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The 1905 Einstein Equation In A General Mathematical Analysis Model Of Quasars, Byron E. Bell 2009 DePaul University and Columbia College Chicago

The 1905 Einstein Equation In A General Mathematical Analysis Model Of Quasars, Byron E. Bell

Byron E. Bell

No abstract provided.


Joint Feature Selection And Classification For Taxonomic Problems Within Fish Species Complexes, Yixin Chen, Shuqing Huang, Huimin Chen, Henry L. Bart 2009 University of Mississippi

Joint Feature Selection And Classification For Taxonomic Problems Within Fish Species Complexes, Yixin Chen, Shuqing Huang, Huimin Chen, Henry L. Bart

Huimin Chen

It is estimated that 90% of the world’s species are yet to be discovered and described. The main reason for the slow pace of new species description is that the science of taxonomy can be very laborious. To formally describe a new species, taxonomists have to manually gather and analyze data from large numbers of specimens and identify the smallest subset of external body characters that uniquely diagnose the new species as distinct from all its known relatives. In this paper, we present an automated feature selection and classification scheme using logistic regression with controlled false discovery rate to address …


Using Description Logics For The Provision Of Context-Driven Content Adaptation Services, Stephen J.H. Yang, Jia Zhang, Jeff J.S. Huang, Jeffrey J.P. Tsai 2009 Carnegie Mellon University, Silicon Valley

Using Description Logics For The Provision Of Context-Driven Content Adaptation Services, Stephen J.H. Yang, Jia Zhang, Jeff J.S. Huang, Jeffrey J.P. Tsai

Jia Zhang

No abstract provided.


Valency Dependence Of Polymorphism And Polyamorphism In Dna-Functionalized Nanoparticles, Wei Dai, Chia Wei Hsu, Francesco Sciortino, Francis W. Starr 2009 Wesleyan University

Valency Dependence Of Polymorphism And Polyamorphism In Dna-Functionalized Nanoparticles, Wei Dai, Chia Wei Hsu, Francesco Sciortino, Francis W. Starr

Francis Starr

Nanoparticles (NP) functionalized with single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) offer a route to custom-designed, self- assembled nanomaterials with potentially unusual properties. The bonding selectivity of DNA guarantees one-to-one binding to form double-stranded DNA (dsDNA), and an appropriate base sequence results in head-to-tail binding linking NP into networks. We explore the phase behavior and structure of a model for NP functionalized with between 3 and 6 short ssDNA through simulations of a coarse-grained molecular model, allowing us to examine both the role of the number of attached strands (valency) and their relative orientations. The NP assemble into networks where the number of NP …


How A Bayesian Might Estimate The Distribution Of Cronbach’S Alpha From Ordinal-Dynamic Scaled Data A Case Study Measuring Nursing Home Resident Quality Of Life, Byron J. Gajewski, Diane K. Boyle, Sarah Thompson 2009 University of Kansas Medical Center

How A Bayesian Might Estimate The Distribution Of Cronbach’S Alpha From Ordinal-Dynamic Scaled Data A Case Study Measuring Nursing Home Resident Quality Of Life, Byron J. Gajewski, Diane K. Boyle, Sarah Thompson

Diane Kay Boyle PhD, RN, FAAN

We demonstrate the utility of a Bayesian based approach for calculating intervals of Cronbach’s alpha from a psychological instrument having ordinal responses with a dynamic scale. A small number of response options on an instrument will cause traditional-based interval estimates to be biased. Ordinal-based solutions are problematic because there is no clear mechanism for handling the dynamic scale. One way to remedy the bias is to adjust with a Bayesian approach. The Bayesian approach adjusts the bias and allows theoretically simple calculations of Cronbach’s alpha and intervals. We demonstrate the calculations of the Bayesian approach while at the same time …


Self-Assembly, Condensation, And Order In Aqueous Lyotropic Chromonic Liquid Crystals Crowded With Additives, Luana Tortora, Heung-Shik Park, Shin-Woong Kang, Victoria Savaryn, Seung-Ho Hong, Konstantine Kaznatcheev, Daniele Finotello, Samuel Sprunt, Satyendra Kumar, Oleg Lavrentovich 2009 Kent State University - Kent Campus

Self-Assembly, Condensation, And Order In Aqueous Lyotropic Chromonic Liquid Crystals Crowded With Additives, Luana Tortora, Heung-Shik Park, Shin-Woong Kang, Victoria Savaryn, Seung-Ho Hong, Konstantine Kaznatcheev, Daniele Finotello, Samuel Sprunt, Satyendra Kumar, Oleg Lavrentovich

Satyendra Kumar

Dense multicomponent systems with macromolecules and small solutes attract a broad research interest as they mimic the molecularly crowded cellular interiors. The additives can condense and align the macromolecules, but they do not change the degree of covalentpolymerization. We chose a lyotropic chromonic liquid crystal with reversibly and non-covalently assembled aggregates as a much softer system, reminiscent of “living polymers”, to demonstrate that small neutral and charged additives cause condensation of aggregates with ensuing orientational and positional ordering and nontrivial morphologies of phase separation, such as tactoids and toroids of the nematic and hexagonal columnar phase coexisting with the isotropic …


Africa Water Atlas, Stanley Mubako 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

Africa Water Atlas, Stanley Mubako

Stanley Mubako

No abstract provided.


Biomechanical Analysis Of Gait Adaptation In The Nematode Caenorhabditis Elegans, Christopher Fang-Yen, M Wyart, J Xie, R Kawai, S Chen, T Kodger, Q Wen, A D T Samuel 2009 Harvard University

Biomechanical Analysis Of Gait Adaptation In The Nematode Caenorhabditis Elegans, Christopher Fang-Yen, M Wyart, J Xie, R Kawai, S Chen, T Kodger, Q Wen, A D T Samuel

Christopher Fang-Yen

No abstract provided.


A Mild And Chemoselective Method For The Deprotection Of Tert-Butyldimethylsilyl (Tbdms) Ethers Using Iron(Iii) Tosylate As A Catalyst, Ram S. Mohan, Jason M. Bothwell, Veronica V. Angeles, James P. Carolan, Margaret E. Olson 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

A Mild And Chemoselective Method For The Deprotection Of Tert-Butyldimethylsilyl (Tbdms) Ethers Using Iron(Iii) Tosylate As A Catalyst, Ram S. Mohan, Jason M. Bothwell, Veronica V. Angeles, James P. Carolan, Margaret E. Olson

Ram S. Mohan

The most common method for the deprotection ofTBDMS ethers utilizes stoichiometric amounts of tetrabutylammonium fluoride, n-Bu4N+F(TBAF), which is highly corrosive and toxic. We have developed a mild and chemoselective method for the deprotection ofTBDMS, TES, and TIPS ethers using iron(III) tosylate as a catalyst. Phenolic TBDMS ethers, TBDPS ethers and the BOC group are not affected under these conditions. Iron(III) tosylate is an inexpensive, commercially available, and non-corrosive reagent.


Iron(Iii) Tosylate-Catalyzed Deprotection Of Aromatic Acetals In Water, Ram S. Mohan, Margaret E. Olson, James P. Carolan, Michael V. Chiodo, Phillip R. Lazzara 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

Iron(Iii) Tosylate-Catalyzed Deprotection Of Aromatic Acetals In Water, Ram S. Mohan, Margaret E. Olson, James P. Carolan, Michael V. Chiodo, Phillip R. Lazzara

Ram S. Mohan

The deprotection of aromatic as well as conjugated acetals and ketals in water is catalyzed by iron(III) tosylate (1.0–5.0 mol %). Iron(III) tosylate is an inexpensive and readily available catalyst. The use of water, the most environmentally benign solvent, makes this procedure especially attractive for acetal deprotection.


In Your Element: Green Bismuth, Ram S. Mohan 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

In Your Element: Green Bismuth, Ram S. Mohan

Ram S. Mohan

No abstract provided.


Impact Of A Large Medical Waste Incinerator On Air Quality, Robert Oleniacz 2009 AGH University o Science and Technology

Impact Of A Large Medical Waste Incinerator On Air Quality, Robert Oleniacz

Robert Oleniacz

In the paper, an assessment of the compliance with air emission limit values and the impact on air quality of one of the largest medical waste incinerators in Poland, with a total capacity of about 300 kg/h (two incineration lines) is presented. The assessment took the results of continuous and periodic measurements of emissions in the plant’s installation over a period of 12 months’ operation into account. For this period, a calculation was performed for the spread of air pollutants emitted by the two operating incineration lines. According to the analysis and calculations, the analysed medical waste incineration plant does …


Cyclohexane Oxidation And Cyclohexyl Hydroperoxide Decomposition By Poly(4-Vinylpyridine-Co-Divinylbenzene) Supported Cobalt And Chromium Complexes, Zeljko D. Cupic 2009 Institute of Chemistry, Technology and Metallurgy

Cyclohexane Oxidation And Cyclohexyl Hydroperoxide Decomposition By Poly(4-Vinylpyridine-Co-Divinylbenzene) Supported Cobalt And Chromium Complexes, Zeljko D. Cupic

Zeljko D Cupic

No abstract provided.


Fabric Development In Cm-Scale Shear Zones In Ultramafic Rocks, Red Hills, New Zealand, Caroline Webber, Julie Newman, Caleb Holyoke, Timothy Little, Basil Tikoff 2009 Texas A&M University

Fabric Development In Cm-Scale Shear Zones In Ultramafic Rocks, Red Hills, New Zealand, Caroline Webber, Julie Newman, Caleb Holyoke, Timothy Little, Basil Tikoff

Caleb Holyoke

No abstract provided.


Accurate Differential Stress Measurement Using The Molten Salt Cell And Solid Salt Assemblies In The Griggs Apparatus With Applications To Strength, Piezometers And Rheology, Caleb Holyoke, Andreas Kronenberg 2009 University of Akron

Accurate Differential Stress Measurement Using The Molten Salt Cell And Solid Salt Assemblies In The Griggs Apparatus With Applications To Strength, Piezometers And Rheology, Caleb Holyoke, Andreas Kronenberg

Caleb Holyoke

No abstract provided.


Deformation Of Single Crystal Sample Using D-Dia Apparatus Coupled With Synchrotron X-Rays: In-Situ Stress And Strain Measurements At High Pressure And Temperature, Jennifer Girard, Jiuhua Chen, Paul Raterron, Caleb Holyoke 2009 University of Akron

Deformation Of Single Crystal Sample Using D-Dia Apparatus Coupled With Synchrotron X-Rays: In-Situ Stress And Strain Measurements At High Pressure And Temperature, Jennifer Girard, Jiuhua Chen, Paul Raterron, Caleb Holyoke

Caleb Holyoke

No abstract provided.


Heteroclinic Solutions To An Asymptotically Autonomous Second-Order Equation, Gregory S. Spradlin 2009 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Heteroclinic Solutions To An Asymptotically Autonomous Second-Order Equation, Gregory S. Spradlin

Gregory S. Spradlin

We study the differential equation ¨x(t) = a(t)V' (x(t)), where V is a double-well potential with minima at x = ±1 and a(t) → l > 0 as |t| → ∞. It is proven that under certain additional assumptions on a, there exists a heteroclinic solution x to the differential equation with x(t) → −1 as t → −∞ and x(t) → 1 as t → ∞. The assumptions allow l − a(t) to change sign for arbitrarily large values of |t|, and do not restrict the decay rate of |l −a(t)| as |t| → ∞.


A Novel Peer-To-Peer Sms Security Solution Using A Hybrid Technique Of Ntru And Aes-Rijndael, Miss Laiha Mat Kiah 2009 University of Malaya

A Novel Peer-To-Peer Sms Security Solution Using A Hybrid Technique Of Ntru And Aes-Rijndael, Miss Laiha Mat Kiah

Miss Laiha Mat Kiah

Short message service (SMS) is a very popular and easy to use communications technology for mobile phone devices. Originally, this service was not designed to transmit secured data, so the security was not an important issue during its design. Yet today, it is sometimes used to exchange sensitive information between communicating parties. This paper proposes an alternative solution that provides a peer-to-peer SMS security that guarantees provision of confidentiality, authentication, integrity and non-repudiation security services. A hybrid cryptographic scheme has been used which combines the NTRU and AES-Rijndael algorithms to achieve more robust functionality. For implementation, a mobile information device …


The Many Symmetries Of Calabi–Yau Compactifications, Moataz Emam 2009 SUNY Cortland

The Many Symmetries Of Calabi–Yau Compactifications, Moataz Emam

Moataz Emam

No abstract provided.


Bismuth(Iii) Bromide In Organic Synthesis. A Catalytic Method For The Allylation Of Tetrahydrofuranyl And Tetrahydropyranyl Ethers, Ram S. Mohan, Scott W. Krabbe, Veronica V. Angeles 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

Bismuth(Iii) Bromide In Organic Synthesis. A Catalytic Method For The Allylation Of Tetrahydrofuranyl And Tetrahydropyranyl Ethers, Ram S. Mohan, Scott W. Krabbe, Veronica V. Angeles

Ram S. Mohan

A bismuth bromide-catalyzed (10.0 mol %) multicomponent reaction involving the allylation of THF- and THP-ethers, followed by in situ derivatization with acetic anhydride to generate highly functionalized esters has been developed under solvent-free conditions. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a catalytic procedure for the allylation of THF- and THP-ethers to yield ring-opened products.


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