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Enhancing The Parliament Capacity To Hold Government Accountable In Kurdistan Region, Zardasht Khalid Mohammed Jul 2015

Enhancing The Parliament Capacity To Hold Government Accountable In Kurdistan Region, Zardasht Khalid Mohammed

Theses and Dissertations

The current structures and draft structures grant the party leaders and the Executive undue power over the Parliament in two ways. First, by virtue of constitutional design, the Executive and the party leader’s hegemony reduce the Parliament’s capacity to act as a check on the Executive. Second, there are contextual factors correlated with political will in using available accountability mechanisms which locate beyond the design factors and they have nexus with effectiveness of the Parliament. In the other words, the contextual factor such as electoral system, party discipline, and party formations impact on the will of the parliament ...


The Visible Effects Of An Invisible Constitution: The Contested State Of Transdniestria's Search For Recognition Through International Negotiations, Nadejda Mazur Jul 2014

The Visible Effects Of An Invisible Constitution: The Contested State Of Transdniestria's Search For Recognition Through International Negotiations, Nadejda Mazur

Theses and Dissertations

Most scholars agree that modern states share several defining characteristics: a population, territory, government, and the capacity to enter into international relations. More recently, this list has expanded to include the criteria of democracy, the rule of law, and the protection of human rights. These traditional and contemporary criteria for statehood are likewise essential for settling the status of de facto states, entities that seek international recognition yet are rebuffed by the world community.

By examining the criteria for international recognition from the perspective of constitutional law, this dissertation reveals the existing but overlooked relationship between the recognition process and ...