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The Guinea-Bissau Constitutional Reform Debate, Watson Aila Gomes Jun 2020

The Guinea-Bissau Constitutional Reform Debate, Watson Aila Gomes

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The enactment of law is not to be confused with the rule of law, and simply having a constitution does not guarantee political order. In Guinea-Bissau there have been calls to write a new constitution, but whether that helps Guinea-Bissau become a more stable country is questionable. Currently, there is a gap in the research of social science, history and political science examining how the processes of instability have unfolded in Guinea-Bissau. Few studies attempt to examine the correlation between a country’s stability and its constitution. A paradoxical situation exists in many countries in Africa where the political system ...


Ascriptive Nationalism, Demagoguery, And The Modern Presidency: A Case Study In Constitutional Decay, Christopher J. Putney Jun 2020

Ascriptive Nationalism, Demagoguery, And The Modern Presidency: A Case Study In Constitutional Decay, Christopher J. Putney

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This study is an account of the modern presidency as a source––and under Donald Trump, an accelerant––of systemic problems in American politics. Against the prevailing scholarly view of the Trump presidency as an unqualified aberration, I argue that the signal features of his efforts at governance are actually the product of converging patterns of political and institutional order. Building on seminal (but previously disjointed) work on ascriptive Americanism and the rhetorical presidency, I show that Trump represents the political synthesis of America’s ascriptive tradition and a form of presidential leadership inaugurated more than a century ago by ...


Masterpiece's Equal Treatment Of The Religious And Expressive Freedoms Under The First Amendment, Hwi Won Kim May 2020

Masterpiece's Equal Treatment Of The Religious And Expressive Freedoms Under The First Amendment, Hwi Won Kim

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis aims at examining the validity of free speech claims for religious exemptions on the one hand and reviewing the Masterpiece Court's holdings on the current complex entanglement of religious exemption theories, on the other hand; and finally, it also provides a possible suggestion for co-existing between two constitutional values without an all-or-nothing solution.

As to the free speech argument, the Court would likely decide that a compelled speech argument should succeed if, and only if, the vendor’s good or service is expressive under the Free Speech Clause. For a baker, the Court would protect making a ...


Analyses Of Prosecutorial Power And Discretion In Mississippi: Evaluating Proposals To Address Misconduct And Abuse, Lucy Pruitt Apr 2020

Analyses Of Prosecutorial Power And Discretion In Mississippi: Evaluating Proposals To Address Misconduct And Abuse, Lucy Pruitt

Honors Theses

This thesis seeks to create a policy proposal in order to address incidences of prosecutorial misconduct and abuse of discretion in the Mississippi criminal justice system. To do so, the author has summarized and analyzed seven criminal cases in which defendants have become victims of prosecutorial misconduct in order to shed light on the lack of prosecutorial accountability in the state’s criminal justice system. In an attempt to solve the problem, the author has developed a novel grading rubric in order to objectively and systematically analyze and evaluate previously proposed policy recommendations by legal experts and justice organizations. The ...


Growing Old And Getting Sick Are Dangerous In Prison: A Moral And Legal Argument For “Justice, Not Vengeance”, Jillian Sauer Apr 2020

Growing Old And Getting Sick Are Dangerous In Prison: A Moral And Legal Argument For “Justice, Not Vengeance”, Jillian Sauer

Undergraduate Theses

In 2017 the Kentucky DOC reported that Kentucky prisons housed 2,521 persons categorized as “elderly”. Even though individuals in this population are more susceptible to violence and risk developing age-related illnesses the care of these individuals is not a financial priority for those in power. These individuals occupy a unique position as a marginalized group within a marginalized group, and one which is growing rapidly. As a result, it is necessary to develop a response drawing from Catholic social teaching and criminal justice ethics which addresses the unique problems faced by this population. At the core of this response ...


The Permanent Liminality Of Pakistan's Northern Areas- The Case Of Gilgit-Baltistan, Hamna Tariq Apr 2020

The Permanent Liminality Of Pakistan's Northern Areas- The Case Of Gilgit-Baltistan, Hamna Tariq

Senior Theses and Projects

Since Pakistan’s inception, Gilgit-Baltistan, a sprawling region in Northern Pakistan, has not been granted provincial status due to its colonial association with the disputed region of Kashmir. Gilgit-Baltistan refutes its forceful integration with Kashmir, an unfortunate remnant of British divide-and-rule strategy, and demands provincial recognition and constitutional rights. Pakistan unfairly claims that it awaits the UN-sanctioned plebiscite in Kashmir to determine the region’s status. However, the likelihood of a plebiscite is little to none, since the Indian government officially annexed Indian-held Kashmir in August 2019, breaching the UN resolution on the plebiscite. A region that has been at ...


@Usa Vs. @Realdonaldtrump: The Decline Of Democracy In 280 Characters Or Less, Bryn Edwards Jan 2020

@Usa Vs. @Realdonaldtrump: The Decline Of Democracy In 280 Characters Or Less, Bryn Edwards

CMC Senior Theses

From threats, to hate speech, to potential criminal statements, Donald Trump has made use of Twitter like no president or world leader before him. His presidency and communication strategy have been defined by his “tweetstorms” and a consequent slew of legal issues. The prolific rate of his tweeting has made large-scale analyses difficult as they quickly become dated.

Nevertheless, this thesis has aimed for a more holistic analysis by uniquely linking trends in his tweeting to its perceived social consequences, situating this work in a long line of analyses of presidential rhetoric and media strategies. Moreover, it assesses Trump’s ...


The Road To Human Emancipation - The Moral And Political Foundations Of Markets, William Shi Jan 2020

The Road To Human Emancipation - The Moral And Political Foundations Of Markets, William Shi

CMC Senior Theses

The thesis aims to provide both a real public ideology and the legal and socioeconomic structures to realize Karl Marx’s ideal of human emancipation. Marx argues that in capitalist society, the legal and political superstructure forces the ruling class to represent its interest as the public interest, which legitimizes the massive inequality in resources and social power. To demonstrate how to realize the substantive public interest, the two parts of the thesis have two goals. The first part aims to formulate a rightful candidate to the public ideology of human emancipation, which represents the substantive public interest rather than ...


Legal Interpretation, Mykaila Ashlynn Berry Jan 2020

Legal Interpretation, Mykaila Ashlynn Berry

Undergraduate Theses, Professional Papers, and Capstone Artifacts

The purpose of this project is to provide a fresh and in-depth analysis of legal jurisprudence through the use of two of the most important legal theorists of our time, H. L. A. Hart and Ronald Dworkin. This project focuses on how Dworkin’s position in his famous paper “Hard Cases”, helps us understand an important Supreme Court case, Cohen v. California. Cohen will be the main focus of my project. The project will discuss the case and the possible ways of deciding the case. Then the project explains both Dworkin’s and Hart’s positions. Finally, the project will ...


“It’S The Procedure, Stupid!”: Amendment Procedures And Their Effects On Constitutional Stability, Joseph Noss Jan 2020

“It’S The Procedure, Stupid!”: Amendment Procedures And Their Effects On Constitutional Stability, Joseph Noss

CMC Senior Theses

Constitutions must change. No human can stop time from marching forward, nor the social, economic, cultural, and technological developments associated. As a result, constitutions necessitate mechanisms that allow for their own progress. The amendment procedure of a constitution—the rules that govern what changes can occur—is therefore fundamental to any constitutional system. Importantly, scholars, politicians, and citizens alike fail to take into account the significance of these amendment processes and their effects on the constitutions they govern. While usually treated as a constitutional after-thought, amendment procedures have one of the most pronounced, substantive effects on the permanence of a ...


The Relevance Of The Constitution In Today's Society, Matthew Reiber Aug 2019

The Relevance Of The Constitution In Today's Society, Matthew Reiber

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

How relevant is the Constitution in today’s society? This is the document that guides the three branches of government in day to day operation, demonstrating that what the Constitution means to the people of the United States is essential in gauging how relevant people think our government is. In this experiment, I surveyed 348 different college students on Boise State campus with a list of different questions to first find out their general knowledge of our Constitution, then their opinion of it. Students were randomly assigned to receive a text about a Supreme Court case that involves interpreting the ...


Public Financing Of Elections In The States, Nicholas Meixsell Jun 2019

Public Financing Of Elections In The States, Nicholas Meixsell

Honors Theses

In the US, there is a history of the courts striking down campaign finance reform measures as unconstitutional. As such, there are few avenues remaining for someone who is interested in 'clean government' reforms. One such avenue is publicly financed elections, where the state actually provides funding for campaigns. These systems can be quite varied in the restrictions and contingencies they attach to the money, and for examples one has to look no further than the states There are many states that have some form of public financing for elections, and by looking at the different states' systems we are ...


“Realizing Democracy”: A Study Of The Regional And National Social, Political, And Economic Factors Driving Suffrage Development In The Age Of The Common Man, 1820-1850, Matthew Prosper Jun 2019

“Realizing Democracy”: A Study Of The Regional And National Social, Political, And Economic Factors Driving Suffrage Development In The Age Of The Common Man, 1820-1850, Matthew Prosper

Honors Theses

The Age of the Common Man was a period of American political history lasting from 1820 to 1850 characterized by the implementation of universal white manhood suffrage by every state through removing property and tax qualifications from state constitutional suffrage laws, as well as the “common man” entering the center of much political discourse. These conventions were demanded by the political, social, economic, and in some cases physical climates and conditions of each state. To look at these factors, this thesis divides the nation into three regions, two of which are examined: the Northeast, the Northwest, and the South (the ...


Supreme Court Opinion Authorship Attribution On A Case-By-Case Basis, Blake Phillips May 2019

Supreme Court Opinion Authorship Attribution On A Case-By-Case Basis, Blake Phillips

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis analyzes the authorship of Supreme Court opinions and the theory that Justices on that Court might be delegating portions, if not the majority, of opinion authorship to their clerks. I test the theories that as Justices age they are more likely to delegate, and that delegation has increased across all justices over the past several decades of the Court’s history. I employ a content analysis method known as stylometry to assign authorship attributions on a case by case basis and use those attributions to inform larger trends regarding authorship. I ultimately find that there is little evidence ...


Desegregating Schooling In Hartford, Connecticut: The 1996 Sheff V. O’Neill Court Case And Two Decades Of Integration Policy, Adam Bloom Apr 2019

Desegregating Schooling In Hartford, Connecticut: The 1996 Sheff V. O’Neill Court Case And Two Decades Of Integration Policy, Adam Bloom

Senior Theses and Projects

No abstract provided.


Complex Relationships: Public Policy And Law Solutions To Rebalance The Confrontation Clause, Evidence-Based Intimate-Partner Violence Prosecution, And Public And Private Violence After The Resurrection Of Roberts, Kira Eidson Apr 2019

Complex Relationships: Public Policy And Law Solutions To Rebalance The Confrontation Clause, Evidence-Based Intimate-Partner Violence Prosecution, And Public And Private Violence After The Resurrection Of Roberts, Kira Eidson

Senior Theses and Projects

Following the Supreme Court’s 2004 decision in Crawford v. Washington, tensions between the Sixth Amendment Confrontation Clause and evidence-based prosecution of intimate-partner violence increased. In consequence, the Court forged a path of Constitutional jurisprudence which has weakened the power of the Confrontation Clause, reverted to a disguised reliability test reminiscent of Ohio v. Roberts, and diminished the rights of the accused. Simultaneously, these rulings have created a hierarchy where the severity of private, domestic violence is regarded as a lower level of emergency than public violence. Consequently, the Supreme Court’s primary purpose test for testimonial statements should be ...


"Full Of Internal Contradictions": A Neutral Case For The Invalidation Of The Death Penalty, Carson A. Whitehurst Apr 2019

"Full Of Internal Contradictions": A Neutral Case For The Invalidation Of The Death Penalty, Carson A. Whitehurst

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A neutral evaluation of the modern death penalty, a fundamentally flawed institution, necessitates its invalidation. I analyze 428 death sentences and their appellate outcomes from Virginia, Texas, California, Pennsylvania, Colorado, and Wyoming, states which represent the gamut of capital punishment regimes in the United States. Employing a legal framework derived from the work of Justice Antonin Scalia—a lifelong and staunch supporter of the death penalty—I argue that the harmonious-reading canon and irreconcilability canons offer a neutral means for ending the American death penalty, and one which would be appropriate given the politicization of what is an irreversible punishment.


A Life Sentence: An Evaluation Of Voter Disenfranchisement Through A Constitutional Lens, Miranda Noel Janssen Jan 2019

A Life Sentence: An Evaluation Of Voter Disenfranchisement Through A Constitutional Lens, Miranda Noel Janssen

Departmental Honors Projects

As the number of incarcerated pupils has increased in the United States, so has the number of pupils who cannot vote, due to a felony conviction. This paper is organized, (i) the history of felon voter disenfranchisement, (ii) statistics on state and federal levels, (iii) the collateral consequences of felon voter disenfranchisement, (iv) different perspectives about felon voter disenfranchisement, (v) understanding suspect classification and voting as a fundamental right, (vi) understanding strict scrutiny, (vii) examining past court rulings, (viii) identifying why the United States needs to change its current laws on felon voter disenfranchisement, an (ix) the proposal of a ...


The Slaughterhouse Cases: “Unforeseen” Consequences And Public Reaction, Gavin Jensen Jan 2019

The Slaughterhouse Cases: “Unforeseen” Consequences And Public Reaction, Gavin Jensen

Departmental Honors Projects

This Project focuses on the Slaughterhouse Cases, the ramifications of the Supreme Court decision, and the reaction to the decision from the public. The Slaughterhouse Cases were a series of cases originating in New Orleans around the year 1869. The white, French butchers inside the city of New Orleans had been creating a sanitary and health issue for the city for decades. The lack of ways to dispose of offal and inedible product mixed with general apathy from the butchers as to how their practices were impacting the city led to widespread cholera epidemics.

To solve this issue the newly ...


The Effect Of State-Level Constitutional Debt Limitations On The Costs Of Capital, Micah Johnson Jan 2019

The Effect Of State-Level Constitutional Debt Limitations On The Costs Of Capital, Micah Johnson

MPA/MPP Capstone Projects

Forty-five states have adopted some form of constitutional limitation on their own legislature’s ability to issue debt and raise capital. Eleven states have more than one such limitation. It seems intuitive to assume that constitutional strictures on a state’s ability to manage its fiscal policy would affect that state’s standing in the market, and it seems equally safe to assume that different combinations of the various forms of debt limitation would lead to varying effects in the market from state to state. However, the specific effects arising from the various constitutional provisions have proven to be difficult ...


Innovación Social En Colombia “Caso De Emprendimiento” Fundación Acción Interna, Lina María Muñoz Luengas, Heidi Lorena Medina Franco Jan 2019

Innovación Social En Colombia “Caso De Emprendimiento” Fundación Acción Interna, Lina María Muñoz Luengas, Heidi Lorena Medina Franco

Administración de Empresas

El presente artículo de investigación es de índole cualitativo y tiene como objetivo desde la perspectiva de la innovación social analizar las variables de innovación proactiva, reactiva y el tipo de emprendedor. Este artículo propone la necesidad de relacionar la revisión de literatura conceptual, con el fin de entender la relación entre innovación social y emprendimiento femenino, se busca profundizar en conceptos como lo son Innovación Social Vs Emprendimiento Social, Emprendimientos Femeninos en Colombia y Estado actual de las cárceles en Colombia. Donde se da a conocer el caso de “Fundación Acción Interna”, esta busca la inclusión, reconciliación y resocialización ...


Seguridad Alimentaria En Colombia: Una Propuesta Para La Sostenibilidad De La Política De Seguridad Alimentaria Y Nutricional (Psan), Paola Andrea Méndez Cotrino Jan 2019

Seguridad Alimentaria En Colombia: Una Propuesta Para La Sostenibilidad De La Política De Seguridad Alimentaria Y Nutricional (Psan), Paola Andrea Méndez Cotrino

Maestría en Estudios y Gestión del Desarrollo – MEGD

Colombia ha trabajado en la construcción de políticas alimentarias que respondan a una definición holística de la Seguridad Alimentaria y de sus componentes. Aunque la vigente Política de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional (PSAN) es ambiciosa, la inseguridad alimentaria persiste, las enfermedades asociadas a la alimentación son comunes entre la población colombiana y el sistema alimentario tiene problemas estructurales que impiden su óptimo funcionamiento. De forma paralela, el Desarrollo Sostenible se ha configurado como una apuesta de gobernanza del desarrollo a escala global, a través de un modelo en el que convergen actores e intereses de diversa naturaleza. Teniendo cuenta estos ...


An Analysis And Critique Of Mental Health Treatment In American State Prisons And Proposal For Improved Care, Shelby Hayne Jan 2019

An Analysis And Critique Of Mental Health Treatment In American State Prisons And Proposal For Improved Care, Shelby Hayne

Scripps Senior Theses

Mental health treatment in state prisons is revealed to be highly variable, under-funded, and systematically inadequate. Existing literature exposes this injustice but fails to provide a comprehensive proposal for reform. This paper attempts to fill that gap, outlining a cost-effective, evidence-based treatment proposal, directly addressing the deficits in care revealed through analysis of our current system. In addition, this paper provides historical overviews of the prison system and mental health treatment, utilizing theoretical perspectives to contextualize this proposal in the present state of affairs. Lastly, the evidence is provided to emphasize the potential economic and social benefits of improving mental ...


Essays On Institutions And Development, Andrew Jonelis Jan 2019

Essays On Institutions And Development, Andrew Jonelis

Theses and Dissertations--Economics

The essays in this dissertation examine how political institutions affect economic development. In the first essay, I examine how executive control of the legislature shapes the time horizon of governing politicians and its effect on economic growth. The second essay examines how border changes over the past two centuries have provided different areas within modern countries with different institutional histories and how this affects the geographic concentration of economic activity. For the final essay, I examine whether elections have an effect on macroeconomic volatility when controlling for the democratic nature of the regime.


Pobreza Multidimensional En El Pacífico Colombiano 2010 - 2016, Lizeth Dayana Manzano Murillo, Laura Antonia Maturana Cifuentes Jan 2019

Pobreza Multidimensional En El Pacífico Colombiano 2010 - 2016, Lizeth Dayana Manzano Murillo, Laura Antonia Maturana Cifuentes

Economía

La pobreza es un fenómeno presente en muchos países de mundo, y un problema prioritario en las políticas de desarrollo económico y social, por lo que se hace pertinente estudiarla de manera rigurosa, analizando sus determinantes, y sus vínculos con los diferentes factores socioeconómicos de la población. Como bien se sabe, el Pacífico Colombiano es la región más pobre del país; cuenta con el menor ingreso per cápita, y elevadas tasas de pobreza monetaria y multidimensional. El objetivo de esta monografía de grado es analizar la pobreza en el Pacífico Colombiano, considerando la aproximación multidimensional, implementando de manera detallada la ...


Las “Celdas Primarias” Área Indómita Del Estado, Fernando Castaño Uribe Jan 2019

Las “Celdas Primarias” Área Indómita Del Estado, Fernando Castaño Uribe

Maestría en Política y Relaciones Internacionales

Los ciudadanos que cometen un delito sexual, y son recluidos transitoriamente en las “celdas primarias” de la Cárcel Nacional Modelo de Bogotá son sometidos a violencia psíquica y física por internos de otros delitos, y con pleno conocimiento de funcionarios del Estado. Esto demuestra una carencia de recursos para salvaguardar la seguridad y protección de esta población. En consecuencia, las condiciones de reclusión vulnerarían las garantías constitucionales1 y los Derechos Humanos2a dichos internos. El presente trabajo se aproxima a la realidad que padece el penado sexual durante la detención transitoria en las celdas primarias de la Cárcel Nacional Modelo de ...


There Is No Such Thing As Freedom Of Religion: How Constitutional Law Complicates The Divide Between Church And State, Annah Mae Heckman Jan 2019

There Is No Such Thing As Freedom Of Religion: How Constitutional Law Complicates The Divide Between Church And State, Annah Mae Heckman

Senior Projects Spring 2019

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College.


What's Going Wrong In Nevada? A Comparative Analysis Of California And Nevada Gun Control Laws As They Relate To Gun Violence, Danielle Chami Jan 2019

What's Going Wrong In Nevada? A Comparative Analysis Of California And Nevada Gun Control Laws As They Relate To Gun Violence, Danielle Chami

CMC Senior Theses

The recent mass shooting on October 1, 2017 in Las Vegas, Nevada has been marked in history as the worst mass shooting in the United States to this point. The details of the shooting beg the question, is it coincidence that it happened in Nevada, a state with some of the least restrictive gun control laws? Mass shootings have become an unfortunate part of reality in the United States, but these are fairly uncommon occurrences. While they are horrific and deserve attention, daily gun violence cannot be forgotten. In the face of such a multitude of gun violence, what can ...


El Papel De Transparencia Por Colombia En La Lucha Contra La Corrupción, Luisa Fernanda Sánchez González, Liliana Marcela Sastoque Martínez Dec 2018

El Papel De Transparencia Por Colombia En La Lucha Contra La Corrupción, Luisa Fernanda Sánchez González, Liliana Marcela Sastoque Martínez

Contaduría Pública

Transparencia por Colombia en sus dos décadas de existencia ha realizado aportes significativos para la lucha contra la corrupción, si bien es difícil establecer la cuantía de los actos de corrupción, podemos resaltar que el papel de esta ONG ha permitido que exista mejor y mayor acceso a la información por parte de la ciudadanía y esto se evidencia en el aumento de denuncias y en rechazos a través de las redes sociales y otros medios de comunicación a los actos de corrupción .En el presente artículo se describen algunos de los programas que esta entidad ha venido desarrollando en ...


A Study Of Six Nations Public Library: Rights And Access To Information, Alison Frayne Nov 2018

A Study Of Six Nations Public Library: Rights And Access To Information, Alison Frayne

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Contemporary Indigenous public libraries play a critical role in providing access to information in Indigenous communities. My research focuses on the relationship between rights and access to information for individuals and communities within the context of Indigenous public libraries. I use a qualitative case study methodology of the Six Nations Public Library (SNPL) in Ohsweken, Ontario, Canada. Interviews were conducted with SNPL patrons and library management and with off-reserve participants from government and library associations.

I analyse four themes, library governance, rights, library value and access to information, which are outcomes of the SNPL case study findings. This analysis reveals ...