and prospective investment and trade partners, it outlines Argentina's economic, financial, and political history. The paper focuses on the past 15 years, with emphasis on the trade-related economic and political reforms in the presidencies of Carlos Menem and Fernando de la RĂșa. Appendices give background on ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Agricultural Transportation And Logistics Systems In The United States And Argentina, Thomas J. Goldsby Aug 2000

A Comparative Analysis Of Agricultural Transportation And Logistics Systems In The United States And Argentina, Thomas J. Goldsby

MATRIC Research Papers

The third in a series of three papers focusing on Argentina, this paper analyzes issues pertinent to the relative advantages and disadvantages of transportation and logistics systems between the United States and Argentina in the context of distribution to significant global markets. Designed as a tool for agribusiness students and prospective investment and trade partners, it provides a side-by-side analysis of U.S. and Argentine rail, motor, and water transportation systems. Also, from a comparative perspective, it examines grain storage capacities and systems.